Monthly Archives: June 2007

>Latin America File: Chavez visits strategic ally Putin, finalizes sub deal, opens cultural center in Moscow, condemns US missile defense

>Either we defeat American imperialism, or imperialism defeats us.
— Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, statement made in Moscow, June 28, 2007

Comrade Hugo Chavez dutifully treks to Moscow to finalize submarine deal and praise neo-Soviet Tyrant Vladimir Putin. In an apparent effort to promote Russian-Latin American linkages, Chavez inaugurated the Simón Bolívar Latin American Integration Center. Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov (“ex”-CPSU) attended the ceremony. “When it is a matter of relations of friendship, cooperation and closer cultural ties,” Luzhkov intoned, “nothing separates the people and the States.” This is the Venezuelan dictator’s second trip to Russia in less than one year. Next stops on the Bolivarian revolutionary’s itinerary: Belarusian dictator Alexander Lukashenko and mutual bud Iranian dictator Mahmoud (“Iwannajihad”) Ahmadinejad.

Venezuela opposed to U.S. missile shield in Europe – Chavez
14:0328/ 06/ 2007

MOSCOW, June 28 (RIA Novosti) – Venezuela supports Russia’s opposition to the deployment of a U.S missile shield in Europe, President Hugo Chavez said Thursday.

“The U.S. is planning to deploy its missile shield in Europe, and Russia is against it,” Chavez said during his current visit to Russia, adding that Venezuela is in agreement with Moscow on the issue.

The U.S. proposed in January deploying 10 interceptor missiles in Poland and a missile defense radar in the Czech Republic as part of a proposed missile shield designed to counter alleged threats from “rogue states” such as Iran and North Korea.

Russia, infuriated by the idea of a U.S. missile shield on the territories of its former ally states, has repeatedly condemned the plan, claiming that it could be a “destabilizing factor” and threaten Russia’s national security. Moscow warned the West that “appropriate measures” would be taken in response.

“We support Russia [in its stance], we need Russia, which is becoming stronger day by day,” he said, adding that Venezuela intended to continue cooperating closely with Moscow, including in the military sphere.

Russia has repeatedly stated that it would actively participate in the modernization of the Venezuelan armed forces until 2013.

In 2005-2006, Venezuela ordered weaponry from Russia worth $3.4 billion, including 24 Su-30MK2V Flanker fighters, Tor-M1 air defense missile systems, Mi-17B multi-role helicopters, Mi-35 Hind E attack helicopters and Mi-26 Halo heavy transport helicopters.

The country also purchased 100,000 AK-103 Kalashnikov assault rifles from Russia in 2005 and sent its fighter and helicopter pilots for training in Russia.

Russian business daily Kommersant said in June that during his visit to Russia, Hugo Chavez could finalize a deal to purchase Russian diesel submarines for the Venezuelan Navy. The contract reportedly is for the supply of five Project 636 Kilo-class diesel submarines and four state-of-the-art Project 677 Amur submarines.

The South American country has been vigorously pursuing the modernization of its armed forces to counter a possible U.S. blockade of its oil fields and to prepare for a direct military confrontation with Washington.

“If the United States attacks Venezuela, we are ready to die defending our sacred land,” Chavez said Thursday.

He also said the world must change and adopt a multi-polar model of political development.

“If that does not happen, then humankind might disappear. We cannot allow that to happen. Either we defeat American imperialism, or imperialism defeats us,” the Venezuelan president said.

Source: Novosti

Advertisements

>Asia File: Philippines’ security forces expose red plot to bomb cellular phone towers, pro-Beijing ruling party invites Chinese to monitor election

>The 11,500-member New People’s Army (NPA), the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines, networks with other Maoist insurgents throughout the world via the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations. Ultimately, Maoists in Southeast Asia and elsewhere in the world look to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) for ideological inspiration and logistical support. In December 2006 the NPA vowed to escalate attacks against the government and people of the Philippines in order to hasten the demise of “international capitalism” and “rule of the bourgeoisie” in that country. In May 2007 eight Philippine soldiers were wounded when the NPA ambushed a military convoy. President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo has ordered an “all-out war” on the Maoist guerrillas, who operate in 69 of the Philippines’ 81 provinces.

Pictured above: NPA guerrillas celebrate 35th anniversary of their “people’s war” in 2003. A hat tip goes to Zionist Anti-Communist for spotting this article.

Communist terror plot targets 14 WV towns
By Florence F. Hibionada

Internal security operations are tightened in fourteen towns of Western Visayas following verified information of its inclusion in the “Oplan Sabotage” of communist terrorists New People’s Army (NPA).

A total of six and not four as earlier reported are in the Province of Iloilo, three in the Province of Antique, three in the Province of Capiz and two in Negros Occidental.

In a report, Captain Lowen Gil Marquez, Commanding Officer of the 32nd Civil Relations Service of the Armed Force of the Philippines (AFP) disclosed the target towns in Iloilo as Miag-ao, Guimbal, Alimodian, Januiay, Calinog and Lambunao.

As such, Captain Marquez confirmed heightened AFP watch here with government forces in these towns on alert. “Oplan Sabotage” as designed by the national communist hierarchy is out to implement burning and bombing of towers of cellular phone companies for failing to heed extortion demands.

“Among the stated municipalities, they will chose one,” Captain Marquez told The News Today (TNT) “so the AFP is on alert monitoring the terrorist movement to preempt and prevent them from destroying people’s infrastructures that stand for progress and development.”

In Antique, targets are cell site towers in San Remegio, Valderrama and Sibalom, municipalities of Tapaz, Dumalag and Maayon in Capiz and the towns of Himamaylan and Escalante in Negros Occidental.

The NPAs, armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) has since been tagged as those responsible in terroristic acts of the party. From extortion activities to harassment of locals, the AFP here intensified its watch on said criminal acts of the NPAs operating in the region even as villages earlier feared to be NPA-strongholds have openly denounced the communist group.

“Oplan Sabotage” had a Globe cell site tower burned and bombed in Tubungan, Iloilo some two weeks after the AFP got hold of subversive documents laying down said plan.

To recall, government forces managed to take over an NPA camp in Calinog, Iloilo where among the recoveries are “Oplan Sabotage” paperworks.

Source: The News Today

Between 1969 and 1976 Beijing provided material support to the NPA. Since then, the guerrillas have developed other sources of funding. In 2004 the International Herald Tribune reported that many Philippine and foreign businesses are now paying a “revolutionary tax” that finances the NPA’s military operations. “This extortion has definitely become one of the biggest threats that hinder our country’s development,” stated Colonel Daniel Lucero, a spokesman for the Armed Forces of the Philippines. “They [the rebels] are trying to prevent businesses and investments from coming in. They want to project an environment that is helpless and chaotic. They want to make it appear that the government is not in control.”

Thus far, our research has not unearthed any direct links between the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), China’s armed forces, and the NPA. However, criminal organizations from China operate extensively throughout Southeast Asia, including the Philippines. In April 2003 the Federal Research Division of the US Library of Congress prepared the following report on Chinese criminal activity in the Philippines:

In addition to its narcotics and human trafficking activities, the 14K group also has been involved in smuggling arms to the Abu Sayyaf terrorist group in Mindanao. Reports in 2000 indicated that corrupt government officials were working in tandem with Chinese syndicates to smuggle arms from China, possibly procured in Cambodia, into the Philippines to assist in Abu Sayyaf’s kidnapping for ransom schemes. Chinese groups also reportedly have cooperated with the Abu Sayyaf to launder and transmit ransom money, taking a percentage of the ransoms in exchange for their assistance. A 14K representative known as “Golden Dragon” has worked with Malaysian organized crime groups in arranging the kidnappings and wiring funds back to the Abu Sayyaf.

If Chinese organized crime, operating in collusion with Beijing, is smuggling arms to Abu Sayyaf, then there are no logistical reasons, one would presume, that it cannot smuggle arms to the Maoist guerrillas. Indeed, it is very possible that the NPA might have a narco-terrorist relationship with the PLA much as we have documented that the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia have a relationship with the Russian military.

In 2005 the NPA recognized “same-sex marriages” among its guerrillas. In a past blog we documented that the international communist movement, with the notable exception of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, views “gay rights” as a battering ram with which the proletarian vanguard intends to demolish the “patriarchal capitalist system.”

Meanwhile, the putatively conservative ruling party in Manila, Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, invited representatives of the Communist Party of China to monitor the Philippines’ May 14 general elections. President Arroyo and Jose Clavería de Venecia, Jr., Speaker of the House of Representatives, are both members of Lakas-CMD. Venecia boasts a dangerous and troubling history of accommodationism with the Philippines’ communist and Islamic rebels, as well as Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi. No one should be surprised, therefore, that Venecia enthusiastically welcomed the presence of Chinese election observers. The article notes that Lakas-CMD and the CPC have signed a cooperation protocol.

Communist Party of China officials to observe elections
Thursday, April 12, 2007

DAGUPAN CITY: A four-man delegation from the international department of the Communist Party of China arrived in Dagupan on Tuesday to observe the political campaign in the Philippines and link up with local political leaders.

The group, headed by Ai Ping, director general of the International Department of the central committee of China, is in the Philippines at the invitation of the Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats.

Flying in from Manila, they were welcomed by Speaker Jose de Venecia at his house in Barangay Bonuan Binloc here, right in his campaign headquarters.

De Venecia confirmed that the Communist Party of China and Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats, the ruling political party of the Philippines, have negotiated and concluded a cooperation agreement.

“We are proud of the Communist Party of China because under the leadership of Deng Xiao Ping and the others, more than 300 million Chinese have been lifted from poverty,” said de Venecia, national president of Lakas-CMD.

He said never in the history of the world that the communist party under its leadership has been able to do this magnificent task.

Pointing out that there are many things that the Filipinos can learn from the leadership from China, de Venecia said the Philippines could make use of its political, economic and commercial cooperation for its own advantage.

De Venecia said this is actually what he and President Arroyo are doing and what former President Fidel Ramos had been trying to do ever since.

For his part, Ai thanked Lakas-CMD for its important role in the elections in the Philippines.

He said China and the Philippines are very close neighbors and since the establishments of the diplomatic relations between the two countries three decades ago, both countries had made very close cooperation with each other.

Ai said both countries had worked very hard to promote mutual understanding not only between the two governments, but also their people.

Ai thanked Lakas-CMD, especially de Venecia, for inviting his group to observe the midterm election in the Philippines.

“We believe that political institutions are important components in the effort to improve the life of the people,” Ai said.

Ai thanked de Venecia for speaking highly of the efforts made by the leadership in China in promoting economic and social development in order to alleviate the life of the Chinese people.

He said that in both countries, developments are almost the same, and therefore are facing many similar problems.

Source: The Manila Times

One is hard pressed to understand how the Philippines’ government can effectively crush the NPA insurgency when it is at the same time courting China, world headquarters of Maoism.

>Grey Terror File: African Crisis’ new website operational again after hack attack

>Jan Lamprecht’s unique website African Crisis is operational again after a hack attack by the so-called “Iranian Mafia.” The perps apparently hang out at Zone-H.org. Jan’s June 26 status report follows:

Hi All, The new AfricanCrisis website is up after the hack attack from the Iranian (?) hackers! All the programs and data have been reinstated. Investigations regarding the hack attack are still continuing. I will explain more later. Thanks, Jan

>USSR2 File: Russian FM Lavrov in Tehran: US missile defense in Central Europe threat to Russia and China; exposes reality of Moscow-Beijing Axis

>In his candid remarks below regarding US missile defense deployments in Central Europe, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov exposes the reality of the Moscow-Bejing Axis, the joint coordinating center of the Communist Bloc and the hostile geopolitical entity that the Bush Administration refuses to acknowledge or confront.

During the G-8 conference in Heiligendamm, Russian President Vladimir Putin, with typical communist irony and deceit, attempted to “defuse” the tense situation with his US counterpart George W. Bush by suggesting that the Americans utilize Russia’s radar station in “post”-communist Azerbaijan to monitor Iranian missile launches, the purported reason for the proposed US missile defense shield. Naively maintaining that the Cold War is “over,” President Bush replied: “It’s much better to work together than to create tensions. He [Putin] expressed his concerns to me. He is concerned that the missile defense system is not an act that a friend would do.” That’s right, Mr. Bush. “Pooty-Poot” ain’t nobody’s buddy.

Notwithstanding Moscow’s “suprise” offer to save world peace, several weeks later, “ex”-Soviet appartchik Lavrov assured the Kremlin’s nuclear allies in Tehran that Washington was not directing its defense capacities against the Islamic Republic but, rather, the Trans-Asian Axis. Lavrov dismisses Heiligendamm’s “Azerbaijan plan” as “Western propaganda.” Obedient lap dog that he is, Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki plays Russia’s game. Unwittingly, the White House is also playing Russia’s game by overcommitting its armed forces to the politically unwinnable war in Iraq.

Missile shield threat to Russia, China
2007/06/21

Visiting Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov ruled out America’s claim on Iran threat as cause for plan to put up a missile defense shield in Czech and Poland republics, saying, “It is a threat against Russia and China.”

Speaking on the sidelines of the Persian Gulf littoral states foreign ministers conference in Tehran, the Russian top diplomat made the comment in reply to a reporter’s question on President Vladimir Putin’s proposal for establishment of a shared America n-Russian missile site in Azerbaijan Republic, instead.

He added, “You are under the influence of the western propagation [propaganda].”

Lavrov added at the press conference, “As President Putin mentioned during his meeting with the Azeri President, we feel absolutely no threat from Iran’s side.”

Stressing that the Russian officials have repeatedly announced their strategic and technical status and calculations in that respect, Lavrov reiterated, “There is no threat posed by Iran at all.”

Referring to his talks with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and his Iranian counterpart Manouchehr Mottaki, Lavrov expressed hope that his explanations in that respect would lead to Iran’s thorough understanding of the matter.”

During the press conference a reporter asked about Mottaki’s viewpoint on the America’s plan to set up a missile defense shield in Europe.

He replied, “I asked Mr. Lavrov whether he really believes the America’s claims that the project is aimed at halting Iran threat, or not. His reply was negative, adding that the project poses a serious threat against Russia and China.”

The Iranian FM added, “We too, have the same idea, and that is a cause for serious concern.”

Mottaki considered America move as a sign for Washington’s intention to re-start the Cold War, arguing, “Our proposal to those countries is to declare seriously that the Cold War era is over, and to spend their heavy military budgets at the service of th eir nations’ well being.”

Mottaki added, “We believe the bitter experience of the recent years must have proved the fact that resorting to force, imposing wars, and threatening the others yield no fruit for the oppressive powers.”

Foreign Minister added, “Anyone that has doubts in this respect can take a trip to our region and visit Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Middle East.”

Mottaki added, “We hope the worrying matters would be resolved in the favor of the world nations during the meeting between the Russian and American presidents.”

Lavrov, too, pointed to a number of matters of great importance after Mottaki’s comments, including, “We do not intend to get engaged in another arms race with the United States.” He added, “Russia has let all involved sides know frankly its viewpoints about the US proposed missile defense shield in Europe.”

Pointing to the talks between the Russian and Azeri presidents, he said, “As they stated, the radars in Azerbaijan have been active for decades, and therefore, there is no need to put up an anti-missilesite there.”

Lavrov reiterated, “The Russian officials are currently busy preparing a proposal to be put forth during the upcoming Putin-Bush talks.”

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting

>Grey Terror File: African Crisis’ new website hacked by self-avowed "Iranian Mafia"; Young Communists infiltrate US Democratic Party

>Jan Lamprecht’s new website documenting the scourge of communism in southern Africa has been hacked by self-avowed “Iranian Mafia.” The old African Crisis website can visited here.

In advance of the 2008 presidential election, the Communist Party USA and its youth section are perpetrating a different form of “grey terror” on the Democratic Party. New Zealand blogger Trevor Loudon has several excellent posts on the subject of communist infiltration in the world’s last bastion of freedom.

>Red World: Suriname: Pro-communist PM Venetiaan cozies up to Beijing; Bouterse’s military regime in 1980s aligned with Castro, Ortega, Gaddafi

> Pictured here: President Ronald Runaldo Venetiaan welcomes Li Changchun, pointman for the Communist Party of China, to Suriname, March 2007.

We have now completed our Red World Series for South America. Since last year we have profiled communist influences in every country worldwide, with the exception of the USA, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands. (These countries constitute a future project.) Visit our archives for more information on Africa (March 2006), Asia (May 2006), Western Europe (July 2006), USSR2 (December 2006), Eastern Europe (March 2007), and Central America and the Caribbean (April 2007).

Republic of Suriname
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring pro-communist government
Independence: November 25, 1975 (from Netherlands)
President of Suriname: Ronald Runaldo Venetiaan (National Party of Suriname, New Front for Democracy and Development): September 16, 1991-September 15, 1996, August 12, 2000-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for the National Assembly of Suriname, which occurred on May 25, 2005, the seats were distributed in the following manner: New Front for Democracy and Development (consisting of National Party of Suriname (centrist), Progressive Reform Party, Pertjajah Luhur (Javanese-Surinamese), and Surinamese Labour Party (social democratic)) 23, National Democratic Party (left socialist) 15, People’s Alliance for Progress (consisting of Democratic National Platform 2000, Basic Party for Renewal and Democracy, and Party for National Unity and Solidarity (Javanese-Surinamese)) 5, “A Combination” alliance (consisting of General Liberation and Development Party, Brotherhood and Unity in Politics, and Seeka Seeka) 5, and “A1” alliance (consisting of Democratic Alternative ’91 (liberal), Democrats of the 21st Century, Political Wing of the FAL, and Meeting Point 2000) 3.
Next general elections: Suriname’s next general elections are scheduled for 2010.

Communist government:

1) Military government under leadership of pro-Castro/Ortega/Gaddafi Lieutenant-Colonel Désiré Delano Bouterse with support of left socialist National Democratic Party: 1987-1988, 1990-1991
2) Military government under leadership of pro-Castro/Ortega/Gaddafi Lieutenant-Colonel Désiré Delano Bouterse: 1980-1987

Communist insurgency: none

Communist parties:

1) National Democratic Party (NDP): This left socialist party was founded in 1987.
2) Political Wing of the Federation of Peasants (PVF): This leftist party was founded in 1995.
3) Progressive Workers’and Farmers’ Union (PALU): This left socialist party was founded in 1974.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Caribbean Community, Petrocaribe S. A.
Socialist International presence: none
Sao Paulo Forum presence: none

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The pro-communist regime in Paramaribo is nurturing a growing economic relationship with Beijing. Russian influence, however, if present, is clandestine. In 2002, on the occasion of Hu Jintao’s election as general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of Suriname Runaldo Ronald Venetiaan, who is also chairman of the National Party of Suriname (NPS), and O.R. Rodgers, vice chairman of the NPS, offered the following congratulations: “The NPS hopes that the leadership of Mr. Hu Jintao and his newly elected colleagues will take the CPC and your country, China, to ever increasing heights and will also continue to contribute to peace, freedom and development in the world.”

In March 2007 Li Changchun, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC CC, traveled to Suriname where he met with President Venetiaan. Li proposed that China and Suriname increase the number of reciprocal visits of high-ranking officials, expand economic cooperation and development, and broaden exchanges in science, education, culture, and public health. He also suggested that the CPC and Surinamese parties increase exchanges between politicians “to add new impetus to the development of bilateral ties.” On June 13, 2007 Surinamese Vice President Ramdien Sardjoe traveled to Beijing where he met with Li, promising to promote the development of Sino-Surinamese relations. In return, Li expressed his appreciation of the Surinamese government’s adherence to the one-China policy.

>Red World: Peru: Army deploys to wipe out resurgent Shining Path; Maoist org’s genocidal founder Guzmán arrested in 1992, re-sentenced to life in 2006

> Pictured here: The genocidal founder of Peru’s Maoist guerrillas, Shining Path, behind bars in 1992. Abimael Guzman was re-sentenced to life in 2006, but the insurgency continues.

Republic of Peru
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring revived communist insurgency
Independence: July 28, 1821 (from Spain)
President of Peru: Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance): July 28, 1985-July 28, 1990, July 28, 2006-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Peru’s Congress of the Republic, which occurred on April 9, 2006, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Union for Peru (centrist, pro-Ollanta Humala) 45, American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (social democratic) 36, National Unity (Christian democratic) 17, Alliance for the Future (center-right, merger of Change 90 and New Majority, pro-Alberto Fujimori) 13, Center Front (merger of Popular Action (conservative liberal), We Are Peru, and National Coordination of Independents) 5, Peru Possible (centrist) 2, and National Restoration (evangelical Christian) 2.
Next general elections: Peru’s next general elections are scheduled for 2011.
Setting the record straight: In view of the communist revolution unfolding in Peru in the 1980s and early 1990s, and the failure of Alan Garcia during his first presidential administration to suppress that insurgency, we believe that President Alberto Fujimori was justified in utilizing the armed forces and National Intelligence Service to extirpate Shining Path. The rigorous application of anti-terrorism laws was essential to terminate the genocide that was then being perpetrated by the Maoists against the civilian population.

Communist government:

1) Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces under the leadership of leftist, pro-Soviet/Castro General Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado: 1968-1975 (deposed in coup by General Bermúdez)
2) Presidency of José Luis Bustamante y Rivero with support of the National Democratic Front, American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, and Peruvian Communist Party (Unity): 1945-1948

Communist insurgency:

1) Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path) (PCP(SL)): Founded in 1970 this genocidal political-military organization associates with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, which includes the Revolutionary Communist Party USA and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). In the Spanish the PCP(SL) is known as the Sendero Luminoso and its members Senderistas. Shining Path launched an infamously brutal “people’s war” in 1980. The party’s popular name originates from Peruvian socialist José Carlos Mariátegui, who proclaimed: “El Marxismo-Leninismo abrirá el sendero luminoso hacia la revolución” (“Marxism-Leninism will open the shining path to revolution”).

Shining Path traces its origins to the late 1960s when former university professor Abimael Guzmán (“Presidente Gonzalo”) formulated the organization’s ideology. The PCP(SL) defected from the Peruvian Communist Party (Red Flag), which in turn defected from the original Peruvian Communist Party (Unity), which in turn descended from the Peruvian Socialist Party, founded by Mariátegui in 1928. The Senderistas reduced their attacks after 1992, but in 2003 a remnant faction re-declared war against the government and people of Peru.

Shining Path first obtained a foothold in San Cristóbal of Huamanga University, where Maoist Guzmán taught philosophy. Many students adopted Shining Path’s radical ideology. Between 1973 and 1975 Shining Path gained control of the student councils in the Universities of Huancayo and La Cantuta, and developed a significant presence in the National University of Engineering in Lima and the National University of San Marcos. Sometime later, SL lost many student elections in the universities, including San Cristóbal of Huamanga, and decided to abandon the universities in order to repackage itself.

In the beginning of 1980, Shining Path formed a “Revolutionary Directorate” that was political and military in nature, and ordered its militias to transfer to strategic areas in the provinces to start the “armed struggle”. The group also held its “First Military School” where militants were instructed in military tactics and weapons use. Guzmán emerged from the First Military School as the clear leader of Shining Path.

Following the demise of the military regime that year, Shining Path was one of the few leftist groups that declined to take part in the first democratic elections in 12 years. Instead, SL opted to launch a guerrilla war in the highlands of the province of Ayacucho. On May 17, 1980, the eve of the presidential elections, it burned ballot boxes in the town of Chuschi, Ayacucho. It was the first “act of war” by Shining Path. Throughout the 1980s, Shining Path expanded its hold over Peruvian territory, particularly in the Andean highlands. The Maoist guerrillas killed cattle rustlers, managers of the state-controlled farming collectives and affluent merchants. Shining Path developed a devoted following of peasants in Ayacucho, Apurímac, and Huancavelica. However, ona small minority of peasants were ever as enthusiastically Maoist as the Shining Path cadre.

Shining Path’s credibility was also bolstered by the government’s initially tepid response to the insurgency. When it became evident that Shining Path represented a clear threat to the state, the government declared an “emergency zone” in the Ayacucho area, and granted the military the power to arbitrarily detain any suspicious person. Shining Path redirected its attention from the rural campaign to mounting urban attacks against the infrastructure in Lima. In 1983 SL sabotaged electrical transmission towers, causing a citywide blackout, torched the Bayer industrial plant, and bombed the offices of the governing party, Popular Action. Two years later, in June 1985, Shining Path again blew up electricity transmission towers in Lima, producing another blackout, and detonated car bombs near the government and justice palaces. According to some reports, Shining Path was also responsible for bombing a shopping Mall.

During this period Shining Path also assassinated leaders of other leftist groups, local political parties, labor unions, and peasant organizations, some of whom were anti-Sendero Marxists. In so doing the Maoist insurgents alienated much of Peru’s peasantry. The brutality of Shining Path’s “popular trials,” which included slitting throats, strangulation, stoning, and burning contributed to this alienation. Peasants organized anti-Shining Path patrols, called rondas, which launched their first attacks against Shining Path in 1983. Shining Path fought back without mercy. Wielding machetes and employing point-blank executions, the Maoist guerrillas slaughtered 67 civilians in the towns of Yanaccollpa, Ataccara, Llacchua, Muylacruz and Lucanamarca. Other incidents followed, such as the one in Hauyllo, Ayacucho Department, where Shining Path killed 47 peasants, including 14 children aged between four and fifteen. Additional massacres by Shining Path occurred, such as the one in Marcas on August 29, 1985.

In a 2006 article published in FrontPage Magazine, Theodore Dalrymple compared the bloodthirstiness of Shining Path with that of the genocidal Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia. He wrote: “The worst brutality I ever saw was that committed by Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path) in Peru, in the days when it seemed possible that it might come to power. If it had, I think its massacres would have dwarfed those of the Khmer Rouge. As a doctor, I am accustomed to unpleasant sights, but nothing prepared me for what I saw in Ayacucho, where Sendero first developed under the sway of a professor of philosophy, Abimael Guzman.”

On April 24, 1985, in the midst of national elections, Shining Path attempted to assassinate Domingo García Rada, president of the Peruvian National Electoral Council. Rada was severely injured, while his driver was mortally wounded. In August 1991 Shining Path killed one Italian and two Polish priests in the department of Ancash and in February 1992 the group assassinated María Elena Moyano, a well-known community organizer in Villa El Salvador, a vast shantytown in Lima.

Shining Path also engaged in armed conflicts with Peru’s other major guerrilla group, the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) and with the campesino self-defense groups organized by the Peruvian armed forces.

By 1991 Shining Path dominated much of the countryside in the center and south of Peru and exerted a powerfulpresence in the outskirts of Lima. A cult of personality now surrounded Guzmán. The official ideology of Shining Path was no longer Maoism, or “Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung thought,” but was referred to as “Marxism-Leninism-Maoism-Gonzalo thought.” In one of its last attacks in Lima, on July 16, 1992, Shining Path detonated a large bomb on Tarata Street in the upscale district of Miraflores in Lima. More than 20 people died and several buildings were leveled.

In 1991 President Alberto Fujimori declared the region of Ayacucho an emergency zone. Constitutional rights were suspended in the area. The president legalized the rondas, officially known as Committees of Self Defence (CAD), armed the peasant vigilante groups with 12-gauge shotguns, and ordered the Peruvian Army to train the committees. According to government statistics, 7,226 CADs existed in 2005. Four thousand of these groups are situated in Peru’s central region, Shining Path’s stronghold. The military’s response was normally heavy-handed against both insurgents and civilians, resulting in the portrayal of Shining Path as the lesser of two evils in the minds of some observers. The state also employed the National Intelligence Service against the Maoist insurgents, allegedly resulting in the La Cantuta massacre and the Barrios Altos massacre, both of which were committed by Grupo Colina.

On September 12, 1992 Peruvian police captured Guzmán and other Shining Path leaders in an apartment in the Surquillo district of Lima. From jail Guzmán called for peace talks, prompting the organization to splinter into several groups, some in support, others in opposition to a cessation of warfare. Óscar Ramírez assumed command of Shining Path upon Guzmán’s incarceration, but was himself apprehended in 1999. During its years of apparent disorganization during the 1990s, Shining Path has implemented only occasional guerrilla actions. However, the PCP’s ideology and tactics have influenced other Maoist insurgent groups associated with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement. These groups include the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), which in 1996 launched its own war against the Nepalese monarchy and, after much bloodshed, was admitted into that country’s government in 2006. The US State Department lists Shining Path as a “Designated Foreign Terrorist Organization.”

A 2003 report released by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which was implemented by interim President Valentín Paniagua, 22,507 people perished in the insurgency, while 46,773 disappeared. The deaths of 31,331 people were officially attributed to Shining Path. The MRTA, by contrast, was reportedly responsible for 1.5% of the deaths.

Notwithstanding the attempt by the people of Peru to leave the Shining Path insurgency in the past, in 2003 a surviving faction of Shining Path called Proseguir (“Onward”) resurfaced, operating in three companies known as the North, the Centre, and the South. The government claims that Proseguir is operating in alliance with drug traffickers, which would identify Shining Path, like the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, as a component in the Communist Bloc’s narco-subversion strategy against the West. On June 9, 2003 Shining Path attacked a camp in Ayacucho, seizing 68 employees of the Argentinian natural gas company Techint, which was then building a pipeline between Cusco and Lima, and three police guards as hostages. According to Peru’s Interior Ministry, the terrorists demanded a ransom to release the hostages, but two days later a military operation forced Shining Path to abandon its hostages.

The Peruvian National Police has captured some members of the new generation of Shining Path commanders. In April 2000 government forces apprehended Commander José Arcela Chiroque (“Ormeño”), in July 2003 they apprehended Florentino Cerrón Cardozo (“Marcelo”), and in November of the same year they apprehended Jaime Zuñiga (“Cirilo” or “Dalton”). Officials insist that Zuñiga orchestrated the kidnapping of the Techint pipeline workers, as well as coordinated an ambush against an army helicopter in 1999 in which five soldiers died. In January 2004 a man identifying himself as Comrade Artemio and claiming to be a leader of Shining Path announced in a media interview that the Maoist organization would resume violent operations unless the Peruvian government amnestied other top Shining Path commanders within two months. Peru’s Interior Minister, Fernando Rospigliosi, promised that the government would respond “drastically and swiftly” to any violent action. In September of that same year Peruvian police arrested 17 suspected Senderistas, including, according to the Interior Minister, eight school teachers and two high-level school administrators.

Despite these arrests, on December 22, 2005 Shining Path ambushed a police patrol in the Huánuco region, killing eight. Later that day Senderistas wounded an additional two police officers. In response, then President Alejandro Toledo declared a state of emergency in Huánuco, granting to police the power to search houses and arrest suspects without warrant. On February 19, 2006 police killed Héctor Aponte, who was believed to be the commander responsible for the previous year’s ambush against their colleagues. In December 2006 Peruvian troops were deployed to counter revitalized guerrilla activity. According to high-level government officials, Shining Path presently boasts 300 combatants. The return of Alan García to the presidency of Peru, an office that he also held between 1985 and 1990 when he was unable to suppress the Senderistas, at the same time that many guerillas are now completing prison sentences has raised questions as to President García’s competence in eradicating the insurgents once and for all.

On October 13, 2006 Guzmán was re-sentenced to life in prison for terrorism. He is currently imprisoned in an underground cell at the San Lorenzo Island Naval Base, in Callao, the port of Lima. Fellow inmates include Victor Polay, leader of the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement.

2) Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA): The MRTA was a communist guerrilla army active in Peru from 1984 to 1997 and one of the main actors in the internal conflict in Peru. Founded in 1980 the MRTA represented a merger of the Revolutionary Socialist Party-Marxist Leninist (PSR-ML) and the Movement of the Revolutionary Left-The Militant (MIR-M). The PSR-ML consisted of ex-members of the Peruvian Armed Forces who belonged to the leftist military government of General Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado (1968-1975), while the MIR-M represented a faction of the Movement of the Revolutionary Left, a Castroist guerrilla group that was otherwise crushed in 1965. The MRTA commander was Victor Polay Campos (“Comrade Rolando”) until his imprisonment and by Néstor Cerpa Cartolini (“Comrade Evaristo”) until his death in 1997. The MRTA’s namesake was Túpac Amaru II, an 18th-century rebel leader who was himself named after his ancestor Túpac Amaru, the last indigenous leader of the Inca people. At the apex of its strength, the MRTA boasted several hundred combatants who were committed to transforming Peru into a communist state and expelling all imperialist, meaning American, influences. The MRTA should be distinguished from the similarly named indigenous terrorist groups from Bolivia and Uruguay, the Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army and the Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, respectively.

The MRTA’s first operation occurred on May 3, 1982, when Central Committee members Polay and Jorge Talledo Feria and three other members robbed a bank in Lima. During the heist Talledo died by friendly fire and the movement’s first “martyr.” Peru’s counterinsurgency program, internal schisms, and clashes with Maoist rival Shining Path reduced the MRTA’s ability to execute terrorist attacks. On November 30, 1995 police arrested Lori Berenson, a former MIT student, FMLN sympathizer, and US socialist living in Lima. Berenson was accused of collaborating with the MRTA and sentenced by a military court to life imprisonment, later commuted to 20 years by a civilian court. Berenson’s case has become a cause célèbre for the International Left. The MRTA’s last major action occurred in December 1996, when 14 MRTA guerrillas occupied the Japanese Ambassador’s residence in Lima, holding 72 hostages for more than four months. Under orders from then-President Alberto Fujimori, the military stormed the residence in April 1997. All but one of the remaining hostages was rescued, while all MRTA militants were killed.

In 2003 the Peruvian government’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission noted the following distinctions between the tactics of the MRTA and Shining Path:

Unlike Shining Path, and like other armed Latin American organizations with which it maintained ties, the MRTA claimed responsibility for its actions, its members used uniforms or other identifiers to differentiate themselves from the civilian population, it abstained from attacking the unarmed population and at some points showed signs of being open to peace negotiations. Nevertheless, MRTA also engaged in criminal acts; it resorted to assassinations, such as in the case of General Enrique López Albújar, the taking of hostages and the systematic practice of kidnapping, all crimes that violate not only personal liberty but the international humanitarian law that the MRTA claimed to respect. It is important to highlight that MRTA also assassinated dissidents within its own ranks.

On March 22, 2006 a Peruvian court ruled that Polay was guilty of nearly 30 terrorism-related crimes committed during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Like Abimael Guzman, former leader of Shining Path, and Vladimiro Montesinos, Guzman’s nemesis and former director of the National Intelligence Service under President Fujimori, Polay is imprisoned at the Callao Naval Base.

3) 2000 Military Rebellion: In October 2000 Lieutenant Colonel Ollanta Moisés Humala Tasso (born 1963), who holds to a left-nationalist ideology, led a military rebellion of 60 soldiers in Toquepala (Tacna Region) against senior army commanders and then President Alberto Fujimori. The stated reason for the rebellion was Huamala’s opposition to the return of Vladimiro Montesinos, Fujimori’s chief of the National Intelligence Service who sought asylum in Panama after he was videotaped trying to bribe an opposition parliamentarian. During the mutiny 300 former soliders were reportedly preparing to join Humala, while the leftist newspaper La República lauded Humala for his “valiant” cause. By the end of the rebellion, however, many of the mutineers deserted Humala. Following the mutiny Humala and his co-conspirators hid until President Fujimori was impeached from office. Later Congress pardoned Humala and he was permitted to return to military duty.

Humala is the son of Isaac Humala, member of the Communist Party of Peru (Red Fatherland) and ideological leader of the Ethnocacerista movement. His brother is Antauro Humala, currently in prison for another failed uprising in 2005. Humala embraces Bolivarianism, the neo-communist ideology that President Hugo Chavez is implementing in Venezuela and which includes the concept of a pan-American socialist republic. During the 2006 presidential campaign Humala allegedly distanced himself from the radical left politics of his family. He ran on the centrist Union for Peru ticket, with the support of his own party, the Peruvian Nationalist Party. After obtaining a plurality in the first round, he lost the second round to Alan García.

Communist parties:

1) Christian Democratic Union (UDC): Founded in 1999 as a split from the Christian Democratic Party, the UDC is “left Christian” in orientation.
2) Communist Party of Peru (Marxist-Leninist) (PCdelP(M-L)): Founded in 1999 as a split from the Communist Party of Peru (Red Fatherland) this Maoist party associates with the ICMLPO(M).
3) Communist Party of Peru (Red Fatherland) (PCdelP(PR)): Founded in 1969 as a split from the Peruvian Communist Party (Red Flag), this ex-Maoist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and formerly associated with the ICMLPO(M).
4) Democratic Decentralist Party (PDD): Founded in 2002 this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Javier Diez Canseco.
5) Democratic Left (ID): ID operates under the leadership of Luis Zea.
6) Malpica Committee (CM): CM operates under the leadership of Raúl Wiener and Ricardo Letts.
7) Mariateguist United Party (PUM): Founded in 1984 this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
8) Marxist Struggle (LM): Founded in 2000 this Trotskyist party associates with the LCMRCI and CCITP, and operates under the leadership of Sergio Bravo.
9) National Coordination of the Left (CNI): This alliance was founded in 2002.
10) National Front of Workers and Peasants (FNTC): Founded in 1968 this party is left indigenist in orientation.
11) New Decentralist Republic Party (PNRD): Founded in 2003 this party operates under the leadership of Manuel Dammert.
12) New Left Movement (MNI): This party was founded in 1998.
13) Party for the Social Democracy (PDS): Founded in 1997 this party operates under the leadership of Susana Villarán.
14) Peruvian Communist Party (Red Flag) (PCP(BR)): Founded in 1964 following a split in the original Peruvian Communist Party (Unity), PCP(BR) aligned itself with Maoism during the phoney Sino-Soviet split. Leaders included Saturnino Paredes, José Sotomayor and future Shining Path founder Abimael Guzmán.
15) Peruvian Communist Party (Unity) (PCP(U)): Founded in 1928 as the Peruvian Socialist Party the PCP(U) associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review and Communist International. The PCP(U) operates under the leadership of Julio Renán Raffo.
16) Popular Front (FP): Founded in 2003 this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Héctor Béjar Rivera.
17) Proletarian Party of Peru (PPP): This party associates with the International Communist Seminar and operates under the leadership of Illipa Tuta.
18) Revolutionary Socialist Party (PSR): Founded in 1976 this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and operates under the leadership of Víctor Oliva Miguel.
19) Revolutionary Workers’ Party (PRT): Founded in 1978 this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Raúl Castro Vera.
20) Roots Movement (MR): This radical left party was founded in 2002.
21) Socialist League (LS): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
22) Socialist Left Force (FIS): This Trotskyist part associates with the IMT.
23) Socialist Party of Peru (PSP): Founded in 1930 as a split from the Communist Party of Peru, this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Luis Mateo Munoz.
24) Socialist Union (US): This radical left party operates under the leadership of Raul Wiener.
25) Socialist Workers’ Party (PST): Founded in 1982 this Trotskyist party associates with the LIT and operates under the leadership of Augusto Cárdenas.
26) Socialist Workers’ Party (PST): Founded in 1992 this Trotskyist party as a split from other PST, this party associates with the UIT and operates under the leadership of Enrique Fernández.
27) Socialist Workers’ Union (UOS): This party is radical left in orientation.
28) The Struggle Continues (LC): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
29) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 1994 by the Revolutionary Marxist Workers’ Party (POMR) this Trotskyist party associates with the ILCWI.
30) Workers’ Power Peru (POP): This Trotskyist party was founded in 1986.
31) Workers’, Peasants’, Students’ and People’s Front (FOCEP): This radical left alliance was founded in 1977.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: American Popular Revolutionary Alliance
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Peruvian Communist Party (Unity), Socialist Party of Peru

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The pro-communist social democratic regime in Lima is nurturing a growing economic and political relationship with Beijing. Putatively anti-communist President Alberto Fujimori, who decisively tackled Peru’s Maoist rebellion, visited China four times. The first visit took place in April 1991, the first state visit ever made by a Peruvian President to China. In October 1995 Chinese Premier Li Peng made an official visit to Peru, the first ever made by a Chinese Premier. On the Taiwan issue successive Peruvian governments have consistently supported Beijing’s One-China policy. In January 2005 Chinese Vice President Zeng Qinghong flew to Peru from Mexico at the invitation of Peruvian Vice President David Waisman Rjavinsthi. In Lima he met Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo Manrique, who indicated that the Peruvian government is satisfied with the progress of Peru-China relations. Zeng stated that the two countries would continue to cooperate in politics, economy, culture, science, tourism, and world affairs. Peru is the second leg of his five-nation visit to Latin America and the Caribbean, which will also take him to Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica.

In February 2007 Peru and China entered negotiations to establish a free trade arrangement between the two states. The following month Li Changchun, pointman for the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, arrived in Lima to visit Peruvian President Alan Garcia. Peru boasts the largest overseas Chinese community in the region. China is Peru’s second largest trade partner, while bilateral trade volume reached US$3.9 billion in 2006. Peru has established more than 150 investment projects in China while China has invested several hundred million dollars in Peru’s mining, trade, and textile industries. Li also met with Mercedes Cabanillas, president of the Congress of Peru. He stated that the CPC wishes to form close relations with all friendly political parties in that country. Peru was the last stop on Li’s Latin America trip, which also included Mexico, Venezuela, Suriname, and Ecuador.

Since the leftist military government of General Juan Francisco Velasco Alvarado (1968-1975), Russia has supplied the Peruvian military itself with arms. The 2000 downfall of Peru’s former director of the National Intelligence Service (SIN) is connected to this well-established link between Moscow and Lima. Although named after Vladimir Lenin by his parents, who were devout communists, Vladimiro Montesinos apparently rejected his revolutionary upbringing as he moved up the ranks of the Peruvian military. In 1965, at the age of 20 years old, he studied at the US Army’s School of the Americas which has a reputation, deserved or not, of graduating Latin American military officers involved in various counterinsurgency operations throughout the Western Hemisphere. In 1976 Montesinos was sentenced for spying for the United States because he revealed a list of weapons that the leftist military regime in Peru bought from the Soviet Union. In February 1978 Montesinos was released after serving two years of prison. After Fujimori won the election on July 28, 1990, Montesinos became his chief advisor and the effective head of the SIN. Through this position he assumed widespread power in Peru. By promoting allies into top positions, moreover, Montesinos effectively obtained control of the Peruvian Armed Forces, which had discharged him for anti-Soviet activities years before. During the 1990s Montesinos frequently and secretly videotaped himself bribing individuals such as politicians, officials, military officers and probably President Fujimori himself.

In 2000 MSNBC reported that “rogue” figures in the Russian military and Federal Security Service, and the Red Mafiya were supplying arms to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia via Jordan and “corrupt” elements in the Peruvian armed forces. In response, Montesinos claimed that the SIN had uncovered the arms smuggling ring, but Jordan, whose own officials were implicated in the illegal operation, rejected the Peruvian version of the story. Instead, Amman insisted that the shipments were genuine government-to-government deals. Indeed, evidence related to the case indicated that Montesinos had orchestrated, rather than busted, the gun-running operation in collaboration with a senior Peruvian general and a government contractor who normally supplied the Peruvian military. The former director of Peruvian intelligence is currently imprisoned at the Callao Naval Base, along with his nemesis Abimael Guzman, former leader of Shining Path, and Victor Polay Campos, former leader of the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement.

In a somewhat troubling development, in early 2007 Nicaragua’s Moscow-backed neo-Sandinista regime dispatched former Interior Minister Tomas Borge, Maoist, KGB stooge, and die-hard worshipper of Fidel Castro, to Peru as ambassador. While Borge’s presence in Peru is ostensibly related to the fact that he is married to a Peruvian woman, it might also be explicable in terms of a covert support role for Peru’s resurgent Shining Path movement.

>Red World: Paraguay: Communist-backed liberationist bishop Lugo ousts long-ruling Colorado Party from presidency, faces conservatives in Congress

>Pictured here: Former Catholic bishop Fernando Lugo assumed the presidency of Paraguay on August 15, 2008. Shortly before his inauguration the Vatican dismissed Lugo from the priesthood. Lugo, a liberation theologian, is also known as the “Bishop of the Poor” or the “Red Bishop.”

Republic of Paraguay
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring democratically elected neo-communist presidency
Independence: May 14, 1811 (from Spain)
President of Paraguay: Fernando Lugo (supported by Patriotic Alliance for Change and Paraguayan Communist Party): August 15, 2008-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Paraguay’s Chamber of Deputies, which occurred on April 20, 2008, the seats were distributed in the following manner: National Republican Association-Colorado Party (conservative) 29, Authentic Radical Liberal Party (center-left, pro-Lugo) 26, National Union of Ethical Citizens (conservative) 16, Beloved Fatherland Movement (centrist) 3, Patriotic Alliance for Change (center-left, pro-Lugo) 2, Popular Movement Tekojoja 1, Progressive Democratic Party (center-left, pro-Lugo) 1, and Departmental Alliance Boqueron 1. The Paraguayan Communist Party (PCP) withdrew from the United Left in 2003, but supported the Patriotic Alliance for Change and Fernando Lugo’s presidential bid in 2008.
Next general elections: Paraguay’s next general elections are scheduled for 2013.

Communist government:

1) Presidency of Fernando Lugo, supported by Patriotic Alliance for Change, which includes Authentic Radical Liberal Party, Febrerista Revolutionary Party, National Encounter Party, Party for a Country of Solidarity, Christian Democratic Party, Movement for Socialism, Broad Front, and Progressive Democratic Party; and Paraguayan Communist Party: 2008-present

Communist insurgency:

1) Paraguayan Civil War: In 1936 a coalition of political forces under the leadership of Colonel Rafael Franco brought about the February Revolution, ending 32 years of Liberal government. In order to implement his social reforms, President Franco secured the support of the Febrerista Revolutionary Party, which embraced socialists, fascists, nationalists, Colorados, and Liberal cívicos, and the Revolutionary National Union. This experiment in social revolution barely lasted a year. One decade later Paraguay descended into civil war. In 1940 President Higinio Morínigo anulled the constitution and banned political parties. General strikes and student riots erupted as a result of these measures. In 1946 Morínigo re-legalized political activity and formed a cabinet with the Febreristas and Colorados. The Febreristas resigned from the coalition at the beginning of 1947, asserting that Morínigo favored the Colorados. Under the leadership of former President Franco, they formed a united front with the Liberal Party and Paraguayan Communist Party, instigating a rebellion in March. The Paraguayan armed forces defected to the rebel camp. President Morínigo, supported by the Colorado Party and General Alfredo Stroessner, put down the rebellion by August.
2) A devoted anti-communist, Stroessner seized power in 1954 and proceeded to govern Paraguay in a perpetual state of emergency, as de facto president, until he was ousted in another coup in 1989. He sought exile in Brazil where he resided until his death in 2006 at the age of 94 years. During Stroessner’s rule no communist state was permitted to open an embassy in Paraguay, with the exception of Yugoslavia.

Communist parties:

1) April 19th Indigenous Movement (M19Abril): This party contests elections on lists of the Free Homeland Party.
2) Febrerista Revolutionary Party (PRF): Founded in 1951 this party is presently social democratic in orientation.
3) Free Homeland Party (PPL): Founded in 1990 as a split from the Popular Democratic Movement this radical left party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
4) Movement for Democratic Recovery of the Paraguayan Communist Party (MRDPCP): Founded in 2003 when the Paraguayan Communist Party (PCP) formally withdrew from the United Left, this movement continues to operate as a faction of the PCP within the United Left.
5) Paraguayan Communist Party (PCP): Founded in 1928 the PCP associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review and Communist International.
6) Paraguayan Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist): No information.
7) Paraguayan Socialist Party (PSP): This party is radical left in orientation.
8) Popular Unity Party (PUP): No information.
9) Progressive Unity (UP): No information.
10) Revolutionary Popular Movement Towards a New Paraguay (MPRPP): Founded in 1996 this Maoist party associates with the ICMLPO(M).
11) Socialist Popular Convergence Party (PCPS): This party is radical left in orientation.
12) Paraguayan Section of USFI: This Trotskyist party represents the Paraguayan section of the USFI.
13) Socialist Revolutionary Nucleus (NRS): The NRS contests elections on the lists of the Free Homeland Party.
14) Socialist Workers’ Party (PST): Founded in 1994 as a split from the PT this Trotskyist party associates with the CITO.
15) Tribuna Obrera Group (GTO): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
16) United Left (IU): Founded in 2002 this radical left alliance unites the Free Homeland Party, Workers’ Party, April 19th Indigenous Movement, and Socialist Revolutionary Nucleus. The Paraguayan Communist Party was also an original member, but withdrew in 2003, leaving a faction of the party in the IU.
17) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 1989 the Trotskyist PT associates with the LIT and contests elections on the lists of the Free Homeland Party.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: Febrerista Revolutionary Party, Solidary Country Party (consultative)
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Paraguayan Communist Party, Free Homeland Party

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The non-communist regime in Asunción is nurturing a growing economic relationship with Beijing. Russian influence, however, if present, is clandestine. In July 2004 a Taiwanese official delegation will visit Paraguay later this month to negotiate groundwork for the two nations’ Free Trade Agreement (FTA) while Argentina acknowledged it had teamed up with Brazil to try and force Paraguay into switching its diplomatic allegiance from Taipei to Beijing. During a visit to China at the time, Argentinean President Nestor Kirchner said that he and President of Brazil Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva have tried to get Paraguay, Taiwan’s only ally in South America, change its recognition to Beijing. Wu Chin-mu, deputy director general of the Ministry of Economic Affairs’ Department of Central and South American Affairs, observed: “China said it wants to sign an FTA with Mercosur. It called Paraguay an obstacle in negotiating the agreement, because it is not China’s ally. Beijing told President’s Kirchner and Lula da Silva during their recent visits to China about the Paraguay problem because it wants Brazil and Argentina to exert pressure on Paraguay. Paraguay acknowledged that it has been under considerable pressure from Brazil and Argentina, but it is firm in maintaining diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Public opinion in Paraguay has been critical of Brazil and Argentina’s interference into Paraguay’s internal affairs.”

Apparently Paraguay capitulated to the pressure exerted by the leftist pro-Beijing regimes in Buenos Aires and Brasilia. In April 2005 the People’s Daily Online reported that Paraguay will negotiate a free trade agreement with China if it receives approval from the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), the major economic bloc in South America, Paraguayan Foreign Minister Leila Rachid stated. Currently Paraguay and China conduct bilateral trade worth US$187.6 million.

>Red World: Ecuador: President Correa advances neo-communist coup with support of broad leftist coalition; cozies up to Caracas, Beijing; harbors FARC

>Pictured here are “The Three Amigos,” Comrades Hugo, Rafael, and Evo (otherwise known as the Presidents of Venezuela, Ecuador, and Bolivia) at Dr. Correa’s inauguration on January 15, 2007.

Republic of Ecuador
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring neo-communist government, moving toward constitutional socialism
Independence: May 24, 1822 (from Spain)
President of Ecuador: Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado (Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Alliance): January 15, 2007-present
Political composition of national legislature: On November 29, 2007 Ecuador’s newly elected Constituent Assembly, which is stacked with President Correa’s supporters, dissolved the National Congress, elected on October 15, 2006, due to the alleged high level of corruption of its members. In addition to assuming legislative capacities, the Constituent Assembly dismissed Ecuador’s attorney general, bank superintendent, and other state officials. The Constituent Assembly, which is tasked with drafting a new constitution for Ecuador, has a total of 130 seats and contains the following party representations: Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Alliance (socialist) 80, January 21st Patriotic Society Party (left nationalist) 19, Institutional Renewal Party of National Action (conservative) 8, Social Christian Party (conservative) 5, Ethical and Democratic Network (leftist) 3, Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador/Movement for Popular Democracy 4, Socialist Party-Broad Front (merger of Socialist Party of Ecuador and Broad Front, formerly front for Communist Party of Ecuador)-Pachakutik Plurinational United Movement-New Country (left indigenous) Alliance 4, A New Option (pro-business) 2, Democratic Left Party (social democratic)-Citizens’ Power Movement 2, Ecuadorian Roldosist Party (conservative) 1, and Movement for National Honesty 1.
Next general elections: Ecuador’s next general elections have not been scheduled.

Communist government:

1) Presidency of Rafael Correa with support of Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Alliance (socialist), January 21st Patriotic Society Party (left nationalist), Ethical and Democratic Network (leftist), Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador/Movement for Popular Democracy, Socialist Party-Broad Front (merger of Socialist Party of Ecuador and Broad Front, formerly front for Communist Party of Ecuador), Pachakutik Plurinational United Movement-New Country (left indigenous), Democratic Left Party (social democratic), and Citizens’ Power Movement: 2007-present
2) Presidency of Lucio Gutiérrez with parliamentary support of January 21st Patriotic Society Party, Pachakutik Plurinational United Movement-New Country, and Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador/Movement for Popular Democracy: 2003-2005
3) “Glorious May Revolution” presidency of populist José María Velasco Ibarra with support of Ecuadorian Democratic Alliance, including Communist Party of Ecuador, Socialist Party of Ecuador, Revolutionary Socialist Vanguard Party, ex-members of Ecuadorian Radical Liberal Party, and conservatives: 1944-1947

Communist insurgency:

1) May 28 Revolution: Ecuadorian leftists view the May 28 Revolution as the beginning of a communist revolution. President José María Velasco appointed a socialist Minister of Social Welfare and Labor. In July more than 1,000 workers, artisans, peasants, intellectuals, and political leaders convened in Quito to found the Confederation of Ecuadorian Workers (CTE). Socialists, communists, and anarcho-syndicalists were instrumental in defining the CTE’s ideology. The revolution lost steam in 1947 when President Ibarra lost the next election.

2) Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP, or FARC): Colombia’s largest insurgent army is using Ecuador as a base of operations, while Ecuador’s neo-communist president Dr. Rafael Correa is apparently turning a blind eye to the FARC’s presence in his country.

In November 2000 eight Canadians and six other foreigners were allegedly kidnapped by FARC rebels operating on Ecuadorian territory. FARC commanders denied that their organization was responsible for the abductions. In September 2005 BBC News reported that Ecuadorian troops patrolling the province of Sucumbios destroyed a suspected FARC jungle camp near the border between the two countries. Reuters, citing the Ecuadorian Defence Ministry, reports that a nearby drug processing plant, assumed to belong to FARC, was also destroyed. In February 2006 BBC News again reported that the Ecuadorian armed forces destroyed a FARC camp on the Ecuadorian side of the common border.

According to an April 2007 Washington Times report: “Colombian security officials say leftist rebels are capitalizing on the institutional weakness of neighboring Ecuador to set up supply routes for weapons and explosives along the two countries’ common border.” Peruvian chief prosecutor Jose Luis Azanero contends that a major arms trafficking ring is stealing explosives, assault rifles, anti-tank rockets, and hand grenades from the Peruvian military and transporting the contraband to Ecuador, where the arms are transferred to the FARC. President Correa denies that the FARC is operating on Ecuadorian territory, but he refuses to characterize the FARC as a terrorist organization and, thus, to cooperate with Colombian counterinsurgency efforts which, he claims, are a pretext for the USA to invade South America. “Terrorists, no,” Dr. Correa declared in a recent radio interview. “They are guerrillas fighting a war.” The FARC reciprocated President Correa’s support by sending him an open letter containing condolences after the death of his defense minister, Guadalupe Lariva, who died in a helicopter crash. Lariva had been accused of maintaining a closet relationship with the Colombian rebels. “She stood out for her loyalty to the revolutionary cause. Her example, flags and ideals will wave with more strength in our camps,” the FARC stated. Officially neutral, Ecuador has resisted requests by the Colombian government to assist Bogota in the eradication of the FARC. Under the neo-communist regime of President Correa, this neutrality might degenerate into covert support for Colombia’s decades-old Marxist insurgency.

Communist parties:

1) Citizens’ Movement New Country (MCNP): Founded in 1997 this left socialist party split from the Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement-New Country.
2) Communist Party of Ecuador (PCE): Founded in 1925 as the Socialist Party, the PCE formerly associated with the World Marxist Review and Communist International.
3) Democratic Popular Movement (MPD): Founded in 1978 as the legal front for the Marxist- Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador, this Stalinist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
4) January 21st Patriotic Society Party (PSP): Founded in 2000 this left nationalist party competes on the lists of the Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement-New Country and operates under the leadership of Lucio Gutiérrez.
5) Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (PCMLE): Founded in 1964 as a split from the Ecuadorian Communist Party (PCE), this Stalinist party associates with the ICMLPO(H) and International Communist Seminar. The PCMLE contests elections through its legal front, the Democratic Popular Movement.
6) Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR): Founded in 1965 this party is radical left in orientation.
7) Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement-New Country (MUPP-NP): Founded in 1995 this party is left indigenist in orientation.
8) Revolutionary Armed Forces of Ecuador-People’s Defenders (FARE-DP): This is a political-military organization.
9) Revolutionary Socialist Workers’ Organization (OSRT): This Trotskyist party associates with the SIQI.
10) Revolutionary Workers’ Organization (ORT): This Trotskyist party associates with the CITO.
11) Socialist Democracy Current (CDS): Founded in 1992 this Trotskyist party associates the USFI and contests elections on lists of the Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement-New Country.
12) Socialist Democracy-New Process (DS-NP): Founded in 1997 as a split from the Current for Socialist Demcracy, this Trotskyist party associates with the USFI.
13) Socialist Party-Broad Front (PS-FA): Founded in 1995, this radical left party is a marger of the Socialist Party, founded in 1933, and the Broad Front, founded in 1977 as a front for the Communist Party of Ecuador. The PS-FA associates with the CSL and supports President Rafael Correa.
14) Vanguard-Socialist Workers’ Movement (V-MST): Founded in 1977 this Trotskyist party associates with the UIT and formerly associated with the LIT. The V-MST currently contests elections on lists of the Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement-New Country.
15) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 1991 this Trotskyist party associates with the ILCWI and appears to be a different organization from the Workers’ Party led by Héctor Valdiviezo Brito.
16) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 2000 this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Héctor Valdiviezo Brito.
17) Workers’ Party of Ecuador (PTE): Founded in 1996 this Stalinist party is a split from the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (proposed)
Socialist International presence: Democratic Left Party
Sao Paulo Forum presence: none

Pictured here: Ecuadorian Tyrant-in-Training Rafael Correa receives Li Changchun, pointman for the Communist Party of China, on March 28, 2007.

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The neo-communist regime in Quito is nurturing a growing economic and political relationship with Beijing. Russian influence, however, if present, is clandestine. In August 2003 representatives of China and Ecuador signed a contract to explore oil deposits in the latter country. The representing parties were the state-run China National Petroleum Corporation and Ecuador’s Ministry of Energy and Mines. Present at the signing ceremony in China was Ecuador’s previous leftist President Lucio Gutierrez. In September 2005 China’s two largest oil companies, China Petrochemical Corporation and China National Petroleum Corporation, combined their financial resources to purchase the Ecuadorian assets of Canada’s EnCana Corp. for US$1.42 billion. The previous month, violent demonstrations in Ecuador curtailed oil exports. Protesters demanded that petroleum companies invest more money in the countries where they drill. Ecuador is the second-largest South American oil exporter to the USA after Venezuela.

In March 2007 Li Changchun, senior pointman of the Communist Party of China (CPC), traveled to Quito where he met with leftist Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa in Quito. Li affirmed that China intends to continue “equal and mutually beneficial” cooperation with Ecuador, while Correa insisted said Ecuador wishes to “advance bilateral cooperation in all fields on the basis of sticking to the one-China policy.” Ecuador’s neo-communist president added that “the ruling party of Ecuador is also willing to make more contacts with the CPC and learn from China’s successful experience.” Contrary to the coverage of the People’s Daily Online above, the Correa regime does not feature a ruling party as such but, rather, a coalition of leftist parties, some with and others without parliamentary representation, that support the president.

>Middle East File: Egypt, Iran covertly facilitate Hamas coup in Gaza; Cairo permits arms shipments to terrorist group; PLO: Tehran behind seizure

>The pro-Soviet neo-fascist regime in Cairo generally keeps a low-profile with respect to its animosity toward Israel. Egyptian Foreign Minister Aboul Gheit publicly expressed his government’s opposition to Hamas’ takeover of Gaza: “From the Egyptian point of view, there is only one Palestinian government and this is the one formed by President Abu Mazen [Mahmoud Abbas].” However, no observer of Middle Eastern politics should be deceived: Egypt is an enemy of Israel and, in the heat of battle, will stand in solidarity with Iran, Syria, Hamas, and Hezbollah. Pictured here: Hamas has been in control of the Gaza Strip since June 14.

EGYPT QUIETLY SUPPORTS HAMAS TAKEOVER
June 19, 2007

LONDON [MENL] — Egypt has quietly supported the Hamas takeover of the Gaza Strip.

Western intelligence sources said Egypt cooperated with Hamas in allowing shipments of weapons, munitions and explosives that facilitated the Islamic takeover of the Gaza Strip last week. The sources said Egypt concluded that a Hamas takeover would halt or reduce insurgency infiltration in the Sinai Peninsula.

“The Egyptians were in the picture as early as several weeks ago,” an intelligence source said. “[Hamas leader Khaled] Masha’al discussed the Fatah strategic threat and said Hamas would stop [Fatah security chief Mohammed] Dahlan at any cost.”

In a recent telephone conversation with Egyptian intelligence chief Gen. Omar Suleiman, Masha’al said Dahlan and his allies were working with Al Qaida-aligned groups to undermine Hamas in the Gaza Strip. The sources quoted Masha’al as saying that Fatah was allowing Al Qaida to infiltrate the Sinai Peninsula to facilitate attacks on the regime of President Hosni Mubarak.

Source: Middle East Newsline

Meanwhile, the organ of the Communist Party of China reports that the Islamo-Nazi regime in Tehran, whose genocidal intentions toward Jewry are well known, goaded Hamas into seizing power in Gaza in order to surround and trap Israel. A hat tip goes to Zionist Anti-Communist for finding this article.

PLO official says Iran supported Hamas to use force in Gaza
UPDATED: 08:36, June 20, 2007

A senior Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) official on Tuesday accused Iran of supporting Islamic Hamas movement to use force against the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) in the Gaza Strip.

Yasser Abed Rabbo, member of the PLO executive committee said in a press statement that “Iran helped Hamas to lead a military coup against the legitimate Palestinian leadership and to control the Gaza Strip.”

“Iran supports those hostile powers in Iraq, Lebanon and the Palestinian territories in order to serve its regional interests on the expense of the peoples and nations of the region,” said Abed Rabbo.

Last week, Hamas movement’s armed wing, better known as al- Qassam Brigades, along with the executive police force formed by Hamas last year, overpowered the PNA security headquarters by force.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ house and compound, which included his office and helicopter runway were also captured by Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip during the fierce fighting that left 130 people killed and dozens wounded.

Abed Rabbo said that he held Iran responsible for supporting, aiding and encouraging Hamas movement “to lead a violent coup against President Mahmoud Abbas and his authority in the Gaza Strip.”

Source: People’s Daily Online

>Red World: Colombia: Red Mafiya and "rogue" elements in Russian military arming FARC via Jordan; 2000 MSNBC report validates Red Cocaine thesis

>The Cold War is over. Russia is not our enemy.

— US President George W. Bush, statement made in Prague, June 5, 2007

America will continue to stand with the people of Colombia. I will ask the Congress to sustain our commitment to follow-on programs for Plan Colombia so Colombia can build on its progress and win its war against the narco-terrorists. Our strategic partnership is vital to the security, prosperity and freedom of both our countries and the Americas.
— US President Bush, statement made at the Bush Ranch, Crawford, Texas, on occasion of Colombian President Álvaro Uribe’s visit, August 4, 2005

The source of the weapons [smuggled into Colombia] is both organized crime and military. There is a tremendous grey area between the two in Russia and the Ukraine.
— Anonymous US intelligence official, quoted in “Russian mob trading arms for cocaine with Colombia rebels,” MSNBC.com, April 9, 2000

There is no such thing as a former KGB man.
— Vladimir Putin, Russian Federation President, FSB Gala, December 2005; quoted in Newsweek, February 6, 2006

Republic of Colombia
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring major Moscow-backed communist insurgency
Independence: August 7, 1819 (from Spain)
President of Colombia: Álvaro Uribe Vélez (independent; right-leaning Liberal dissident): August 7, 2002-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Colombia’s Chamber of Representatives, which occurred on March 12, 2006, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Colombian Liberal Party (social democratic) 35, Social National Unity Party/Party of the U (pro-Uribe) 29, Colombian Conservative Party 29, Radical Change (pro-Uribe) 21, Wings-Team Colombia Movement (conservative) 8, Citizens’ Convergence (progressive) 8, Alternative Democratic Pole (merger of Independent Democratic Pole and Democratic Alternative, including former M-19 guerrillas, labor and union leaders, indigenous leaders, and Marxists) 7, Liberal Opening 5, Regional Integration Movement 4, Democratic Colombia Party 2, National Movement (conservative) 2, United People’s Movement (liberal) 2, For the Country of Our Dreams 2, Huila New and Liberalism (regional, affiliated with Colombian Liberal Party) 2, Mira Movement 1, Social Action Party 1, Renovation Movement Labor Action 1, National Salvation Movement (conservative) 1, People’s Participation Movement 1, and Progressive National Movement 1.

Communist government:

1) “Revolution on the March” presidency of reformist Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo (London School of Economics graduate) with support of the pro-communist Leftist Revolutionary Union, internal faction of Colombian Liberal Party founded by Dr. Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, and Colombian Communist Party: 1934-1938, 1942-1946
2) “Revolution on the March” presidency of reformist Eduardo Santos Montejo with support of the pro-communist Leftist Revolutionary Union, internal faction of Colombian Liberal Party founded by Dr. Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, and Colombian Communist Party: 1938-1942
3) Reformist presidency of President Enrique Olaya Herrera (Colombian Liberal Party): 1930-1934

Communist insurgency:

1) Bogatazo: After democratically taking the reins of government from the Liberals in 1946, the Conservatives reversed the social revolution of Presidents Alfonso Lopez Pumarejo, Eduardo Santos Montejo, and Enrique Olaya Herrera, with the advice and support of the United States. The popular Liberal Party leader Dr. Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, who represented the party’s leftist faction, known as the Leftist Revolutionary Union (UNIR), organized protests against the Conservative government’s anti-reform policies.

On April 9, 1948, while US Secretary of State George Marshall presided over the Ninth Pan-American Conference in Bogotá, Gaitan was shot and killed in the same city. The conference’s primary objectives were to counter Latin American communism and form the Organization of American States (OAS) to bolster US economic and political influence throughout the Western Hemisphere. Gaitán, Fidel Castro disclosed many years later in an interview, was scheduled to meet that afternoon with Cuban revolutionaries Castro and Rafael del Pino and address the Latin American Youth Congress. After Gaitan’s death riots erupted in Bogotá. The enraged mob apprehended Gaitan’s alleged murderer Juan Roa Sierra, killed him, and dragged his body through the streets to presidential palace, where Sierra’s body was publicly hanged. The rioteers seized control of the radio stations in Bogotá. Ultimatums were issued against the Conservative government, which was perceived as being allied with “Yankee imperialism.” The rioters also seized the airfields at Honda, Cartago, Barrancabermeja, and Turbo. Some bridges were also blown up, disrupting food supplies to Bogota. These riots were later called the Bogatazo, after which the Caracazo, the leftist-inspired Caracas riots of 1989, were named.

2) National Liberation Army (ELN): The ELN is a Marxist insurgent army that has operated in several regions of Colombia since 1964. The ELN is less well known than the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and boasts between 3,500 to 5,000 guerrillas. Unlike the FARC, which features an orthodox Marxist background, the ELN was initially strongly influenced by liberation theology. The US State Department classifies ELN as a “Foreign Terrorist Organization” since the insurgents carry out ransom kidnappings, its main source of income along with the taxation of drug trade crops, and armed attacks on Colombia’s infrastructure. Some of the ELN’s main practices, which target civilians, include the proliferation of ground mines. In April 2004 the European Union added the ELN to its list of terrorist organizations for the same actions.

The ELN occasionally carries out joint operations with FARC-EP. According to a February 2005 report by the United Nation’s High Commissioner for Human Rights: “During 2004, the FARC-EP and the ELN carried out a series of attacks against the civilian population, including several massacres of civilians and kidnappings by the FARC-EP. There were occasional joint actions by the FARC-EP and the ELN.” On July 24, 2004 the ELN allegedly kidnapped Misael Vacca Ramírez, Catholic Bishop of Yopal, who was subsequently released three days later. Amnesty International and Pope John Paul II condemned the abduction. In mid-2006 tensions between local units of FARC and ELN forces escalated into a battle at Arauca, near the border with Venezuela. According to the BBC, “The Farc have for some years moved to take over ELN territory near the Venezuelan border, and the smaller rebel army reacted by killing several Farc militants.”

The ELN founded by Cuban-trained Fabio Vásquez Castaño who along with his brother and other relatives initially held important positions within the organization. The outspoken Catholic priest Camilo Torres Restrepo joined the ELN with the intent of putting the tenets of liberation theology into practice. Torres died in combat shortly after joining the ELN, but has remained an important symbol both for the group and priests of “like faith.” After an internal crisis and military defeat in the early 1970s, another Catholic priest, Manuel Pérez from Spain, joined the ELN and eventually exercised joint command of the group, along with current leader Nicolás Rodríguez Bautista. Pérez presided over the ELN as one of its most well known figures from the late 1970s until he died of hepatitis in 1998. His ideology of “Christian and social action” consisted of a mixture of “Cuban revolutionary theory” and “extreme liberation theology.”

The ELN refused to participate in the peace process brokered by the administration of President Andrés Pastrana Arango between 1998 and 2002. Some units of the ELN have been reduced in strength due to offensives from the US-supported regular Colombian Army and the AUC right-wing paramilitaries. Finally, in mid-2004 the ELN and the Colombian government initiated, under the mediation of Mexican President Vicente Fox, another round of exploratory talks to negotiate a ceasefire. Eventually, the ELN rejected Mexico’s participation in the negotations due to that country’s opposition to Cuba in the forum of the United Nations.

In December 2005 the ELN and the Colombian government initiated yet another round of exploratory talks in Havana. Present were the ELN’s military commander “Antonio García,” and comrades in arms “Francisco Galán” and “Ramiro Vargas,” all of whom participated under pseudonyms. Present, too, were international observers from Norway, Spain, and Switzerland. The latest session of peace talks ended by December 22, but resumed in February 2006. At that time the Colombian government formally suspended capture orders for “Antonio García” and “Ramiro Vargas,” recognizing them as the ELN’s official negotiators. On March 23, 2006 the ELN released a Colombian soldier kidnapped on February 25, delivering the man to the International Committee of the Red Cross. A third session of talks took place in Havana between April 25 and 28, 2006. A formal negotiation process, however, has yet to begin.

The ELN associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.

3) 19th of April Movement (M-19): The M-19 was a Colombian guerrilla movement that demobilized in the late 1980s, becoming a political party, the M-19 Democratic Alliance (AD/M-19). The M-19 traces its origins to the allegedly fraudulent presidential elections of April 19, 1970. During the election the National Popular Alliance of former military dictator Gustavo Rojas Pinilla was denied victory. The ideology of the M-19 combined populism, nationalism, and revolutionary socialism. By mid-1985 the urban-based M-19 boasted between 1,500 and 2,000 guerrillas was the second largest insurgent army in Colombia, after the rural-based Marxist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.

The M-19 was renowned for its spectacular and symbolic terrorist actions, including the seizing of 5,000 weapons from a Colombian Army depot, the theft of one of Simon Bolivar’s swords from a museum, and the 1980 Dominican Republic embassy siege, in which 14 ambassadors, including the US, were held hostage. The M-19 hostage takers were permitted to flee to Cuba. The M-19 also perpetrated the Palace of Justice siege in 1985. On November 6 of that year 35 armed M-19 commandos took hostage some 300 lawyers, judges, and magistrates at the Supreme Court of Colombia. Refusing to capitulate to terrorism, the Colombian government ordered the army to storm the judicial buildings, during which operation 100 people died, the buildings burned, and legal records destroyed.

Mauricio Gaona and Carlos Medellín Becerra, the sons of two of the murdered Supreme Court magistrates, have insisted that the M-19 was linked to the Medellín Cartel drug lords. In 1990 presidential candidate and former M-19 guerrilla commander Carlos Pizarro Leongómez, supposedly on the order of the drug cartels, was murdered by assassins during an airline flight. In a book and interview published in 2002 AUC commander Carlos Castaño publicly admitted his own responsibility for the Leongómez murder. In 2003 the AD/M-19 merged into the Independent Democratic Pole coalition, which later joined the Alternative Democratic Pole.

4) Popular Liberation Army (EPL): The EPL was a rural-based guerrilla army that now operates as the Hope, Peace and Liberty Party, which also bears the abbreviation EPL (Esperanza, Paz y Libertad). The Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist) (PCC(ml)) founded the EPL in 1967, while the PCC(ml) was in turn a dissident faction of the original Colombian Communist Party. Unlike its parent body, the PCC(ml) enjoyed no legal status at this time. The EPL prosecuted its first military operations in the department of Córdoba during the late 1960s. Internal strife and the deaths of important leaders during the following decade diminished the group’s operational capabilities. Unlike the FARC, ELN, and M-19 guerrilla armies, the EPL attracted little popular sympathy, recruiting less than 1,000 fighters. The Pedro León Arboleda Movement, a splinter group named after an EPL commander who died in 1975, was organized in 1979. In 1987 the EPL boasted only 350 to 500 armed combatants throughout six departments around the Middle Magdalena area. The EPL declared a cease-fire in 1984 but the murder of the group’s leader Ernesto Rojas in 1985 lead to the guerrilla army’s formal resumption of military actions.

In 1991 the EPL rejoined peace talks with the administration of President César Gaviria. As a result of the negotiations, 2,000 armed and unarmed people affiliated with the guerrilla army demobilized. Nevertheless, a small dissident faction called the Popular Liberation Army-Dissident Line, operating under the leadership of Francisco Caraballo, continued the armed struggle. Colombian authorities captured Caraballo in 1994, but his group continued guerrilla operations on an even smaller scale.

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, National Liberation Army, and EPL dissidents consider the post-terrorist Hope, Peace and Liberty Party and all demobilized EPL fighters to be pro-government “traitors” and paramilitary “collaborators.” As such, Colombia’s active Marxist guerrillas have assassinated former EPL fighters. In 1998 Human Rights Watch reported that the FARC assassinated a number of ex-EPL members. In similar fashion, a 1999 report by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights insisted that the FARC had massacred Esperanza, Paz y Libertad members and sympathizers.

Pictured here: FARC commander and political chief AlfonsoCano holding a press conference in Caqueta.
5) Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP, or FARC): Founded between 1964 and 1966 as the armed wing of the Colombian Communist Party (PCC), the FARC is the largest guerrilla army in Colombia and, indeed, in the world. The FARC holds between 35 and 40 percent of Colombia’s territory, particularly in the southeastern jungles and in plains along the base of the Andes Mountains. Various sources estimate that the insurgent army’s manpower ranges between 12,000 and 18,000 fighters. Human Rights Watch, moreover, estimates that between 20 and 30 percent of FARC combatants are under 18 years old, with many as young as 12 years old pressed into service. This percentage amounts to 5,000 child soldiers. Children who escape the ranks of the guerrilla army are tortured and killed. Since the FARC associates with the Sao Paulo Forum, all other ruling and non-ruling parties involved in this organization are implicated in this deplorable practice. This is the true face of narco-communism in the twenty-first century.

Prior to the 1980s the FARC was wholely a political-military movement. Since then, the guerrilla army has been a key player in the Communist Bloc’s 45-year-old narco-subversion strategy against the USA and its allies supplying, according to a 2007 news report, 90% of the cocaine entering the United States. During this period the FARC allegedly abandoned its relationship with the legal PCC, forming a new political wing called the Clandestine Colombian Communist Party (PCCC, or PC3). The United States and the European Union classify the FARC as a “narcoterrorist” organization.

A secretariat governs the FARC. Septegenarian Manuel Marulanda Vélez (also known as “Pedro Antonio Marín,” or “Tirofijo”) and seven others, including senior military commander Jorge Briceño (also known as “Mono Jojoy”) comprise this body. Organized along military lines with several urban fronts, the FARC identifies itself as politico-military Marxist-Leninist organization of Bolivarian inspiration. The insurgent army’s program professes to represent the rural poor vis-à-vis Colombia’s affluent class and opposes the privatization of natural resources and US “imperialism,” especially as embodied in Plan Colombia. During the FARC’s Seventh Guerrilla Conference in 1982 the group affixed “EP” to its name, expressing its commitment to expand irregular military action to convention warfare in the last stage of the conflict against the Colombian government. The FARC finances its operations through extortion, kidnapping, and the illegal narcotics trade. The FARC claims to support a negotiated solution to the civil war that it instigated, but will not demobilize until all jailed and extradited FARC rebels are released or returned.

The FARC traces its origins to La Violencia (“The Violence”) that wracked Colombia between 1948, when left-wing Liberal Jorge Eliécer Gaitán was murdered, and 1953, when the military under General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla restored some semblance of peace to the country. During this period, in which 200,000 people perished, Colombian politics was divided between the Colombian Conservative Party and the communist-infiltrated Colombian Liberal Party. The Colombian Communist Party tasked Jacoba Arenas with organizing the Liberal guerrillas into a cohesive fighting force that would install a socialist state in Bogota. Civilian rule was finally restored in 1958. At this time moderate Conservatives and Liberals contrived the National Front to alternate power between the two major parties. The Liberal guerrilla bands that refused to accommodate themselves to the new power-sharing arrangement organized “independent republics” around Sumapaz. In 1964 the Colombian National Army launched its first attacks against these communist enclaves. Following the government assault the communists dispersed, only to regroup as the “Southern Bloc” and then as the “Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia” (FARC). Arenas and Manuel Marulanda, who were heavily influenced by the teachings of Che Guevara, were the organization’s first commanders.

Between 1996 and 2000 the FARC executed large-scale multi-front attacks on the Colombian National Army and civilian targets. The FARC’s more recent attacks consist of flexible, medium-sized unit concentrations in the southwest of Colombia. The FARC has demanded the formalization of a method for prisoner exchange. This would involve the release of 70 comrades in arms held by government authorities. The administration of President Álvaro Uribe Vélez initially ruled out any negotiation with the FARC that did not entail a cease-fire. Instead Uribe supported rescue operations, many of which were successfully executed by the police’s GAULA anti-kidnapping unit in the cities. Most hostages held by the FARC, however, are located in remote jungle locations. The FARC continues to hold 60 people hostage, which includes three US citizens named Keith Stansell, Marc Gonsalves, and Thomas Howes, as well as former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt and her former running mate Clara Rojas.

In order to counter the narco-terrorist activities of FARC, in 1998 Colombian President Andrés Pastrana Arango proposed Plan Colombia which, somewhat incongruously began receiving US aid in 2000 upon the order of leftist US President Bill Clinton. In 2006 the Colombian government accepted US$651 million to support its military and police forces and more than US$138 million for economic and social initiatives. Bogota has received a total of US$4 billion in aid from Washington since 2000 under Plan Colombia. Leftist critics of the Bush and Uribe administrations claim that elements within the Colombian security service are using the aid to finance that country’s anti-communist paramilitary forces, such as the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia.

Pictured here: FARC guerrillas in San Vicentedel Caguan, Caqueta.

In October 2005 a car bomb exploded in Bogota outside the offices of Caracol radio as Senator German Vargas, an ally of and possible successor to President Uribe, drove by a bullet-proof vehicle. Police said the bomb was composed of 50 kilograms of Anfo a mixture of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil packed into a parked car and detonated by remote control. Police said the bomb is of the type previously used by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, which has been battling to overthrow the government since the early 1960s.Vargas is seen as a possible successor to Uribe if Colombia’s highest court bars the President from seeking a second consecutive term in office. Senator Vargas survived a similar attack three years prior to the 2005 incident.

On March 4, 2007 four police officers and a civilian were killed when a bomb exploded in the southern city of Nieva where guerrillas tried to assassinate the mayor with a car bomb two days earlier. In the first incident Mayor Cielo Gonzalez, who has been threatened by FARC before, escaped an attack when one of her bodyguards had the suspicious vehicle towed away. Ten people were wounded when the car exploded shortly afterwards. In the second incident police thought they had deactivated the explosives found on Saturday in a duct at the Neiva city radio station but the bomb blew up as they were moving the device. Both attacks came a week before US President George Bush was due to visit Colombia, Washington’s closest ally in the region.

On June 4, 2007 Colombian officials released from jail a FARC commander, Rodrigo Granda, with the intention of encouraging the insurgent army to release 56 hostages and promoting a new round of peace negotiations. Granda was the highest-ranking mailed member of FARC.

On June 16, 2007 a bomb destroyed the Ochoa lottery and stake business in Armenia, a city in western Colombia, injuring at least 13 people. Eleven victims were passers-by, while two were employees of the lottery and stake business, located near Armenia’s city hall. The two injured employees were hospitalized and are presently in critical condition. The explosive device was allegedly placed in the shop’s restroom by someone who played a slot machine before the blast. A vehicle passing by the business when the bomb exploded was damaged by the blast wave. Police officers have not yet determined if the explosion was a guerrilla attack since the lottery shop did not receive any prior threats.

In addition to assorted car bombings and other insurgency-related terrorism, intense fighting between the Colombian Army and the FARC continues in 2007. On March 3 three soldiers where killed and 15 more injured in combat with the FARC in the settlement of Junin, in Venadillo (Tolima) when a column of the FARC attacked an army convoy. A civilian was also killed in the crossfire and one ambulance was destroyed. According to reports 450 children were present when the shooting took place, sheltering in a nearby school, El Espectador reports. On March 5 seven Colombian soldiers and 11 guerrillas were killed over the weekend in the heaviest combat in recent months in a remote southern jungle area, authorities reported. The Commander of the military’s Omega joint task force, Gen. Alejandro Navas, said fighting with a large column of rebels from the FARC broke out early Saturday in the town of Puerto Rico in Meta province, about 186 miles south of Bogota.

The FARC associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.

Pictured here: AUC paramilitaries.

Counter-insurgency paramilitaries:

1) United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC): Formed in April 1997 the AUC unites approximately 20,000 anti-communist paramilitary fighters throughout Colombia. The federated organizations are each committed to eliminating the insurgent threat in its own region. The AUC finances its operations from the drug trade, landowners, and businessmen. The USA and European Union consider the AUC to be a terrorist organization.

Communist parties:

1) April 19th Movement (M-19): Founded in 1997 this social democratic party is a split from AD M-19, the party that was in turn a former guerrilla army. M-19 currently operates under the leadership of German Rojas Niño.
2) Big Democratic Coalition (GDC): Founded in 2004 this broad left coalition unites several leftist parties and social organizations.
3) Bolivarian Movement for New Colombia (MBNC Nueva Colombia): This radical left political wing of FARC-EP was founded in 2000.
4) Clandestine Colombian Communist Party (PCCC, or PC3): Founded in 2000 this underground communist party is the political wing of Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP), replacing the legal Colombian Communist Party in that role. The PCCC operates under the leadership of FARC’s Guillermo León Saenz, also known as “Alfonso Cano.”
5) Colombian Communist Party (PCC): Founded in 1930 this legal communist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and International Communist Seminar, and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review and Communist International.
6) Colombian Social Democratic Party (PSOC): This party is left socialist in orientation.
7) Communist League (LC): This party is Maoist in orientation.
8) Communist Party of Colombia-Maoist (PCC-M): Founded in 1990 as the Communist Organization of Colombia/Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (OCC/mlm), this Maoist party associates with the ICMLPO(M).
9) Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist) (PCdeC(ML)): Founded in 1965 as a split from the Colombian Communist Party, this Stalinist party associates with the ICMLPO(H) and International Communist Seminar.
10) Popular Liberation Army (EPL): Founded in 1967 as the armed wing of the Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist), this party is Stalinistic in orientation.
11) Communist Workers’ Union (Marxist-Leninist Maoist) UOC(mlm): Founded in 1998 this Maoist party associates with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
12) Comunitarian Party Seventh Option (PCOS): This party operates under the leadership of Venus Albeiro Silva Gomez.
13) Current of Socialist Renovation (CRS): Founded in 1991 as a split from ELN, this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
14) Democratic Alliance M-19 (AD M-19): This social democratic party was formerly a guerrilla army and presently associates with the Socialist International and Sao Paulo Forum.
15) Democratic Alternative (DA): Founded in 2003 this alliance unites the FSP, UD, MOIR, PCOS, AICO and Movimiento Ciudadano.
16) Democratic Unity (UD): This left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and operates under the leadership of Luis Carlos Avellaneda Tarazona.
17) Guevarist Revolutionary Army (ERG): Founded in the early 1990s as a split from the ELN, this party is radical left in orientation.
18) Guillermo Marin Collective (CGM): This party is radical left in orientation.
19) Hope, Peace and Freedom (ESPALI): Founded in 1990 by a majority of the EPL and PCC-ML, this party is ex-Maoist in orientation.
20) Indigena Authorities of Colombia (AIC): This left indigenist party operates under the leadership of Mario Calambas.
21) Indigena Social Alliance (ASI): Founded in 1991 this party is left indigenist in orientation.
22) Internationalist Communist Circle (CCI): This left communist party associates with the IBRP.
23) Jaime Bateman Cayón Movement (MJBC): Founded in 1991 as a split from M-19 this party is a political-military organization.
24) Jorge Eliécer Gaitán Movement (JEGA): This political-military organization split from the EPL in 1987.
25) Labour Party of Colombia (PTC (Moirista)): Founded in 2002 as a split from the MOIR this Maoist party operates under the leadership of Marcelo Torres.
26) Movement for the Defense of the People’s Rights (MODEP): This party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
27) Patriotic Union (UP): Founded in 1985 this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
28) Popular National Alliance (ANAPO): Founded in 1971 this party is left populist in orientation.
29) Present for Socialism (PPS): Founded in 1999 this left socialist party addociates with the Sao Paulo Forum. 30) Revolutionary and Independent Workers’ Movement (MOIR): Founded in 1969 this party is Maoist in orientation.
31) Revolutionary Communist Group of Columbia (GCR): Founded in 1982 this Maoist party associates with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
32) Revolutionary People’s Army (ERP): This radical left political-military organization split from the ELN in 1996.
33) Social and Political Front (FSP): Founded in 2000 this broad left alliance unites the Colombian Communist Party, PPS, MODEP, Dignidad Obrera, Colectivo Guillermo Marín and others.
34) Socialist Workers League (LST): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
35) Socialist Workers’ Party (PST): Founded in 1977 this Trotskyist party associates with the CITO.
36) Socialist Workers’’ Unity (UOS): This Trotskyist party associates with the UIT.
37) Trotskyist Workers’ Party (POT): This Trotskyist party was formerly known as the Revolutionary Communist Party/Trotskyist and associates with the PFI.
38) Workers’ Dignity (DO): This party is radical left in orientation.
39) Workers’ Power (PO): Founded in 1999 this Trotskyist party associates with the LCMRCI.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Caribbean Community (observer)
Socialist International presence: Colombian Liberal Party
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Colombian Communist Party, National Liberation Army, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army
Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: Colombia’s largest insurgent communist army, FARC, is linked to the Communist Party of the Russian Federation/Soviet Union through the International Communist Seminar, which is hosted by the Workers’ Party of Belgium each year. More ominously, a 2000 report by MSNBC fully vindicates Joseph Douglass’ thesis in Red Cocaine (1990), namely, that Moscow is not only employing the narco-terrorist organizations of Latin America to subvert the USA and the West with street-ready cocaine and other designer drugs, but also supplying arms to the FARC in order to overthrow the pro-Washington regime of President Uribe and install a communist dictatorship in Bogota. The full report follows:

Russian mob trading arms for cocaine with Colombia rebels
Huge smuggling ring — an MSNBC.com exclusive

WASHINGTON, April 9, 2000 – Russian crime syndicates and military officers are supplying sophisticated weapons to Colombian rebels in return for huge shipments of cocaine, U.S. intelligence officials told MSNBC.com. A senior intelligence official described the smuggling ring as “literally an industry” that threatens to overwhelm the Colombian government and turn the U.S.-backed fight against the Colombia cocaine cartels into a losing proposition.

The Clinton administration is trying to escalate the long-running war on Colombia’s cocaine cartels, and a $1.7 billion aid package to the South American nation is under consideration in Congress. U.S. intelligence officials, all of whom spoke to MSNBC.com on condition of anonymity, said the scope of the Russia-to-Colombia smuggling ring took them by surprise and remains unknown to all but a few high-ranking figures in the American government. In short, an alliance of corrupt Russian military figures, organized crime bosses, diplomats and revolutionaries has been moving regular shipments of up to 40,000 kilograms of cocaine to the former Soviet Union in return for large shipments of deadly weaponry.

The intelligence officials said the smuggling ring works like this:

Russian-built IL-76 cargo planes take off from various airstrips in Russia and Ukraine laden with anti-aircraft missiles, small arms and ammunition. The planes, roughly the size of Boeing 707s and a mainstay of the modern cargo industry, stop in Amman, Jordan, to refuel. There, they bypass normal Jordanian customs with the help of corrupt foreign diplomats and bribed local officials. After crossing the Atlantic, the cargo jets use remote landing strips or parachute air-drops to deliver their cargo to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC. The guerrilla group is challenging the authority of the U.S.-backed Colombian government, and its guerrillas provide security to Colombia’s cocaine cartels.

The planes return loaded with up to 40,000 kilograms of cocaine. Some of this is distributed as payment for the arms to the diplomatic middlemen in Amman. The rest is flown back to the former Soviet Union for sale there, in Europe and in the Persian Gulf.

CORRUPT DIPLOMATS

Officials close to the investigation cited intelligence intercepts that show the IL-76 cargo planes use Royal Jordanian Airlines cargo facilities in Amman, where airline officials are bribed to ignore false cargo manifests. While in Amman, the planes are cleared for transit under diplomatic cover originating from a Spanish-speaking embassy in Amman, according to U.S. intelligence officials. The officials refused to specify which embassy was involved. The officials noted there are two Spanish speaking embassies in Amman – Spain and Chile. A third, that of Portuguese-speaking Brazil, often conducts business in Spanish.

“They’re using diplomatic authority to get that stuff in,” said a senior U.S. intelligence official close to the investigation. “If they’re not using a [diplomatic] pouch, they’re using diplomatic authority to clear the shipment. This is a big operation. There are a lot of people involved – it’s literally an industry.”

The Spanish-speaking embassy official in Jordan, whom the intelligence officials would not identify by name, has the power to clear diplomatic shipments and may also be able to authorize embassy funds when additional money is needed to move the shipments through Amman. Still, while the embassy contact may have a high rank, intelligence sources said they do not think the scheme is operating with the knowledge of the country involved or Jordan’s government.

REBELS AND CARTELS

Once the plane has refueled in Amman, officials said, it then proceeds from Jordan to various landing strips throughout South America, where shipments are coordinated by a renegade Peruvian military officer.

A senior U.S. intelligence source has identified by name three men alleged to be directly involved in those shipments. Luiz Fernando Da Costa, working under the alias Fernandinho Beira-Mar, is one of Brazil’s most wanted narco-traffickers. For the past four years, Da Costa has used the town of Pedro Juan Caballero in Paraguay as his base of operations. According to U.S. intelligence, Da Costa runs arms received from Fuad Jamil, a Lebanese businessman operating in the same Paraguayan town. The official said Jamil uses a legitimate import company as a front.

While most of the weaponry goes directly to FARC, a smaller amount is parceled off to other guerrilla groups. Among them is Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed movement best known for its guerrilla activities in southern Lebanon. U.S. intelligence officials say the group has set down roots among the Arab immigrant communities of Paraguay, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil and frequently uses legitimate business operations to cover illegal arms transfers.

Within Colombia, arms deliveries to rebel guerrillas are coordinated through the town of Barranco Minas, the headquarters for the FARC’s 16th Front. The 16th Front is lead by Tomas Medina Caracas, who operates the arms ring under the alias Negro Acacio.

PAYING OFF THE SMUGGLERS

The FARC rebels, who control the distribution of the arms, pay the smugglers with cocaine. The drug is then loaded onto the planes for the return journey through Amman. Hundreds of thousands of kilos of cocaine have been smuggled over the last two years.

According to drug enforcement officials, cocaine can bring more than $50,000 per kilo in Europe. The involvement of Russian organized crime in its smuggling is well established, and the most common gateway is Spain, where European drug enforcement officials say the bulk of Colombian cocaine and heroin enters the continent. Intelligence officials confirmed that because of Spain’s pivotal role in the European drug trade, their suspicions in Amman focus on Spain’s embassy.

Some of the cocaine is delivered under diplomatic cover to intermediaries in Jordan, where it finds its way onto the streets. The majority of the cocaine shipment continues on to Russia and Ukraine, where it feeds the growing appetite for the drug, or is sold in other lucrative markets in Europe and the Persian Gulf.

A POWERFUL UNDERGROUND ALLIANCE

The smuggling ring brings together two powerful and destabilizing forces that have become key targets of U.S. foreign policy: the deep-seated corruption of the former Soviet states and Colombia’s spiral toward drug-induced anarchy. For Russia and Ukraine, billions of dollars in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and direct aid is at stake. Scandals over the alleged misuse of such loans already have sparked investigations in the U.S. Congress.

For Colombia’s backers in the United States and advocates of increased U.S. aid, the revelations are particularly ill-timed. Congress is considering a $1.7 billion drug-interdiction aid package for Colombia, including sophisticated Blackhawk helicopters. Among the weapons being supplied to FARC, intelligence officials said, are rocket-propelled grenade launchers (RPGs) and Russian SA-model shoulder-mounted anti-aircraft weapons similar to the U.S. Stinger missiles.

As U.S. soldiers learned in Somalia, both RPGs and missile launchers can bring down a Blackhawk helicopter, even in the untrained hands of rebel armies.

”[The guerrillas] get the RPG to explode in the vicinity of the tail rotor, which gives the helicopter its horizontal stability,” said a U.S. Army official. “All that has to happen is for the tail rotor to become a bit unbalanced or for a hydraulic line to be cut, and that helicopter is coming down. It takes good aim and cases full of RPGs, but it’s been done many times.”

WELL-ESTABLISHED NETWORK

U.S. intelligence officials say the arms-for-drugs ring has been operational for two years. MSNBC.com first broke the story of large arms shipments to FARC rebels last October, and it was that shipment that drew the attention of U.S. intelligence agencies to what they eventually concluded was a major trafficking ring. That single drop last October was said by U.S. intelligence officials to have delivered $50 million worth of AK-47s deep inside FARC-held territory. U.S. authorities ultimately apprehended one of the traffickers, the officials said.

Since that time, the intelligence officials said, arms traffickers have refined their operation. While the IL-76 is designed to drop large loads by parachute, that method requires favorable weather and specially trained flight crews. After repeated problems with air drops, traffickers seek to avoid detection by using a variety of existing runways where they can bribe officials to allow the cargo in. The IL-76 also is capable of landing at rough, remote landing strips.

The size of the cargo is staggering; the IL-76 is used to transport troops, arms and tanks for the Russian military. In one hour, a trained ground crew can unload, refuel and reload a plane bearing 90,000 pounds of cargo, U.S. military officials say. That’s equivalent to 5,400 rifles and 360,000 rounds of ammunition, along with shoulder-held missiles and RPGs.

RUSSIA, FROM RED TO GRAY

The scale of the smuggling underscores the enormous challenge that law enforcement authorities face in the former Soviet Union, where Soviet-era intelligence operatives in many cases made a seamless transition from Cold War spying or military intelligence into organized crime. “The source of the weapons [smuggled into Colombia] is both organized crime and military,” a U.S. intelligence official said. “There is a tremendous gray area between the two in Russia and the Ukraine.”

After the fall of the Berlin Wall, many KGB and other Soviet security agents appropriated bank accounts, companies and contacts used for covert operations, and turned them instead into conduits for their own organized crime activities, including arms and drug trafficking.

While Moscow’s operatives, operating under the guise of “corrupt” Russian military officers and “rogue” KGB agents, ship arms to FARC, with typical communist deceit the Kremlin simultaneously plays the peace card. In March 1998 Russian Foreign Minister Yevgeny Primakov informed Colombian Foreign Minister Maria Emma Mejia, who was then visiting Moscow, that the Kremlin was prepared to mediate the decades-old conflict between, on the one hand, the Colombian government and, on the other hand, FARC and the National Liberation Army. Primakov described the Colombian Civil War as “the last trench of the cold war.” FARC, according to a February 2007 report from BBC News, is responsible for supplying 90% of the cocaine shipped to the USA and, thus, is a key component, as described by terrorism and intelligence expert Douglass, in the Communist Bloc’s 45-year-old narco-subversion strategy against the West.

In spite of Bogota’s special relationship with Washington, the Colombian government apparently has no scruples about purchasing weapons from a regime, namely, Moscow, that is also supplying arms to the communist insurgents who are resolved to topple the Uribe administration. In 2001 Colombia purchased six Russian Mi-17 IV attack helicopters with night vision equipment for US$36 million. The aircraft were delivered the next year. The deal was worth $36 million. According to reports, all six helicopters were equipped with night vision devices. Boris Alekseyev, spokesman for the Kremlin arms exporter Rosoboroneksport, characterized the sale of the helicopters in the following manner: “[They] ideally meet the needs of the Colombian army, as they are two times cheaper than their American counterparts, they can effectively act in mountain conditions and rapidly move whole army units.”

In May 2006 Russia entered a trade arrangement with Colombia. The agreement was signed in Moscow, where the representing parties were Russian Economy Minister German Gref and Colombian Trade Minister Jorge Humberto Botero. The agreement facilitates the exportation of Colombian sugar, coffee, bananas, flowers, and other goods to Russia, while at the same fast-tracking the neo-Soviet state’s accession to the World Trade Organization.

>USSR2/Middle East Files: Russia sells advanced MiG-31 fighter jets to Syria, Israel views purchase with alarm

>On June 6 we blogged about the plans of the Ba’athist regime in Damascus to attack Israel this summer. The latest purchase of military hardware from Russia merely confirms Syria’s status as an unrepentant Soviet client state. Israel’s geopolitical situation is no less perilous now than during the First Cold War (1945-1991). The tiny Jewish state is still surrounded by implacable enemies: fascist-communist Syria, Islamo-Nazi Iran, the Islamo-Marxist Palestinian National Authority with its new radical “Hamastan” enclave, and Hezbollah, the de facto government of southern Lebanon. All of these entities have openly declared their resolve to annihilate Israel. Pictured here: MiG-31 at Moscow air show.

Russian fighter planes sale to Syria alarms Israel
Tue Jun 19, 3:35 AM ET

Israel is concerned about reported Russian deliveries of advanced MiG-31 fighter planes to its enemy Syria as part of an armaments drive, the top-selling Hebrew daily reported on Tuesday.

The MiG-31, considered one of the best fighters in the world, can carry guided missiles with a range of more than 200 kilometres (125 miles) and is capable of striking 24 different targets simultaneously, Yediot Aharonot said.

“This information is more concerning when put in the context of massive armaments purchases made recently by the Syrians,” Yuval Steinitz, an MP from Israel’s right-wing opposition Likud party, was quoted as telling the daily.

“If Syria acquires the MiG-31 we can no longer rule out the idea that this country is preparing for war,” said Steinitz, a former chairman of Israel’s defence and foreign affairs parliamentary committee.

A Russian newspaper reported on Tuesday that Russia has begun delivering five MiG-31E interceptors to Syria as part of an agreement reached this year, and that Moscow also plans to sell Damascus its MiG-29M/M2 dual role fighters.

The Israeli media has recently carried alarmist reports that a war with Syria could erupt as early as this summer, following Israeli intelligence reports that Damascus was preparing for such a conflict.

Two Israeli cabinet ministers have confirmed, however, that the government has approached Syria about the possibility of renewing peace talks.

Peace talks between Israel and Syria collapsed in 2000, mainly because of a dispute over the return of the strategic Golan Heights, which the Jewish state captured in the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and annexed in 1981.

Source: YahooNews.com

>Red World: Chile: Military thwarts KGB asset Allende’s Soviet/Cuban-backed communist agenda, Socialist Party returns to power after Pinochet regime

>Hugo Chavez was democratically elected and has been democratically reconfirmed. It is a mistake to think Chavez is dangerous for Latin America. What is dangerous for the region is poverty, inequality, social unstableness, the fact that many native peoples do not feel integrated to their societies. Chile will treat Venezuela like any other sovereign State, with friendship, dialogue and cooperation to integrate and solve all the problems the region faces such as energy and infrastuctures.
— Chilean President Michelle Bachelet, statement made prior to her election, Santiago; quoted by Notimex, December 13, 2005

Pictured here: Bolivian President Evo Morales, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa, and Bachelet are pictured at the opening ceremony of the 17th Summit of the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) in Bolivia, June 14, 2007. All three leaders play important supporting roles in Latin America’s Red Axis: Fidel Castro’s “mini mini me times three.” CAN, along with MERCOSUR, will be absorbed into the Union of South American Nations later this year.

Republic of Chile
Type of state:
Republic with multiparty system, featuring past communist government and current semi-communist government
Independence: February 12, 1818 (from Spain)
President of Chile: Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria (Socialist Party of Chile; studied at Karl Marx University, East Germany, 1978; romantic relationship with Alex Vojkovic Trier, spokesman for Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front, armed wing of Communist Party of Chile, 1985-1987): March 11, 2006-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Chile’s Chamber of Deputies, which occurred on December 11, 2005, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertación) (leftist coalition consisting of Christian Democrat Party 20, Party for Democracy 20, Socialist Party of Chile15, and Social Democrat Radical Party 7) 65, Alliance for Chile (rightist coalition consisting of Independent Democratic Union 33 and National Renewal 19) 54, Concertación independents 3, Alliance independents 2, and Regionalist Action Party of Chile (ex-socialist founder, northern region) 1.
Setting the record straight: Taking into account all historical factors, we believe that the Chilean armed forces were justified in overthrowing the subversive government of President Salvador Allende (pictured below), idol of the International Left. The number of leftist revolutionaries and sympathizers, reportedly totaling 3,000, executed by the military regime of Captain General Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) was essential to preempt the potential genocide perpetrated by an entrenched communist regime in Santiago.

Communist government:

1) Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertación), consisting of Socialist Party of Chile, Christian Democrat Party (communitarian socialism), Party for Democracy (center-left), and Social Democrat Radical Party, with extraparliamentary support from Juntos Podemos Más (consisting of Communist Party of Chile and other leftist formations): 2006-present
2) Presidency of Salvador Allende Gossens (alleged KGB asset “Leader”) with parliamentary support of Popular Unity, coalition consisting of Socialist Party of Chile, Communist Party of Chile, Social Democrat Radical Party, and Popular Unitary Action Movement (communist), and extraparliamentary support of Revolutionary Left Movement (guerrilla army) and Fidel Castro, who visited Chile for one month in 1971: 1970-1973
3) Presidency of Pedro Aguirre Cerda with support of Popular Front, coalition consisting of Radical Party, Socialist Party of Chile, and Communist Party of Chile: 1938-1941
4) Socialist Republic of Chile under the leadership of Government Junta Chairman Carlos Gregorio Dávila Espinoza: June 4-September 13, 1932 (proclaimed, pro-Soviet but opposed by Communist Party of Chile)

Communist insurgency:

1) Chilean Way to Socialism: In 1932, as a young medical student at the University of Chile, Salvador Allende supported the briefly proclaimed Socialist Republic of Chile. The following year he co-founded the Socialist Party of Chile in Valparaíso and assumed the party’s leadership. In 1938 Allende was appointed Minister of Health in the left-communist Popular Front government of President Pedro Aguirre Cerda.

In January 1966 a “Tri-continental Conference” of communists took place in Havana, which expressed solidarity with the violent movements of national liberation throughout Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Several organizations emerged from this meeting, including the Latin American Solidarity Organization (OLAS), the first of several attempts to unify Latin America’s communist revolutionaries. OLAS disintegrated after Che Guevara, one of the organization’s prominent leaders, was executed in Bolivia on October 9, 1967.

Pictured here: Cuban Tyrant Fidel Castro visits Comrade Salvador in Santiago, 1971. On the agenda: the installation of a communist dictatorship in Chile.

The Chilean branch of OLAS was founded in July 1967. Moderate Socialist Aniceto Rodriguez was elected branch president, while Communist Jorge Montes was elected general secretary. A large Chilean delegation attended OLAS’ first international congress, including Marxist Senator Salvador Allende and Communist Party of Chile General Secretary Luis Corvalan. Although he putatively rejected violent revolution in Chile, Allende strongly supported OLAS and glorified the memory of Guevara after the guerrilla leader’s death. Somewhat inconsistently, Allende proclaimed the necessity for the “peaceful” socialist transformation of Chile.

On May 21, 1971 President Allende delivered the following address to the plenary session of the Chilean Congress. In this speech Allende articulated the “Chilean Way to Socialism.”

Speaking frankly, our task is to define and put into practice, as the Chilean road to socialism, a new model of the State, of the economy and of society which revolves around man’s needs and aspirations. For this we need the determination of those who have dared to reconsider the world in terms of a project designed for the service of man. There are no previous experiments that we can use as models – we shall have to develop the theory and practice of new forms of social, political and economic organisation, both in order to break with under-development and create socialism.

We can achieve this only on condition that we do not overshoot or depart from our objective. If we should forget that our mission is to establish a social plan for man, the whole struggle of our people for socialism will become simply one more reformist experiment. If we should forget the concrete conditions from which we start in order to try and create immediately something which surpasses our possibilities, then we shall also fail.

We are moving towards socialism, not from an academic love for a doctrinaire system, but encouraged by the strength of our people, who know that it is an inescapable demand if we are to overcome backwardness and who feel that a socialist regime is the only way available to modern nations who want to build rationally in freedom, independence and dignity. We are moving towards socialism because the people, through their vote, have freely rejected capitalism as a system which has resulted in a crudely unequal society, a society deformed by social injustice and degraded by the deterioration of the very foundations of human solidarity.

In the name of the socialist reconstruction of Chilean society, we have won the presidential elections, a victory that was confirmed by the election of municipal councillors. This is the flag behind which we are mobilising the people politically both as the object of our plans and as the justification for our actions. Our Government plans are those of the Popular Unity platform on which we fought the election. In putting them into effect, we shall not sacrifice attention to the present needs of the Chilean people in favour of gigantic schemes. Our objective in none other than the progressive establishment of a new structure of power, founded on the will of the majority and designed to satisfy in the shortest possible time the most urgent needs of the present generation.

Andrés Pascal Allende, nephew of Salvador, was an early leader of the guerrilla army known as the Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR). MIR advocated a Marxist-Leninist model of revolution, viewing itself as the vanguard party. MIR stockpiled a small arsenal of light arms, but it supported rather than opposed the presidency of Allende and the People’s Unity coalition.

Constrained by a six-year term, President Allende rapidly nationalized the copper mining and banking industries, health care, and education, vastly expanded the process of land seizure and redistribution initiated under his predecessor Eduardo Frei Montalva (Christian Democratic Party of Chile), who had nationalized between 20 and 25 per cent of all properties liable for confiscation. The Allende government’s intended to seize all holdings of more than 80 basic irrigated hectares. Frei later denounced his successor as a “communist totalitarian” and in 1973 endorsed the military’s plan to overthrow the Allende administration. Notwithstanding his opposition to Allende, Frei later opposed the military regime of Augusto Pinochet.

For over three decades since his suicide Allende has been a martyr of the International Left, while the same forces have subjected Pinochet to a relentless campaign of vilification. A second attempt to unify the Western Hemisphere’s subversive groups occurred in the 1970s with the founding of the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR), which combined Argentina’s Popular Revolutionary Army, Chile’s Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria, Uruguay’s Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, and Bolivia’s National Liberation Army. The next and most current attempt to unify Latin America’s Red Axis occurred with the establishment of the Sao Paulo Forum, founded in 1990 by Cuban dictator Fidel Castro and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil since 2003.

2) Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front (FPMR): Founded in 1983 and named after a leader of Chile’s independence movement, Manuel Rodríguez, the FPMR represented the armed wing of the Communist Party of Chile (PCCh) which was banned during the dictatorship of Captain General Augusto Pinochet. The FPMR now boasts a separate existence from that of the PCCh and has since entered the parliamentary system by joining the leftist coalition known as Juntos Podemos Más (literally “Together We Can Do More,” or acronym for “Social Democratic Power”).

Following the coup, the PCCh re-evaluated its policies, concluding that the formation of armed resistance against the military regime was legitimate. Hence, in 1974 the communists organized the predecessor of the FPMR. The first act of insurrection occurred on December 14, 1983 when the FPMR instigated a power shortage in central Chile, other acts of sabotage, and theft of food that was then distributed to the population. On July 16, 1985 the FPMR bombed the US consulate in Santiago, killing one and injuring two. On September 7, 1986, the FPMR attacked Pinochet’s car in an assassination attempt, killing five body guards. Pinochet suffered only minor injuries. The same year Chilean security forces apprehended an 80-ton shipment of weapons destined for the FPMR. The seizure included T-4 plastic explosives, RPG-7 and M72 LAW rocket launchers, and more than 3,000 M-16 rifles.

The Pinochet death plot was followed by the arrest of many important FPMR members, which provoked an internal crisis in the terrorist organization that led to the complete autonomy of the group with respect to the PCCh. The Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Movement (MPMR) emerged from the orginal body in 1987. Upon restoring civilian government in Chile in 1991, the FPMR scaled back its actions and divided into two sections, one advocating integration into the political system, while the other advocated a continuation of the armed struggle. That year the militant wing committed a number of kidnappings and robberies, including the murder of the Independent Democrat Union Senator Jaime Guzmán on April 1. The suspects escaped to Cuba. The FPMR also kidnapped Cristian Edwards, son of the owner of the country’s most well-known newspaper El Mercurio. Other targets included Mormon churches and US businesses in Chile, such as McDonald’s and Kentucky Fried Chicken. On December 30, 1996 the FPMR organized the escape of members incarcerated in the high-security prison of Santiago de Chile. Otherwise, the FPMR terminated all military operations that year. In 2002 former members of the FPMR created a terrorist spin-off called Rodriguist Identity (IR).

3) Norte Grande Insurrection: In 1931 Chile was wracked by the political and economic chaos that resulted from the 1929 market crash. Unemployment and poverty had soared. In December rumors about a communist insurrection that was to occur in the northern provinces against the government of President Juan Esteban Montero circulated in the cities of Vallenar and Copiapó. The communists allegedly intended to storm the Esmeralda regiment barracks and the police headquarters on Christmas Eve, the first stage of a full-blown revolution. Authorities gave no heed to the rumors. The publicized plot, however, began to unfold at 2 AM on December 25 when communist militia attacked the army barracks in Vallenar. The lieutenant and his soldiers were caught off guard but rapidly mounted a defense. With the assistance of the police, the army repelled the revolutionaries who fled for the hills. A police platoon was then dispatched to capture the communists’ headquarters, also in Vallenar. Confronting gunfire from the building, police used dynamite to blow up the structure, killing everyone inside. All other known communists were apprehended and executed. The following June a socialist republic was proclaimed in Chile. However, this political experiment, which lasted from June 4 to September 13, quickly fell apart. Ostensibly pro-Soviet, the Communist Party of Chile professed to be opposed to the new regime.

4) Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR): Founded on October 12, 1965 the MIR coalesced around various student organizations and secured a base of support among trade unionists and the shantytown residents of Santiago. Andrés Pascal Allende, nephew of Salvador Allende, Marxist president of Chile from 1970 to 1973, was an early MIR leader. Miguel Enríquez Espinosa served as General Secretary of the party between 1967 and his assassination in 1974 by Chile’s DINA. MIR advocated a Marxist-Leninist model of revolution, viewing itself as the vanguard party. MIR stockpiled a small arsenal of light arms, but it supported rather than opposed the presidency of Salvador Allende and the People’s Unity coalition. Prior to 1973 a few attacks were attributed to the MIR. Contrary to leftist propaganda that downplays the subversive nature of the Allende regime, this terrorist organization tried to infiltrate the Chilean Armed Forces in anticipation of thwarting a coup d’état against the president. The MIR leadership, moreover, considered plans to replace the police and military with personnel recruited from the Popular Unity’s supporters. In August 1973 the MIR formed the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR) with other South American revolutionary parties, namely, Argentina’s Popular Revolutionary Army, Uruguay’s Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, and Bolivia’s National Liberation army. The JCR was not effective in its objectives. Like the Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front, the MIR tried to assassinate Pinochet. According to the Rettig Report, Chilean state agents assassinated MIR leader Jecar Neghme was assassinated in 1989. The MIR currently participates in the Juntos Podemos Más coalition.

Communist parties:

1) Anarcho-Communist Unification Congress (CUAC): Founded in 1999 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
2) Assembly of Libertarian Convergence (ACL): This party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
3) Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) PC(AP): Founded in 1979 this Stalinist party belongs to the ICMLPO(H) and the International Communist Seminar.
4) Christian Left (IC): Founded in 1971 as a split from the Christian Democratic Party, this “left Christian” party joined the Socialist Party (PS) in 1989.
5) Citizen Power Movement (MFC): Founded in 1999 this party operates under the leadership of José Barra Campos.
6) Committee for Revolutionary Unity (CUR): Founded in 2001 by the FSI, MPR, and ORPAR this party is radical left in orientation.
7) Committee for the Construction of the Workers Party (CCPO): Founded in 1997 this Trotskyist party associates with CRFI.
8) Communist Party of Chile (PCCh): Founded in 1922 this party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review and Communist International.
9) Democratic Change (CD): Founded in 2003 this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Rodolfo Matus Alvear.
10) Democratic Party of the Left (PDI): Founded in 1990 as a split from the PCCh this party is left socialist in orientation.
11) Front “United We Will Win” (FUV): Founded in 2002 this radical left coalition consists of the MIR, PC(AP), PAS, MPMR, and IR.
12) Juntos Podemos Más: Founded in 2003 the Podemos coalition consists of the Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front/Movement, Communist Party of Chile (PCCh), Humanist Party (PH), Christian Left (IC), Revolutionary Left Movement (MIR), Bloc for Socialism (BS, consisting of Socialist Left (IS), Movement for Socialism (MPS) and Alternative Socialist Party (PAS)), Rodriguist Identity (IR), Citizens’ Force Movement (FC), Chilean Communist Party-Proletarian Action (PC-AP), Democratic Change (CD), Radical Party of Chile (PRCh), Democratic Revolution (RD), Generation 80 (G-80), Workers’ Party (PT), and Young Communists of Chile (JCC). In the Spanish the coalition’s name literally means “Together we can do more.” Podemos is an acronym of Poder Democrático Social, which means Social Democratic Power.
13) Libertarian Movement Joaquín Murieta (MLJM): Founded in 2000 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
14) Libertarian Path Collective (CSL): This party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
15) Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Party of Chile (PRML): Founded in 2000 as a split from the MNR this party is Maoist in orientation.
16) Movement for Socialism (MPS): This Trotskyist party associates with the LIT.
17) Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR): This radical left party was originally known as MIR-Político, which split from MIR in 1986. The MIR operates under the leadership of Demetrio Hernández.
18) Movement of the Revolutionary Left/Guerilla Army of the Poor-Free Homeland (MIR/EGP-PL): This radical left party was origionally known as MIR-Histórico, which split from MIR in 1986.
19) Movement of Unitarian Popular Action-Workers and Peasants (MAPU-OC): Founded in 1973 this party is “left Christian” in orientation.
20) Organizing Committee of a Revolutionary Workers Party (COPO): This Trotskyist party associates with the COTP and CCITP.
21) Patriotic Movement Manuel Rodríguez (MPMR): Founded in 1983 as Patriotic Front Manuel Rodriguez (FPMR), this radical left political-military party was renamed in 1991. The MPMR contested elections on lists of the Chilean Communist Party and associates with the International Communist Seminar.
22) Recabarren Organization for a Revolutionary Alternative (ORPAR): This party is Maoist in orientation.
23) Recabarren Communist Organization (OCR): Founded in 1985 by elements of the Revolutionary Communist Party, this party is Stalinistic and associates with the International Communist Seminar.
24) Revolutionary Popular Movement (MPR): Founded in 1998 by the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party, the MPR is Maoist in orientation.
25) Revolutionary Socialism (SR): This Trotskyist party was formerly known as Workers’ Democracy (DO) and associates with the CWI.
26) Revolutionary Socialist Tendency (TSR): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
27) Revolutionary Trotskyist Militants (MTR): This Trotskyist party associates with the FT-EI.
28) Revolutionary Workers’ Party (Posadist) POR(P): Founded in 1963 as the Revolutionary Workers’ Party (Trotskyist), this party associates with the TPI.
29) Rodriguist Identity (IR): This party is radical left in orientation.
30) Social and Democratic Power (PODEMOS): Founded in 2003 this radical left alliance joins the Chilean Communist Party, Movement of the Revolutionary Left, Patriotic Movement Manuel Rodríguez, PH, and others.
31) Socialist Alternative Party (PAS): This left socialist party was founded in 1997 as a split from the Socialist Party (PS).
32) Socialist Force of the Left (FSI): This left socialist party split from the Socialist Party (PS).
33) Socialist Left (IS): This Trotskist party associates with the UIT and competes on lists of the Chilean Communist Party.
34) Socialist Party of Chile (PS): Founded in 1933 this social democratic party associates with the Socialist International, Sao Paulo Forum, and CSL.
35) Socialist Current of the Left (CSI): This party is left socialist in orientation.
36) Surda Organization (OS): Founded in 1993 this party is radical left in orientation.
37) Union of Communist Revolutionaries (Maoists) URC(M): This Maoist party associates with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
38) Unitarian Popular Action Movement-Lautaro (MAPU-Lautaro): Founded in 1983 as a split from MAPU, this radical left political-military organization associates with the International Communist Seminar.
39) Workers’ Force (FO): This Trotskyist party formerly associated with the UIT.
40) Workers’ Party (PT): This left socialist party was founded in 1993.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: Socialist Party of Chile, Social Democrat Radical Party, Party for Democracy
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Communist Party of Chile, Socialist Party of Chile

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The Soviet Union was in the process of consolidating its hold on Salvador Allende and the Chilean Left prior to the military coup that removed the Marxist president from power. According to Major Vasili Mitrokhin, former KGB archivist, defector, and dissident, the Soviet foreign intelligence service maintained regular contact with Allende after his 1970 election through his KGB case officer, Svyatoslav Kuznetsov. Allende’s KGB code name was “Leader.” Soviet archives reveal that Allende responded favorably to Moscow’s wish to subordinate Chile’s armed forces and intelligence service to those of the Soviet Union. In October 1971, on instructions from the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Allende was given US$30,000 in order to cement the relationship between the KGB and the Chilean president. In a December 7 memorandum to the Politburo from the KGB, the Soviet foreign intelligence service proposed giving Allende another US$60,000 to influence various party leaders, parliamentarians, and military leaders.

In October 1980 Luis Corvalan, the exiled leader of the Communist Party of Chile (PCCh), directed a letter to the Central Committee of the CPSU, requesting approval for the training of 15 Latin American guerrillas in Russia. “For the purpose of continuing your assistance in our struggle,” Corvalan implored, “we appeal to you to receive three groups of our comrades, ten from Chile and five from other countries, for special training in handling mines and explosives, and committing diversionary acts, and to pay for their travel expenses to the Soviet Union.” According to a secret Soviet document obtained by Canada’s National Post newspaper, the CPSU leadership approved the request three weeks after Corvalan’s letter was received.

Soviet dissident and unofficial 2008 Russian Federation presidential contender Vladimir Bukovsky released the document to the National Post in 1998. “These documents,” Bukovsky insists, “give a very extensive picture of the Soviet involvement in Chile. Their part in the conflict in Chile should be studied by any court who would take on itself to judge Pinochet. You cannot judge the guilt of one side without looking at the actions of the other side. And the other side was waging underground war. [The Soviets] had their own agenda. They wanted to establish a totalitarian state in Chile. Is that to be ignored now? I am not a friend of Pinochet but I think you have to weigh both sides before you reach any judgment.”

Claudio Veliz, a Chilean sociologist and history professor at Boston University, agreed with Bukovsky’s assessment of Soviet subversion in Allende’s Chile: “These documents are of the greatest importance. This demolishes the idea that the Soviet Union, and Cuba supported by the Soviet Union, were not interested in stirring up another revolution in Latin America.”

In another letter, Corvalan requested Soviet assistance in secreting several party operatives, including Gladys Marin, head of the Communist Party of Chile until 2005, out of Chile and into Europe. The request was approved and the Soviets agreed to pay the cost of 25,000 rubles.

In the wake of Pinochet’s death in December 2006, Paul M. Weyrich attempts in a Human Events article to blow away the smokescreen of leftist propaganda and offers a more objective appraisal of the Chilean general’s legacy.

The neo-Soviet state maintains wide-ranging political/economic/military arrangements with Latin America’s Red Axis. Between February and March 2004, according to Pravda, former Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin paid official visits to Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay. At the time an agreement on cooperation between the Russian Audit Chamber and its Chilean counterpart was signed in order to facilitate operations against international terrorism financing and drug money laundering. In March 2007 Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Kislyak announced that his country and Chile intended to expand bilateral trade and economic relations, including scientific and technical cooperation. Moscow, according to state-run Novosti, specifically offered to assist Santiago in the construction of nuclear power plants. “Russia and the Latin American countries have an excellent future,” Kislyak declared.

Since the “collapse” of communism in Eastern Europe, the People’s Republic of China has established extensive political, economic, and military arrangements with neo-communist regimes throughout the Western Hemisphere. In October 2005 Chilean Foreign Minister Ignacio Walker, who was then visiting Beijing, announced that Chile would the next month sign a free trade accord with China. Chile was the first Latin American country to enter trade relations with China. The China Import-Export Corporation’s trade information office, which opened in Santiago in 1961, was the original venue for these relations. Presently, Chile exports copper, saltpeter, paper, pulp fishmeal, wood, and other raw materials to China, while China exports textiles, clothes, light engineering products, and electrical products to Chile.

Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s rubber-stamp parliament, traveled to Chile for a three-day visit in September 2006. There he met Socialist President Bachelet (pictured above with Wu). In January 2007 Wu announced that the two countries would expand exchange programs for parliamentarians. “China’s NPC is to further cement friendly exchanges with Chile’s National Congress, expand personnel exchanges, carry out exchanges in the legislative field, and promote pragmatic trade cooperation between the two sides,” Wu affirmed.

>Red World: Bolivia: Trotskyist President Morales spearheads Bolivarian Axis with Castro and Chavez; invites Venezuelan troops, PRC investment

> Pictured here: Cuban Tyrant Fidel Castro’s “mini me” Venezuelan Tyrant-in-Training Hugo Chavez huddles with Castro’s “mini mini me” Bolivian Tyrant-in-Training Evo Morales. “We join the mission of Fidel in Cuba and Hugo in Venezuela in answering the needs of the majority. This millennium is for the people, not the empire,” declared Morales, referring to the USA, during his May 2006 trip to Caracas.

Republic of Bolivia
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring neo-communist government, moving toward constitutional socialism
Independence: August 6, 1825 (from Spain)
President of Bolivia: Juan Evo Morales Ayma (Assembly for the Sovereignty of the Common People, Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Common People, United Left (with Communist Party of Bolivia), Movement Toward Socialism): January 22, 2006-present
Vice-President of Bolivia: Álvaro García Linera (former Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army ideologist, Movement Toward Socialism): January 22, 2006-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Bolivia’s Chamber of Deputies, which occurred on December 18, 2005, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Movement Toward Socialism (Trotskyist) 72, Social and Democratic Power (formerly Nationalist Democratic Action, merger of Revolutionary Left Party (communist) and Bolivian Socialist Falange (fascist)) 43, National Unity Front 8, and Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR, centrist, formerly leftist).

Communist government:

1) Movement Toward Socialism, with extraparliamentary support of Communist Party of Bolivia: 2006-present

Noteworthy governments:

1) Presidency of Jaime Paz Zamora (“ex”-communist Revolutionary Left Movement): 1989-1993
2) Popular Democratic Unity, consisting of Revolutionary Nationalist Movement of the Left (President Hernán Siles Zuazo) and Revolutionary Left Movement (Vice President Jaime Paz Zamora) (originally included Communist Party of Bolivia, 1978): 1982-1984
3) Presidency of Lidia Gueiler Tejada (Revolutionary Nationalist Movement, Revolutionary Party of the Nationalist Left, supported 2005 candidacy of Evo Morales): 1979-1980
4) Socialist presidency of General Juan José Torres González: 1970-1971
5) Revolutionary Nationalist Movement, including Trotskyist Vice President Juan Lechin, with support of Revolutionary Workers’ Party and Union Federation of Bolivian Mine Workers: 1952-1964 (installed by revolution)
6) Pro-Axis presidency of Major Gualberto Villarroel López with support of Revolutionary Nationalist Movement and Nation’s Cause (pro-Busch): 1943-1946 (installed by coup d’etat)
7) Pro-Axis “Military Socialist” presidency of Colonel Germán Busch Becerra: 1937-1939
8) Pro-Axis “Military Socialist” presidency of Colonel José David Toro Ruilova: 1936-1937

Communist insurgency:

1) Bolivian National Revolution: After a military coup overturned the results of the 1951 elections, which awarded the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR) a plurality, the MNR, Revolutionary Workers’ Party (POR), and Union Federation of Bolivian Mine Workers (FSTMB) organized workers’ militias that stormed army barracks and forced the military junta to capitulate on April 2, 1952. Following the “Bolivian National Revolution,” the MNR assumed the reins of government, but failed to implement major social reforms because of pressure from international agencies. In 1952 the POR organized a new federation of labor unions called the Central Obrera Boliviana (COB). At the same time, members of the POR became disenchanted with the MNR’s leadership role in the revolutionary government. Consequently, in October of that year the MNR removed prominent POR leaders from both the COB and FSTMB, resulting in strife among Bolivia’s Trotskyists. In 1954 the POR divided into two factions. One faction, led by Guillermo Lora, insisted that the POR withdraw from the revolutionary government and terminate its support for the MNR. The other faction, led by Hugo González Moscoso, collaborated with the MNR’s left wing. In 1956 Lora founded a separate party, also named POR. Trotskyist Vice President Juan Lechin later formed the Revolutionary Party of the Nationalist Left, which combined elements of the left wing of the MNR and former members of the original Revolutionary Workers’ Party.

2) Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army (EGTK): The EGTK was briefly active in the early 1990s. This indigenous terrorist group first materialized on July 5, 1991, but by the end of 1992 the group’s leadership had been captured. EGTK members agitated for the return of Bolivia to its pre-colonial status by reducing US influence and expanding the aboriginal population’s control over the country’s political, economic, and social structures. To that end, the EGTK committed a number of terrorist incidents, including the bombing of power pylons, oil pipelines, government facilities, and Mormon missionary churches. The last known attacks orchestrated by the EGTK occurred in 1993. This insurgent group apparently never counted more than 100 guerrilla members, based mainly in the Chapare and Altiplano regions. In 1997 Bolivian authorities suspected that alleged EGTK rebels were preparing to initiate another terrorist campaign, possibly under the cover name “Malkus Rojos.” Currently, the EGTK, which is named after colonial revolutionary Tupac Katari, is considered to be defunct. Bolivian Vice President Álvaro García Linera is the EGTK’s former ideologist. The EGTK should be distinguished from the similarly named indigenous terrorist groups from Peru and Uruguay, the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement and the , respectively.

Communist parties:

1) Anarchist Cores of Action (NADA): Founded in 2003 by the Libertarian Youth of Bolivia, this party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
2) Assembly for the Sovereignty of the Common People (ASP): Founded in 1995 this left indigenist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum. Bolivian President Evo Morales was involved in the founding of this organization.
3) Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) of Bolivia (PC(M-L)): This Maoist party associates with the ICMLPO(M).
4) Communist Party of Bolivia (PCB): In 1950 a faction of the Revolutionary Left Party defected to found the Communist Party of Bolivia. By the 1960s the PCB had to a large extent displaced the PIR. This party openly supports Bolivian President Evo Morales, associates with the Sao Paulo Forum, and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review.
5) Democratic National Katarism (KND): This party is left indigenist in orientation.
6) Equality and Solidarity (Equi-S): This party competes on the PS list and operates under the leadership of Rolando Morales Anaya.
7) Free Bolivia Movement (MBL): Founded in 1985 as a split from the MIR, this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
8) Internationalist Red October (ORI): Founded in 2004 this Trotskyist party associates with the FTI-CI.
9) Movement towards Socialism (MAS): Founded as a split from the Assembly for the Sovereignty of the Common People in 1998, the Trotskyist MAS was originally known as the Political Instrument for Peoples’ Sovereignty (IPSP), but adopted its current name in 1999. Bolivian President Evo Morales leads the MAS.
10) Movement without Fear (MSM): This leftist party was founded in 1999 as a split from MBL.
11) Multinational Socialist Homeland (PSM): Founded in 2003 this party operates under the leadership of Hugo Moldíz.
12) National Front for Change (FNC): This party competes on the Socialist Party list and operates under the leadership of José Ernesto Ayoroa.
13) National Salvation Front (FSN): Founded in 1996 this party operates under the leadership of Morales Dávila.
14) Pachakuti Indigenist Movement (MIP): Founded in 2000 this left indigenist party operates under the leadership of Felipe Quispe Huanca, who in 1984 was one of the main organizers of the Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army. Quispe was arrested for his involvement in the insurrection on August 19, 1992. In the 2005 legislative elections the MIP won 2.2% of the popular vote and no seats, while its presidential candidate, Quispe, won 2.2% of the popular vote.
15) Patriotic Social Bloc (BSP): Founded in 2001 this party operates under the leadership of Manuel Morales Dávila.
16) People’s Unity Front of Bolivia (FUPB): This party is Stalinist in orientation.
17) Popular Alternative of Change (APC): No information.
18) Revolutionary Front-Marxist Leninist Maoist (FR-MLM): This Maoist party associates with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement.
19) Revolutionary Front of the Left (FRI): Founded in 1978 this ex-Maoist party competes on the Revolutionary Left Movement-New Majority list as a front for the Communist Party of Bolivia Marxist-Leninist (PCBML).
20) Revolutionary Left Movement-New Majority (MIR-NM): The MIR-NM is a social democratic party and holds membership in the Socialist International. The MIR was founded in 1971 by a merger of a leftist faction of the Christian Democratic Party and the radical student wing of the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement. The party’s long-time leader is Jaime Paz Zamora. The MIR became influential in Bolivia’s labor movement and politics during the early 1970s, but was repressed by the Banzer regime by the end of that decade.
21) Revolutionary Left Party (PIR): Founded in May 1940 by Dr. José Antonio Arze and other Bolivian intellectuals, the PIR is now defunct. The PIR sympathized with the Communist International, but did not affiliate with that organization. The party organized the country’s miners, but refused to support strikes that would disrupt supplies for the Allied Powers, which were allied with the Soviet Union, during the Second World War. Since the PIR hesitated to seriously address domestic issues, the party lost the support of the working, which threw its weight behind the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement and Revolutionary Workers’ Party. Following the 1964 military coup, the PIR was banned but re-emerged in the late 1970s as a puppet party of the dictator Hugo Banzer Suárez. In 1979 the party merged with General Banzer’s new Nationalist Democratic Action.
22) Revolutionary Movement Tupaj Katari-Liberation (MRTK-L): This left indigenist party was founded in 1985.
23) Revolutionary Nationalist Movement of the Left (MNRI): Founded by former Bolivian President Hernán Siles Zuazo in 1964 as a split from the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement, this party is left populist in orientation.
24) Revolutionary Party of the Nationalist Left (PRIN): The PRIN was founded in 1963 by Trotskyist, labor leader, and Bolivian Vice President Juan Lechín when leaders of the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement did not nominate him for president. The PRIN combined the left wing of the MNR and former members of the Revolutionary Workers’ Party (POR).
25) Revolutionary People’s Party (PRP): This radical left party was founded in 1991.
26) Revolutionary Vanguard-9th April (VR-9IV): This party is left nationalist in orientation.
27) Revolutionary Workers’ League for the Fourth International (LOR-CI): Founded in 1999 this Trotskyist party associates with the FT(EI).
28) Revolutionary Workers’ Party-Masas (POR-Masas): Founded in 1956 as a split from the original POR, this Trotskyist party associates with CERCI, operates under the leadership of Guillermo Lora, and is named after the party publication, Masas.
29) Revolutionary Workers’ Party-Trotskyist Posadist (POR-TP): This party was founded in 1963.
30) Socialism or Barbarism (SoB): This Trotskyist party was founded in 2004.
31) Socialist Party (PS): Founded in 1989 as Socialist Vanguard of Bolivia (VS), this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Jerjes Justiniano Talavera.
32) Socialist Party One-Refoundation (Refundación PS-1): This left socialist party supported the MNR and operates under the leadership of Germán ”Chunka” Gutiérrez.
33) Socialist Party One-Reconstitution (Reconstitución PS-1): This party operates under the leadership of Wálter Vásquez Michel.
34) Socialist Workers’ Movement (MST): This Trotskyist party is active in Movement Toward Socialism and associates with the LIT.
35) Trotskyist Opposition of Bolivia (OTB): Founded in 1994 as a split from the POR, this Trotskyist party associates with the CRFI.
36) United Left (IU): The Communist Party of Bolivia dominates this radical left alliance.
37) Workers’ Power (PO): This Trotskyist party associates with the LCMRCI.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas
Socialist International presence: Revolutionary Left Movement-New Majority
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Communist Party of Bolivia

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: In February 2007 state-run Novosti reported that Kremlin-owned Gazprom signed a protocol on joint natural gas exploration with the neo-communist regime of Evo Morales, which nationalized Bolivia’s gas resources in May 2006. According to the protocol, Gazprom and Bolivia’s state-run oil and gas company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales Bolivianos will enter joint projects involving gas processing, the construction of gas compressor stations, the production of liquefied natural gas, and sales of Bolivian gas on foreign markets. Gazprom also intends to enter gas-related agreements with the governments of Brazil, Argentina, and Venezuela, which intend to build a 5,000-mile transcontinental pipeline that will supply South America with Venezuelan gas. The pipeline, incidentally, will transit Bolivia.

In January 2006, only one month after his election, President Morales visited Beijing, where he met Hu Jintao and called the Chinese President an “ideological ally” and affirmed that he hoped to build ties between Bolivia’s ruling Movement Toward Socialism and the ruling Communist Party of China. Morales then conferred with senior cabinet official Tang Jiaxuan and invited the Chinese government to invest in his country’s then-soon-to-be-nationalized gas industry. Shortly before Morales was elected, Bill Gertz, writing in February 2006 for the Washington Times, reports that the US Central Intelligence Agency secretly removed 38 Chinese-made, shoulder-fired HN-5 surface-to-air missiles from Bolivia. Beijing offered to replace them. In April 2007 Bolivian Commander-in-Chief Wilfredo Vargas traveled to China where he met with Liang Guanglie, Chief of the General Staff of the People’s Liberation Army, the first of many proposed high-level meetings between Chinese and Bolivian military officers.

The neo-communist regimes in Venezuela and Bolivia are cementing political-military linkages through the presence of 30 Venezuelan troops in Bolivia to service the two “Superpuma” helicopters that Venzuelan President Hugo Chavez is lending to Morales. In order to camouflage this linkage, President Morales has accused the USA of covertly inserting its own special forces, disguised as tourists and students, into the land-locked South American republic. Reporting in June 2006 ABC News states: “Meanwhile, a former president Jorge Quiroga, a key opponent, accused Morales this week of compromising Bolivia’s sovereignty by inviting Venezuelan soldiers. It’s unclear how many Venezuelan troops are in Bolivia, but Venezuelan pilots have been ferrying Morales around the country for the past two weeks in two loaned military helicopters.”

>Red World: Brazil: Lula da Silva founds Sao Paulo Forum, promotes alliance with Russia, China; Havana contributes US$3 million to Workers’ Party

>Pictured here: Neo-Soviet Tyrant Vladimir Putin travels to Brasilia, where he meets Brazil’s neo-communist President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, November 22, 2004.

Federative Republic of Brazil
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring neo-communist government
Independence: August 29, 1825 (from Portugal)
President of Brazil: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Workers’ Party): January 1, 2003-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies, which occurred on October 1, 2006, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (centrist, including former members of guerrilla army Revolutionary Movement 8th October) 89, Workers’ Party (social democratic with Trotskyist and other far-left factions) 83, Brazilian Social Democracy Party 65, Democrats/Liberal Front Party 65, Progressive Party (conservative) 42, Brazilian Socialist Party 27, Democratic Labor Party 24, Brazilian Labor Party 22, Liberal Party of Brazil (linked to Pentecostal Universal Church of the Kingdom of God) 23, Socialist People’s Party (formerly old Brazilian Communist Party) 21, Green Party 13, Communist Party of Brazil (Maoist, formerly faction of old Brazilian Communist Party) 13, Christian Social Party 9, Socialism and Freedom Party (Trotskyist) 3, Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order (nationalist, integralist) 2, Party of National Mobilization (centrist) 3, Christian Labor Party 4, Humanist Party of Solidarity (distributist) 2, Brazilian Labor Party (restored, center-right) 1, Party of the Nation’s Retirees (centrist) 1, and Brazilian Republican Party (linked to Pentecostal Universal Church of the Kingdom of God) 1.

Communist governments:

1) Workers’ Party, in coalition with Communist Party of Brazil, Brazilian Socialist Party, Progressive Party of Brazil, Brazilian Republican Party, and Liberal Party of Brazil: 2006-present
2) Workers’ Party, in coalition with Communist Party of Brazil, Party of National Mobilization, Green Party of Brazil, and Liberal Party of Brazil: 2005-2006
3) Workers’ Party, in coalition with Communist Party of Brazil, Socialist People’s Party, Party of National Mobilization, Green Party of Brazil, and Liberal Party of Brazil: 2002-2005

Noteworthy governments:

1) Military-controlled presidency of Emílio Garrastazu Médici (National Renewal Alliance Party, Brazilian Integralist Action): 1969-1974
2) Socialist presidency of João Belchior Marques Goulart (Brazilian Labor Party): 1961-1964 (deposed in military coup supported by Party of Popular Representation, consisting of former AIB members)
3) Second presidency of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (Brazilian Labor Party): 1951-1954
4) Semi-fascist “New State” presidency of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, modeled on Portugal’s New State dictatorship of António de Oliveira Salazar: 1937-1945
5) Semi-fascist presidency of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, with support of Plínio Salgado’s Mussolini-financed Brazilian Integralist Action (AIB): 1930-1934

Pictured here: President Lula da Silva travels to Beijing, where he is welcomed by Chinese Tyrant Hu Jintao, May 24, 2004.

Communist insurgency:

1) Landless Workers’ Movement (MST): Founded in 1984 the MST is the largest social movement in Latin America, boasting 1.5 million landless peasants organized in 23 out of Brazil’s 27 states. According to some estimates, 1.6% of landowners control almost one half (46.8%) of arable land in Brazil. The MST sites the 1988 Brazilian Constitution as the legal basis for its land occupations since Section XXIII of Article 5 of that document permits the government to expropriate land that is not presently serving a “social fuction.” The federal agency responsible for expropriations, the National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA), determines whether the occupied property is productive or unproductive and, hence, serving or not serving a social fuction. The legal interests of MST families are represented by human rights organizations such as Terra de Direitos, co-founded by Darci Frigo, the 2001 Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Human Rights Award Laureate. Brazilian courts have favored both occupiers and landowners, depending upon the case. The expropriation process can take years.

The MST is an ideologically diverse rural movement whose members variously subscribe to liberation theology, Marxism, Cuban-style communism, and other leftist ideologies. The MST enjoys the support of progressive bishops and priests in the Catholic Church.

By 2001 about 150,000 children were enrolled in 1,200 primary and secondary schools in MST settlements and camps. The schools employ 3,800 teachers, many of them MST trained. The MST maintains partnerships with UNESCO, UNICEF, and the Catholic Church. The MST, according to its own estimates, taught more than 50,000 landless workers to read and write between the years 2002 and 2005. In 2005 the MST partnered with Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the State Government of Paraná, the Federal University of Paraná, and the International Via Campesina, an international body that agitates for land reform worldwide, to found the Latin American School of Agroecology. The collaborating entities signed the protocol of intentions for the school’s formation at the Fifth World Social Forum.

In March 2005 the MST organized a two-week, 200-plus-kilometer march in which nearly 13,000 banner- and scythe-wielding landless workers marched from the city of Goiania to the national capital, Brasilia. There the MST protested outside the US embassy and Brazilian Finance Ministry. A delegation of 50 landless workers also held a three-hour meeting with President Lula da Silva, who sported an MST cap for the media. During the conference Lula da Silva expressed his commitment to settling 430,000 families on expropriated land by the end of 2006, as well as releasing the needed human and financial resources to fulfil this promise. Several MST leaders also conferred with President Lula da Silva on May 18. On this occasion the landless workers presented a list of 16 demands related to the implementation of economic reform, social spending, and public housing. Afterwards, during an interview with Reuters, the MST representatives affirmed that the organization still considers President Lula da Silva as an ally, but insisted that he fast track promised land reforms.

The MST has adopted various tactics, such as property invasions, to pressure the federal government into accelerating expropriations. In addition to occupying abandoned farms and public buildings, the MST has also invaded and vandalized productive properties. For example, in 2002 the MST invaded, looted, and damaged the private farm of then-president Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s sons in the state of Minas Gerais. President Lula da Silva and Workers’ Party condemned this property invasion. As a result of this incident 16 MST leaders were indicted for theft, vandalism, trespassing, resisting arrest, and hostage taking. In June 2003, the MST invaded the Monsanto research and development farm in the state of Goiás. On March 8, 2005 the MST invaded a nursery and research center in Barra do Ribeiro, near Porto Alegre. Both facilities were owned by Aracruz Celulose. The MST held the local guards hostage while the landless workers vandalized the nursery. MST president João Pedro Stédile was reported to have declared that not only the landowner, but also “international capital” was regarded as the enemy. In April 2006 the MST invaded the Suzano Papel e Celulose farm, a manufacturer of paper products, in the state of Bahia. During this incident the landless workers blamed the farm owner for introducing eucalyptus, a non-native plant that has been reportedly identified as causing “enivronmental degradation” in northeast Brazil.

Brazilian land reform has been marred by outbursts of violence, perpetrated by both government authorities and the MST itself. The MST has on many occasion erected roadblocks and blocked railroads. In the Eldorado dos Carajás Massacre, 19 MST members were gunned down while they blocked a national route. The MST has also been accused of committing violence, including an accusation of responsibility for the torture and assassination of police officers.

The MST was reported to have aided the subversive prison-based terrorist gang First Capital Command (PCC) in perpetrating the orgy of violence that killed more than 40 police officers throughout Sao Paulo and other cities in May 2006. The PCC was founded in 1993 by inmates of Taubaté prison in São Paulo. PCC boss Marcos “Marcola” Willians Herbas Camacho allegedly ordered the 2006 attacks. This uprising, which was aimed at security forces and some civilian targets, was the worst outbreak of civil violence in the history of Brazil. All together more than 150 people, including prison inmates and civilians, died. Police tapped telephone conversations in which PCC leaders disclosed the role that the MST played in organizing Brazil’s largest-ever protest of prisoners’ relatives on April 18, 2005. The MST denied the link with a formal statement, but no proof to refute the phone tap recordings was offered.

2) National Liberation Action (ANL): The revolutionary tradition of the short-lived National Liberation Alliance (below) was revived in February 1968 by Carlos Marighella, a Sao Paulo communist, who referred to the new entity as the National Liberation Action. The restored ANL peaked in strength with 200 members, consisting of radical students, Marxist intellectuals, and a smattering of professional communists. The main geographic areas of revolutionary activity took place in the cities, especially Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and the main target was the military dicatorship. Throughout 1968 and 1969 the ANL “expropriated” banks, seized control of the National Radio Station, stormed military and police outposts, and bombed army barracks and the offices of US companies.

3) National Liberation Alliance (ANL): Considered by some to be a forerunner of Che Guevara, revolutionary Luís Carlos Prestes supported the failed Tenente Rebellion against Brazil’s coffee oligarchs in 1922. The main instigators of this rebellion were the middle class officer corps and poor conscripted servicemen. Prestes was seriously ill during the revolt and did not personally participate in the uprising. Nevertheless, he perpetuated the insurrection in the so-called Long March of disaffected peasants through the rural Brazilian interior.

In 1930 fascist sympathizer Getúlio Vargas assumed the presidency of Brazil. Living in exile in Buenos Aires, Prestes embraced Marxism. In 1935 he became leader of the National Liberation Alliance (ANL), a popular front consisting of socialists, communists, and other progressives, but dominated by the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) that opposed Vargas’ suppression of organized labor. In March 1935 the Brazilian Congress banned the ANL under the National Security Act. The Vargas regime imprisoned Prestes and raided the ANL offices. Employing new emergency powers that permitted arrests and summary trials, the federal government suppressed the entire left. In response, the ANL instigated an armed insurrection in November. Prestes, who died in 1990, and some of his comrades opposed armed struggle, provoking a schism, which exists to this day, between militant Maoists and the orthodox Marxist-Leninists of the PCB.

4) Revolutionary Movement 8th October (MR-8): The MR-8 was an urban guerrilla army that opposed the military dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985) and was composed of dissenters who rejected the Brazilian Communist Party’s decision to refrain from armed resistance. The MR-8 was responsible for kidnapping US Ambassador Charles Burke Elbrick in 1969, the basis of the Brazilian film Four Days in September (1997), which starred Alan Arkin (pictured here) as the captive ambassador. After the restoration of civilian rule in 1985 the MR-8 joined the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), a political party that currently holds the largest number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies. The presence of the MR-8, an unreconstructed communist group, operating within the centrist PMDB is considered by some political observers as somewhat incongruous. MR-8 developed close relations with Iraq’s deposed Ba’athist regime.

Communist parties:

1) Anarchist Popular Union (UNPA): Founded in 2003 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
2) Brazilian Communist Party (PCB): Founded in 1922 the PCB was outlawed during its formative years. After being recognized by the Communist International, the PCB in 1930 boasted 1,100 members. In 1943 Luís Carlos Prestes was elected to the party’s presidency. In 1945, after the Vargas dictatorship toppled, the PCB was re-legalized. In the 1950s the party was again driven underground but it covertly supported workers’ strikes throughout Brazil. The alliance that the PCB formed with other leftist parties did not endure the 1964 coup. Under the military regime the PCB continued to organize the workers’ movement and endeavored to reunite the “democratic” opposition. The PCB leadership, however, refused to engage in warfare against the military dictatorship, prompting some defectors to form new communist parties dedicated to armed revolution. The growth of the Workers’ Party, founded in 1980, accelerated the fragmentation of the PCB, leading ultimately to the latter’s dissolution in 1992. The PCB reorganized itself and adopted a new name, the Socialist People’s Party. A minority faction continues to this day under the old name.
3) Imprensa Popular: In 1992 this communist party split from the Socialist People’s Party, formerly the majority of the old Brazilian Communist Party.
4) Brazilian Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist): No information.
5) Brazilian Section of the Trotskyist-Posadist IVth International (SB 4IT-P): Founded in 1953 as the Revolutionary Workers’ Party, this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Afonso Magalhães.
6) Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB): Founded in 1985 this socialist party associates with the Latinamerican Socialist Coordination and Sao Paulo Forum.
7) Cabocla Anarchist Federation (FACA): Founded in 2001 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation
8) Centre of Socialist Studies and Debates (CEDS): This Trotskyist party is a split from the PSTU and associates with the Committee of International Rapprochement.
9) Committee for Popular Struggle (COMLUT): Founded in 2000 this party is anarchist in orientation.
10) Communist Anarchist Movement (MAC): This party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
11) Communist Current-Luiz Carlos Prestes: This party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
12) Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB): Founded in 1961 as a split from the old Brazilian Communist Party, the PCdoB is “ex”-Maoist and “ex”-Hoxhaist in orientation and associates with the International Communist Seminar and Sao Paulo Forum.
13) Communist Party of Brazil-Red Faction (PCdoB-FV): This party is Maoist in orientation.
14) Construction of Socialism (CAS): This Trotskyist party associates with the Committee of International Rapprochement.
15) Fourth Internationalist League of Brazil (LQIdoB): Founded in 1996 this Trotskyist party associates with the League for the Fourth International.
16) Gaucha Anarchist Federation (FAG): Founded in 1995 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation and associates with the International Libertarian Solidarity.
17) Group for a New Revolutionary Marxism: This party is radical left in orientation.
18) Internationalist Bolshevik League (LBI): Founded in 1995 as a split from the CO, this Trotskyist party formerly associated with the Bolshevik Current for the Fourth International.
19) Internationalist Workers’ League (LOI): This Trotskyist party associates with the LSI and formerly associated with the International Center of Orthodox Trotskyism-4th International.
20) Libertarian Struggle (LL): This party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
21) Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (PCML): Founded in 2000 by the July 5th Movement, this Stalinist party associates with the International Communist Seminar.
22) Marxist Workers’ Party (POM): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
23) Movement for Self-Government (MA): Founded in 1994 as the Socialist Liberation Movement, this party is left communist in orientation.
24) October 8th Revolutionary Movement (MR-8): Founded in 1968 this radical left party associates with the PMDB and International Communist Seminar.
25) Orthodox Trotskyist Group (GTO): This Trotskyist party associates with the Liaison Committee of Militants for a Revolutionary Communist International.
26) Proletarian Marxist Organization (OMP): Founded in 2002 as a split from the Workers’ Party this party is radical left in orientation.
27) Radical Critique (CR): This radical left party was formerly known as the Party of Revolutionary Workers.
28) Revolutionaries in Struggle (RL): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
29) Revolutionary Communist Collective (CCR): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
30) Revolutionary Communist Nucleus (NCR): This party associates with the International Communist Seminar.
31) Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR): Founded in 1995 as a split from MR-8 this Stalinist party associates with the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (Hoxhaist).
32) Revolutionary Marxist Committee (Marxist Trench) CMR(TM): This Trotskyist party associates with the LCICPT.
33) Revolutionary Strategy (ER): Founded in 1999 this Trotskyist party associates with the Trotskyist Faction-International Strategy.
34) Revolutionary Vanguard: This Trotskyist party split from the Tendency for the Revolutionary Workers’ Party.
35) Socialism and Liberty: Founded in 2003 as a split from the PSTU, this party is Trotskyist in orientation.
36) Socialist Action (AS): This party is radical left in orientation.
37) Socialism and Freedom Party (P-SOL): Founded in 2004 this party is radical left in orientation.
38) Communist Union (UC): This radical left party operates under the leadership of Ney Nunes.
39) Freedom and Revolution (LR): Founded in 2004 as a faction in DS, this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Heloísa Helena and associates with the United Secretariat of the Fourth International.
40) Land, Labour and Freedom Movement (MTTL): This Trotskyist party was founded in 2002.
41) Movement for a Proletarian Tendency (MTP): This radical left party operates under the leadership of Roberto Morales.
42) Revolts: Founded in 2004 this Trotskyist party associates with the International Socialists.
43) Revolutionary Socialism (SR): Founded in 1996 this Trotskyist party associates with the Committee for a Workers’ International.
44) Socialism and Freedom Collective (CSL): Founded in 2003 as a split from the PSTU, this party is Trotskyist in orientation.
45) Socialist Left Movement (MES): Founded in 2002 as a split from CST, this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Luciana Genro.
46) Socialist People’sParty (PPS): Founded in 1922 as the Brazilian Communist Party, this “ex”-communist, left socialist party former associated with the Communist International and World Marxist Review.
47) Socialist Popular Action (APS): Founded in 2004 as a radical left faction within Workers’ Party, this party operates under the leadership of Ivan Valente.
48) Socialist Resistance Pole (PRS): This party is radical left in orientation.
49) Socialist Workers’ Current (CST): Founded in 1994 this Trotskyist party associates with the International Workers’ Unity (Fourth International).
50) Socialist Space (ES): This radical left party split from the PSTU.
51) Tendency for the Revolutionary Workers’ Party (TPOR): Founded in 1989 as a split from CO, this Trotskyist party associates with the Liaison Committee for the Reconstruction of the IVth International.
52) Trotskyist Faction (FT): Founded in 1997 as a split from the Tendency for the Revolutionary Workers’ Party, this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Otavio Lisboa and and associates with the Fourth Internationalist Tendency.
53) Proletarian Vanguard (VP): Founded in 1997 as a split from the Tendency for the Revolutionary Workers’ Party , this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Otavio Lisboa and associates with the Fourth Internationalist Tendency.
54) Unified Socialist Workers’ Party (PSTU): Founded in 1994 this Trotskyist party associates with the International Workers’ League (4th International).
55) Movement for a New Socialist Party (MNPS): This movement was founded in 2003.
56) Workers’ Cause Party (PCO): This Trotskyist party operated as the tendency Workers’ Cause within the Workers’ Party. The PCO associates with the Coordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International.
57) Workers’ and Peasants League (LOC): Founded in 1997 as a split from the Revolutionary Communist Party, this party is Maoist in orientation.
58) Workers’ Opposition (OO): This Trotskyist party associates with the LCICPT.
59) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 1980 this left socialist party contains many political tendencies and associates with the CSL and co-founded, along with the Communist Party of Cuba, the narco-terrorist Sao Paulo Forum. The PT attracts highly skilled workers and middle-class intellectuals who can be variously classified as Trotskyists, Stalinists, communist dissidents, ex-guerrillas, and “leftist Christians.” It vigorously opposed Brazil’s military dicatorship in the early 1980s. According to Pravda, organ of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, the Communist Party of Cuba illegally contributed US$3 million to Lula da Silva’s 2002 presidential campaign. Cuban Tyrant Fidel Castro and PT founder and Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva are pictured below.

Between 1989 and 1996 left-wing Catholic activist Francisco “Chico” Whittaker was elected twice on the PT ticket as a local councillor in Sao Paulo. In 2000, as Executive Secretary of the National Conference of Brazilian Bishops’ Commission of Justice and Peace, Whittaker was a prime mover in the formation of the neo-communist World Social Forum. Whittaker remained a member of the PT until early 2006. At this point he resigned, insisting that the party was no longer faithfully adhering to its principles. In other words, the PT was no longer “left” enough for his tastes. Another co-founder of the World Social Forum was Marxist Jesuit priest Francois Houtart, who also directs the Tricontinental Centre at the Universite catholique de Louvain, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa’s alma mater.

Political tendencies within the Workers’ Party:

1) Advance the Socialist Struggle (ALS): This tendency is radical left in orientation.
2) Articulation of the Left (AE): Founded in 1993 this left socialist tendency operates under the leadership of Valter Pomar.
3) Articulation-Unity in Struggle (A-UL): Founded in 1993 by the right wing of Articulation, this social democratic tendency represents the current of President Lula da Silva.
4) Construction: Socialism and Democracy (CSD): Founded in 2003 this tendency is based in Brasilia and operates under the leadership of Arlete Sampaio.
5) Democratic Action (AD): Founded in 1997 this left socialist tendency is based in Rio Grande do Sul and operates under the leadership of Ivar Pavan.
6) Democratic Left (ED): This left socialist tendency is based in Rio Grande do Sul and operates under the leadership of Henrique Fontana.
7) Florestan Fernandes Collective (CFF): This radical left tendency operates under the leadership of Paulo Rubem Santiago.
8) José Luiz Carneiro Cruz Collective CJLCC: This tendency is radical left in orientation.
9) Labour (O Trabalho): This unofficial youth organization is Trotskyist in orientation SIQI, operates under the leadership of Markus Sokol, and associates with the SIQI.
10) Marxist Organisation (OM): This radical left tendency was founded in 1999.
11) Marxist Tendency (TM): This radical left tendency was founded in 1991.
12) Movement for the Reafirmation of Socialism (MRS): This left socialist tendency was founded in 1995.
13) Movement of Socialist Unity (MUS): This Trotskyist tendency split from the MES.
14) Pole of the Left (PE): Founded in 2002 as a split from Articulation of the Left, this tendency is base in Rio Grande do Sul.
15) Popular and Socialist Unity (UPS): Founded in 2001 this left socialist tendency operates under the leadership of Olívio Dutra.
16) Posadist Current of the Workers’ Party (CPdoPT): This tendency is Trotskyist in orientation.
17) PT Advances (Avança PT): This socialist tendency operates under the leadership of Chico Floresta.
18) Reacting PT Movement (Movimento Reage PT): Founded in 1997, this radical left tendency is based in Niterói and operates under the leadership of Paulo Eduardo Gomes.
19) Revolucionary Marxist Group (GMR): This tendency is Trotskyist in orientation.
20) Socialist Brazil (BS): Founded in 1968 this radical left tendency traces its origins to the Brazilian Revolutionary Communist Party and operates under the leadership of Bruno Maranhão.
21) Socialist Democracy (DS): Founded in 1979 this Trotskyist tendency associates with the USFI.
22) Socialist Forum (FS): This radical left tendency is based in Sao Paulo and operates under the leadership of Renato Simões.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: Democratic Labor Party
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Workers’ Party, Communist Party of Brazil

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: During the First Cold War (1945-1991) Brazil, like many other Western countries, maintained a distant relationship with the Soviet Union. Following the “collapse” of communism in Eastern Europe, the neo-Soviet state did not lose interest in Latin America as an arena where the influence of the USA could be countered. Since then, Brazil and Russia have expanded bilateral relations in the fields of commerce, space technology, missile defense, and military weapons transfer. Bilateral treaties include the Brazilian-Russian Cooperation Treaty of 1997, the Brazilian-Russian Governmental Commission of 2001, the Brazilian-Russian Military Technology and Transfer Pact of 2003, and the Brazilian-Russian Strategic Alliance of 2005. In response to an invitation issued by Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Russian President Vladimir Putin made a state visit to Brazil on November 22, 2004. Lula da Silva reciprocated Putin’s state visit on October 18, 2005 when the two leaders signed documents in Moscow that implemented their countries’ strategic alliance. This meeting also committed the Russian Federal Space Agency to hosting Brazil’s first astronaut, Marcos Pontes, aboard a Soyuz TMA-8 rocket bound for the International Space Station. Pontes’ flight occurred on March 30, 2006. In September 2006 state-run Novosti reported that Rosoboronexport, the Kremlin’s official arms exporter, signed deals to export Sukhoi warplanes to Mexico and Brazil, as well as establish helicopter maintenance and pilot training centers in Venezuela. Rosoboronexport’s regional department head, Sergei Ladygin, announced: “We hope that Sukhoi planes will soon appear in Latin American countries.”

Russia is not the only communist state seeking to extend its influence throughout the Western Hemisphere. The other half of the Moscow-Beijing Axis is rapidly expanding its net of strategic partnerships throughout the region, including Brazil. In August 2006 Chinese state media reported that Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of the rubber-stamp National People’s Congress and thus China’s top legislator, traveled to Brazil where he met President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. Together the two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to their countries’ strategic partnership, established in 2004 when Chinese President Hu Jintao visited Brazil, as well as Argentina, Chile, and Cuba.

Although the concept of a Moscow-led coalition of countries uniting Russia, Brazil, India, and China was first published by the banking firm Goldman Sachs in 2003, there is no publicly available official text revealing the so-called “BRIC” alliance. Nevertheless, evidence of bilateral and trilateral agreements among these countries is available on the foreign ministry websites of each of the countries mentioned. Relevant organizations include the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, with full members Russia and China and associate member India, and the India-Brazil-South Africa Trilateral Forum, which unites these countries in yearly dialogues. The G-20 coalition of developing states embraces all of the BRIC countries except Russia.

>Red World: Uruguay: Montevideo’s neo-communist regime establishes close relations with Beijing, China opens car plant

> Pictured here: Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of China’s rubber-stamp parliament, the National People’s Congress, travels to Montevideo, where he meets Uruguayan President Tabaré Vázquez, September 4, 2006.

Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring neo-communist government
Independence: August 28, 1828 (from Brazil; briefly Eastern Province in United Provinces of the River Plate (Argentina), 1825-1828, hence the term “Eastern Republic”)
President of Uruguay: Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas (Broad Front-Progressive Encounter-New Majority): March 1, 2005-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for the General Assembly of Uruguay, which occurred on October 31, 2004, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Broad Front-Progressive Encounter-New Majority (consisting of Uruguay Assembly (social democratic), Broad Front Confluence (socialist), Current 78 (progressive), Popular Participation Movement (formerly guerrilla army Tupamaros National Liberation Movement), Christian Democratic Party of Uruguay (communitarian), Communist Party of Uruguay, Party of the Communes (progressive), Socialist Party of Uruguay, Vertiente Artiguista (social democratic), National Alliance (progressive), and New Space (social democratic)) 52, National Party (conservative) 36, Colorado Party (liberal) 10, and Independent Party (social democratic) 1.
Setting the record straight: In view of the communist revolution unfolding in Uruguay between the early 1960s and early 1970s we believe that the Uruguayan armed forces were justified in repressing the Tupamaros National Liberation Movement. The number of leftist revolutionaries and sympathizers executed by the military regime (1973-1984) was essential to preempt the potential genocide perpetrated by a victorious communist regime in Montevideo.

Communist government:

1) Broad Front-Progressive Encounter-New Majority: 2004-present

Communist insurgency:

1) Tupamaros National Liberation Movement (MLN): Named after the Inca revolutionary Túpac Amaru II (1742-1781), the Tupamaros, or MLN, was an urban guerrilla organization in Uruguay in the 1960s and 1970s. The founder of the MLN was Marxist Raúl Sendic (1926-1989). Sendic formed the MLN by amalgamating the Peasant Support Movement (MAC) and various rural trade unions. He then targeted the military dictatorship that ruled Uruguay between 1973 and 1984 for overthrow. Tupamaros guerrillas robbed banks, gun clubs, and businesses in the early 1960s and then distributed stolen food and money to the poor of Montevideo. The MLN should be distinguished from the similarly named indigenous terrorist groups from Bolivia and Peru, the Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army and the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement, respectively.

In June 1968 President Jorge Pacheco Areco (Colorado Party) announced a state of emergency, broke up demonstrations, and imprisoned and tortured dissidents. In response, Tupamaros escalated its violent actions to political kidnappings, “armed propaganda,” and assassinations. In 1971 over 100 imprisoned Tupamaros escaped the Punta Carretas Prison. The Uruguayan military and government-sponsored Escuadrón de la Muerte (“Death Squad”) exercised wide repressive powers to crush the Tupamaros. In July 1973 the civilian government of President Juan María Bordaberry (Colorado Party) transferred executive authority to the armed forces. The campaign was effective and many of the MLN’s top leaders languished in jail until the restoration of democracy in 1985. In the meanwhile, the Tupamaros formed the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR) in collaboration with Argentina’s Popular Revolutionary Army (ERP), Chile’s Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR), and Bolivia’s National Liberation Army. In February 1974 the leaders of the secret police forces of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay formulated an international counter-insurgency plan called Operation Condor to eliminate the Southern Cone’s communist guerrillas.

After democracy was restored to Uruguay in 1985, the Tupamaros returned to public life as a legal political party, the Popular Participation Movement, which is the largest single group within the ruling Broad Front. Two Tupamaros, José Mujica and Nora Castro, hold portfolios in President Tabaré Vázquez’s cabinet. Mujica is Minister of Agriculture, while Castro was named President of the Chamber of Deputies upon the the front assuming the reins of government in 2004. The MLN currently operates under the leadership of José Mújica and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.

Communist parties:

1) Advanced Democratic Artiguist Front (FADA): Founded in 2003 by a faction of the Communist Youth, this communist party supported Current of the Left.
2) Artiguist Coordination of Liberation 1971 (CAL71): Founded in 2005 as a split from the Broad Front, this party is communist in orientation.
3) Broad Front (FA): Founded in 1971 by a coalition of more than a dozen leftist parties and movements, the FA’s first president was General Líber Seregni. The front was banned during the military administration between 1973 and 1984. Progressive Encounter (EP) was formed in 1994 by defectors from the National Party, Colorado Party, and Broad Front. At this time both FA and EP began to contest elections under one name, Progressive Encounter-Broad Front. In 2005 member organizations of EP and New Majority, dominated by New Space, merged into the front. The FA operates under the leadership of Tabaré Vázquez, President of Uruguay.
4) 20th May Movement (List 5205) (20M): This radical left party operates under the leadership of Lucas Pittaluga.
5) 26th March Movement (List 326) (M26): Formed in 1971 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Raúl Sendic.
6) Advanced Democracy (List 1001) (DA): Founded in 1984 this regional coalition consists of the Communist Party of Uruguay and Liberation Front of the Left.
7) Communist Party of Uruguay (PCU): Founded in 1920 the PCU operates under the leadership of Marina Arismendi, associates with the Sao Paulo Forum, and formerly associated with the World Marxist Review.
8) Liberation Front of the Left (FIdeL): Founded in 1962 this communist party operates under the leadership of Doreen Javier Ibarra and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
9) Party for the People’s Victory (PVP): Founded in 1976 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Hugo Cores and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
10) Current of Broad Front Unity (List 9393) (CUF): Founded in 1985 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Eduardo Méndez.
11) Current of the Left (List 5271) (CI): This party is radical left in orientation.
12) Marxist Tendency (TM): Founded in 1994 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Milton Rodríguez.
13) Popular Alternative 1815-Solidarity Space (AP 1815-ES): Founded in 1998 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Ruben Elías.
14) Popular Current (List 1303) (CP): Founded in 1987 as a split from the conservative National Party, this socialist party operates under the leadership of Carlos Pita and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
15) Popular Participation Movement (List 609) (MPP): Founded in 1989 this left socialist party operates under the leadership of José Mujica and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
16) Open Left (List 3040) (IA): Founded in 1997 this party is a split from the AU.
17) White Column (CB): Founded in 2002 this party is a split from the conservative National Party.
18) Popular Union (UP): Founded in 1962 this party is radical left in orientation.
19) Proclamation Group (GP): Founded in 1970 as a split from the Colorado Party, this party is radical left in orientation.
20) Broad Front Confluence (CONFA): Founded in 1994 as a split from the Communist Party of Uruguay, this ex-communist, left socialist party operates under the leadership of Victor Rossia and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum as an observer.
21) Christian Democratic Party (List 808) (PDC): Founded in 1962 this “left Christian” party operates under the leadership of Héctor Lescano.
22) Quebracho: Founded in 1999 as MPP Fundacional this radical left party operates under the leadership of Jorge Zabalza.
23) Revolutionary Workers’ Party (Trotskyist-Posadist) (List 871) POR(TP): Founded in 1952 this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Raúl Campanella and associates with the Trotskyist Posadist 4th International and Sao Paulo Forum.
24) Socialist Word (PS): This Trotskyist party associates with the Argentinian Movement Toward Socialism.
25) Socialist Workers’ Party (List 1968) (PST): Founded in 1969 this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Gustavo Vásquez and associates with the United Secretariat of the Fourth International and Sao Paulo Forum.
26) Socialist Movement Emilio Frugoni (MS): Founded in 1966 as a split from the Socialist Party, this party operates under the leadership of Walter Morodo.
27) Socialist Party (PS): Founded in 1921 this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Reinaldo Gargano and associates with the Socialist International, Sao Paulo Forum, and CSL.
28) Broad Front Popular Movement (MPF): Founded in 1990 as a split from the White Party, this party operates under the leadership of Jorge Zas.
29) Communist Refoundation (RC): This party is radical left in orientation.
30) Coordination of Anti-imperialist Struggle (CLA): This party is radical left in orientation.
31) Firemen Fogoneros (FF): This party is radical left in orientation.
32) Militant Collective (for the Unity of the Revolutionaries) (CM(UR)): Founded in 2001 as a split from the PST, this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Ernesto Herrera and associates with the United Secretariat of the Fourth International.
33) Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR): Founded in 1973 this Maoist party operates under the leadership of Ricardo Cohen and associates with the ICMLPO(M).
34) Revolutionary Front for a Socialist Alternative (FRAS): Founded in 2003 this party is radical left in orientation.
35) Oriental Revolutionary Movement (MRO): Founded in 1961 as a split from the conservative National Party, this radical left party operates under the leadership of Ariel Collazo.’
36) Revolutionary Left (IR): This Trotskyist party associates with the IS.
37) Socialist Convergence (CS): This Trotskyist party formerly associated with the LIT.
38) Socialist Course (RS): This Trotskyist party associates with the UIT.
39) Uruguayan Anarchist Federation (FAU): Founded in 1956 this party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
40) Workers’ Party (PT): Founded in 1980 this Trotskyist part operates under the leadership of Juan Carlos Vital and associates with the CRFI.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: Socialist Party of Uruguay, New Space
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Broad Front, Communist Party of Uruguay (part of Broad Front), Socialist Party of Uruguay (part of Broad Front), Popular Participation Movement (formerly guerrilla army Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, part of Broad Front)

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: Uruguay’s neo-communist regime has expanded economic relations with the People’s Republic of China. In September 2006 Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress, traveled to Montevideo where he met Uruguayan President Tabare Vazquez, President of Congress Rodolfo Nin Novoa, and President of the Chamber of Deputies Julio Cardozo Ferreira. The Uruguayan press reported that President Vazquez and Wu discussed the possibility of forming a bilateral free trade agreement. China is presently Uruguay’s fourth largest trading partner, following Brazil, Argentina, and the USA. The two countries, according to the Chinese Foreign Ministry, have signed more than 20 political, economic, and cultural agreements. Uruguay supports the one-China policy and Beijing’s bid to become an observer of the Organization of American States and the Latin American Parliament. In 2004 China implemented three joint ventures in Uruguay totalling almost US$1.85 billion. Senior military officials from both countries have participated in exchange programs.

In March 2007 Chinese car manufacturer Chery Automobile signed an agreement with Argentinian company SOCMA Group to jointly build a plant in Uruguay. The first model to roll off the assembly line will be the Tiggo, Chery’s first SUV. Other models will follow. This is the first time a Chinese company has invested in an automobile manufacturing plant in South America. In 2003 Chery built a plant in Iran and in 2005, Russia. Chery was involved in the well-publicized theft of foreign automobile designs, especially GM Daewoo Auto & Technology’s Daewoo Matiz city car (sold as the Chery QQ) and Daewoo Magnus mid-sized sedan (sold as the Chery Eastar).

>Red World: Guyana: Cold War-era socialist republic dominated by two leftist parties; Russian, Chinese companies exploit natural resources

> Pictured here: Guyanese Prime Minister Samuel Hinds visits Beijing, where he meets Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, July 21, 2005.

Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Type of state: Socialist republic with two dominant socialist parties
Independence: May 26, 1966 (from United Kingdom)
President of Guyana: Bharrat Jagdeo (People’s Progressive Party): August 11, 1999-present
Prime minister of Guyana: Samuel Archibald Anthony Hinds (People’s Progressive Party): October 9, 1992-March 17, 1997, December 22, 1997-August 9, 1999, August 11, 1999-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for the National Assembly of Guyana, which occurred on August 28, 2006, the seats were distributed in the following manner: People’s Progressive Party (PPP, Indo-Guyanese socialist) 36, People’s National Congress (PNC, Afro-Guyanese socialist, split from PPP) 21, Alliance for Change (co-founded by ex-members of PPP, PNC, and Working People’s Alliance to oppose one-party dominance) 5, Guyana Action Party (socialist) in coalition with Rise, Organize, and Rebuild Guyana 1, and United Force (conservative) 1.

Communist government:

1) People’s Progressive Party: 1992-present
2) People’s National Congress (split from PPP): 1964-1992 (post-independence)
3) People’s Progressive Party: 1953-1964

Communist insurgency:

1) People’s Progressive Party: Guyana’ post-independence history occupies a minor, but interesting role in Cold War politics. The first political party in Guyana was the People’s Progressive Party (PPP), founded on January 1, 1950. Forbes Burnham (1923-1985) was party chairman, Dr. Cheddi Jagan (1918-1997) second vice chairman, and his US-born wife, Janet Jagan, secretary general. The PPP secured 18 out of 24 seats in the first popular elections organized by the colonial government in 1953. Dr. Jagan, a dentist, became house speaker and minister of agriculture. Jagan’s Marxist ideology provoked consternation in Washington, DC. On October 9, 1953, five months after the election, British colonial governor Alfred Savage sacked the new government, outlawed the PPP youth wing, and requested the presence of British troops. The Jagans and the PPP, Savage contended, were planning to transform Guyana into a communist dicatorship.

Guyanese politics are divided along ethnic lines, particularly between Indo- and Afro-Guyanese. This phenomenon applied to the PPP. In 1957, therefore, Burnham defected from the PPP and founded the predominantly Afro-Guyanese People’s National Congress (PNC). Despite this defection, the PPP won the August 1961 election with a stable majority. Persuaded that Jagan was still determined to establish a communist dictatorship, the colonial authorities supported a campaign by conservatives and Burnham loyalists to discredit the PPP government. Riots followed, with the hope of provoking Chief Minister Jagan to implement a draconian crackdown. The PPP again won the 1964 election in terms of percentage and total votes. Governor Sir Richard Luyt, however, went against parliamentary tradition and invited the PNC into a coalition government with a small, white-supported conservative. After nearly 30 years in political exile, the PPP re-assumed the reins of government in 1992.

Communist parties:

1) Working People’s Alliance (WPA): The WPA was founded in 1974 as a Marxist, pan-Caribbean pressure group and became a political party in 1979. The alliance originally consisted of the African Society for Cultural Relations with Independent Africa (ASCRIA), Indian People’s Revolutionary Associates (IPRA), RATOON, and Working People’s Vanguard Party (WPVP). ASCRIA was an Africanist, or Black Power, organization that operated under the leadership of Eusi Kwayana, a former leader of both the People’s Progressive Party and People’s National Congress. IPRA, the Indian counterpart of ASCRIA, operated under the leadership of Moses Bhagwan, a former leader of the PPP youth section. RATOON was a radical leftist group that was based at the University of Guyana and operated under the leadership of economist Clive Thomas. The WPVP operated under the leadership of former PPP chairman Brindley Benn. This communist party departed from the alliance in 1975.

Historian Walter Rodney (born 1942) joined the WPA in 1974. During the 1980 election campaign Rodney was killed by a bomb, allegedly planted by an agent of President Forbes Burnham. Although initially Marxist in orientation, since 1984 the WPA has promoted a politically broad and inclusive leftist image, referring to its unique ideology as Rodneyist. The party never established ties, at least openly, with the Communist Bloc but, instead, joined the Socialist International and maintained alliances with Grenada’s New Jewel Movement and the Antiguan Caribbean Liberation Movement.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Caribbean Community, Petrocaribe S. A.
Socialist International presence: Working People’s Alliance (consultative)
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Working People’s Alliance

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: At a reception at the Russian Embassy in Georgetown on December 16, 2005, Guyanese Prime Minister Samuel Hinds announced that the giant Russian Aluminum Company (RUSAL) would be managing the Aroaima Mining Company, which extracts buaxite in Berbice. On this occasion Russian Ambassador Vladimir Starikov stated that in 2006 the embassy, in cooperation with the Russian Chamber of Trade and Industry and the Georgetown Chamber of Commerce and Industry, would organize a team of Guyanese businessmen to visit Moscow to study economic opportunities in Russia. At a press conference in February 2007 Guyanese President Bharrat Jagdeo disclosed that several Russian businessmen were seeking to invest in oil exploration in Guyana. “Our economy is open for investment in every area,” Jagdeo declared. Discussions on the investment potential of Guyana were initiated during the president’s visit to Moscow in January 2007.

In March 2003, at the invitation of President Hu Jintao, President Jagdeo paid a state visit to China. In August 2004 Guyana and China signed the founding document of the Guyana-China Joint Business Development Council. On this occasion, President Jagdeo endorsed Beijing’s intent to reabsorb Taiwan: “We will continue to do what ever we can to ensure that the ‘One-China’ policy remains the policy of Guyana and this Region. For a country like Guyana this is very very important. We, who know of the threats to our territorial integrity and sovereignty, should understand issues of sovereignty more than anyone else. It is incumbent on us to continue to reflect that in national policies. Principles are more important than money diplomacy of Taiwan.” On May 24, 2007 CaribbeanNet News reported that Beijing’s China Development Bank dispatched its assistant governor Zhao Jianping to Guyana, where he conferred with President Jagdeo the same week. Jianping was accompanied by the Chinese Ambassador to Guyana, Zhang Jungao and Li Yunzhi, Deputy Division Chief International Finance Department.

>Red World: Venezuela: Latin America’s newest socialist republic moving toward single-party dictatorship, strategic partner of Moscow, Beijing, Havana

>Pictured here: The neo-communist dictators of Venezuela and Russia, Hugo Chavez and Vladimir Putin.

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Type of state: Socialist republic moving toward single-party dictatorship
Independence: July 5, 1811 (from Spain)
President of Venezuela: Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías (Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200, Fifth Republic Movement, United Socialist Party of Venezuela): February 2, 1999-April 11, 2002 (deposed in military coup), April 13, 2002-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for the National Assembly of Venezuela, which occurred on December 4, 2005, the seats were held solely by pro-Chavez parties and distributed in the following manner: Fifth Republic Movement 116, For Social Democracy 18, Fatherland for All 10, Communist Party of Venezuela 7, LAGO 2, Venezuelan Popular Unity 1, People’s Electoral Movement 1, Everybody Wins Independent Movement 1, MIGENTE 2, United Movement of Indigenous Peoples 1, Independent Organized Front for Portuguesa 1, and Break Through 1. As of March 24, 2007 the following parties merged into the presidential United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV).

1) Fifth Republic Movement (MVR)
2) People’s Electoral Movement (MEP)
3) verybody Wins Independent Movement (MIGATO)
4) Venezuelan Popular Unity (UPV)
5) Revolutionary Middle Class (CMR)
6) Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro (MRT)
7) Socialist League (LS)
8) Movement for Direct Democracy (MDD)
9) Emergent People (GE)
10) Union Party
11) Militant Civic Movement (MCM)
12) National Socialist Group of Liberation Pro Venezuela (PROVEN)
13) Communitary Patriotic Unity (UPC)
14) New People Concentration Movement (MCGN)
15) Action Force of Base Coordination (FACOBA)
16) Independents for the National Community (IPCN)
17) Active Democracy National Organization (ONDA)
18) National Independent Movement (MNI)
19) Labor Power (PL)
20) Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents (CRV)
21) Action Networks of Communitary Change (REDES)

The new party will hold its first formal congress on August 15. Three pro-Chavez parties, namely, For Social Democracy (PODEMOS), Fatherland for All (PPT), and the Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV), have indicated that they will monitor the progress of the PSUV before joining the ruling party.

Next general elections: Venezuela’s next parliamentary and presidential elections are scheduled for 2010 and 2012, respectively, but President Chavez has announced his intention to seek a continuous mandate for his Bolivarian Revolution well beyond the constitutionally permissible term limits.

Communist government:

1) United Socialist Party of Venezuela (merger of Fifth Republic Movement and leftist coalition partners) with parliamentary support of For Social Democracy, Fatherland for All, and Communist Party of Venezuela: 2007-present
2) Fifth Republic Movement with parliamentary support of For Social Democracy, Fatherland for All, Communist Party of Venezuela, LAGO, Venezuelan Popular Unity, People’s Electoral Movement, Everybody Wins Independent Movement, MIGENTE, United Movement of Indigenous Peoples, Independent Organized Front for Portuguesa, and Break Through, and extraparliamentary support of Revolutionary Middle Class, Revolutionary Movement Tupamaro, Socialist League, Movement for Direct Democracy, Emergent People, Union Party, Militant Civic Movement, National Socialist Group of Liberation Pro Venezuela, Communitary Patriotic Unity, New People Concentration Movement, Action Force of Base Coordination, Independents for the National Community, Active Democracy National Organization, National Independent Movement, Labor Power, Venezuelan Revolutionary Currents, and Action Networks of Communitary Change: 2005-2007
3) Fifth Republic Movement: 2000-2005
4) Patriotic Pole, consisting of Fifth Republic Movement (formerly Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200), Movement Toward Socialism (merger of former faction of Communist Party of Venezuela and Movement of Revolutionary Left), Fatherland for All, People’s Electoral Movement, Communist Party of Venezuela, and Independent Solidarity Movement: 1998-2000
5) National Convergence (centrist party) with parliamentary support of Movement Toward Socialism (merger of former faction of Communist Party of Venezuela and Movement of Revolutionary Left) and extraparliamentary support of Communist Party of Venezuela, People’s Electoral Movement, National Movement of Integration (rightist), and other parties: 1993-1998

Communist insurgency:

1) Bolivarian Forces of Liberation-Liberator Army (FBL-EL): This guerrilla organization supports Bolivarianism, a left nationalist ideology that is popular in parts of South America. The central points of Bolivarianism, at least in Venezuela, are: 1) anti-imperialism, participatory democracy, economic self-sufficiency, patriotic service, equitable distribution of Venezuela’s oil revenues, and eradication of corruption. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez claims to have been influenced by the ideals of South America’s liberal revolutionary Simón Bolívar, as well as Marxists such as Federico Brito Figueroa (historian), Norberto Ceresole (political scientist), Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (politician), Fidel Castro (politician), Che Guevara (terrorist), Salvador Allende (politician), Ezequiel Zamora (soldier), and Simón Rodríguez (Bolivar’s mentor). There are no known ties between the FBL and the Chavezista regime.

2) Caracazo: The Caracazo refers to the orgy of protests, riots and looting that occurred on February 27, 1989 in the Venezuelan capital Caracas and surrounding municipalities. The riots, which were the worst in Venezuelan history. “Caracazo” literally means “the Caracas smash” or “the big one in Caracas.” The economic crisis that triggered the riots consisted of President Carlos Andrés Pérez International Monetary Fund-dictated program known as the paquete, or “package.” The pacquete consisted of privatizing state companies, tax reform, reducing customs duties, and diminishing the role of the state in the economy, and instituting the direct election of state governors, previously appointed by the president. The protests and rioting began in Guarenas, a town 30 kilometres east of Caracas, on the morning of February 27, 1989, due to a steep increase in transportation costs to the national capital. The disturbances quickly spread to the capital and other towns across the country. Overwhelmed by the looting, the government declared a state of emergency, imposed martial law in Caracas, and restored order with the use of force. Officials pronouncements placed the number of dead at 276, but unofficial estimates approach 3,000. Congress suspended constitutional rights, and there were several days during which the city was in chaos, with restrictions, food shortages, militarisation, burglaries, and the persecution and murder of innocent people.

In 1998, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights condemned the government’s action, and referred the case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. In 1999, the Court heard the case and found that the government had committed violations of human rights, including extrajudicial killings. The Venezuelan government, by then headed by Chávez, did not contest the findings of the case, and accepted full responsibility for the government’s actions.
In a 2005 interview with Political Affairs, the theoretical journal of the Communist Party USA, Carolys Pérez, a local leader in the Communist Party of Venezuela and president of the Ferdinand De Miranda Organization of youth volunteers, describes the PCV’s role in fomenting treason within the armed forces in the wake of the Curacazo riots: “The protests ceased only because of the repression against the people. The president suspended constitutional guarantees and allowed the police free rein. Many PCV leaders were assassinated. Many among the students were also persecuted, and they went after our families as well. We had to hide, even kids. In 1989, I was 14 years old. Nonetheless, that demonstration sowed discontent within the armed forces, because of what they had to do against their people. There was one section of the armed forces that opposed what had been done and made contact with the country’s left forces, including the Communist Party.”

3) Revolutionary Bolivarian Movement-200 (MBR-200): The neo-communist Bolivarian Revolution that assumed power in Venezuela in 1998, when Hugo Chavez was elected president, traces its origin to MBR-200, which then Lieutenant Colonel Chavez and fellow Lieutenant Colonel Francisco Arias Cárdenas founded in 1983 to further the cause of socialist revolution in Venezuela. National revolutionary hero Simón Bolívar, who was a self-styled liberal rather than a socialist, was adopted as the MBR-200 symbol, while “200” in the group’s name commemorated the 200th anniversary of Bolivar’s birth. The MRR-200 eventually evolved into the presidential party, the Fifth Republic Movement, which in turn was absorbed into the United Socialist Party of Venezuela in March 2007.

Although oil revenue had buoyed the Venezuelan economy for decades, a collapse in oil prices in 1989 forced President Carlos Andrés Pérez to slash welfare expenditures and abolish longstanding price controls on numerous consumer goods. Venezuela’s impoverish majority, spurred on by communist agitators, erupted in violent protest during the Caracazo Riots of February 27. Chavez and his cohorts in the military were generally sympathetic toward the rioters. In particular, Chavez not only rejected the neoliberal, IMF-aligned policies of President Perez, but also opposed Venezuela’s “partyarchy,” which Democratic Action, the Democratic Republican Union, and Social Christian Party of Venezuela established in 1958 by forming a loose coalition, thereby marginalizing other parties. Venezuela’s partyarchy was also known as puntofijismo.
In 1992 the MBR-200, which commanded the loyalty of 10% of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, attempted to overthrow the government of President Carlos Andrés Pérez, who represented the Democratic Action party. Self-proclaimed communist Chávez led the first abortive coup on February 4, while sympathizers led another abortive coup on November 27, while Chavez was imprisoned.

The first coup attempt began when Chavez directed five army units into Caracas with the intent of seizing the presidential palace, defense ministry, La Carlota air base, and Military Museum, as well as apprehending President Perez who was scheduled to return from an overseas visit. The MBR-200, with popular support, seized power in Valencia, Maracaibo, and Maracay, but the plot failed in the national capital due to defections, betrayals, miscalculations, and the failure to seize control of the media. Chavez surrendered to the legitimate authorities and exhorted his co-conspirators to do likewise in the following televised address: “Comrades: unfortunately, for the moment, the objectives that we had set for ourselves have not been achieved in the capital. That’s to say that those of us here in Caracas have not been able to seize power. Where you are, you have performed well, but now is the time for a rethink; new possibilities will arise again, and the country will be able to move definitively towards a better future.”

The controversy surrounding both coups catapulted Chavez, who was jailed for two years as a result of his involvement in these events, into the national limelight. President Perez was impeached in 1993 and his successor President Rafael Caldera Rodríguez pardoned Chavez on March 26, 1994. The revolutionary was released from prison.

One of Chavez’s comrades-in-arms in the February 1992 coup attempt was Douglas Bravo, a 19-year veteran of the Communist Party of Venezuela who in 1966 founded the Party of Venezuelan Revolution and its military wing, the Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN). Bravo associated with Che Guevara before the latter’s execution, recruited military officers to the revolutionary cause. The FALN insurgency lasted until the mid-1970s. Bravo later fled to France but returned to Venezuela where he met Chavez in 1980. Bravo was pardoned for his role in the first 1992 coup and released from jail in 1993. Bravo, an ardent anti-capitalist, presently leads the Third Road Movement, which criticizes President Chávez from a constructive but partly sympathetic viewpoint.

In a 2005 interview with Political Affairs, the theoretical journal of the Communist Party USA, Carolys Pérez, a local leader in the Communist Party of Venezuela and president of the Ferdinand De Miranda Organization of youth volunteers, describes the PCV’s role in the 1992 coups:

Hugo Chávez was a leader of this movement in the armed forces. On February 4, 1992, Chávez headed a coup d’etat against President Carlos Andrés Pérez. This coup failed, and he was imprisoned. But, out on the streets, we Communists kept on doing our work. The Bolivarian Revolutionary Movement (MBR) emerged on November 27th of that year, during a second coup against Carlos Andrés Pérez, headed by four military associates of Chávez. One group of military officers was captured, but others escaped.

This actually made the situation better, because now all the revolutionary military officers were together in one prison. The Communists were in the streets working, and the military leaders that supported the process were together in prison. Pérez was impeached for corruption. He was tried and removed from office. A provisional president was installed, as provided in the Constitution. And Carlos Andrés Pérez was thrown in prison. New presidential elections were called.

Perez notes that the PCV and other leftist parties supported Radical Cause candidate Andrés Velásquez during the 1993 presidential election. Rafael Caldera Rodriguez won the election but secured the support of the communists. Perez then comments on the PCV’s support for Chavez during the 1998 presidential election and its subsequent growth in numbers:

Chávez was a candidate and on December 6, 1998 everyone came out to vote once again. Chávez had the support of the Communist Party and the other left parties and won with four million votes. This was the first time in history that any president had gained that many votes. Voter turnout was 80 percent. The people remained in the streets waiting for the results. And when they declared Chávez president, the whole people came out in Caracas. They came down from all the mountains, the poorest of the poor, and all the people stayed out until the wee hours, waiting for Chávez to speak to them.

The Communist Party grew, because it began to be accepted by the government and was no longer in hiding. From then to now, we have people from the Communist Party as government ministers and officials.

During the 2002 anti-Chavez coup Perez explains that the PCV played an important role in protecting President Chavez’s cabinet and organizing supporters in the streets: “The Communist Party, with all of its activists, was there at the gates, and was organizing the people in the communities to come out. So the Party, together with the other parties who support Chávez, began to search for him. We hid government ministers and officials who were wanted by the anti-Chávez forces. All of the parties were also hiding their own leaders to protect them. We organized into two groups: one to protect the leaders and the other in the street agitating the people in support of Chávez.”

President Chavez’s former drug czar Luis Correa, according to Feris Farid Domínguez–a drug trafficker jailed in Colombia who claims to have met the Venezuelan official–coordinated Colombian cocaine shipments for a cabal of Venezuelan National Guard officers known as the “Cartel of the Suns.” Predictably, Correa denies Domínguez’s charges. Like the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the Chavezista regime, as can be seen, is a key component in the Communist Bloc’s 45-year-old narco-subversion strategy against the West. Terrorism and intelligence expert Joseph Douglass describes this under-reported phenomenon in his classic book Red Cocaine (1990).

Communist parties:

1) Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV): Founded in 1931 this party operates under the leadership of Oscar Figuera, associates with the Sao Paulo Forum, and formerly associated with the CI and World Marxist Review.
2) Constitution Front of Workers (FCT): Founded in 1999 this party operates under the leadership of Froilán Barrios.
3) Homeland for All (PPT): Founded in 1997 as a split from Causa R, this left socialist party operates under the leadership of José Albornoz.
4) International Communist Party (PCI): This party is left communist in orientation.
5) Internationalism: This party is left communist in orientation and associates with the ICC.
6) La Jornada Class Movement (MCJ): This party is radical left in orientation.
7) Libertarian Communist Group (GCL): This party is anarcho-communist in orientation.
8) Movement 5th Republic (MVR): Founded in 1997 by former coup leader Hugo Chavez this left nationalist party became the dominant party to merge into the government-sponsored United Socialist Party of Venezuela in 2007.
9) Movement Toward Socialism (MAS): Founded in 1971 as a split from the Communist Party of Venezuela, this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Felipe Mujica and associates with the Socialist International.
10) Multiethnical United People of Amazonas (PUAMA): founded in 1997 this party is left indigenist in orientation.
11) New Democratic Regime (NRD): Founded in 1997 this radical left party operates under the leadership of Guillermo García Ponce.
12) Option of the Revolutionary Left (OIR): Founded in 2002 this party is radical left in orientation.
13) Our America Project-April 13 Movement (PNA-M13A): This party is radical left in orientation.
14) Party of the Venezuelan Revolution-Third Way (PRV-TC): This radical left party was founded in 1970 as the Party of the Venezuelan Revolution and led by Douglas Bravo, who later joined Hugo Chavez in his 1992 coup d’etat.
15) Patriotic Hope (EP): This radical left party operates under the leadership of Baltasar Meléndez.
16) People’s Electoral Movement-Socialist Party of Venezuela (MEP-PSV): Founded in 1967 as a split from AD, this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum and formerly with the CSL.
17) People’s Movement for the Defense of Nationalist Ideas-Revolutionary Workers Party (MPDIN-PRT): Founded in 1973 this party is radical left in orientation.
18) Red Flag Party (PBR): Founded in 1970 as a split from the Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR), this Stalinist party operates under the leadership of Gabriel Rafael Puerta Aponte and associates with the ICMLPO(H) and the Sao Paulo Forum.
19) Revolutionary Marxist Current (CMR): Founded in 2003 this Trotskyist party associates with the IMT.
20) Revolutionary Popular Assembly (APR): This party is radical left in orientation.
21) Revolutionary Tupamaro Movement (MRT): This party is radical left in orientation.
22) Socialist League (LS): Founded in 1973 this ex-Maoist party operates under the leadership of Fernando Soto Rojas and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
23) The Radical Cause (LCR): Founded in 1971 as a split from MAS, this left socialist party operates under the leadership of Andrés Velásquez.
24) The Spark (La Chispa): This Trotskyist party is a split from the Socialist Party of Workers (PST).
25) Venezuelan Popular Union (UPV): Founded in 2004 this left nationalist party operates under the leadership of Lina Ninette Ron Pereira.
26) We Can-For Social Democracy (Podemos): Founded in 2001 this left socialist party is a split from MAS.
27) Workers’ Voice (VT): This Trotskyist party is a split from the Socialist Party of Workers (PST) and operates under the leadership of Orlando Chirino.
28) Workers’ Party of Venezuela (PTV): This left socialist party was founded in 2003.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007), Caribbean Community (observer), Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, Petrocaribe S. A.
Socialist International presence: Democratic Action, Movement Toward Socialism (consultative)
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Communist Party of Venezuela

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: The Chavezista regime is one of the most important appendages of the Moscow-Beijing Axis in the Western Hemisphere. Venezuela maintains strategic partnerships with Cuba, Russia, Belarus, Iran, and China. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation also maintains fraternal relations with the pro-Chavez Communist Party of Venezuela. CPRF chairman Gennady Zyuganov visited Caracas in April 2007 to confer with communist leaders in that country, as well as Cuba and Mexico. Oleg Shenin, chairman of the restored Communist Party of the Soviet Union, has publicized his admiration for the neo-communist revolutions overtaking Venezuela and Bolivia.

In June 2007 President Hugo Chavez “hailed” his strategic alliances with the Moscow-Beijing Axis, lauded Russian President Vladimir Putin for supporting him during the coup that ousted the Venezuelan dictator for several days in 2002, and demanded that the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas be transformed into a military alliance. “We’ve found in Russia a real strategic ally,” Chavez declared, “like in China and many other countries too. I remember the efforts by Vladimir before the coup of 2002 because they knew many things,” Chavez said. “He tried to prevent it but it was inevitable — the empire [USA] had already decided to overthrow the (Chavez) government. In Russia there is a leader of courage speaking clearly for the good of humanity.” Chavez attributes the coup to a Washington-backed plot to thwart the Bolivarian revolution in Venezuela.
The Russian-Venezuelan alliance not only includes the delivery of 100,000 Kalishnikov rifles, 24 Sukhoi Su-30 fighter jets, 53 M-17 helicopters to the Bolivarian Republic, but also the construction of a Kalishnikov rifle assembly plant. More ominously, Joseph Douglass, writing 15 years ago in Red Cocaine, observes that the Cuban General Intelligence Directorate (DGI) fell under the sway of the KGB more than 20 years before. In turn, Venezuelan intelligence has fallen under the sway of the DGI. Writing in FrontPage Magazine, Paul Crespo reports: “The partnership [with Cuba] is so close that Venezuela’s intelligence and security service, known as DISIP, reportedly has come under control of the Cuban intelligence service, the DGI. Because of this, US intelligence agencies have ended their longstanding liaison relationships with their Venezuelan counterparts. Hundreds of Cuban advisors, coordinated by Cuba’s military attache in Caracas, are also in charge of the elite presidential guard who defend Chavez against potential coups or military unrest.” That being so, one is tempted to speculate that the FSB/SVR now controls Venezuelan intelligence. Truly, this is a frightening prospect for neighboring pro-Washington Colombia in particular and the Western Hemisphere in general.
Meanwhile, the Russian Duma faction of the Communist Party is urging that body to invite Chavez to address Russian legislators. In June 2007 state-run Novosti reported: “Russian Communist lawmakers suggested Friday that Venezuela’s left-wing president speak in Russia’s parliament about his ambitious reform program. Konstantin Kosachev, head of the State Duma’s international relations committee, said the normal practice in parliament’s lower house had so far been to invite foreign parliamentary speakers, not heads of state, but that an exception could be made for Chavez, given his high popularity with Russian legislators.” No doubt this resolution is designed to impart a positive spin to the implementation of “21st-century socialism” in not only Latin America but also in Russia, where that country’s secret communist rulers always intended to restore a “kinder, gentler” version of the old Soviet Union.

The proposed invitation follows on the heels of CPRF chairman Gennady Zyuganov’s tour of Mexico, Cuba, and Venzuela in April. During his final stop, in Caracas, Comrade Gennady conferred with leaders of the pro-Chavez Communist Party of Venezuela. Comrade Hugo last visited Moscow in July 2006. A pep talk from Chavez might persuade Russian citizen-slaves to turn against the “pro-Western neo-fascist” United Russia party and vote “communist” during the 2007-2008 political season. A June 14, 2007 AFP report disclosed that Chavez has apparently accepted the CPRF’s invitation and will visit Russian on June 29, when he will also finalize Venezuela’s purchase of nine diesel-powered Russian submarines.
Venezuela’s neo-communist regime is not only locked into a strategic partnership with Russia, but also with China. Beijing has moved aggressively into the Western Hemisphere with extensive espionage and state-sponsored organized crime rings, commercial port facilities, and indirect control of the Panama Canal. In March and April 2007 Li Changchun, the Communist Party of China’s pointman for furthering its strategic political interests, visited four Latin American countries. The March 12, 2007 edition of the People’s Daily reports: “Changchun, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, will pay goodwill visits to Mexico, Venezuela, Suriname, Peru and Samoa from March 19 to April 5. Li will pay the visits at the invitation of the governments of the five nations, announced Guo Yezhou, spokesman of the CPC International Department, on Monday.” In addition to the hundreds of Cuban advisors who coordinate Chavez’s security detail, several hundred Chinese special forces, according to Strategy Page, provide personal protection for the Venezuelan president.
The fact that two paleo-communist states, China and Cuba, are committed to protecting the life of Venezuela’s neo-communist dictator should alert the shopping mall regime to the dangers posed by Latin America’s “red spread.”

>Red World: Argentina: Neo-Peronist regime closely allied to Bolivarian Axis, military junta crushed communist insurgency in "Dirty War"

>We resume our Red World profiles by focusing on South America over the next few days. Pictured here are allies Nestor Kirchner and Hugo Chavez, presidents of Argentina and Venezuela, respectively. French Guiana is not included in this list since it is an overseas department of France and elects deputies to the National Assembly of that country. See the April 2007 archives for our previous installments of the Red World series, focusing on Central America and the Caribbean. Thus far we have considered communist influences in every country worldwide, with the exception of the USA, Canada, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania. God willing, we will profile these countries in the near future.

Argentine Republic
Type of state: Republic with multiparty system featuring dominant Justicialist Party (Peronist) and allies
Independence: July 9, 1816 (from Spain)
President of Argentina: Cristina Kirchner (Front for Victory, formally leftist faction of Justicialist Party; wife of predecessor Nestor): December 10, 2007-present
Political composition of national legislature: In the last election for the Argentine Chamber of Deputies, which occurred on October 23, 2005, the seats were distributed in the following manner: Front for Victory (Peronist) 50, Radical Civic Union (liberal-social democratic) 10, Alternative for a Republic of Equals (center-left) 8, Justicialist Party (Peronist) 9, Republican Proposal (center-right) 9, Justicialist Front (Peronist) 7, Progressive, Civic, and Social Front 5, Alliance Union of Córdoba 4, Federalist Unity Party (Peronist, center-right) 2, Alliance New Front 3, Front of Everyone (former members of Justicialist Party and Radical Civic Union, pro-Kirchner) 6, Front for the Renewal of Concordia (former members of Justicialist Party and Radical Civic Union, pro-Kirchner) 2, Civic Front for Santiago (former members of Justicialist Party and Radical Civic Union, pro-Kirchner) 3, and Neuquino People’s Movement (Peronist) 2.
Next general elections: Argentina’s next general elections are scheduled for October 28, 2007.
Setting the record straight: In view of the communist revolution unfolding in Argentina in the mid-1970s, we believe that the Argentine armed forces were justified in overthrowing the ineffective government of President Isabel Perón. The number of leftist revolutionaries and sympathizers executed by the military regime (1976-1983) was essential to preempt the potential genocide perpetrated by a victorious communist regime in Buenos Aires. It is important to keep in mind that most complaints raised against military regimes emanate from the Left. Military regimes are not pleasant, but then nor are communist dictatorships. Argentina’s military junta, in our opinion however, overplayed its hand with the invasion of the Falkland Islands in 1982.

Peronist presidents of Argentina:

1) Cristina Kirchner (Front for Victory, formally leftist faction of Justicialist Party; wife of predecessor Nestor): December 10, 2007-present

2) Néstor Carlos Kirchner (Justicialist Party, leftist faction): May 25, 2003-December 10, 2007
3) Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (Justicialist Party): January 2, 2002-May 25, 2003 (interim)
4) Eduardo Oscar Camaño (Justicialist Party): December 31, 2001-January 2, 2002 (interim)
5) Adolfo Rodríguez Saá (Justicialist Party): December 23-31, 2001 (interim)
6) Federico Ramón Puerta (Justicialist Party): December 21-23, 2001 (interim)
7) Carlos Saúl Menem (Justicialist Party, rightist faction): July 8, 1989-December 10, 1999
8) Isabel María Estela Martínez de Perón (Justicialist Party, rightist faction): October 16, 1975-March 24, 1976 (deposed in military coup)
9) Ítalo Argentino Lúder (Justicialist Party): September 13-October 16, 1975 (acting)
10) Isabel María Estela Martínez de Perón (Justicialist Party’s rightist faction, third wife of Juan Peron): July 1, 1974-September 13, 1975
11) General Juan Domingo Perón (Justicialist Party, rightist faction): October 12, 1973-July 1, 1974 (died in office)
12) Dr. Raúl Alberto Lastiri (Justicialist Party, rightist faction): July 13-October 12, 1973 (interim, alleged member of Italy’s P2 Masonic lodge)
13) Dr. Héctor José Cámpora (Justicialist Party, leftist faction): May 25-July 13, 1973 (restored relations with Cuba, resigned)
14) Colonel Juan Domingo Perón (Labor Party, Justicialist Party’s rightist faction, open admirer of Benito Mussolini): June 4, 1946-September 21, 1955 (deposed in military coup; pictured above)

Communist government: none

Communist insurgency:

1) Montonero Peronist Movement (MPM): The Montoneros were a leftist guerrilla group that operated during the early to mid-1970s. Sometimes identified as a form of fascism, or corporatism, Peronism, like Gaullism in France, sought to bring under one roof numerous factions spanning the political spectrum. The MPM coalesced around Catholic and student groups, along with leftist supporters of Juan Peron. The MPM’s most well-known leader was Mario Firmenich. The Montoneros yearned for the day when Perón would return from exile in Francoist Spain and establish a “Socialist Fatherland” in Argentina. The Montoneros initiated a campaign to destabilize the pro-American regime then in power. Among other acts of terrorism, they kidnapped and executed former dictator Pedro Eugenio Aramburu (1955-1958) and his sympathizers, including unionists, politicians, diplomats, and businessmen. They financed their operations by ransoming wealthy businessmen and foreign executives.

On March 11, 1973, Argentina held general elections for the first time in a decade. Left-wing Peronist Dr. Héctor José Cámpora became president, but resigned in July to allow Perón to win the new elections in October. However a feud developed between right-wing Peronists and the Montoneros. Rightists within the Justicialist Party, union leaders, and the Radical Party under the leadership of Ricardo Balbín, advocated a social pact between trade unions and employers rather than a socialist revolution, which was advocated by the Montoneros. Consequently the two warring camps within the Justicialist Party clashed at Perón’s homecoming ceremony on June 20, 1973. The Ezeiza massacre, as it was later called, resulted in 13 casualties and more than 300 wounded. It marked the definitive split between left and right-wing Peronists. Perón himself sided with the rightist members of his party, unions, and Radicals. José López Rega, former police officer and founder of the Alianza Anticomunista Argentina (“Triple A”) death squad, allegedly organized the massacre. In the midst of this political turmoil Peron expelled the Montoneros from the Justicialist Party in May 1974.

In response, the Montoneros, claiming the “social revolutionary vision of authentic Peronism,” instigated guerrilla operations against the neo-Peronist government. Among other actions, they assassinated José Ignacio Rucci, general secretary of the General Confederation of Labour on September 25, 1973 and Arturo Mor Roig, a former foreign minister, on July 15, 1974. The Montoneros and the Popular Revolutionary Army (ERP), another insurgent communist army, attacked business and political figures throughout the country, raided military bases for weapons and explosives, murdered executives from General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler, and sank the Argentine destroyer ARA Santisima Trinidad in 1975. On July 2, 1976 the Montoneros detonated a powerful bomb in the Federal Intelligence Department, killing 18 and injuring 66 people. Under López Rega’s command the Triple A hunted, executed, and arrested Montoneros, ERP members, and other militant leftists.

On March 24, 1976 General Jorge Rafael Videla ousted President Isabel Perón, the wife of deceased President Juan Peron, and installed a military junta. The junta initiated a counter insurgency operation to eradicate communism in Argentina. Between 1976 and 1983 the armed forces and death squads reportedly eliminated 30,000 opponents through mass arrests, torture, and summary executions. The Montoneros lost 1,600 out of 7,000 active supporters in 1976 alone. By the following year the organization was effectively crushed. Argentina remained a dictatorship until December 10, 1983, when the military lost the Falkland Islands War.

2) Popular Revolutionary Army (ERP): Founded in 1965 the ERP was the military wing of Argentina’s Workers’ Revolutionary Party (PRT). Originally Trotskyist, the ERP later adopted Maoist theory during China’s Cultural Revolution, as well as Che Guevara’s “foquista” strategy of insurgency. The PRT, in turn, traced its origins to the Revolutionary and Popular Indoamericano Front, which brothers Francisco René and Mario Roberto Santucho organized in 1958 in Santiago del Estero. The front was a nationalist, indigenist, and revolutionary movement that drew ideological inspiration from Peruvian Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre.

The ERP instigated its urban guerrilla campaign against Argentina’s military regime in 1969, employing assassinations and the kidnapping of government officials and foreign executives. The stated goal of the ERP was the establishment of a “proletarian dicatorship.” The ERP formed the Revolutionary Coordinating Junta (JCR) in collaboration with the Chile’s Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR), Uruguay’s Tupamaros National Liberation Movement, and Bolivia’s National Liberation Army. The last group, however, did not exercise any real influence.

After the restoration of Juan Perón to the presidency in 1973, the ERP adopted a rural strategy in order to secure a large land base for military operations against the Argentine government. At this time some guerrillas trained in Cuba. By December 1974 the ERP boasted 100 fighters under the command of Roberto, 400 support persons, and 2,500 sympathizers. The ERP soon exerted control over a third of the Tucumán province in northwest Argentina. Responding to two communist insurgences, in February 1975 President Isabel de Perón, third wife of deceased President Juan Peron, issued the “annihilation decrees” to expand the military’s powers to prosecute a counter-insurgency campaign. In May ERP emissary Amilcar Santucho was captured as he crossed into Paraguay to promote the JCR’s unity program. Amilcar, however, betrayed the cause of communist revolution by providing information about the ERP to agents of the Secretary of Intelligence (SIDE). This data enabled Argentine security agencies to wipe out the guerrilla army. The apprehension of Amilcar was one practical result of Operation Condor, a US-supported anti-communist operation jointly devised by the intelligence and security services of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay in 1973.

On March 24, 1976 General Jorge Rafael Videla ousted President Isabel Perón and installed a military junta. During the so-called Dirty War that followed the coup, General Acdel Vilas implemented Operation Independence in Tucuman, deploying over 3,000 soldiers, including two companies of elite commandos. General Vilas eliminated the ERP support network in the towns and, by July, Argentine commandos were executing search-and-destroy missions in the mountains. ERP commander Roberto was killed that month, although the identity of his killers, whether military or insurgent, is not clear. The armed forces discovered Santucho’s base camp in August and raided the ERP urban headquarters in September. The ERP continued under the command of Enrique Gorriarán Merlo. However, by late 1977, both the ERP and the Montoneros were eradicated.

3) All for the Country Movement (MTP): After the destruction of the left in Argentina, some revolutionary cadres fled to Nicaragua, where the Sandinista National Liberation Front seized power in 1979. ERP commander Enrique Gorriarán Merlo found employment with the Sandinista security service and was implicated in the assassination of ex-dictator Anastasio Somoza in 1980. Gorriarán returned to Argentina in 1987 to organize the All for the Country Movement (MTP). At this time the new democratic government of President Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín (Radical Civic Union) was holding a series of trials against members of the Argentine military accused of human rights violations. Professing to fear another military coup, in 1989 Gorriarán orchestrated an attack on La Tablada military barracks, which ended in the apprehension of all MTP members. Gorriarán and his comrades in arms received life sentences, but the former was pardoned by interim President Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (Justicialist Party) only two days before Néstor Carlos Kirchner (Justicialist Party) assumed power in 2003. The MTP exist today as a political movement that has (allegedly) abandoned armed revolution. Gorriarán died in 2006.

Communist, including Trotskyist and left-wing Peronist, parties:

1) Advance Group (GA): This party is Stalinist in orientation.
2) Advanced Democracy-Socialist Pole (DA-PS): This left socialist party was founded in 1990.
3) Authentic Peronist Movement (MPA): This party is left nationalist in orientation.
4) Authentic Socialist Party (PSA): This left socialist party was founded in 1984.
5) Big Front (FG): This left socialist coalition was founded in 1993. The FG previously associated with FREPASO and holds membership in the Sao Paulo Forum.
6) Bolshevik Party for the Fourth International (PBCI): This Trotskyist party was founded in 1991.
7) Communist League (LC): This left-communist party was founded in 1997 as a split from the Revolutionary Socialist League.
8) Communist Party-Extraordinary Congress (PC-CE): This party was founded in 1996 as a split from the communist Party of Argentina.
9) Communist Party of Argentina (PCA): Founded in 1918 the PCA holds membership in the Sao Paulo Forum and United Left. This party was formerly a member of the Communist International and the editorial board of the Moscow-dominated World Marxist Review, which ceased publication in June 1990.
10) Communist Refoundation (RC): This party was founded in 1999.
11) Construction Committee for a Revolutionary Workers’ Party (CCPOR): Founded in 1988 this Trotskyist party holds membership in the Fourth Internationalist Tendency and formerly in the Liaison Committee for the Reconstruction of the Fourth International.
12) Current of the Socialist Left (CIS): This Trotskyist party holds membership in the Committee for a Workers’ International.
13) December 20 Patriotic Movement (MP20D): Found in 2002 this party represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement.
14) Federal Authentic Party (PAF): This party represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement and operates under the leadership of Fernando Vaca Narvaja.
15) Free Homeland National Current (CNPL): This radical left party was founded in 1987.
16) Front for Change (FC): This center-left party split from FREPASO in 2001.
17) Grouping of Socialist Bases (ABS): This party split from the PSP.
18) Guernica Socialist Group (GSG): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
19) Homeland for All Front (FPT): Founded in 2004 this alliance of political and social organizations represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement.
20) Humanist Party (PH): Founded in 1984 this party holds membership in the Humanist International and Sao Paulo Forum.
21) International Communist Circle (CCI): Until 2004 the CCI was known as the International Communist Nucleus.
22) Internationalist Communist Organization (OCI): Founded in 2001 this party is Trotskyist in orientation.
23) Internationalist Workers League (Fourth International) (LOI(CI)): Founded in 1998 as a split from the PTS, the LOI(CI) is Trotskyist in orientation.
24) Intransigent Party (PI): Founded in 1972 this left socialist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
25) July 26 Movement (M26J): This party operates under the leadership of Marcelo “Gaucho” Yaquet.
26) Liberation Party (PL): Founded in 1965 as Communist Vanguard, this Maoist party changed its name to 27) Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) in 1976. The PL associates with the International Communist Seminar.
28) Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Study Circle (CEMLM): This party is Maoist in orientation.
29) Montonero Peronist Movement (MPM) Founded in 1977 the MPM represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement.
30) Movement All for the Fatherland (MTP): Founded in 1986 this party is radical left in orientation.
31) Movement for People’s Victory (MVP): This party was founded in 2003.
32) Movement towards Socialism (MAS): Founded in 1971 as the Socialist Party of Workers, this Trotskyist party formerly associated with the International Workers’ League (Fourth International). President Evo Morales leads a party of the same name and ideological orientation in Bolivia.
33) New Course (NR): This Trotskyist party was founded in 2002 as a split from Movement towards Socialism. 34) Open Politics for Social Integrity (PAIS): Founded in 1994 the PAIS represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement.
35) Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD): Founded in 2003 the PRD represents the leftist tendency within the Peronist movement and operates under the leadership of Miguel Bonasso.
36) Party of the National Left (PIN): Founded in 1983 this party is left nationalist in orientation.
37) Patriotic Movement Malón (MPM): Founded in 1999 this party is left nationalist in orientation.
38) Political Social Liberation Movement (MPSOL): This alliance in the Province of Cordoba represents the leftist tendency in the Peronist movement and operates under the leadership of Luis Miguel Baronetto.
39) Popular Cause (CP): Founded in 1990 this party is left nationalist in orientation.
40) Popular Coincidence (CP): Founded in 2004, this alliance joins the FPC, PSA, PCR, Soberanía Popular, and Christian Democracy under one political roof.
41) Popular Democratic Movement (MDP): This party operates under the leadership of Alberto Celentano.
42) Popular Intransigence Party (PIP): This party was founded in 1989 and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
43) Popular Meeting Movement (MEP): This party was founded in 1990 and associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
44) Popular Revolutionary Movement (MRP): This party operates under the leadership of René Irurzún.
45) Revolutionary Communist Party (PCR): This Maoist party was founded in 1968 as a split from the Communist Party of Argentina. The PCR associates with the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (Maoist), Sao Paulo Forum, and International Communist Seminar.
46) Revolutionary Liberation Party (PRL): This Maoist party split from the Liberation Party and associates with the International Communist Seminar.
47) Revolutionary Nationalist Party (PNR): This party is left nationalist in orientation.
Revolutionary Patriotic Movement-Quebracho (MPR-Q) Quebracho: Founded in 1992 this party is radical left in orientation.
48) Revolutionary Socialism (SR): This Trotskyist party was founded in 2004 as a split from the Workers’ Party for Socialism.
49) Revolutionary Socialist League ( LSR): This Trotskyist party split from Movement towards Socialism in 1996.
50) Revolutionary Workers’ Party-Posadist (POR-P): Founded in 1946 this Trotskyist party operates under the leadership of Joel Horacio and associates with the Trotskyist Posadist 4th International and SP.
51) Revolutionary Workers’ Party (PRT): Founded in 1965 this party is radical left in orientation and formerly associated with the United Secretariat of the Fourth International.
52) Self-determination and Freedom (AL): Founded in 2001 this party is radical left in orientation.
53) Socialist Pole (PS): Founded in 1999 this party is left socialist in orientation.
54) Socialist Convergence (CS): Founded in 2000 this Trotskyist party formerly associated with the International Workers’ League (Fourth International).
55) Socialist Militants (MS): This party is Trotskyist in orientation.
56) Socialist Orientation (OS): Founded in 1971 this party is Maoist in orientation and associates with the United Left.
57) Socialist Identity (IS): Founded in 1997 this party is left socialist in orientation.
58) Socialist Picket Bloc (BPS): Founded in 2001 this party split from the Authentic Socialist Party.
59) Socialist Revolution Party-Workers’ Cause (PRS-CO): This Trotskyist party was founded in 1994 as a split from Movement towards Socialism. The PRS-CO associates with the International Socialist League and formerly with the International Center of Orthodox Trotskyism-Fourth International.
60) Socialist Revolution Party-Workers’ Word (PRS-PO): This Trotskyist party was founded in 2002 as a split from the Socialist Revolution Party-Workers’ Cause. The PRS-PO associates with the International Center of Orthodox Trotskyism-Fourth International.
61) Socialist Revolutionary Workers’ Group (GTRS): Founded in 1993 this Trotskyist party split from Movement towards Socialism.
62) Socialist Workers’ Front (FOS): This Trotskyist party associates with the International Workers’ League (Fourth International).
63) Socialist Workers’ Movement (MST): Founded in 1992 this Trotskyist party split from Movement towards 64) Socialism and associates with both the International Workers’ Unity (Fourth International) and United Left.
65) Socialist Workers’ Union (UST): Founded in 1998 this Trotskyist party split from the Socialist Revolution Party-Workers’ Cause.
66) The Militant: This Trotskyist party associates with the International Marxist Tendency.
67) Union of Militants for Socialism (UMS): Founded in 1994 this communist party associates with the Sao Paulo Forum.
68) United Left (IU): This radical left alliance joins the Communist Party of Argentina, Movement towards Socialism (Trotskyist), Socialist Orientation (Maoist), and Socialist Pole (left socialist) under one political roof.
69) Uturuncos: This party is radical left in orientation.
70) Workers’ Party (PO): This Trotskyist party was founded in 1964 as Political Worker and associates with the Coordinating Committee for the Refoundation of the Fourth International.
71) Workers’ Party for Socialism (PTS): Founded in 1988 this Trotskyist party is a split from Movement towards Socialism and associates with the Trotskyist Faction-International Strategy.
72) Workers, Peasants, Students, and Popular Movement (MOCEP): This party is radical left in orientation.

Communist Bloc memberships: United Nations, Latin American Parliament, Union of South American Nations (merger of Andean Community of Nations and Southern Common Market; to be implemented by December 2007)
Socialist International presence: Socialist Party, Radical Civic Union
Sao Paulo Forum presence: Communist Party of Argentina

Moscow-Beijing-Havana-Caracas Axis political/economic/military presence: Although not a member of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, Argentina’s neo-Peronist regime is closely allied with Cuba and Venezuela through various economic partnerships, such as the anti-IMF/World Bank Bank of the South, and a common commitment to opposing US influence, under the rhetoric of “imperialism” and “neoliberalism,” in Latin America.

Argentina has a close relationship with Russia. In 2004 Pravda reported that during negotiations with Argentine Minister for Foreign Relations, International Trade and Worship Rafael Antonio Bielsa, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov offered the following comments: “Our negotiations began on a good background. The Russian-Argentine business forum was successfully held yesterday. We boast excellent political contacts. This is our second meeting in the last six months. Russia considers Argentina a key partner in Latin America. We hope for a productive and constructive dialogue.” In 2005 state-run Novosti reported that Argentina supported Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization. In August 2006, only two weeks after Venezuela’s neo-communist regime purchased 24 Russian Su-30 fighter jets and 53 helicopters, Argentina’s Ministry of Defense announced that it was also considering the purchase of Russian military helicopters and armor-plated patrol boats.

Argentina has a close relationship with China. Following a two-week tour of Latin America in November 2004, Chinese President Hu Jintao (pictured above with Kirchner) announced that the People’s Republic of China intended to invest nearly US$20 billion in Argentina over the following decade.

>Middle East File: Abbas dissolves unity government, declares state of emergency, rule by decree; Hamas PM: Abbas’ decisions "hasty"

>What is happening now is not only the collapse of the Palestinian national unity government but actually the collapse of the whole Palestinian Authority.
— Mustafa Barghouti, Palestinian Information Minister

And so the short-lived Palestinian state degenerates into chaos, the ideal condition for Soviet-orchestrated subversion. In other words, this looks like a job for the United Nations. Indeed, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov concurs with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon who, in response to the collapse of Palestinian National Authority government in Gaza, promptly suggested sending peacekeeping troops to the Strip. Meanwhile, PNA President Mahmoud Abbas has dismissed Prime Minister Ismail Haniya, who represents Hamas, and appointed Salam Fayyad, a former finance minister, in his stead. Pictured above: Hamas terrorists celebrate their victory atop the PNA Preventive Security Service HQ in Gaza.

Abbas sacks Hamas-led government

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has dismissed the Hamas-led coalition government and declared a state of emergency.

Aides said the president would seek to call elections as soon as possible, after deadly clashes between his Fatah faction and Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

PM Ismail Haniya, of Hamas, said that Mr Abbas’ decision was hasty and vowed to continue working for unity.

Hamas says it is in total control of Gaza, taking the presidential compound.

More than 100 people have died on the streets of Gaza during a week of factional battles between Fatah and Hamas.

Aid suspended

After dismissing the government, Mr Abbas will now rule by presidential decree until the conditions are right for elections, a senior aide announced.

US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice gave her backing to Mr Abbas, saying he had exercised his “lawful authority”.

“We fully support him in his decisions to try to end this crisis for the Palestinian people and to give them an opportunity to return to peace and a better future,” she said.

The crisis has now prompted the European Commission to suspend humanitarian aid to the Gaza Strip.

The BBC’s Matthew Price in Jerusalem says the West Bank and Gaza Strip will now effectively be split from one another – Gaza run by Hamas and the West Bank by Fatah.

But Mr Haniya said Mr Abbas had taken “premature decisions that betray all agreements reached”.

He rejected the notion of a separate Gaza state, saying: “The Gaza Strip is an indivisible part of the homeland and its residents are an integral part of the Palestinian people.”

Mr Haniya said he would maintain the national unity administration agreed with Fatah three months ago and would impose law and order decisively and legally.

‘Outlaws’

Hamas fighters overran most of Gaza on Thursday, capturing the headquarters of Fatah’s Preventative Security force and hailing Gaza’s “liberation”.

After nightfall militants entered Mr Abbas’ presidential compound, which had been left undefended when Fatah men slipped away earlier.

Palestinian Information Minister Mustafa Barghouti said Hamas was in total control of Gaza.

“What is happening now is not only the collapse of the Palestinian national unity government but actually the collapse of the whole Palestinian Authority,” he told the BBC.

Mr Abbas said he had issued his decree because of the “criminal war in the Gaza Strip” and the “armed rebellion by outlaws”.

Hamas won a surprise victory in Palestinian elections in early 2006 but has since been engaged in a violent power struggle with Fatah.

Hamas, an Islamic organisation, rose to prominence in Gaza during two Palestinian uprisings and refuses to recognise or negotiate with Israel.

Fatah, a secular political grouping headed by Mr Abbas, ran the Palestinian Authority until 2006 and officially recognises the Jewish state.

Source: BBC News

>Breaking News: Hamas advances coup against Fatah, seizes PA’s Gaza HQ, vows to convert "Strip" into Islamic enclave; Abbas heads for Moscow

>In the latest fallout related to the controversial January 2006 Palestinian election, the two Moscow-Tehran-backed rival terrorist orgs, Fatah and Hamas, are now engaged in a military struggle for the Gaza Strip. The internecine warfare re-erupted after December 15, 2006 when PNA President, Fatah leader, and Putin toady Mahmoud Abbas called an early election, much to the displeasure of Hamas. On June 14 Abbas, who was then in the West Bank town of Ramallah, ordered the presidential guard to repel the Hamas militants besieging his Gaza City compound. On the same day Fatah leaders in Ramallah televised orders to its followers not to capitulate to Hamas. “The Hamas movement presented a series of demands for a ceasefire, which are in fact a political translation of what they are carrying out in Gaza–an attempt to achieve goals through violence, and this is unacceptable,” stated Nabli Amro, aide to President Abbas at a news conference.

Notwithstanding these efforts to fortify Fatah’s control over the PNA, Israeli media is reporting that Hamas has in fact seized control of the Palestinian state’s Preventive Security Service headquarters in Gaza, the symbol of Fatah’s power: “Hamas operatives have entirely taken over the Hamas [journalist’s error; probably means PNA] Preventive Security Service headquarters in the Gaza Strip. The armed men took over the vehicles and weapons in the complex, which is the most significant symbol of the Palestinian Authority in the Strip. Hamas members in the complex can be heard shouting ‘Allah Akbar’; they are praying on site and have placed a Hamas flag on the rooftop.” Israeli media is also reporting that Hamas operatives have seized intelligence documents in the PNA building that allegedly reveal a classified correspondence with Israeli forces.

No doubt fearing for his political future, Abbas plans to visit Moscow between June 19 and 21. There he will confer with his master Comrade Czar Vladimir Putin and together they, along with the genocidal Islamic regime in Tehran, will determine how they can best destroy Israel. Abbas last visited Russia in May 2006 (pictured above), when the neo-Soviet Russian dictator handed the Palestinian leader US$10 million to prop up the Islamo-Marxist regime in Ramallah. Upon receiving an official invitation from the Kremlin, Hamas also sent a delegation to Russia in 2006.

>Latin America/USSR2 Files: Chavez to visit Russia on June 29, second trip in less than one year; will finalize submarine deal, address Duma

>On June 8 we blogged that the Duma faction of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation had extended an invitation to Venezuela’s neo-communist dictator to visit Moscow and bring Russian legislators up to speed on the socialization of this unfortunate South American country. President Hugo Chavez has apparently accepted the comradely invitation and, while visiting the world’s center for communist revolution, will meet Comrade Czar Vladimir Putin to finalize a deal in which Venezuela will purchase nine diesel-powered Russian submarines. The paranoid Chavez, according to the article below, apparently fears a US naval blockade of his socialist paradise. While this purchase is the equivalent to flipping the middle finger at the Bush Administration, does Hugo remember the Kursk? Pictured above: Strategic buds, Comrades Hugo and Vlad.

Venezuela’s Chavez to finalise Russian submarines deal: report
Thursday, June 14, 2007 04:00 PM

MOSCOW (AFP) – Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is expected to finalise a deal on buying up to nine Russian submarines during a visit here later this month, a Russian newspaper reported on Thursday.

Caracas has already ordered five 636-type diesel submarines and four of a new model of diesel submarine, the 677E Amur, the Kommersant broadsheet said, quoting unnamed sources in the ship-building and arms export sectors.

Chavez may have to settle for the older 636 submarines for the time being as the new 677E Amur has not yet been presented to Russia’s own navy, a source at the arms export agency Rosoboronexport said.

“To start off with they were insisting on only the Amurs but were then persuaded to take the 636 vessels,” the source told Kommersant.

The paper said Chavez planned to visit Russia on June 29, less than a year after a visit last July, the paper said.


If it goes ahead, the deal is likely to become a “new irritant in relations between Moscow and Washington,” the paper commented.


Venezuela has become a major buyer of Russian arms in recent years, angering the United States, which worries about Chavez’s anti-American tone.


Since 2005 Caracas has spent 3.4 billion dollars (2.6 billion euros) on arms from Russia, including 24 fighter planes, 35 military helicopters, air defence systems and 100,000 kalashnikov rifles, the paper said.

Venezuela wants the submarines in order to overcome a possible US naval blockade, the paper said.

The deal “could become a new irritant in relations between Moscow and Washington,” Kommersant said.

Between 2004 and 2006 Russia supplied eight of the 636 submarines to China and is now building two such submarines for Algeria, Kommersant added.

Source: Philippine Star

>Latin America File: Neo-Sandinista World Tour 2007: Ortega cancels Italy stop-over, "summoned" by Castro to attend Havana summit with Chavez

>Following fraternal visits with the anti-Western leaders of Algeria, Libya, and Iran–Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Muammar al-Gaddafi (“Duck”), and Mahmoud (“Iwannajihad”) Ahmadinejad–Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega cancelled his scheduled trip to neo-communist Italy in order to scurry to Havana and confer with his regional master Fidel Castro and the Cuban Tyrant’s main “mini me,” Venezuelan Tyrant-in-Training Hugo Chavez. The official organ of the Sandinista National Liberation Front reports that both Ortega and Chavez were “summoned” to Cuba for an apparently impromptu summit of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas. Prior to his undertaking the Middle Eastern leg of his world tour, Comrade Dan dutifully trouped to Caracas where he huddled with Comrade Hugo. The article below also observes that the Venezuelan dictator arrived in Havana exclaiming “Viva Cuba! Viva Fidel!” Chavez was also apparently wearing a green shirt, departing from his usual practice of sporting a red shirt, with which he normally and boldly declares his ideological affinity.

Pictured above: Be-veiled Iranian rent-a-mob in Tehran gives the visiting Ortega the red carpet treatment. Note the poster featuring the faces of Chavez, Ahmadinejad, Castro, Ortega, and Evo Morales, the Bolivian president who also recently completed a pilgrimage to Havana. The slogan reads: “Alliance for Justice.”

Translation below courtesy of Babelfish with some refinements from your resident blogger.

Summit in Havana between Daniel, Fidel and Chávez
The president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, unexpectedly arrived Tuesday in Cuba, guest of the last hour by the Comandante and Head of the Cuban State, Fidel Castro, who also invited Hugo Chávez, president of Venezuela

By: Multinoticias
12 June 2007 20:33:11


Ortega cancelled an anticipated visit to Italy to attend the invitation extended by the Cuban leader.

From Tehran, where Ortega was received Sunday by the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the Nicaraguan president left for his last destination, Cuba, without stopping in Italy, stated the [Nicaraguan?] embassy.

Upon his arrival to Havana and disembarking from his aircraft, Chavez, dressed in a green shirt, embraced [Cuban] Vice-President Carlos Lage, Chancellor Felipe Perez Roque and the island’s ambassador to Caracas, German Sanchez Knoll. “Viva Cuba. Viva Fidel,” Chávez shouted to the cameras of the state television before entering an automobile.

An official note, read by a television reporter, indicated that [Venezuela’s] chief executive was summoned for a series of “working” meetings by President Castro.

“This new visit of President Chávez registers within the framework of the excellent relations of brotherhood that exists between Cuba and Venezuela. During Chávez’s stay he will hold meetings with the Commander-in-Chief and the second secretary of our party, Comrade Raul Castro, among other activities,” an official notice stated.

Last week, President Fidel Castro offered a televised one-hour interview, the first since his 10 months of convalescence, and two days later received Bolivian President Evo Morales. Neither in the case of Morales nor Chávez were details of the visit’s agenda offered in advance.

Chávez and Fidel lead the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA), an agreement of regional integration to which Bolivia and Nicaragua were added, while other countries of the region also obtain support and cooperation in fields ranging from petroleum to the shipment of doctors or teachers.

Source: La Voz del Sandinismo

>Blogger’s Note: Red World 2007 Map Updated

>Our Red World 2007 map has been updated in this blogsite’s right column. Some noteworthy revisions:

1) Past communist regimes in Africa have a new color, orange

2) Communist insurgencies in Peru, Nigeria, and Swaziland are now indicated in purple

3) Since the Greek Civil War, in which communists attempted to seize power, leftists in that country have continued to engage in low-level warfare against the government; hence Greece is also indicated in purple

3) Northern Ireland is now indicated in red since Sinn Fein/Irish Republican Army has been admitted into that province’s new government

4) Countries like France and Poland that have ostensibly right-wing governments are still indicated as being socialistic (dark pink) or communistic (red) due to strong socialist influences or hidden communist masters

5) In spite of its free-market economy, we now include Chile within Latin America’s Red Axis due to its Socialist-led government, which enjoys extraparliamentary support from the Communist Party; both parties belong to the narco-terrorist Sao Paulo Forum

It’s not a pretty picture. We will shortly be posting our Red World profiles for South America.

>USSR2 File: CPRF leader Zyuganov reaffirms candidacy for 2008 presidential election, relationship to Shenin’s candidacy unclear; Other Russia rallies

>The website of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) reports that party chairman Gennady Zyuganov will advance his candidacy for the presidential election in March 2008. Zyuganov is still relatively fresh from his April working trip to Mexico, Cuba, and Venezuela, where he huddled with representatives of the pro-Obrador Party of Labor, the ruling Communist Party of Cuba including Fidel Castro, and the pro-Chavez Communist Party of Venezuela. Refusing to run against Comrade Czar Vladimir Putin in 2004, Comrade Gennady nevertheless announced his intention in 2005 to seek the office again.

This is an intriguing development because Zyuganov’s colleague, Oleg Shenin, chairman of the restored/continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of which the CPRF is the Russian section, announced his intention to run in August 2006, on the 15th anniversary of the 1991 “anti”-Gorbachev coup that he masterminded. In 1990, at least one year before the communists dismantled the Soviet Union, Shenin and Zyuganov were both responsible for founding the predecessor of the CPRF, the Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic. Until that time the “old” CPSU boasted no distinct Russian section. During the 1990s Zyuganov steered the CPRF, while Shenin assumed leadership of the continuing CPSU, otherwise known as the Union of Communist Parties-CPSU, of which the CPRF was then merely the Russian section.

Gennady Zyuganov proposes his candidacy for President of Russia
11.06.2007

In Cherkesske there took place a meeting of party activists of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation of the southern federal region. Present were the leaders of 12 regional party cells of Communists, members of the leading central organs of the party.

The first secretaries of the Volgograd and Rostov regional committees of the party, Alevtina Aparinoy and Nikolai Kolomeytsev, took the initiative to lead discussions about the advancement of G. A. Zyuganov as presidential candidate of Russia during the forthcoming March elections.

Oleg Kulikov, a deputy of the State Duma and secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, reported recently on the telephone that more than 700 Communists unanimously accepted the proposal that, during the forthcoming congress of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Gennady Zyuganov’s candidacy would be advanced.

Gennady Zyuganov himself commented on the measure. He described the party’s strategy during the forthcoming parliamentary and presidential elections

Source: CPRF Website

In seeking to oust the “Washington-backed neo-fascist” regime of President Putin, Russian communists have championed unity on the left, but there are currently several communists and at least one “ex”-communist seeking the office of Russian Federation President. Nevertheless, both Zyuganov and Shenin have publicized their intention to restore the Soviet Union and re-direct Russia onto the “socialist path of development.”

To date the following individuals have formally declared their presidential candidacy:

1) Gennady Zyuganov, leader of the CPRF, former member of the “old” CPSU, Stalinist

2) Oleg Shenin, former member of “old” CPSU Central Committee, leader of the restored/continuing CPSU, Stalinist, August 1991 coup mastermind

3) Gennady Seleznyov, former Speaker of the State Duma and former member of the “old” CPSU and CPRF

4) Vladimir Zhirinovsky, alleged KGB/FSB agent and ultranationalist Deputy Speaker of the State Duma

5) Mikhail Kasyanov, former prime minister under Putin and current leader of the Democratic People’s Union, which is part of the Other Russia coalition

6) Viktor Gerashchenko, former head of the Soviet Central Bank and Russian Central Bank, former deputy of the ultranationalist Rodina party, which merged into the pro-Putin Just Russia party in 2006

7) Alexander Donskoi, mayor of Arkhangelsk

President Putin, who is prevented by the Russian Constitution from seeking a third consecutive term, is expected to support one of his current Deputy Prime Ministers, Defense Minister and FSB colonel-general in reserve Sergei Ivanov or Gazprom co-director Dmitry Medvedev.

Meanwhile, according to the Other Russia website, on June 11 police prevented coalition organizers from beginning their officially unsanctioned March of Dissent through the streets of Moscow. Notwithstanding this fact, 2,000 protestors showed up. The restored CPSU youth section, Red Youth Vanguard (AKM), is part of this coalition. AKM leader and Shenin subordinate Sergei Udaltsov was briefly detained by police who, apparently sympathizing with the protestors, permitted the young Stalinist to join the rally. Other Russia reports:

Nearly 2000 people came out to the Other Russia rally in Pushkin Square in Moscow today. They listened to human rights and political leaders from across the broad ideological spectrum of the Other Russia pro-democracy coalition. They included Alexei Navalny of Yabloko, Garry Kasparov of the United Civil Front, Eduard Limonov of the now-banned National Bolsheviks, and Sergei Udaltsov of the Vanguard of Red Youth. En route to the rally Udaltsov was picked up by police in the subway and taken to the police station. At the rally he said that “the Other Russia won today because in the police station the officials said they supported us and released me!” (Perhaps this is the reason the regime is careful to bring in thousands of more hardened troops from the regions.)

Udaltsov’s comments are revealing since the law enforcement “officials” who privately expressed support for Other Russia are ultimately accountable to the Kremlin, which has made a big production about “suppressing” previous Marches of Dissent. In other words, the Putinist-Chekist-Surkovist-Gryzlovist regime is painting itself as Russia’s “oppressor” in coordination with the CPSU, which has erected every potemkin administration since the “collapse” of communism. Note the AKM banners, sporting an AK-47 assault rifle logo, in the picture above.

>Latin America File: Ecuadorian Pres. Correa threatens to shut down opposition news outlets, lauds Chavez’s RCTV decision

> The dictatorial character and intentions of Ecuador’s neo-communist president and Fidel Castro’s “mini mini me” Rafael Correa have become more and more manifest since his inauguration in January. Comrade Rafael’s threat to shut down opposition news agencies is the latest manifestation of the red tide drowning Latin Americans. Revolutionary colleague Hugo Chavez has identified any and all attempts to support his domestic opposition as a “Washington-backed plot” to overthrow his regime. The communist paranoia behind the overheated rhetoric emanating from Quito, Caracas, and Havana is almost as dangerous as the communist agenda itself.


Correa Backs Up Chavez Non-Renewal of TV License

Havana, Jun 11 (acn) President Rafael Correa stressed Sunday that he would cancel any TV station in his country that were to conspire against his government just as President Hugo Chavez’ did not renew the broadcast license of RCTV in Venezuela.

“I can tell you very clearly, if it was proved that a television channel supported a coup like it was proven RCTV did, I would cancel the channel,” Correa told Hoy newspaper, as reported by PL news agency. He said that Chavez did not even do that, but rather “waited to not renew their contract.”

“I’m sorry, but I will never support conspirators,” stressed Correa.

The Ecuadorian government is facing fierce opposition from a sector of the private media that Correa calls “mediocre, corrupt and deceitful.” Just as in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua are also countries where governments promoting changes to benefit the majority of their populations face stiff opposition from media in the hands of the oligarchies.

Meanwhile from Caracas, President Hugo Chavez alerted that the protests against the no-renewal of the broadcast license of RCTV are part of a new opposition plan supported by the US government to destabilize the country. Chavez said that once again the massive support for the political process taking place in Venezuela would make the plot fail.

Source: Cuban News Agency

>USSR2 File: 2,000 riot police deployed in Moscow to control Other Russia rally, Kremlin obstructed Samara march; coalition infiltrated by communists

>With the latest deployment of riot police to control the communist-infiltrated Other Russia coalition, CPSU frontman Comrade Czar Vladimir Putin continues to play the role of Kremlin “heavy” and “Western-backed, neo-fascist” dictator. Other Russia intends to march again tomorrow. The alliance unites the Russian hard left and “liberals” formerly connected to the Putinist-Chekist-Surkovist-Gryzlovist regime. The communist component includes Red Youth Vanguard, the youth section of the restored/continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union; Russian Communist Workers’ Party, for which CPSU chairman and August 1991 coup mastermind Oleg Shenin has expressed admiration; and Eduard Limonov, communist agent provocateur and previously jailed National Bolshevik leader. The “liberal” component includes chess champion Garry Kasparov’s United Civil Front and Mikhail Kasyanov’s Democratic People’s Union. Kasyanov was formerly prime minister under Putin.

The last attempt to hold a March of Dissent, the street-level manifestation of Other Russia’s “protest” against Putinism, occured on May 17 in Samara, the venue for the European Union-Russia summit. Although officially sanctioned, the march fizzled out when authorities detained protest leaders Kasparov and Limonov in Moscow. Radio Free Europe reports that Russian police have no compunction about raiding the offices of private news publishers: “Law-enforcement officials seized computers at the Samara office of the liberal weekly ‘Novaya gazeta’ last week. Police reportedly said they were searching for pirated software.”

Pictured above: The goon squads of the Special Purpose Detachment of the Militia, operated by the Russian Federation Ministry of the Interior and before that by the Soviet Ministry of the Interior. The OMON motto, comfortingly, is “We know no mercy and do not ask for any.”

Opposition hoping for violence-free rally despite police buildup
16:25 11/ 06/ 2007

MOSCOW, June 11 (RIA Novosti) – Some 2,000 riot police have been deployed in central Moscow for a fresh opposition rally expected to bring together about the same number of activists, but the organizers, optimistic after a recent violence-free rally in St. Petersburg, hope Monday’s action proceeds as peacefully.

The rally organized by the Different Russia movement in St. Petersburg Saturday was its first without police violence since the launch last December of a series of Dissenters’ Marches, intended to protest authorities’ alleged attempts to stifle democracy.

The demonstration in Russia’s second city was held against the backdrop of a high-profile international business forum, and some analysts explain the unusual police restraint by authorities’ unwillingness to tarnish the country’s image with foreign investors.

The Kremlin drew harsh criticism from the West last month when police dispersed a similar rally in the Volga city of Samara during a Russia-EU summit there. Former chess champion Garry Kasparov and other Different Russia leaders were then detained in a Moscow airport to keep them from attending.

Source: Novosti

Personal note: We recently learned from a friend of the family who is planning to spend some time in Russia in the near future that an acquaintance of that friend currently living in Russia has visited our blog and apparently does not believe Russia is moving back to communism. We have never stated anywhere that Russia is moving back to communism. Russia never left communism. The state ideology of that country merely morphed into a “kinder, gentler” version of Stalinism. I suspect, however, that this person has a street-level view of the political situation in that country and fails to appreciate the Golitsynian thesis. There are no doubt many freedom-loving Russians. I would urge them to emigrate to the West while they can. Apart from armed counter-revolution, which is highly unlikely, they will not dislodge the KGB-communist clique ruling Russia today.

>Latin America File: Neo-Sandinista World Tour 2007: Ortega arrives in Tehran to build anti-USA alliance with Pres. Ahmadinejad and Ayatollah Khamenei

>Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega’s current trip to Tehran reciprocates Iranian President Mahmoud (“Iwannajihad”) Ahmadinejad’s trip to Managua on January 15, only several days after Ortega re-assumed the presidency. At the time Ahmadinejad also visited the Boliviaran/Socialist Republic of Venezuela and Ecuador, where he attended the inaugural ceremony of neo-communist President-Elect Rafael Correa. Comandante Ortega’s presence in Iran serves to consolidate the Managua-Tehran Axis, a component of the more powerful Moscow-Beijing Axis. The Nicaraguan president and “past” communist revolutionary attended the “Worldwide Resistance Front” conference at the University of Tehran, which seeks to establish a “united front of resistance” against US “imperialism.” Pictured here: Ortega confers with Ahmadinejad and Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the two most dangerous men in the Middle East. Below: Comrade Dan and wife, former guerrilla girl Rosario Murillo in hijab, attend anti-USA conference at the University of Tehran.

Supreme Leader: Unfair trend of int’l ties heading towards destruction
Tehran, June 11, IRNA

The unfair trend of international ties is heading towards destruction and a completely different future, the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Sunday.

Speaking in a meeting with the visiting President of Nicaragua Daniel Ortega, the leader said “Maintaining their unity and resistance against US policies, the world independent countries and nations will strengthen a front which supports a justice-based trend of international ties.” Referring to signs of the collapse of the unfair international relations, the Supreme Leader said “The US which was once seeking to become the world’s single superpower after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, has failed and currently become the most despised government in the world.

“The US President, George Bush, faces massive protest rallies when he pays visits to any country in Asia, Africa, Latin America and in the Middle East.

“Even in Europe, he (Bush) is currently facing public anger and protests. This is an unprecedented event in the world,” Ayatollah Khamenei stressed.

The Leader referred to the rise of anti-US governments worldwide like the Islamic Republic of Iran as another sign of the collapse of unfair trend of the international relations.

“Anti-US governments are increasingly coming to power worldwide,” said the Leader stressing that in any elections held in the Islamic world, only those who have more anti-US records would be the winners.

Stressing that the only way to reach the summit of progress is to tolerate pressures and difficulties, the Supreme Leader said “Cooperation among independent states is a must” to this end.

As for Iran-Nicaragua relations, the Leader said the two capitals enjoy “reasonable ties which benefit both sides and should be further promoted.” The Nicaraguan president who arrived here on Sunday on a two-day official visit, said the world Imperialism has currently got closer to its destruction more than ever.

President Ortega also stressed the need for further cooperation and closer relations among anti-US governments, including Iran and Nicaragua, to further strengthen the anti-Imperialism front.

Source: Islamic Republic News Agency

>Latin America File: Neo-Sandinista World Tour 2007: Ortega visits Algeria, Libya, Iran; to speak at Tehran’s anti-USA "Worldwide Resistance Front"

>On his current world tour, with a little help from “Libyan Airlines,” Comandante Ortega is renewing old friendships, first established in the 1980s, throughout the communist-dominated “Non-Aligned” Movement, a component of the Moscow-Beijing Axis. Thus far, Comrade Dan’s stops have included Caracas, Algiers, Tripoli, and Tehran. The second and third capitals are quietly anti-USA, while the first and last are stridently so. Tomorrow Ortega is scheduled to speak at the University of Tehran, where the “Worldwide Resistance Front” conference seeks to establish a “united front of resistance” against US “imperialism.”

Pictured here and below: Ortega with long-time Libyan dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi (“Duck”), with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, and with Venezuelan dictator Hugo Chavez. Translation below courtesy Babelfish with some refinements by your resident blogger.

President Daniel will speak Saturday in University of Tehran
The President of Nicaragua and leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, Daniel Ortega, travels for the first time to Iran by invitation of his Iranian colleague, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and will speak Saturday in the University of Tehran during the second act of the program “Worldwide Resistance Front” (FRM)

By: IRNA
07 June 2007 20:43:30

Public relations of the FRM has announced that this program, which is made in collaboration with the people of Latin America, Doctor Hasan Rahimpur Azghadi will speak on “worldwide brotherhood and justice” and will make an evaluation in his speech of the different dimensions of this question.

After 16 years Ortega has managed to defeat his adversaries, who favor the USA, at the ballot box. He travels for the first time to Iran after the victory in this country of the Islamic revolution in 1979, which was in harmony with the revolution of the Sandinista Front in Nicaragua, of which he will speak in his address at the University of Tehran.

Ortega will be returning the visit that the Iranian president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, made earlier this year to Nicaragua.

Ortega assumed the presidency for the second time on January 10 after 16 years in opposition, and signed agreements of cooperation with Ahmadinejad days later in Managua.

Others acts in the program this Saturday will include the display of pieces of art related to the formation of a united front of resistance to make real justice and to fight against the tyranny and the imperialism of the USA.

Attending the program will be special guests, including the ambassadors and civil employees of the legations of the outstanding countries of Latin America in Tehran.

Nicaragua is a prominent country of Central America and it has always been the target of the political and propagandistic aggressiveness of the Government of the USA. The revolutionaries of this country, known as the Sandinistas, were expelled from the political scene in 1990 after 11 years of government. This was due to the pressures of the USA and to the war declared by the Contras, which were also supported by Washington. Now they have returned to enter the political scene by the hand of the people at the ballot boxes.

Source: La Voz del Sandinismo

>Communist Bloc Military Updates: Chavez hails strategic allies Russia, China; lauds Putin’s support during 2002 coup; demands militarization of ALBA

>We’ve found in Russia a real strategic ally like in China and many other countries too. I remember the efforts by Vladimir before the coup of 2002 because they [the Russians] knew many things. He tried to prevent it but it was inevitable — the empire [USA] had already decided to overthrow the (Chavez) government.
— Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, commenting on Russian President Vladimir Putin’s support for his regime during 2002 coup; June 6, 2007

Two days ago we posted an exclusive interview with John Stormer, author of the classic best-selling expose of communism None Dare Call It Treason (1964). In the updated version of the book (published in 1990) Stormer considers the writings of KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn, who predicted with great accuracy that the Soviet Union and its allies in the Communist Bloc were pursuing a long-range strategy of deception, subversion, convergence, and war against the USA and its allies. That strategy entailed the bogus “collapse” of communism in Eastern Europe, the formation of an open Moscow-Beijing Axis referred to as “one clenched fist,” the stealthy establishment of new socialist states in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and the neutralization of European institutions such as NATO and the European Union (Mikhail Gorbachev’s “new European Soviet”). All points of this strategy have been accomplished with little notice in the West. The USA and its (few remaining) allies are not prepared, militarily or spiritually, to confront a resurgent, war-ready Communist Bloc.

Chavez hails ‘strategic’ alliance with Russia, China
The Associated Press
Wednesday, June 6, 2007

CARACAS, Venezuela: Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez on Wednesday hailed what he called a “strategic” alliance with Vladimir Putin, saying the Russian president tried to prevent a 2002 coup that briefly ousted him.

“We’ve found in Russia a real strategic ally like in China and many other countries too,” Chavez said, adding he would try to make room in his agenda to accept an invitation from Putin to visit Moscow.

Chavez, who accuses the U.S. government of backing the 2002 coup against him, said Putin had tried to help him at the time.

“I remember the efforts by Vladimir before the coup of 2002 because they knew many things,” Chavez said. “He tried to prevent it but it was inevitable — the empire had already decided to overthrow the (Chavez) government.”

Chavez’s government has fostered closer ties with Moscow particularly through military deals worth an estimated US$3 billion (€2.2 billion). Venezuela is buying Kalashnikov rifles, Sukhoi fighter jets, M-17 helicopters and other arms from Russia.

Chavez also weighed in on a dispute between Washington and Russia over U.S. plans for an anti-missile defense shield in Europe that would include the Czech Republic and Poland, and praised Putin for strongly opposing it.

“In Russia there is a leader of courage speaking clearly for the good of humanity,” Chavez said, calling the shield an “irrational” idea that revealed the “hegemonic intentions” of the U.S.

Washington says the shield will help block potential attacks from “rogue” nations such as North Korea and Iran, but Russia is concerned it will destabilize the balance of power in Europe.

Source: International Herald Tribune

Not content that the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, the darling of peaceniks and assorted leftist rabblerousers everywhere, should remain a socialist economic-cultural bloc, Comrade Hugo intends to transform Latin America’s Red Axis into an anti-USA military alliance too. ALBA, it should be remembered, is simply an extension of the Moscow-Beijing Axis in the Western Hemisphere and, hence, is following the same pattern as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The SCO began as an economic-cultural bloc, but has since been militarized, notwithstanding the Kremlin’s attempt to portray the SCO as a harmless “police” agency that combats drug and arms trafficking, and terrorism. Pictured above are the leaders of ALBA at the organization’s Fifth Summit in Barquisimeto, Venezuela, April 2007: Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, Communist Party of Cuba Politburo member Carlos Lage, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, and Bolivian President Evo Morales. Pictured too is Haitian President Rene Preval. Haiti is not currently a member of ALBA but, like Argentina, is closely allied with the Havana-Caracas-Managua-Sucre/La Paz Axis.

Chavez Calls for Leftist Defense Bloc in Latin America
Thursday, June 07, 2007

CARACAS, Venezuela President Hugo Chavez called for the creation of a common defense pact between Venezuela, Cuba, Nicaragua and Bolivia, while the leftist Latin American bloc announced the creation of a development bank to finance joint projects.

Chavez said Wednesday that the four-nation Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, or ALBA, which began as a socialist-leaning trade group, should cooperate militarily to become more independent of U.S. influence.

“It seems to be the moment to establish a joint defense strategy,” Chavez said. He called for joint military aid as well as intelligence and counterintelligence cooperation “to prepare our people for defense so that nobody makes any mistake with us.”

Chavez denounced countries in the region that collaborate with the United States on defense and security through the Washington-based Inter-American Defense Board.

He said closer defense cooperation was necessary because of “the terrorism and permanent aggression of the United States.”

The countries also signed an agreement to establish an ALBA development bank to finance joint projects. The bank will be active within two months, the Venezuelan government said. It did not give details on the new bank’s funding.

Chavez ran through other accords being evaluated by the bloc in areas including tourism, mining, the environment, technology and energy. He also said that a permanent ALBA secretariat would soon be established.

ALBA began as an agreement between Chavez and his Cuban mentor, Fidel Castro, calling for cooperation based on socialist principles. Bolivia and Nicaragua later joined, and Ecuador is considering membership.

Source: FoxNews.com

Russian Communist Legislators Invite Chavez to Address Duma, Persuade Russians to Vote Red

Latin America is turning Red.
— Gennady Zyuganov, Chair, Communist Party of the Russian Federation; quoted in Eurasia Daily Monitor, January 27, 2006

Meanwhile, the Russian Duma faction of the Communist Party is urging that body to invite the Venezuelan dictator to address Russian legislators, no doubt to impart a positive spin to the implementation of “21st-century socialism” in not only Latin America but also in Russia, where that country’s secret communist rulers always intended to restore a “kinder, gentler” version of the old Soviet Union. The proposed invitation follows on the heels of CPRF chairman Gennady Zyuganov’s tour of Mexico, Cuba, and Venzuela in April. During his final stop, in Caracas, Comrade Gennady conferred with leaders of the pro-Chavez Communist Party of Venezuela. Comrade Hugo last visited Moscow in July 2006. A pep talk from Chavez might persuade Russian citizen-slaves to turn against the “pro-Western neo-fascist” United Russia party and vote “communist” during the 2007-2008 political season.

Russian leftist MPs keen to invite Chavez to Moscow
17:2708/ 06/ 2007

MOSCOW, June 8 (RIA Novosti) – Russian Communist lawmakers suggested Friday that Venezuela’s left-wing president speak in Russia’s parliament about his ambitious reform program.

Konstantin Kosachev, head of the State Duma’s international relations committee, said the normal practice in parliament’s lower house had so far been to invite foreign parliamentary speakers, not heads of state, but that an exception could be made for Chavez, given his high popularity with Russian legislators.

Viktor Ilyukhin, of the State Duma Communist Party faction, said many Russian MPs would like to learn firsthand about the socialist reforms Hugo Chavez is carrying out in his country.
The committee has passed the proposal to the Venezuelan ambassador to Russia, Kosachev said.

In a drive to nationalize industries, Chavez decreed earlier this year that foreign companies hand over control of four multibillion-dollar oil projects in the Orinoco basin, and took over the telephone operator CANTV and other major utilities.

The recent closure of the RCTV channel May 27 sparked mass public protests in Venezuela, after Chavez refused to renew its license replacing it with a new state-owned channel, Tves, aimed at promoting socialist ideology. The move was widely seen as a crackdown on the freedom of speech in the media and condemned by many countries, including the U.S.

But Chavez still enjoys wide popular support, notably for spending much of the country’s oil revenue on food and medical subsidies.

Source: Novosti

The Kremlin’s total solidarity with Latin America’s Red Axis is evident in its support for the extradition from the USA of the International Left’s favorite whipping boy, anti-Castro activist Luis Posada Carriles. At the same time Russia refuses to extradite to the United Kingdom FSB defector Alexander Litvinenko’s alleged murderer Andrei Lugovoi.

Russian government exhorts the US administration to indict terrorist Posada Carriles
ABN 06/06/2007
Caracas, June 6th (ABN).


The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs exhorted to the United States to pay attention to the appeal recently made by the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) about the need of indicting terrorist Luis Posada Carriles.

Through a communiqué, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed that it would be positive for «the interest to consolidate the international terrorist cooperation» to take into account the opinion of the subregional bloc, the Venezuelan Ministry of Foreign Affairs published through a bulletin.

The Venezuelan Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nicolas Maduros, received a copy of the communiqué issued by the Russian Ministry.

Source: Bolivarian News Agency

>Exclusive Feature: Interview with John Stormer; author of "None Dare Call It Treason . . . 25 Years Later" visits White House on September 11, 2001

>Once Upon a Time in the West is pleased to publish the following exclusive interview with John Stormer, author of the classic, best-selling expose of communism None Dare Call It Treason (1964), its sequel, None Dare Call It Treason . . . 25 Years Later (1990), and several other works addressing various societal issues. Pastor Stormer brings more than 40 years of expertise to the subject of the international communist movement and the failure of the West, for the most part, to decisively expose and oppose the red scourge. This interview, which was conducted in May 2007, will be permanently accessible via a link at the top of this blogsite’s right column. A detailed biography of Pastor Stormer can be viewed at the website of his publishing firm, Liberty Bell Press.

PT: Pastor Stormer, who do you believe was responsible for planning and executing the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York City and Washington DC?

JS: I have no basis for “believing” anything about the 9/11 attacks other than what has been widely distributed—that it was coordinated by a Muslim terror group ultimately associated with Osama Ben Ladin. I am aware of all the speculations but unless I have some basis for accepting them I can’t go beyond the “official” explanations. Some of the questions raised about poor responses, failures to follow up on possible intelligence warnings, etc. were probably the result of usual government/military inefficiencies. Good questions have been raised by some but in such circumstances we have to avoid adding 1 plus 2 and getting 18.

PT: Do you believe that KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn was essentially correct in his warning, published in New Lies for Old (1984) and The Perestroika Deception (1995), that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union planned to deceive the West by temporarily abandoning its public monopoly of power and dismantling the Soviet Union?

JS: Golitsyn was essentially correct in his 1984 and 1995 charges concerning the plans to deceptively “dismantle” the old Soviet Union. In 1987-89 I wrote extensively in newsletter and None Dare Call It Treason—25 Years Later spelling out five reasons they would proceed to do so. This was based on Golitsyn’s first book, some intelligence info which circulated in foreign intelligence circles to which I had access and my own analysis of Gorbachev’s speeches, etc. I saw five goals for the deception. (1) Get desperately needed western aid for their failed economic system—it has worked! (2) entice the world to disarm—it’s worked! (3) calm some of the building pressures for real change in Russia [and] (4) they are masters of deceit. Good magicians wave a hand in the air to get attention while the other does the dirty work. Since communism “died” look at what has happened in South and Central America, Africa, Southeast Asia and China.

PT: Backgrounder: Oleg Shenin, August 1991 coup plotter and leader of the restored CPSU, will be running in Russia’s 2008 presidential election. Shenin and his colleague Gennady Zyuganov, leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (which constitutes the Russian section of the new CPSU) vow to restore the Soviet Union.

Question: Do you believe that the Soviet communists will be able to openly reassert themselves by the ballot box during Russia’s 2007-2008 political season, or is a coup d’etat against the (crypto-communist) United Russia party, which currently dominates the Russian political scene, possible?

JS: I tend to doubt that communists will be able to openly have a major impact on the coming elections. It may be that real communists know that they make more progress through Putin’s United Russia Party. In spite of all he is doing, he is basically popular—the economic progress they are enjoying will keep the people in line—and he and his associates are making more progress than could ever be accomplished were an open, old-fashioned communist regime to take power.

PT: Do you believe that the Bush Administration is adequately addressing the threat of Latin America’s new Red Axis (Cuba-Venezuela-Bolivia-Brazil-Ecuador-Nicaragua), including the emerging communist dictatorship of Hugo Chavez, with respect to US national security or is too much attention focused on the Middle East?

JS: I question whether we are giving enough attention to the Red advances in Latin America (and everywhere else). In my stuff in the late 1980s (including 25 YEARS LATER) I indicated that as we know, communists are masters of deceit. A good magician keeps one hand in the air while the other does the dirty work. That started in the 80s and continue today as people look somewhat at what happens in Russia, China, etc. (which are very real threats) and the Middle East and ignore what is happening in Africa, Central and South America, and Southeast Asia.

About five years ago (or so) Ziang Zemin, who was then the top guy in China, went to Russia and spoke to the Duma. The most important thing in his message was his statement that Marxists have tended to look at the world as bi-polar—divided between the Marxists and the Capitalists. He said that they must realize the world has now become multi-polar—with the various Islamic forces making up the third force. Zemin speculated that because the Muslims see the U.S. as the great Satan it opens opportunities for the advancement of Marxism. Actually, the involvement goes further back than that. A SSIS study in the early 80s spotlighted KGB activity in the Middle East training terrorists.

PT: Backgrounder: Sergei Stepashin, former Russian prime minister and President Vladimir Putin’s personal envoy, attended the inauguration of Daniel Ortega as President of Nicaragua on January 10, 2007. An agreement was signed at that time in which Russia would upgrade Nicaragua’s armed forces, which are almost entirely of Soviet vintage. Ortega indicated that he viewed the presence of Russia in Central America in a favorable light.

Question: Should Americans be concerned about the re-election of communist revolutionary Daniel Ortega to the presidency of Nicaragua after 16 years in “opposition”?

JS: We should be very concerned about the reelection of Ortega in Nicaragua. His election, in effect, establishes another openly communist state in the western hemisphere. The matter is being ignored as is what has happened in Venezuela, Brazil, Africa, etc.

PT: Are there any significant developments to relate with respect to the political and subversive activities of the Communist Party USA?

JS: Again the CPUSA and their statements and actions are largely the “hand in the air.” It distracts attention from the fact that the hardcore leftists in control of the Democratic Party and the universities are carrying out most of their long-range efforts. Following the close of the CPUSA’s annual executive meeting in March [2007], Sam Webb, the National Chairman said that as skeptical as he was when the Democrats took control of Congress, he applauded their actions on the Iraq War and other union issues, etc.

PT: Since publishing None Dare Call It Treason . . . 25 Years Later in 1990, what are some of the most significant projects that you have worked on?

JS: The most significant thing I’ve done since publishing None Dare Call It Treason . . . 25 Years Later would be publishing None Dare Call It Education and now Betrayed by the Bench.

PT: Without giving everything away, what are the topic and theme of your latest book Betrayed by the Bench? Does the US justice system today serve as a bulwark against communism or is it in fact aiding and abetting America’s decline in morals and international power and prestige?

JS: There is a definite link between the problems in the schools and the Courts. Because schools for over 75 years have failed to teach succeeding generations what sets the United States apart from any other nation in history—that is that our rights as a nation and as a people come not from government, a king or a Constitution but from God—as stated in the second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence. Because most Americans are ignorant of that fact, even good people who oppose abortion, sodomy, etc. fail to ask “How the Court can find rights to abort babies or practice sodomy in a Constitution which was written to make secure the God-given rights spelled out in the Declaration?” The same question should be raised specifically about their “constitutional” decisions to ban prayer and Bible reading, etc.

PT: Do you believe that Russia and China are still preparing for war against the USA and its (few remaining) allies? If so, as individual citizens, what practical steps can we take to prepare and protect our families and communities in the event of another (probably nuclear) world war?

JS: Are Russia and China preparing for war against the US? Yes, although they may at the same time be counting on us becoming so decadent from within that we will fall into their hands like an overripe fruit as was their spelled out plan long ago. Further, Russia is now becoming powerful economically. They are the world’s biggest producer of oil and gas. China is amassing enough dollar reserves that should they dump them at some point (or switch to the EURO) it could create economic disaster in the US and the world.

PT: You have been a pastor for several decades. Do you believe Americans in general and Christians in particular are aware of or concerned about the hostile activities of the Communist Bloc and its dangerous alliance with the Islamic states in 2007?

JS: What can we do? I don’t fear a nuclear war (except possibly from some renegade Muslim terror group). As it has been for over fifty years they [the communists] kept us worrying about the nuclear threat while advancing in other areas. What can Americans do? Get their own houses and families in order economically, morally, etc. Give our children and grandchildren an understanding of the basis of our freedoms and greatness. To do that, we must learn it first our selves.

I’m asked, “What is the hope?” Humanly speaking, there is no hope—but there is a God in Heaven and He sets forth His promise in II Chronicles 7:14.

The real answer is found in Proverbs 16:7 which says “When a man’s ways please the Lord, He maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.”

The Lord brought this verse to mind as a group of us left the entrance to the White House on the morning of 9/11 when the crowds came out saying, “Take off, there is another one [hijacked airliner] coming here.” I was with a group of Christian school superintendents and pastors. We were being checked through security to meet with the President’s speech writer who was a graduate of a Christian school in St. Louis. We moved about a block up the hill above the White House and started a prayer meeting. No one objected that morning.

The Muslims have been the enemy of Christians, Jews and freedom since the time of Muhammad in the 600s. They conquered the Middle East and moved across much of Africa and Southern Asia. They marched in[to] Europe—through the power of the sword. The move continued until 1492 when they were driven out of Spain and western Europe. Since then and until recently, western Europe (and us) have had no problems. What made the change? About 1493, the printing press was invented and the Bible, in the language of the people was given wide circulation. It became the foundation for what has come to be known as western civilization. God has been pleased. We have had 500 years of deliverance from the Muslim hordes. The Bible is no longer the foundation of western culture. Proverbs 16:7 explains it: “When a man’s ways please the Lord, He maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him.”

As a pastor and a Christian—I love other Bible-believing pastors and Christians—but they are almost totally ignorant as to their responsibility to be informed and understand that God leaves us here to be the “salt of the earth.” For the last century Bible believers have put such emphasis on the fact that our “citizenship is in Heaven” (and praise God it is), that they have forgotten that God leaves us here to be Salt and Light. Christians have a responsibility to be like the Children of Issachar who God commended in I Chronicles 12:32.

PT: Pastor Stormer, thank you very much for your time and for sharing your insights and expertise into these important issues.

>Middle East File: Syrian MP confirms pro-Soviet Ba’athist regime preparing for summer war against Israel

>Damascus is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world. According to the prophet Isaiah the Syrian capital will one day be a glass parking lot: “The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap” (Isaiah 17:1). Syrian dictator and Putin bud Bashar Assad (pictured here) has yet to have his “Damascus road experience” (like the Apostle Paul) and make peace with Israel and the West. Mohammad Habash, quoted below, is a regime-friendly independent legislator and Director of Syria’s Center for Islamic Studies. There has been no open military confrontation between Israel and Syria since the Yom Kippur War in 1973, when Damascus and Cairo hurled their forces against the tiny Jewish state in a surprise attack.

Syrian MP confirms preparation for war
JPost.com Staff, THE JERUSALEM POST
Jun. 5, 2007

A member of the Syrian parliament, Muhammad Habash, confirmed on Tuesday that his country was actively preparing for war with Israel, expected to break out in the summer, Israel Radio reported.

In an interview with Al Jazeera, Habash said it was no secret that the Syrian military was arming itself for the upcoming confrontation with the IDF.

He also claimed that the Israeli government was the one that wanted the war so that it could survive politically.

Meanwhile, Pensioners Affairs Minister Rafi Eitan (GIL Pensioners) said on Tuesday that in negotiations with Syria, Israel must relate to the matter of the Golan Heights as a real estate issue.

“Negotiations need to be about the property value,” he said.

National Infrastructures Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer (Labor), said he believed Prime Minister Ehud Olmert should respond positively to any offer of peace talks from Syrian President Bashar Assad.

However, Shas ministers Eli Yishai and Yitzhak Cohen insisted that the Syrians must take steps to show their intentions were serious before Israel negotiated with them.

On Wednesday, the Security Cabinet was set to discuss the question of whether to examine the option of talks with Damascus.

>Communist Bloc Military Updates: 2nd Sino-Soviet war game to feature 3,600+ personnel; Putin: ICBM tests response to NATO aggression

>The Kremlin’s Leninist masterminds required 16 years to prepare their trap and create a rationale for a preemptive strike against the West. Russia plays the cornered bear: ready to lunge out in self-defense. Missile Day looms on the horizon while the shopping mall regimes sleepwalk to their destruction, oblivious to the irony behind the Moscow-Beijing Axis’ second joint “counter-terrorism” exercise, “Peace Mission 2007.” According to Oleg Shenin, chairman of the restored/continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the power behind the throne in Moscow, Washington DC is the world’s terrorism headquarters. The “one clenched fist,” of which KGB defector Anatoliy Golitsyn warned the West more than 20 years ago, is ready to come crashing down.

Russia announces large joint military exercise with China, Shanghai Six
20:15 01/ 06/ 2007

NARO-FOMINSK (Moscow Region), June 1 (RIA Novosti) – Russia will hold a counterterrorism military exercise with China and other members of the “Shanghai Six” in August, the Ground Forces commander said Friday.”

The main [of the six international counterterrorism exercises planned for the year] will be a joint exercise of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in August,” a regional grouping dominated by Russia and China, Army General Alexei Maslov said.

The exercise will be held in the Russian Urals and will involve 500 vehicles from Russia and China, about 2,000 Russian and 1,600 Chinese personnel, a company (around 100 men) from Tajikistan, and smaller units from other members, including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, the general said.

While China has yet to decide how its troops would be transited through Kazakhstan, he has already suggested an alternate route directly across the Sino-Russian border in the Far East.

Officially, the SCO focuses on fighting drug and arms trafficking, terrorism and separatism. Although it has conducted a number of joint military exercises since 2003, Russian Security Council Secretary Igor Ivanov earlier this month reassured critics concerned about SCO countering U.S. and NATO influence in resource-rich Central Asia, saying the grouping would not turn into a military bloc.

Russia also held its first-ever joint military exercise outside the SCO framework with China in 2005, several exercises with SCO observer nation India, and has raised the prospect of the other two SCO observers Pakistan and Iran participating in such exercises in the future.

Source: Novosti

Commenting on the May 29 tests of a strategic RS-24 MIRV ICBM First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov exalted, “Russians need not worry about defense: they can look confidently to the future. We now have new [missile] systems at the strategic as well as theater level. These systems can beat any operational and future missile defenses.” The latter remark was clearly a veiled reference to US plans to install part of its missile shield in Poland and the Czech Republic.

Ivanov, however, only parrots the communist paranoia of his employer, Comrade Czar Putin, who hints darkly of the nefarious intentions of the USA: “They are inundating eastern Europe with new weapons – a new base in Bulgaria, another base in Romania, a [missile interceptor] site in Poland, a radar in the Czech Republic. What are we supposed to do? We cannot just observe all this and continue to keep our obligations under the treaty. Our American partners have left the ABM Treaty. We warned them then that we would take measures in response, to maintain the global strategic balance.” Feigning innocence, he assures: “There is no need to fear Russia’s actions, they are not aggressive. Nevertheless, note Putin’s threat: “We warned them.” Still, all is well in the shopping mall regime. No one pays attention to the communist-KGB cabal running the Kremlin.

Putin says missile tests were response to NATO’s actions
17:57 31/ 05/ 2007

MOSCOW, May 31 (RIA Novosti) – Russia’s president said Thursday his country’s recent tests of new ballistic missiles and possible withdrawal from an arms control treaty are a direct response to harsh, unreasonable actions by NATO countries.

Speaking at a news conference after meeting with the Greek president in the Kremlin, Vladimir Putin said Russia did not initiate the new wave of an international arms race, and condemned the planned deployment of a U.S. missile shield in Europe, and the development of new military bases on the continent.

“There is no need to fear Russia’s actions, they are not aggressive… They are aimed at maintaining balance in the world order, and are extremely important for maintaining peace and security globally,” Putin said.

Russia conducted successful tests this week of a new ballistic missile with MIRV and a cruise missile allegedly capable of penetrating any operational and future missile defenses.

“We conducted a test of a new strategic ballistic missile with multiple warheads, and of a new cruise missile, and will continue to improve our resources,” Putin said.

The president suggested recently that Moscow might suspend its obligations under the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty if talks with NATO countries on its implementation show no visible progress.

No NATO members have yet ratified the re-drafted CFE pact, demanding that Russia first withdraw from Soviet-era bases in Georgia and Moldova under previous agreements.

Russia, concerned over Europe’s refusal to ratify the re-drafted version of the accord, and acceptance by certain EU states of U.S. missile shield plans on the continent, proposed on Monday holding an emergency CFE conference in Vienna on June 12-15.

“We are fully observing the provisions of the [CFE] treaty and have pulled out all heavy weaponry from the European part of Russia. We have reduced our armed forces by 300,000 personnel in the past few years, but what about our partners?” Putin said.

“They are inundating eastern Europe with new weapons – a new base in Bulgaria, another base in Romania, a [missile interceptor] site in Poland, a radar in the Czech Republic,” the president said. “What are we supposed to do? We cannot just observe all this and continue to keep our obligations under the treaty.”

Putin also stressed that the United States unilaterally withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in 2002, paving the way to the deployment of its missile shield in Europe.

“Our American partners have left the ABM Treaty,” he said. “We warned them then that we would take measures in response, to maintain the global strategic balance.”

The U.S. plans to deploy a missile defense radar in the Czech Republic and 10 interceptor missiles in Poland as part of its European missile shield allegedly against “rogue” states, such as Iran and North Korea.

Since Washington announced the plans earlier this year, Russia has vehemently opposed the deployment, citing its own national security concerns. Some of Russia’s top generals hinted that the bases, if opened, could be targeted by Russian missiles.

Source: Novosti

>Latin America File: Ortega begins world tour on Gaddafi’s jet, visits Caracas, lauds RCTV decision; leftists in Tegucigalpa plot regional domination

>Daniel Ortega is an unreconstructed Marxist who no longer masquerades as democrat. He openly supports Havana’s veteran tyranny as well as Caracas’ new socialist dictatorship. The itinerary for Neo-Sandinista World Tour 2007 includes neo-communist Venezuela, national communist Libya and Algeria, Islamo-fascist Iran, neo-communist Italy, and paleo-communist Cuba. Iranian President Mahmoud (“Iwannajihad”) Ahmadinejad, who is committed to the destruction of Israel, visited Nicaragua shortly after Ortega’ inauguration in January. In a previous blog we reported that President Ortega’s son recently surfaced in Tripoli, when plans were discussed concerning his father’s follow-up stop-over. Ortega will be flying on a jet loaned by Libyan dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi (“Duck”). It appears that Comandante Ortega will not be visting Moscow, as publicized in recent weeks, during his current world tour. However, President Vladimir Putin’s delegates have dutifully made the trek to Managua on at least two or three occasions since Ortega openly reassumed power.

Pictured above: Ortega and wife, former guerrilla girl and now “First Lady,” Rosario Murillo en route to countries listed above, Managua, June 4, 2007. Translations below courtesy Babelfish with some refinements by your resident blogger.

Daniel visits Venezuela
Caracas – The president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, arrives today at this capital with the express intention of showing the solidarity of his country with the Venezuelan government
By: PL 03 of June of 2007 21:07:20

The objective of the visit is to endorse the decision of Caracas to no renew the concession related to the use of the radioelectric space for the private channel Radio Caracas Television (RCTV). This act released a ferocious campaign of the mass media at the international level.

The announcement was made on the eve of Ortega’s trip by Venezuelan President, Hugo Chávez, during a large demonstration of popular support for the governmental action relative to RCTV.

In a speech during the act, Chávez related the solidarity messages and respect for Venezuelan sovereignty by the chiefs of state of Cuba, Fidel Castro; Bolivia, Evo Morales; Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula Da Silva; and Colombia, Alvaro Uribe.

Also expressing solidarity were the president of the African Union, Alpha Oumar Konaré (Mali); a Chinese delegation that is in Venezuela, and other persons such as the director of the French publication Cleans Diplomatique to Him, Ignacio Ramonet.

After his stay in Caracas, the Nicaraguan president will initiate a tour of Libya, Algeria, Iran, and Italy, according to Managua’s [Foreign Minister], Chancellor Samuel Santos Lopez.

Ortega last visited Venezuela at the end of April, when he attended in the city of Barquisimeto a summit of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas, a mechanism of integration founded by Cuba and Venezuela and to which were added Bolivia and Nicaragua.

Source: La Voz del Sandinismo

Meanwhile, the resurgent communist and leftist parties of Latin America, normally meeting within the context of the narco-terrorist Sao Paulo Forum (FSP), convened in the capital of Guatemala, Tegucigalpa, to plot regional domination. Costa Rica, Panama, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador have yet to fall to communism but the guerrilla army-turned-party Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front is determined to oust the right-wing ARENA party from the Salvadoran presidency in 2009. The left is also seeking a victory in Honduras’ 2009 elections. Indigenous activist and communist fraud Rigoberta Menchu is seeking the Guatemalan presidency in September 9 and November 4, 2007.

The FSP last met in San Salvador in January. Shortly thereafter, in February, the region was shocked by the brutal assassinations of three ARENA deputies to the Central American Parliament and their alleged killers, four Guatemalan cops. The crime remains unsolved, but we offered some circumstantial evidence that points to ARENA’s archnemesis, the FMLN.

The FMLN spokesentity, quoted in the article below, identifies “neoliberalism,” a communist codeword for capitalism, as the source of Central America’s woes and the chief hindrance to red revolution in the region. Buoyed by a similar dangerous messianic optimism, the Sandinista rep Jacinto Suárez indicated that Honduras proximity to Nicaragua will facilitate a leftist victory in the former country. During the First Cold War the process whereby one country communized another was called “exporting revolution.” The very concept of communist subversion no longer exists in the minds of most non-communists, nor the legal means to thwart it, in most cases.

FSLN encourages the Left of the region to win elections
A dozen parties of the left of Central America and Mexico initiated a two-day meeting this Saturday in Tegucigalpa, to exchange experiences and to discuss a strategy common in the region
By: ACAN-EFE 03 of June of 2007 21:24:46

According to Rafael Joy, leader of the Democratic Unification Party (UD) of Honduras, the delegates pleaded for a strategy of unity, solidarity and struggle to construct a new society in the region.

Joy, who also is leading farmer, emphasized that the Central American Left will impel a “common struggle to save Central America of the imposition and the upsetting to construct a new society.”

The representative of Nicaragua’s Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), Jacinto Suárez, said that it is a good moment for the Left to take advantage of the circumstances to conquer power, since it has happened in his country with the return of Daniel Ortega to the presidency.

Suárez indicated that by the proximity with Nicaragua, the Left also can arrive at the power in Honduras. It added that it is necessary to manage the political power to repair “the social and economic damage that has come about by the neoliberal [capitalist] model.”

In his opinion, all the campaigns of “lies” against the Left in Central America have fallen. As an example he mentioned that in his country they said that investment would move away, that there would be an economic depression, and that Nicaraguans who live in the United States would not return their family remittances. “They said that the war would return to Nicaragua. Nothing of all that was said has come to pass”, he added.

With regard to the rightist parties, Suárez expressed that “They must also be re-invented,” whereas the left in Nicaragua “has the challenge to construct a government by and for the poor people.”

The deputy Blanca Flor Bonilla, who represents El Salvador’s Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) in the Central American Parliament, indicated that in the ordinary meeting of Tegucigalpa they will analyze the political process that has developed in each country in Central America.

Also they will debate the Agreement of Association that impels the European Union with Central America, added Bonilla, who considers that the Central American Left must “advance in the processes of solidarity with the people.”

According to Bonilla, neoliberal [capitalist] policies in Central America have translated into “more violence, poverty and social exclusion.” This is the reason why “it is necessary to construct an alternative model that puts people in the center and not to the multinationals, as it happens now.”

Source: La Voz del Sandinismo

While neo-Soviet Russia threatens Europe with nuclear annihilation and re-arms Comrade Fidel and the second Sandinista regime, policy makers in Washington DC might wish to throw together a last-minute strategy to repel the Communist Bloc’s final assault against the land of the free and the home of the brave. That is, if they’re not too busy.

>Middle East File: New civil war feared as conflict between Lebanese Armed Forces and Al Qaeda-linked Fatah al-Islam spreads

>The 2007 Lebanese conflict erupted on May 20 when police raided a house in Tripoli which was allegedly occupied by militants of Fatah al-Islam, an Al Qaeda-linked terrorist org. Fatah al-Islam responded by attacking Lebanese security forces, who returned fire. Further clashes occurred near the Nahr al-Bared refugee camp, adjacent to Tripoli. More than 350,000 Palestinian refugees live in Lebanon. The USSR2, its client states Syria and Iran, and its client terrorist proxies Hamas and Hezbollah have a common interest in destabilizing and, hence, controlling Lebanon, as well as endangering the security of Israel. Pictured here: Lebanese soldiers take cover in conflict with Fatah al-Islam.

Lebanese Fighting Spreads, Civil War Feared
June 4, 2007

(IsraelNN.com) Fighting between Muslim terrorists and the Lebanese army spread from northern Tripoli to the southern coastal city of Tyre early Monday, killing two soldiers and two terrorists. Twelve soldiers have died since Friday, when the army began its heaviest offensive in two weeks against the Nahr al-Bared community. The clashes are the worst since the 15-year civil war ended in 1990. At least 111 have died and thousands have fled their homes.

>Middle East File: Islamo-Nazi Iranian President Ahmadinejad again threatens Israel with destruction, united with CPSU Chair Shenin in opposing Zionism

>Israel must be wiped off the map … The establishment of a Zionist regime was a move by the world oppressor against the Islamic world . . . The skirmishes in the occupied land are part of the war of destiny. The outcome of hundreds of years of war will be defined in Palestinian land.
— Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, address at conference “The World Without Zionism,” October 26, 2005

And so, while Comrade Czar Vladimir (“There’s No Such Thing as a Former KGB Man”) Putin threatens Europe with nuclear destruction should the USA proceed to install elements of its missile defense program in Poland and the Czech Republic, Iranian President and Soviet henchentity Mahmoud (“Iwannajihad”) Ahmadinejad threatens the tiny state of Israel with Islam’s “Final Solution Version 2.0.” In December 2006 the the Islamo-Nazi regime in Tehran hosted an international conference that featured a number of speakers who specialize in denying the Holocaust.

Iran president sees “countdown” to Israel’s end
Sun Jun 3, 2007 3:18 PM EDT

TEHRAN (Reuters) – Iran’s president said on Sunday the Lebanese and the Palestinians had pressed a “countdown button” to bring an end to Israel.

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who triggered outrage in the West two years ago when he said Israel should be “wiped off the map”, has often referred to the destruction of the Jewish state but says Iran is not a threat.

“With God’s help, the countdown button for the destruction of the Zionist regime has been pushed by the hands of the children of Lebanon and Palestine,” Ahmadinejad said in a speech.

“By God’s will, we will witness the destruction of this regime in the near future,” he said. He did not elaborate.

Iran often praises the Palestinians for what it says is their resistance against Israeli occupation. Tehran also described the war last summer between Hezbollah in Lebanon and Israel as a victory for the Iranian-backed group.

“If you make a mistake and create another war against the oppressed Lebanese nation, this time the angry ocean of the nations of the region will remove your rotten … roots from the region,” the president said in another speech on Sunday night.

Ahmadinejad’s speeches were made ahead of ahead of Monday’s anniversary of the death in 1989 of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the founder of the Islamic Republic, whose words Ahmadinejad echoed when he called for Israel to be “wiped off the map”.

The president’s comments caused consternation in Israel and the West, which also fear Iran is seeking to build an atomic arsenal under cover of a civilian nuclear power programme, a charge Tehran denies.

Although Ahmadinejad has said Iran is not a threat to Israel, Iranian officials have said Tehran would respond swiftly to any Israeli attack. Some analysts have speculated Israel could seek to knock out Iran’s atomic sites.

Source: Reuters

President Ahmadinejad is not the only megalomaniac to threaten Israel’s existence. Oleg Shenin, Soviet Russian wannabe-dictator and leader of the restored/continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union, has uttered similar deprecations against Jewry, linking the “scourge” of capitalism with Zionism. In a 2000 interview by the Moscow weekly The Patriot, Chairman Shenin declared: “Zionism now is a force of a class character, it is the vanguard of world imperialism. It did played in the past, plays now and wants to play in future considerable part in enslavement of peoples, in building up the “new world order” – the regime of superexploitation and genocide of the working people of all nationalities. It’s a fact. Karl Marx characterised class essence of Zionism as mercantilised one, as financial oligarchy and now we see this more and more.”

The prophet Zechariah, forseeing the return of Yeshua Ha’Mashiach to the Mount of Olives from whence he ascended to heaven, has a solemn warning to those nations that would threaten Israel with annihilation.

1: Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.

2: For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.
3: Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
4: And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.
5: And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.
6: And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:
7: But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.
The neo-Soviet state and the Islamic Republic of Iran, it would appear, have made a serious miscalculation in their designs against Israel: No consideration has been given to God’s hedge of protection around his ancient people.

>MISSILE DAY ALERT: Putin threatens to nuke Europe over US missile defense deployments, describes self as world’s only "true democrat"

>The Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s perestroika deception has been wildly successful: communism “collapses,” Warsaw Pact dismantled, NATO expands into Eastern Europe. The Kremlin springs its trap: USA installs missile defense in “post”-Soviet Bloc, portrayed as aggressor; Russia must “defend” herself against “rogue” regime in Washington DC. Did Russia ever stop aiming missiles at Europe? Got preps?

Exclusive: Putin threatens to target Europe with missiles
DOUG SAUNDERS
Globe and Mail Update
June 2, 2007 at 5:34 PM EDT

In an interview with the Globe and Mail, Russian President Vladimir Putin has threatened to target Europe with missiles, including potentially nuclear weapons, in a dramatic escalation of his Cold War-style showdown with the United States.

Mr. Putin, in an interview at his country residence outside Moscow, said he considers U.S. plans to build an eastern European anti-missile site to shoot down Iranian missiles a provocation aimed at Russia.

Asked what he might do to retaliate, he said he would return Russia to the Cold War status where missiles were aimed at European targets.

“It is obvious that if part of the strategic nuclear potential of the United States is located in Europe, and according to our military experts will be threatening us, we will have to respond,” he said.

“What kind of steps are we going to take in response? Of course, we are going to get new targets in Europe.”

He suggested that this could include powerful nuclear-capable weapons.

“What kind of means will be used to hit the targets that our military believe are potential threats to the Russian federation? This is a purely technical issue, be it ballistic missiles or cruise missiles, or some kinds of novel weapons systems – this is a purely technical issue.”

Mr. Putin held a three-hour dinner interview with the Globe and Mail along with one newspaper from each of the G-8 nations. He defended his nation’s economic policies and tough restrictions on political dissent, repeatedly criticized the U.S. as dangerous and hypocritical, and acknowledged that Russia needs to rid itself of corruption.

Source: Globe and Mail

Like all communist dictators, President Putin is possessed by an all-consuming megalomania. His delusions of grandeur are not only manifest in his veiled threat to nuke Europe, but also in his self-description as the world’s only “true democrat.” Spew alert coming up . . . put down your coffee.

I’m the world’s only true democrat, says Putin
Mon Jun 4, 2007 12:11PM EDT

MOSCOW (Reuters) Russia’s President Vladimir Putin has described himself as the world’s only “pure” democrat and attacked the United States and Europe, which have criticized him, for falling short of their own ideals.

In an interview with Western media released on Monday, he rejected Western criticism that he has centralized power in the Kremlin, marginalized the opposition and increased state control over the media.

Asked whether he agreed with former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder’s description of him as an “impeccable democrat”, Putin replied laughing:

“Of course I am an absolute, pure democrat. But you know the problem? It’s not even a problem, it’s a real tragedy. The thing is that I am the only one, there just aren’t any others in the world.”

Putin said the West’s record on democracy was less than perfect.

“Let’s look what happens in North America — sheer horror: torture, the homeless, Guantanamo, keeping people in custody without trial or investigation,” Putin said in the interview ahead of this week’s summit of the Group of Eight (G-8) industrial nations.

“Look what’s going on in Europe: the harsh treatment of demonstrators, the use of rubber bullets, tear gas in one capital or another, the killing of demonstrators in the streets.”

He also attacked post-Soviet Ukraine for “completely violating the constitution and all its laws” and heading for “complete tyranny” — an apparent reference to the political deadlock between rival factions over the calling of fresh elections.

“After the death of Mahatma Gandhi there’s nobody to talk to,” he concluded, referring to the Indian leader who championed civil rights and non-violent resistance to tyranny. Asked whether there was any move in Russia towards a return to totalitarian rule, Putin simply said: “That is complete rubbish, don’t believe that.”

Source: Reuters

>Useful Idiots Bin: Texas Governor, Trans-Texas Corridor shill, Rick Perry joins Bilderberg in Istanbul; Hutchison-Whampoa, Wal-Mart unite

>Texas Governor Rick Perry: Another God-fearin’, church-goin’, red-blooded American “patriot” sells out his country to the communists and globalists. Perry is a staunch advocate of the Trans-Texas Corridor which, according to the Minuteman Project’s Stop the Security and Prosperity Partnership website, is a key component in the formation of the pro-communist Council on Foreign Relations’ North American Union project. Will the real patriots please stand up!

Governor heads to conference in Istanbul
Associated Press – May 31, 2007 5:55 PM ET

AUSTIN (AP) – Texas Governor Rick Perry left today for a trip to Istanbul, Turkey, where he is attending the Bilderberg Conference.

The annual conference is typically a private event for influential government officials and financial experts from Europe and North America.

Perry was invited to speak on state-federal relations. He is scheduled to return to Texas on Monday.

A Perry spokesman says the trip is being paid for by Perry’s campaign fund.

Source: KTRE-TV

On November 9, 2006 the Pittsburgh Tribune reported that Beijing’s “Silk Road” hooks up neatly to the “NAFTA Highway” via the Mexican port of Lazaro Cardenas and the good folks at Wal-Mart (China-Mart?):

The Chinese firm Hutchison Whampoa has partnered with Wal-Mart in a $300 million expansion of the Mexican port of Lazaro Cardenas to handle 2 million containers annually by the end of the decade.

The American Chamber of Commerce in Guangdong, China, has conducted seminars promoting this plan. Punta Colonet, about 150 miles south of Tijuana, also is being eyed for expansion. Kansas City Southern railway has bought the Mexican rail links and the state of Texas is negotiating with a Spanish firm to build a corridor of toll roads from the border heading north.

Media reports refer to these transportation projects as a “NAFTA Highway.” But it would be more accurate to call it a new “Silk Road” since its purpose is to bring Chinese rather than Mexican goods into the American heartland.

The CEO of Hutchison Whampoa, of course, is Li Ka Shing, frontman for the strategically minded pseudo-capitalists of the Communist Party of China. Thus, the butchers of Beijing prop up the West’s shopping mall regime while simultaneously preparing its destruction.