Monthly Archives: July 2006

>USA File: While World War Four looms, NORAD’s Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center assumes "standby" status as part of US Northern Command merger

>We don’t need to maintain Cheyenne Mountain in a 24/7 status.
— US Adm. Tim Keating

Will the Soviets respond in kind by closing their underground nuclear war-fighting city in the Urals, Yamantau Mountain, or precipitate the Fourth World War instead, in the face of Western folly and unpreparedness?

The NORAD media release can be found here. The following excerpt describes the administrative reorganization of the North American security apparatus:

In the next few years, some NORAD and USNORTHCOM military and civilian positions at Cheyenne Mountain will be relocated to NORAD and USNORTHCOM headquarters in Bldg. 2 on Peterson Air Force Base. The NORAD and USNORTHCOM facilities at Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station will be maintained, ready for use on short notice.

Does “short notice” cover the 30 minutes or less for a Soviet ICBM or SLBM to strike North American targets? Does “short notice” cover the “no notice whatsoever” of a WMD detonated by Spetsnaz or their Islamo-Marxist proxies in a North American city?

This action on the part of Washington and Ottawa indicates very clearly that our leaders have no appreciation for communism’s perestroika deception. Disinformation? No, because the extensive Sino-Soviet espionage network in North America could easily disprove such news reports, if false. The Red Team can move ahead now with little fear of a well-coordinated military response from the West.

In the face of the new Arab-Israeli war, with all of its potential for exploding into a world war, one is tempted to say of the shopping mall regime: “Nuke me. I’m stupid.”

The links in the right column of this blogsite have been updated to reflect the change. We have also expanded the number of links under the Communist Bloc section.

Report: Military Closing Mountain Complex
Jul 28, 4:50 AM EDT

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. (AP) — The military is virtually closing the secretive defense complex carved into Cheyenne Mountain that for decades has monitored North American skies for threats, a newspaper reported.

The Denver Post reported late Thursday that the North American Aerospace Defense Command operations center will be moved to nearby Peterson Air Force Base, which is home to the U.S. Northern Command created after the Sept. 11 attacks.

NORAD, a joint U.S. and Canadian command, was set up in the 1960s to monitor the skies for threats like missiles, aircraft and space objects.

Adm. Tim Keating, who commands both NORAD and the U.S. Northern Command, said the government’s best intelligence “leads us to believe a missile attack from China or Russia is very unlikely.”

That, along with the emergence of varied terrorist threats such as suicide bombers, “is what recommends to us that we don’t need to maintain Cheyenne Mountain in a 24/7 status. We can put it on `warm standby,'” Keating told the newspaper.

Keating was scheduled to make the announcement Friday. He said 230 surveillance crew members and an undetermined number of the support staff will make the move within two years.

About 1,100 people work in the mountain, long a symbol of the Cold War. Buildings inside it are mounted on springs to absorb the shock from a nuclear blast, while the entrance is guarded by a vault-like door several feet thick.

The complex includes banks of batteries and its own water supply. Excavation on the site began in 1961.

Link: TBO.com News

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>Breaking News: Kuwaiti newspaper: Nasrallah to meet Assad, Iranian security chief in Syria

>Report: Nasrallah to meet Assad, Iranian security chief in Syria
By Yoav Stern, Haaretz Correspondent, and Agencies
Last update – 16:10 27/07/2006

Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah was to visit Damascus on Thursday to meet with Syrian President Bashar Assad and the head of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council, Ali Larijani, the Kuwaiti daily newspaper Al-Seyassah reported.

The report, which quoted Syrian sources, said Nasrallah arrived in dressed in civilian clothes, not his normal clerical garb.

Al-Seyassah, known for its opposition to the Syrian regime, said the meeting was designed to discuss ways to maintain supplies to Hezbollah fighters with “Iranian arms flowing through Syrian territories.”

The paper said it learned of the meeting from “well-informed Syrian sources” it did not identify. According to the newspaper, Nasrallah was moving through Damascus with Syrian guards in an intelligence agency car.

The Mehr news agency in Iran said Larijani was in Damascus for meetings on the crisis, but gave no other details. Similar reports were carried by the Iranian Labor News Agency and the Fars agency.

There was no mention of Larijani’s travels in Iranian state-run media. None of the reports could be independently confirmed.

Nasrallah declared Wednesday the conflict with Israel had entered a new phase and that the guerrilla group would not accept any “humiliating” conditions for a ceasefire.

In a televised address, Nasrallah said Israeli incursions into southern Lebanon would not stop Hezbollah rocket fire into northern Israel and that the conflict was moving “beyond Haifa.”

The radical Islamic group head said Israel’s offensive in Lebanon was part of a conspiracy with the U.S. to create a new Middle East.

“In the new Middle East, there is no place for any resistance movement. The resistance movements in Palestine and Lebanon must be eliminated,” Nasrallah added.

Link: Haaretz

>Middle East File: Syrian Ba’athists and Belarusian Communists hold strategy meeting, oppose Zionism; Belarusian communist parties unite

>Should the naive Westerner believe there is no continuing connection or harmony of interests between the communist elite of the USSR2 and the fascist-communist regime in Syria, one need only review the contents of this missive at the Syrian Ba’ath Party website, as well as read our earlier blog on Comrade Chavez’s junket to Moscow. The Axis of Evil expands: Moscow-Beijing-Minsk-Havana-Pyongyang-Damascus- Tehran-Caracas . . .

Party Session between the “Baath” and “Belarusian Communist” Parties
Headed by al-Ahmar and Golubeva in Minsk
Assertion on the Cooperation Development

On 17. 5. 2006 Assistant Secretary General of the Baath Arab Socialist Party Abdullah al-Ahmar held party session with a delegation from the Belarusian Communist Party headed by the party’s First Secretary Tatiana Golubeva joint relations between the two parties within the framework of the cooperation.

Talks during the meeting dealt with cooperation ties between the two countries and with each party’s role in developing the bilateral relations connecting Syria and Belarus.

The two parties criticized polices followed by the world dominating powers and Zionism through exerting political and economic pressures on countries that do not comply with them.

He stressed the Syrian national unity under the leadership of President Bashar al-Assad, pointing baath’s activities and the role of national progressive front with its parties enhancing this unity .

He also said that Syria is committed to stability , just and comprehensive peace in the region in accordance with the international legitimacy that aim to end wars in Lebanon, Iraq and Palestine.

Golubeva previewed the prominent development in Belarus pointing to the success of Loukachenko in the Latest election and his confronting to the external pressures.

For their part, the Belarusian delegation expressed appreciation over Syria’s current reform process, pointing out to the Syrian people’s ability to face all aggressive campaigns targeting their identity and pan-Arab stances.

Link: Official Syrian Ba’ath Party Website

For the last 10 years “two” communist parties have openly operated in Belarus: the pro-Lukashenko Communist Party of Belarus and the “anti”-Lukashenko Party of Communists of Belarus (Belarusian Communist Party, mentioned in the article above). Both entities feigned enmity in order to confuse the West regarding the KGB-managed “collapse” of communism in the Not-So-Former Soviet Bloc. On July 15, 2006 the two parties dispatched delegates to Minsk, the Belarusian capital, to a congress, the main purpose of which was to unite the two organizations within the restored/continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The congress resolved that “The presence of two political communist organisations contradicts the Belarusian society consolidation logic, which is aimed at building a sovereign and socially oriented state.”

>Breaking News: Israeli military intelligence: Syrian army now at its highest state of defensive alert

>This is not at all surprising. However, I suspect that the Syrian Ba’athists have a healthy respect for Israel’s military capabilities. Tel Aviv can always play the Samson Option if the situation warrants . . . and it is for that very reason that the Islamic megalomaniacs in Tehran are developing their own nuclear arsenal.

Military Intelligence Chief: Syrian army now at its highest state of alert
By Gideon Alon, Haaretz Correspondent
Last update – 19:25 25/07/2006

Syria has placed its military at its highest state of alert in recent years, Israel Defense Forces Intelligence Chief Major General Amos Yadlin told the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee on Tuesday.

Syrian forces do remain, however, on a defensive rather than offensive alert.

Yadlin emphasized that “neither Syria nor Israel are interested in a military clash but the situation is explosive and the events may potentially be incorrectly interpreted. This could entangle Syria up in a battle against us.”

Hezbollah is interested in opening another front for Israel with Syria, Yadlin said. Hezbollah gunners are firing at the Golan Heights in an effort to embroil Syria in the fighting.

Yadlin noted that Syria, together with Iran, was Hezbollah’s main weapons supplier during the past years. The missiles that killed Israelis in Haifa came from the Syrian military.

The Military Intelligence chief rejected assertions that the IDF was surprised by Hezbollah’s level of preparedness in south Lebanon.

“There was no element of surprise in Hezbollah’s deployment,” Yadlin said. “During the past year, we passed intelligence assessments on to the decision-making level, including comprehensive information on long-range missiles supplied to Hezbollah.”

Committee Chairman MK Tzachi Hanegbi (Kadima) supported Yadlin’s assertions and said he was “insulted” during the past several days by media reports indicating Israel was surprised by Hezbollah.

Link: Haaretz

>Communist Bloc Military Updates: Chavez tours Russian plants to support Kalishnikov purchase, visits Minsk to build "fighting team" with Lukashenko

>Comrade Hugo’s world tour and military hardware shopping spree will take him to the USSR2, the pro-Soviet Islamic Republic of Iran, and communist Vietnam. In June he expressed his intention to build a Kalishnikov rifle factory in Venezuela. Two of the 30 Sukhoi Su-30 fighter jets that Moscow sold Caracas have already arrived in Venezuela, just in time for that country’s independence day military parade. Chavez is now threatening to sell his old F-16s to Iran.
While mincing through Minsk, Chavez greeted unreformed communist Lukashenko as “brother.” The Soviet state media outlet Novosti described the Belarusian-Venezuelan “fighting team” as nothing less than a strategic alliance. This new partnership follows the establishment of the openly anti-USA strategic alliance between the Russian Federation and Venezuela in 2001.

“It is vital to defend the homeland to counter external and internal threats to national projects that imperialists are worried about because they are successful,” Comrade Hugo pontificated in communist jargon. “A natural urge to depart from the unipolar model of the global order to a community of equal partners is becoming an irresistable consolidating factor,” Lukashenko intoned, alluding to US dominance in world affairs and its replacement with a world federation of communist states.

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia openly support the red regime in Caracas. Border spats have erupted between the two South American neighbors. Inquiring minds cannot help but wonder if the Bolivarian revolutionaries, with a little help from their on-site friends in Cuban intelligence and the Chinese special forces, are planning a foray into wartorn Colombia to overthrow one of the last US allies on the continent.

Venezuela’s President to Visit Russian Military Plants
Created: 25.07.2006
MosNews

Venezuela’s president arrived in Volgograd in southern Russia Tuesday from the capital of Belarus, Minsk, where he had held talks with the Belarusian president, RIA Novosti reported Tuesday.

Hugo Chavez, who was elected president in 1998, will meet with the governor of the Volgograd Region and local businessmen and will pay a visit to the Volgograd Tractor Plant, which also produces tanks and other military vehicles.

The South American leader will later leave Volgograd for the capital of the Volga Region republic of Udmurtia, Izhevsk, where he will meet with the gun-maker Mikhail Kalashnikov and visit a defense-industry plant Kupol, which produces and modernizes surface-to-air missile systems.

“It would be good if the President could see in Udmurtia the high standards of performance of military enterprises, and make sure once again that he has made the right choice of partners and was correct to choose the products of our company, Izhmash in this case,” Udmurtian President Alexander Volkov told Interfax news agency.

Oil-rich Venezuela is a major purchaser of Russian weapons and hardware. In late 2004, the two countries signed a $54 million contract for the supply of 100,000 automatic rifles. In June this year, Chavez said he planned to build a plant to make Kalashnikov rifles and cartridges in the country.

Link: Moscow News

U.S.-Foe Chavez Urges Belarus’ Lukashenko to Build “Fighting Team”
Created: 24.07.2006
MosNews

Venezuela’s firebrand leader Hugo Chavez has called for a “fighting team” with his Belarussian counterpart Alexander Lukashenko during his visit to the state dubbed “Europe’s last dictatorship” by Washington, AFP reports.

“I have found another friend here and we should form a team. It will be a fighting team,” Chavez said Monday at a meeting with Lukashenko in Minsk, the Belarussian capital. Lukashenko, who is fond of ice hockey, responded jokingly to Chavez’s offer, saying: “We can form a team for football, hockey or basketball.”

The two leaders are considered pariahs by the Washington, which has accused them of running hardline regimes and has hit both their countries with economic sanctions.

Chavez’s visit was being seen mainly as a chance for closer relations between the two presidents, who are known for their eccentric leadership styles and their defiance against Washington.

Chavez is also looking to drum up international support on a world tour that will take in Iran, Russia and Vietnam to back Venezuela’s bid to join the United Nations Security Council as a non-permanent member.

“Here we feel ourselves to be among our brothers,” Chavez said after his arrival at Minsk airport on Sunday at the start of his three-day visit to Belarus.

“We see here a model social state like the one we are beginning to create,” said Chavez, the first Venezuelan leader to visit the former Soviet republic lodged between Poland and Russia on the European Union’s eastern border.

Commenting on the visit, Belarussian news website tut.by said Monday that Chavez and Lukashenko —- the first a former army lieutenant colonel, the second an ex-Soviet farm director —- would form a strong bond.

“There are no doubts that Lukashenko and Chavez will find a common language. Both presidents are charismatic public figures, even though the international community has labelled them dictators.

”Chavez has already affected almost the whole of Central America and the Caribbean states with his anti-Americanism… He will probably find a couple of interesting suggestions for Belarus too,“ the website said.

Washington frequently criticizes Chavez’s democratic credentials and the Venezuelan leader in turn accuses Washington of plotting to invade his country, a major supplier of oil to the United States.

Following Lukashenko’s controversial re-election in a landslide victory in March, Washington froze the Belarussian leader’s assets and imposed a travel ban on top Belarussian officials.

Lukashenko responded with similar sanctions against U.S. officials.

After arriving in the Belarussian capital, Chavez said he wanted greater economic cooperation between Belarus and Venezuela, particularly in the sectors of energy, petrochemicals, machinery, education and science.

Belarus and Venezuela were set to sign accords on energy and agriculture, as well as science and technology, Lukashenko’s press service said.

Belarus manufactures farm machines and trucks that are exported largely to former Soviet states, while Venezuela is one of the world’s leading oil producers.

Later Monday, Chavez is set to take part in a World War II commemoration ceremony on Minsk’s Victory Square and visit a network of Soviet-era fortresses outside the Belarussian capital.

The Venezuelan leader is then to visit a Belarussian military academy on Tuesday before flying to Russia on the next step of his world tour.

In Russia, Chavez will meet President Vladimir Putin and mark a deal under which Russia will supply 30 Su-30 fighter jets and 30 helicopters to Venezuela.

Washington has voiced worries about Russian arms sales to Venezuela, having banned such deals with Caracas for U.S. manufacturers.

Chavez said last month that his visit to Russia could see a deal on building a Kalashnikov assault rifle factory in Venezuela.

Link: Moscow News

>Red World: A Comprehensive List of Communist States in 2006: Western Europe, Part 2

>Kingdom of Sweden
Type of state: Constitutional monarchy with entrenched social democratic regime
Prime Minister of Sweden: Fredrik Reinfeldt (Moderate Party, center-right): October 6, 2006-present
King of Sweden (Head of State): Carl XVI Gustaf: September 15, 1973-present
Communist government:
1) Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Sweden with support from Left Party (formerly Communist Party of Sweden) and Green Party, 1998-2006
2) Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Sweden, 1994-1998, 1982-1991, 1932-1976, 1924-1926, 1921-1923, 1920
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Workers’ Party of Sweden (Swedish Social Democratic Party)
Communist presence: Left Party (Left Party-Communists prior to 1990, founded as Swedish Left Social Democratic Party in 1917, adopted name Communist Party of Sweden in 1921), Socialist Party (Trotskyist), Socialist Justice Party (Trotskyist, formerly Workers’ League-Offensive), Communist League (Trotskyist), Communist Party of Sweden (formerly Workers’ Party-Communists, founded in 1995), Communist Party (formerly Communist Party Marxist-Leninists (Revolutionaries)), European Workers’ Party (Swedish branch of LaRouche Movement), Feminist Initiative (founded by former leader of Left Party), Marxist-Leninist Struggle League for the Communist Party of Sweden (Marxist-Leninist)
Important notes:
1) Under Social Democratic administrations, Sweden has maintained neutrality as foreign policy guideline, both during the Cold War and after. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Olof Palme (pictured above), Sweden condemned US participation in the Vietnam War, opposed rightist dictatorships in Latin America, supported the communist-dominated Palestine Liberation Organization and African National Congress, and fraternized with the Communist Party of Cuba. Palme’s government refused to criticise the Soviet Union.
2) Palme’s assassination in 1986 shocked Sweden as political violence in Scandinavia was relatively rare until that point. To this day conspiracy theories swirl around the Swedish prime minister’s demise. However, the Red Army Faction, or Baader-Meinhof Group, in Germany claimed responsibility for the act.
3) Gudrun Schyman, former leader of the Left Party and founder of the Feminist Initiative, began her political career in the Marxist-Leninist Struggle League for the Communist Party of Sweden (Marxist-Leninist).
4) The Socialist Justice Party developed out of the Offensiv group, which practiced entryism in the Swedish Social Democratic Party during the 1970s and 1980s.

Most Serene Republic of San Marino (AD 301)
Type of state: Multiparty democracy
Captains Regent of San Marino: Ernesto Benedettini (San Marino Christian Democratic Party): October 1, 2008-April 2009, April-October 1992; Assunta Meloni (Popular Alliance, liberal): October 1, 2008-April 2009
Communist government: Heads of state are occasionally elected from Party of Socialists and Democrats
Socialist International presence: San Marino Socialist Party
Communist presence: Party of Socialists and Democrats (merger of San Marino Socialist Party and Party of Democrats, formerly known as Communist Party of San Marino), San Marino Communist Refoundation (containing “ex”-members of Communist Party of San Marino)
Important notes:
1) In 2005 the San Marino Socialist Party and the “ex”-communist Party of Democrats merged into the Party of Socialists and Democrats. The constituent members of the new party together polled 45 per cent of the popular vote in the 2001 election for the Grand and General Council, San Marino’s national legislature.
2) The Captains Regent constitute San Marino’s collective head of state. Two captains regent are elected every six months from different parties. Some captains regent have included members of the “former” communist party, such as Fausta Simona Morganti (2005) Marino Riccardi (1991-1992, 2004).

Portuguese Republic (1143)
Type of state: Multiparty democracy with history of fascist dictatorship and pro-communist government
Prime Minister of Portugal: Jose Socrates (Socialist Party): March 12, 2005-present
President of Portugal: Aníbal Silva (Social Democratic Party, center-right): March 9, 2006-present
Communist government:
1) Prime Minister José Manuel Durão Barroso of the Social Democratic Party formerly co-directed the (Maoist) Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers-Reorganizative Movement of the Portuguese Proletariat, 2002-2004
2) Prime Minister Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares of the Socialist Party formerly directed the youth section of the Portuguese Communist Party, 1976-1978, 1983-1985
3) Military administration under leadership of pro-communist General Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves, 1974-1975
4) Provisional government of the “Carnation Revolution” under leadership of Prime Minister Adelino da Palma Carlos, supported by Popular Democratic Party, Socialist Party, Portuguese Communist Party, Portuguese Democratic Movement, and Armed Forces Movement, 1974
5) First Republic under democratic dictatorship of leftist non-communist Portuguese Republican Party (Democratic Party), 1910-1926
Fascist government:
1) New State under government of People’s National Action (formerly National Union), sole legal party, 1970-1974 (overthrown by leftist military coup d’etat)
2) New State under government of National Union, sole legal party, 1934-1970
3) National Dictatorship, 1926-1934
Socialist International presence: Socialist Party
Communist presence: Portuguese Communist Party, Unitarian Democratic Coalition (consisting of Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party “The Greens,” and Democratic Intervention), Communist Party of the Portuguese Workers-Reorganizative Movement of the Portuguese Proletariat, Workers’ Party of Socialist Unity (Trotskyist), Left Bloc (consisting of Revolutionary Left Front, Revolutionary Socialist Party, Politics 21, and People’s Democratic Union (founded as mass front of Committee for Support of the Reconstruction of the Party (Marxist-Leninist), Revolutionary Marxist-Leninist Unity, and Revolutionary Communist Committees (Marxist-Leninist))
Important notes:
1) Following nearly 50 years of military dictatorship and single-party fascist rule, the Portuguese electorate made a sharp left turn after the 1974 Carnation Revolution. Since then the Socialist and Social Democratic Parties have dominated the national legislature.
2) Founded in 1921, the Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) was the Portuguese section of the Communist International (Comintern). Banned under the National Dictatorship, the PCP opposed the four-decade fascist regime of António de Oliveira Salazar. Currently, the PCP exercises significant influence inside the largest Portuguese trade union, the General Confederation of the Portuguese Workers.
3) Founded in 1945, the Movement of Democratic Unity (MUD) was a quasi-legal platform of Portuguese democratic organizations that opposed the Salazar regime. At first, MUD’s platform was determined by the moderate opposition, but later the PCP assumed control over the movement, which was banned in 1948.
4) The PCP held its fifth congress in Kiev, in September 1957, was the first and the only to be held outside Portugal. At the time the party affirmed its support for decolonization and the “national liberation,” or communist, insurgencies in the Portugual’s colonies, such as MPLA in Angola, FRELIMO in Mozambique, and PAIGC in Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde.
5) The PCP’s armed wing was the Armed Revolutionary Action which carried out limited military action against the Salazar regime in the early 1970s.
6) Under the Salazar regime 36 members of the PCP Central Committee experienced a total of more than 300 years in jail. The PCP was the first legally recognized party after the collapse of fascism in Portugal.
7) On March 11, 1975, leftist military units defeated a coup attempt by rightists in the armed forces.
8) During the conferences that established a new Portuguese constitution, the PCP prevailed to insert several references to “socialism” and a “classless society.” All parties, except the rightist Democratic Social Center, approved the new constitution.
9) Following the 2005 local elections, the PCP holds the leadership of 32 of 308 municipalities, most of them in Alentejo and Setúbal, and holds the leadership of hundreds of civil parishes and local assemblies.
10) The Socialist Party was founded in 1973, in the German city of Bad Münstereifel, by Portuguese Socialist Action.
11) In the 1987 parliamentary election the Unitarian Democratic Coalition (CDU) received 12.2 per cent of the popular vote. Eighteen years later, the 2005 parliamentary election, the CDU received 7.6 per cent of the popular vote, while the Left Bloc received 6.4 per cent.

Principality of Andorra (1278)
Type of state: Principality with multiparty system, jointly administered by France and Spain
Head of Government: Albert Pintat Santolària (Liberal Party of Andorra): March 30, 2005-present
Co-Princes (Heads of State): Nicholas Sarkozy, President of France; Joan Enric Vives Sicília, Bishop of Urgell, Spain
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party of Andorra
Communist presence: undetermined
Important note:
1) The Principality of Andorra is located in the Pyrenees Mountains on the French-Spanish border. Andorra was established in 1278 by the Treaty of Joint Suzerainty between the Spanish Bishop of Urgell and the French Count of Foix, whose descendants inherited Navarre in 1479 and then France in 1589. The princely rights in France were later assumed by the executive heads of the various French Republics.

Principality of Liechtenstein (1806)
Type of state: Principality with multiparty system
Prime Minister of Liechtenstein: Otmar Hasler (Progressive Citizens’ Party, libertarian): April 5, 2001-present
Prince of Liechtenstein (Head of State): Hans-Adam II: November 13, 1989-present
Socialist International presence: none
Communist presence: undetermined
Important notes:
1) The Prince of Liechtenstein exercises broad powers, which were expanded even more so in 2003 when a referendum that adopted Prince Hans-Adam’s constitutional revision passed. The referendum included a stipulation whereby the Prince of Liechtenstein was formally barred from vetoing any future bill to establish a republic. In addition, the parishes that comprise the principality were given the right to secede.
2) On August 15, 2004 Prince Hans-Adam II officially transferred the power of day-to-day government to his son Prince Alois, although Hans-Adam formally remains Head of State. Prince Hans-Adam owns LGT banking group and has a personal fortune in excess of £2 billion.

Principality of Monaco (1419)
Type of state: Principality with multiparty system
Minister of State: Jean-Paul Proust (nonpartisan): June 1, 2005-present
Prince of Monaco (Head of State): Albert II: April 6, 2005-present
Socialist International presence: none
Communist presence: Communist Action
Important notes:
1) Despite transferring some of his previously absolute powers to the national judiciary and legislature, the Prince of Monaco remains head of state and retains most of the country’s executive power.
2) In the February 3, 2008 election the centrist Union for Monaco retained its 21 seats in the National Council, against the formerly dominant conservative Rally for Monaco-National and Democratic Union.

Republic of Austria (1955)
Type of state: Multiparty state with history of communist government
Chancellor of Austria: Werner Faymann (Social Democratic Party of Austria): December 2, 2008-present
President of Austria: Heinz Fischer (Social Democratic Party of Austria): July 8, 2004-present
Communist government:
1) Provisional government consisting of Social Democratic Party of Austria in coalition with Communist Party of Austria, 1945-1947
Fascist government:
1) National Socialist German Workers’ Party, sole legal party under German occupation, 1938-1945
2) Patriotic Front (including Christian Social Party, Austrofascist), sole legal party, 1933-1938
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ)
Communist presence: Communist Party of Austria, Socialist Left Party (Trotskyist)
Important notes:
1) Established in 1918, the Communist Party of Austria (KPÖ) was banned in 1933 by the Austrofascist government of Engelbert Dollfuss and remained in that status until 1945 when the Allies liberated Austria from German occupation. The KPÖ currently holds membership in the New European Left Forum and Party of the European Left. After the Austrofascist regime also banned the Social Democratic Party, many former Social Democratic Party of Austria members joined with the KPÖ to form the Austrian Resistance against Nazism.
2) In the first postwar provisional government under Karl Renner, the KPÖ was represented by seven members along with 10 socialists and nine Christian socialists. KPÖ chair Johann Koplenig assumed the post of Vice-Chancellor of Austria, Franz Honner Minister of the Interior, and Ernst Fischer Minister of Education. During the postwar recovery, the KPÖ denounced the Marshall Plan and the capitalist reconstruction of Western Europe. Communist Karl Altmann held the post of Minister for Energy until 1947.
3) During a large-scale labor uprising in September and October of 1950 communist commandos stormed power stations and tram depots in the Soviet-occupied districts of Vienna. The Austrian Trade Union Federation opposed the strike, but the KPÖ assumed a prominent role in this strike. Politicians in the government’s grand coalition warned of a communist revolution, which many historians have since denied as an unreasonable fear.
4) The KPÖ’s failure to condemn the bloody Soviet suppression of the 1956 Hungarian uprising prompted a mass withdrawal of members. The Austrian communists condemnded the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, but later readopted their openly pro-Moscow line.
5) During the Cold War the German Democratic Republic funneled money to the KPÖ through the communist front company Novum. Following the collapse of the German Democratic Republic in 1989, the Federal Republic of Germany claimed Novum’s assets and was awarded the same in 2002. As a result, the net assets of the KPÖ were seized.

Republic of Finland (1918)
Type of state: Multiparty state with history of communist government and failed communist insurgency
Prime Minister of Finland: Matti Taneli Vanhanen (Centre Party): June 24, 2003-present
President of Finland: Tarja Halonen (Social Democratic Party of Finland, independent): March 1, 2000-present
Communist government:
1) Social Democratic Party of Finland in coalition with Left Alliance, 1995-2003
2) Communist Party of Finland members join various cabinets, 1948-1990
3) Finnish People’s Democratic League (broad front dominated by Communist Party of Finland), 1946-1948
4) Finnish Democratic Republic in Soviet-occupied territories during Winter War, 1939-1940
5) Finnish Socialist Workers’ Republic in southern Finland, 1918
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party of Finland
Communist presence: Communist Party of Finland (dissolved in 1990), Communist Party of Finland (Unity) (founded in 1986), Left Alliance (merger of Finnish People’s Democratic League, Finnish Women’s Democratic League, and Communist Party of Finland in 1990)
Important notes:
1) Between 1944 and 1990, Communist Party of Finland (SKP) members joined a number of Finnish cabinets, but at no time did open communists occupy the posts of president or prime minister. During this period, electoral support of the SKP varied between 15 and 20 per cent. It is believed that the SKP accepted substantial financial support from the Soviet Union.
2) In 1918 a communist insurgency was suppressed in Finnish Civil War, when the White Guards, which were the armed forces commanded by conservative-dominated Finnish Senate and supported by Imperial Germany, routed the Red Guards, dominated by revolutionary socialists and the Social Democrats, under the leadership of Otto Ville Kuusinen who also founded the Finnish Communist Party. The Red Guards endeavored to establish a Finnish Socialist Workers’ Republic, which existed only in southern Finland between January and April 1918.
3) The Finnish Democratic Republic (FDR) was a short-lived communist regime in those small areas of Finland that were occupied by the Soviet Union during the Winter War. Also known as the Soviet-Finnish War or Russo-Finnish War, this conflict began on November 30, 1939 when the Soviet Union attacked Finland. Finnish resistance proved stronger than Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin anticipated. In March 1940 Finland was required to cede only 10 per cent of its territory and 20 per cent of its industrial capacity to the Soviet Union.
4) The Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic (KFSSR) was founded on March 31, 1940 through a merging of the FDR and Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The chair of the Karelo-Finnish Supreme Soviet between 1940 and 1956 was Finnish communist Kuusinen. In the KFSSR a separate Karelo-Finnish Communist Party operated in the 1940s under the leadership of G.N. Kupriyanov. Hostilities between Finland and the Soviet Union resumed during the Continuation War between 1941 and a 1944 cease-fire.

Republic of Iceland (1918)
Type of state: Multiparty with history of communist government
Prime Minister of Iceland: Geir Hilmar Haarde (Independence Party, conservative): June 15, 2006-present
President of Iceland: Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (People’s Alliance, leftist; independent): August 1, 1996-present
Communist government:
1) Progressive Party (liberal agrarian) in coalition with Social Democratic Party, People’s Alliance (“ex”-communist), and Citizens’ Party (split from Independence Party), 1989-1991
2) Progressive Party in coalition with Social Democratic Party and People’s Alliance (“ex”-communist), 1956-1958, 1978-1979, 1988-1989
3) Independence Party (center right) in coalition with Progressive Party and People’s Alliance (“ex”-communist), 1980-1983
4) Progressive Party in coalition with Social Democratic Party, and Union of Liberals and Leftists, 1971-1974
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party
Communist presence: Alliance (possibly; former People’s Alliance members), Left-Green Movement (possibly; former People’s Alliance members)
Important note:
1) Formed in 1999 and formally united as one party in 2000, the Alliance consists of the Social Democratic Party, People’s Alliance, Women’s Alliance (feminist) and the National Movement. The People’s Alliance traces its origins to the Communist Party of Iceland, which defected from the Social Democratic Party of Iceland in 1930, renamed itself the Socialist Party in 1937 and renamed itself a second time in 1956 as the People’s Alliance.

Republic of Ireland (1922)
Type of state: Multiparty state with defunct communist insurgency
Taoiseach of Ireland (Head of Government): Brian Cowen (Fianna Fail, centrist): May 7, 2008-present
President of Ireland: Mary Patricia McAleese (Fianna Fail, centrist): November 11, 1997-present
Socialist International presence: Irish Labour Party (including Democratic Left, a split from Workers’ Party of Ireland)
Communist insurgency: Dormant factions of Real and Provisional Irish Republican Army
Communist presence: Communist Party of Ireland, Socialist Party (Trotskyist), Socialist Workers’ Party (Trotskyist), Irish Republican Socialist Party, Republican Sinn Féin, Workers’ Party of Ireland (formerly Official Sinn Féin/Official Irish Republican Army), (Provisional) Sinn Féin
Important notes:
1) Fianna Fáil has dominated Irish politics in much the same way as the Social Democratic Party dominates Swedish politics. From its founding in the early twentieth century, the party moved from the radical left to become the establishment party in the 1930s. Since 1932 Fianna Fáil has been the largest party in the parliament, called Dáil Éireann, and has formed the government five times since Ireland obatined independence in 1921.
2) Both Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael, the second largest party in Ireland, descended from factions of the original Sinn Féin party: the former from the faction that opposed the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty, the latter from the pro-treaty faction.
3) The Socialist Party is affiliated with the Trotskyist Committee for a Workers’ International (CWI). Formerly known as Militant Labour, then Militant Tendency, it adopted the name The Socialist Party in 1996. Like many other organisations affiliated with the CWI, members of the organisation practiced entryism in the Irish Labour Party. In the early 1990s Trotskyists were expelled from Labour and established an independent organisation.
4) Today, the name Sinn Féin is most commonly associated with the (Provisional) Sinn Féin, a leftist nationalist party linked to the Provisional IRA and which parted company with Offical Sinn Féin in 1970 over an ideological dispute. The (Provisional) Sinn Féin operates under the well-known leadership of Gerry Adams.
5) Official Sinn Féin, later renamed “Sinn Féin the Workers’ Party” and then the Workers’ Party of Ireland, is a Marxist republican party that evolved from the split in Sinn Féin and the IRA that took place in 1970.
6) The Official IRA initially carried out violent action against the British Army, but declared an end to its military campaign in 1972. Since then the Official IRA has feuded with both the Provisional IRA and the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA), a radical splinter group established in 1974.
7) Formed in 1986 as a splinter group, Republican Sinn Féin (RSF) is a minor party espousing “fundamentalist republicanism.” RSF opposed Sinn Féin’s decision to accept seats won in Dáil Éireann, viewing this as a capitulation to the United Kingdom’s partitioning of Ireland into the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
8) The Irish Republican Socialist Movement (IRSM) embraces the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP), INLA, prisoners who belong to the IRSP and INLA, Irish Republican Socialist Committees of North America (IRSCNA), and Republican Socialist Youth Movement. The INLA is the military wing of the IRSM. The founders of INLA were Seamus Costello and other Marxists who departed or were expelled from the Official IRA following the organization’s 1972 ceasefire. The IRSM’s influence peaked in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
9) Founded in 1984 in Saint Paul, Minnesota, the IRSCNA is a support group for the IRSM. In 1998 the IRSM formally recognized the IRSCNA as its official North American section.
10) A number of prominent Irish Labour Party members were former members of the CPI, which maintains fraternal meetings with the Communist Party of Britain and other socialist and communist parties in Europe. The Communist Party of Ireland provided the core of the Irish volunteers in the Spanish Civil War.

Republic of Malta (1964)
Type of state: Multiparty state
Prime Minister of Malta: Lawrence Gonzi (Nationalist Party, liberal conservatism): March 23, 2004-present
President of Malta: Edward Fenech Adami (Nationalist Party, liberal conservatism): April 4, 2004-April 4, 2009
President-Elect of Malta: George Abela (Labour Party): April 4, 2009 (assuming office)
Socialist International presence: Malta Labour Party
Communist presence: Communist Party of Malta
Important note:
1) The Communist Party of Malta (PKM) was founded in 1969, following a split in the Malta Labour Party. PKM’s electoral support is negligible.

State of the Vatican City (1929)
Type of state: Catholic theocracy with no legal parties
Current government: Pope of Rome, elected by College of Cardinals
Socialist International presence: parties banned
Communist presence: parties banned
Important note:
1) Some Roman Catholics, especially Traditionalists and other secessionists, maintain that the Roman Catholic hierarchy, including the papacy, was infiltrated and corrupted by Freemasons and communists during the reign of Pope John XXIII or before, as well as particularly the Second Vatican Council. See websites: His Holiness Pope Pius XIII, Fr. David C. Trosch, These Last Days Ministries.

Swiss Confederation (1291)
Type of state: Multiparty state with history of international neutrality
President of the Swiss Confederation: Hans-Rudolf Merz (Free Democratic Party of Switzerland): January 1-December 31, 2009
Vice President of the Swiss Confederation: Doris Leuthard (Christian Democratic People’s Party of Switzerland): January 1-December 31, 2009
Federation Council: From 1959 to 2003 the seven-member executive Federal Council featured a coalition of all major parties in the same ratio: two posts each for the Free Democratic Party of Switzerland (liberal), Social Democratic Party of Switzerland, and Christian Democratic People’s Party of Switzerland (centrist); and one post for the Swiss People’s Party (conservative). Since 2003 the ratios of the Swiss People’s Party and Christian Democratic People’s Party of Switzerland, which experienced varying electoral results in that year’s National Council election, were reversed. Traditionally, the office of President of the Swiss Confederation rotates among Federation Council members in order of seniority, with the previous year’s Vice President becoming President.
Communist government: none
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
Communist presence: Swiss Party of Labour, Solidarities (member of European Anticapitalist Left)
Important note:
1) The Swiss Party of Labor was founded by the illegal Communist Party of Switzerland in 1944. It is associated with the European United Left-Nordic Green Left group in the European Parliament, although Switzerland is not in the European Union. In 2003 it held two mandates out of 200 in the Swiss National Council. The Swiss Party of Labor was not represented in the second chamber or the executive body known as the Swiss Federal Council. Two years later it held less than one per cent of the seats in the Swiss cantonal parliaments, and was not represented in any of the 26 cantonal governments.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1801)
Type of state: Constitutional monarchy with multiparty system and defunct communist insurgency
Prime Minister of United Kingdom: Gordon Brown (Labour Party): June 27, 2007-present
Queen of the United Kingdom (Head of State):
Elizabeth II: February 6, 1952-present
Semi-communist government:
1) Northern Ireland Executive led by coalition consisting of Democratic Unionist Party and Sinn Fein/Provisional IRA: 2007-present
Socialist International presence: Labour Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party (Northern Ireland)
Communist insurgency: Dormant factions of Real and Provisional Irish Republican Army
Communist presence: Socialist Party (England and Wales) (Trotskyist), Green Socialist Network, Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB, existed between 1920 and 1991), Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee) (split from CPGB in 1977), Communist Party of Britain, Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist) (split from CPGB in 1968), Communist Party of Scotland, New Communist Party of Britain (split from CPGB in 1977), Communist Action Group, Socialist Environmental Alliance (Trotskyist), Workers’ Revolutionary Party (Trotskyist), Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist
Important notes:
1) Ramsay MacDonald, the United Kingdom’s first Labour Prime Minister, opposed the radicalism that dominated the labour movement in following the Russian Revolution of 1917, and became a staunch foe of communism. Unlike the French Socialist Party and the German Social Democratic Party, the Labour Party did not split and, hence, the Communist Party of Great Britain remained politically irrelevant.
2) Clement Attlee, the UK’s second Labour PM, defected from the Fabian Society and joined the Independent Labour Party in 1908. Attlee lectured at the London School of Economics in 1913, but enlisted in the armed forces when the First World War began.
3) In 1963 Soviet defector Anatoliy Golitsyn privately alleged that Harold Wilson, prime minister from 1964 to 1970 and from 1974 to 1976, was a KGB agent.
4) The Labour Representation Committee (LRC) operates as a socialist pressure group inside the Labour Party and in parliament as the Socialist Campaign Group. Organizations with the LRC include the Communication Workers’ Union and the New Communist Party of Britain.
5) The Communist Party of Ireland (CPI), rather than British communists, has organized cells in Northern Ireland. Founded in 1988, the CPI claims to be a continuation of the CPGB.
6) Founded in 2004, the leftist Respect Party is an acronym for Respect, Equality, Socialism, Peace, Environmentalism, Community, and Trade unionism. Respect members hold membership in other political organizations, a communist practice known as entryism, or infiltration. Prominent politicians who hold membership in Respect include ex-Labourite pro-Iraqi MP George Galloway, who allegedly received bribes from the Ba’athist regime of Saddam Hussein; Mark Serwotka, general secretary of the Public and Commercial Services Union; British television and film director Ken Loach; and playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature Harold Pinter. Political parties and organizations supporting Respect include the Muslim Association of Britain, Muslim Council of Britain, Socialist Workers’ Party, International Socialist Group, Socialist Unity Network, Socialist Resistance, Communist Party of Great Britain (Provisional Central Committee), and Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist-Leninist).

>Red World: A Comprehensive List of Communist States in 2006: Western Europe, Part 1

>Federal Republic of Germany (1990)
Type of state: Multiparty system with history of fascist and communist dictatorship
Chancellor of Germany: Angela Merkel (Free German Youth (East Germany’s official communist youth section), Christian Democratic Union): November 22, 2005-present
President of Germany: Horst Kohler (Christian Democratic Union): July 1, 2004-present
Communist government:
1) Left Party (formerly Party of Democratic Socialism) in coalition governments with Social Democratic Party of Germany at state level, 2005-present
2) Party of Democratic Socialism (formerly East Germany’s Socialist Unity Party) in coalition governments with Social Democratic Party of Germany at state level, 1990-2005
3) German Democratic Republic, under government of Socialist Unity Party-led National Front of Democratic Germany and Soviet military occupation, 1949-1990
4) Bavarian Soviet Republic, under government of Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany and anarchists, 1918-1919
Fascist government:
1) National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi), sole legal party, 1933-1945
Socialist International presence: Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)
Communist presence: Left Party (founded 2005; merger of PSD, Labor and Social Justice Party (WASG) and members of German Communist Party (DKP)), DKP (legal party founded in West Germany, 1968), Communist Party of Germany (KPD; founded 1918; banned by Nazis, 1933; banned in West Germany, 1956), Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD; founded 1982; Maoist), Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Group, 1972-1998)
Important notes:
1) The reunification of Germany in 1990 facilitated, by communist design, the communization of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) by merging the political parties that once constituted the NF, the popular front that ruled East Germany under the leadership of the SED, with West German political parties. Reunification also facilitated the infiltration of West German institutions and society with “former” career East German communists. As of 1990, therefore, the Soviet Bloc effectively extends to the Franco-German border.
2) After German reunification, the East German National People’s Army (NVA) was merged into the West German Bundeswehr. Most noncommissioned officers and almost all commissioned officers were discharged from service, while those who were accepted into the enlarged Bundeswehr were typically demoted by one rank. Political officers were posted throughout the NVA to promote loyalty to the SED.
3) The ruling communist party of East Germany, the SED, was formed in 1946 as a merger of those branches of the SPD and KPD operating in the Soviet sector of Allied-occupied Germany. In addition to the SED, the NF consisted of the Free German Trade Union Federation, Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Liberal Democratic Party of Germany (LDPD), Democratic Farmers’ Party of Germany (DBD), National Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD), Free German Youth (FDJ), Democratic Women’s League of Germany and Cultural Association of the DDR (GDR).
4) The NDPD was a haven for former members of the Nazi Party and the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces between 1935 and 1945. One of the chief objectives of the party was to end discrimination against former members of the Nazi Party. As such East Germany’s ruling National Front was actually an unholy union between East German Communists and Nazis, much as Syria’s governing National Progressive Front combines the neofascist Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party, neofascist Syrian Social National Party, Syrian Communist Party and other socialist parties into one government. In 1990 the NDPD joined the Association of Free Democrats, which shortly thereafter merged into West Germany’s well-established liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP).
5) After reunification East Germany’s CDU likewise merged with West Germany’s CDU. The East German CDU, however, was designed to coopt Christians into subservience to the SED. The LDPD also joined the Association of Free Democrats which, as noted above, merged into West Germany’s FDP. In 1990 the DBD merged with the East German CDU which, as noted above, subsequently merged into West Germany’s CDU.
6) The NF’s communist youth movement, the Free German Youth, was banned after German reunification, although it still operates openly, shares an office building with the Left Party, maintains a website, and continues to hold membership in the communist World Federation of Democratic Youth.
7) Founded in 1962, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin (SEW) evolved from the West Berlin branch of the SED. At the time of German reunification, the SEW merged into the PDS.
8) The Left Party, formerly known as the PSD, is the legal successor to the SED. The Left’s logo is pictured above. Between 1990 and 2005 the PSD achieved minimal support in western Germany, but regularly won 15 to 25 per cent of the popular vote in eastern Germany. The PSD entered coalition governments with the SPD in two eastern German states, Berlin and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. In 1998 the PSD elected 37 deputies with 5.1 per cent of the national vote, thus passing the five per cent hurdle required for proportional representation and full parliamentary status.
9) In 2005 the PSD entered an electoral alliance with the Labor and Social Justice Party (WASG), based in western Germany. Known as the Left Party, the new political merger won 8.7 per cent of the national vote in the September 2005 federal election and sent 54 deputies to the Bundestag, as the fourth largest parliamentary party, ahead of the Greens and only slightly behind the FDP. The WASG consisted of dissident Social Democrats and trade unionists. The DKP, a legal party founded in West Germany in 1968, endorsed the new Left Party ticket. The DKP was formed by former members of the old KDP, which was banned by the Nazis in 1933, revived after the Second World War, won seats in the first postwar Bundestag elections in 1949, and banned again by the West German government in 1956. The Left Party is the largest party in the European Parliament’s European United Left-Nordic Green Left parliamentary group.
10) Since German reunification, the Left Party’s connections, by way of its predecessor the SED, with the defunct East German Ministry for State Security, or Stasi, have come to light. After the 2005 election Marianne Birthler, Federal Commissioner for the Records of the National Security Service of the Former German Democratic Republic, revealed that Lutz Heilmann, the Left Party’s top candidate from Schleswig-Holstein, had worked as a Stasi guard for several years. In a narrow vote, the Left Party in that state passed a vote of confidence that retained Heilmann’s candidacy. Lothar Bisky’s suspected Stasi past also prevented his election to one of the vice presidential posts in the Bundestag. Bisky joined the SED in 1963 and chaired the national PSD between 1993 and 2000. The chair of the Left Party in Saxony, Peter Porsch, may lose his mandate in the state parliament due to his known Stasi past. With the exception of the Left Party, all representatives in the Saxon parliament, including those of the CDU, SPD, FDP, Greens and National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD) voted to initiate the investigation against Porsch. The NPD is a far-right party that harbored West Germany’s neo-Nazis in a fashion similar to that of NDPD in East Germany.
11) Ex-Stasi officers, including the ministry’s last director, Wolfgang Schwanitz, continue to be politically active in the reunified Germany through the Society for Legal and Humanitarian Support (GRH). The GRH receives support from the DKP and maintains its own website.
12) The Red Army Faction (RAF), also known as Red Army Fraction or Baader-Meinhof Group, was Western Germany’s most well-known communist terrorist organization. The RAF was a self-described “urban guerrilla” cell that murdered 34 people between 1972 and 1998. Its attacks surged during the autumn of 1977. Following the staged collapse of the Soviet Union, the RAF carried out several high-profile terrorist actions, including the murder of industrialist Ernst Zimmermann; a bombing at the US Air Force’s Ramstein Air Base, which killed three people; the car-bombing of Siemens executive Karl-Heinz Beckurts; and the shooting of Gerold von Braunmühl, a leading official in Germany’s foreign ministry. After German reunification, it was learned that, not surprisingly, the Stasi had provided financial and logistical support to the RAF, as well as shelter and new identities for RAF members.
13) The communist-instigated, Bolshevik-inspired German Revolution was suppressed by the Weimar Republic’s SPD government. During the 1919 Spartacist Revolt the KPD instigated an unsuccessful revolt in Berlin.

French Republic
Type of state: Multiparty with history of democratically elected communist government
Prime Minister of France: Francois Fillon (Rally for the Republic, Union for a Popular Movement, center-right): May 17, 2007-present
President of France: Nicholas Sarkozy (Rally for the Republic, Union for a Popular Movement, center-right): May 16, 2007-present
Communist government:
1) French Socialist Party in coalition with French Communist Party and Radical Party, 1981-1986, 1988-1993, 1997-2002
2) French Socialist Party in coalition with French Communist Party under leadership of Premier Paul Ramadier, 1947
3) Postwar provisional government under leadership of General Charles de Gualle included French Communist Party and other French Resistance members, 1944-1946
4) Popular Front (Socialist-Radical) government under leadership of Premier Leon Blum with support of French Communist Party, 1936
5) Left Coalition government under leadership of Premier Édouard Daladier with support of French Communist Party, 1932-1934
6) Paris Commune under leadership of Blanquists, or communists, Proudhonists, or libertarian anarchists, and libertarian republicans, 1870-1871
Fascist government:
1) French State (Vichy France) under Chief of State Philippe Pétain and supported by Nazi military occupation, 1940-1944
Socialist International presence: French Socialist Party
Communist presence: French Communist Party, Workers’ Party (Trotskyist), Revolutionary Communist League (Trotskyist), Communist Union (or Workers’ Struggle; Trotskyist)
Important notes:
1) The French Communist Party (PCF) traces its origin to the left wing of the French Socialist Party (PS), which defected in 1920, with assistance from Vietnamese communist, Ho Chi Minh. The right wing of the PS, under the leadership of Blum, remained in the French Section of the Workers’ International (SFIO) which, under the leadership of Mitterand, changed its name to the current one in 1969.
2) After the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (1939) established a non-aggression treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union, Premier Daladier’s government proscribed the PCF. During the early years of the Second World War, the PCF adopted a pro-Nazi stance, as did many other communist parties worldwide.
3) When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the PCF’s reversed its stance vis-à-vis the Nazi regime and joined the French Resistance. By 1944 the PCF controlled large areas of the country through the Resistance units under its command. Some communists wanted to launch a revolution and seize power in France as the Germans withdrew, but the PCF leadership, following Stalin’s dictate, resolved to cooperate with the Allied victors and called for a new Popular Front government.
4) The PCF supported the general strike of May 1968 but opposed the revolutionary student movement, which was dominated by Trotskyists, Maoists and anarchists. In 1976, the PCF publicly abandoned Soviet communism in favor of the Italian Communist Party’s Eurocommunism. Notwithstanding this apparent moderation of policy, the PCF remained loyal to Moscow, and in 1979, General Secretary Georges Marchais supported the invasion of Afghanistan.
5) The PCF’s electoral support has declined since 1980, but the influential French communists retain the second largest party in terms of membership, after the conservative Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). Since its participation in Socialist governments and under the leadership of Robert Hue’s “mutation,” it had moderated its platform with social democratic policies.
6) The 2004 regional elections resulted in a major victory for the French Left, in which alliances of the PS, PCF, Left Radical Party and the Greens won the presidencies in 20 of France’s 22 regions, defeating the French Right, consisting of the UMP, Union for French Democracy and National Front.
7) Prominent twentieth-century French literati who embraced communism included existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre, who did not actually hold membership in the PCF but was a fellow traveller, and absurdist Albert Camus, who did hold party membership. Sarte enthusiastically supported Algeria’s National Liberation Front, while Camus secretly advocated for incarcerated Algerians who faced the death penalty.
8) During the 1960s, Lionel Jospin, Socialist Prime Minister between 1997 and 2002, was a member of the Internationalist Communist Organization (ICO), a clandestine cell of Trotskyists committed to overthrowing the French Republic and establishing a dictatorship of the proletariat. In the 1970s, Jospin joined the PS while retaining membership in the ICO. Jospin concealed his communist membership from Socialist colleagues but in 2001 journalists and former comrades in the ICO forced Jospin to concede the truth about his membership in a revolutionary leftist cell.
9) Prior to his entrance into the political limelight, Jacques René Chirac, President of France since 1995, gravitated toward leftist politics, peddled the communist newspaper l’Humanité, and endorsed the communist-inspired Stockholm Call against nuclear weapons in 1950.
10) The Paris Commune of 1870 and 1871 is idolized by communists to this day. The Bolsheviks renamed the dreadnought battleship Sevastopol to Parizhskaya Kommuna in honour of the Commune, while the Soviet spaceflight Voskhod 1 carried a part of a communard banner. The communards used the red flag of socialism.

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (1867)
Type of state: Constitutional monarchy with multiparty system
Prime Minister of Luxembourg: Jean-Claude Juncker (Christian Social People’s Party, center-right): January 20, 1995-present
Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Head of State): Henri: October 7, 2000-present
Communist government:
1) National Union Government (consisting of Christian Social People’s Party, Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party, Democratic Party, and Communist Party of Luxembourg), 1945-1947
Socialist International presence: Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party
Communist presence: Communist Party of Luxembourg, The Left (merger of New Left and Revolutionary Socialist Party)
Important note:
1) Luxembourg, like France, Italy and other German-occupied countries, emerged from the Second World War with a short-lived provisional government that contained communists.

Hellenic Republic (1829)
(formerly Kingdom of Greece until 1974)
Type of state: Multiparty democracy with history of failed communist insurgency
Prime Minister of Greece: Kostas Karamanlis (New Democracy, center-right): March 10, 2004-present
President of Greece: Karolos Papoulias (Socialist Democratic Union, Panhellenic Socialist Movement): March 12, 2005-present
Communist government:
1) Panhellenic Socialist Movement, 1993-1996
2) New Democracy in coalition with Synaspismos (including Communist Party of Greece), 1989-1991
3) Panhellenic Socialist Movement, 1981-1989
Fascist government:
1) Fourth of August military regime, 1936-1941
Socialist International presence: Panhellenic Socialist Movement
Communist presence: Communist Party of Greece (KKE; Stalinist), KKE Interior (Eurocommunist), Renewing Communist Ecological Left (AKOA; split from KKE, 1968), Coalition of the Left, Social Movements and Ecology (Synaspismos; containing “former” KKE and KKE Interior members), Coalition of the Radical Left (consisting of Synaspismos, AKOA, Internationalist Workers’ Left (DEA; Trotskyist), Movement for the United in Action Left (KEDA; split from KKE), Active Citizens and independent leftists), Radical Left Front (consisting of New Left Current, Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (Maoist), Workers’ Revolutionnary Party (Trotskyist), Youth of Communist Liberation, Independent Communist Organization of Serres, Alternative Ecologists and independent leftists), Communist Organization of Greece (Maoist; split from KKE, 1964), Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Greece (Maoist; split from KKE, 1964), Socialist Workers’ Party, Anti-Capitalist Coalition, Organization for the Reconstruction of the Communist Party of Greece (anti-Russian Maoist)
Important notes:
1) From 1936 to 1941, Greece was ruled by a semi-fascist, authoritarian regime under the leadership of General Ioannis Metaxas. The Salazar regime in Portugal was Metaxas’ main inspiration. The Fourth of August regime employed military-style uniforms, salutations, songs and rituals, including the stiff-armed Roman salute. The KKE was banned during the Metaxas regime and the subsequent German occupation of Greece.
2) As with France and Italy, communist partisans formed an important part of the resistance against Germany’s occupation of Greece during the Second World War. Unlike France and Italy, however, Greek communists continued their insurgency against the new postwar Greek government. The KKE’s National Liberation Front operated a military wing called the National Popular Liberation Army (ELAS).
3) The first stage of the civil war spanned the years 1942 and 1944, in which leftist and rightist elements fought each other to establish supremacy over the Greek Resistance. During the second stage, the Greek communists assumed control over the Resistance and opposed the Greek government in exile, which had been formed under Allied auspices in Egypt. A center-right government, elected under irregular conditions endeavored to suppress the insurgency, which the KKE directed from its office in Athens. In spite of the general knowledge of the KKE’s leadership in the insurgency, the party was not outlawed until 1949.
4) The third stage of the civil war began in 1946, when armed ELAS veterans infiltrated into Greece from their base in communist Yugoslavia. ELAS restyled itself as the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), under the command of the ELAS veteran “General” Markos Vafiadis.
5) Finally, in July of 1949 Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito closed his country’s border to the DSE guerrillas and disbanded their camps on Yugoslav territory. Although the DSE still operated from communist Albania, this location was not ideal for instigating raids into Greece. As a result of the withdrawal of Yugoslavian support for the Greek insurgents, Titoists were purged from the ranks of the KKE, which also suffered from a loss of popular support.
6) In 1967 after several years of political instability, Greek nationalists feared that Prime Minister George Papandreou’s Center Union might form an alliance with the United Democratic Left, which consisted in part of former ELAS/DSE insurgents and which was openly supported by the banned KKE. In response, the Greek armed forces instigated a coup d’etat on April 21 that established a military regime lasting until 1974. In that year the Greek monarchy was abolished and the ban against communism lifted.
7) The prominent center-left politician Themistoklis Sophoulis was leader of the Liberal Party for many years. Sophoulis was prime minister of Greece three times, in 1924, from 1945 to 1946, and from 1947 to his death in 1949. In 1936 while Speaker of the Parliament he endorsed the Sophoulis-Sklavainas Pact with the KKE.
8) PASOK Prime Minister Andreas Georgiou Papandreou (1981-1989, 1993-1996) was active in Trotskyist groups beginning in 1938. The founders of PASOK, including Papandreou, originated from the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (PAK), established in exile in Sweden in 1968. PAK was committed to the overthrow of the military regime and the “socialist transformation” of Greece. Members of Democratic Defense, such as Nikos Konstantopoulos, assisted Papandreou in founding PASOK before later forming Socialist March and then Synaspismos. Democratic Defense was a clandestine organization that opposed the military regime and which engaged in some bombings.
9) An original member along with KKE Interior of Synaspismos, founded in 1989, the KKE withdrew in 1991. The ideology of Synaspismos is informed by Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, Antonio Gramsci, Louis Althusser, Nicos Poulantzas, Eric Hobsbawm, Noam Chomsky and the Frankfurt School philosophers.

Italian Republic (1861)
(formerly Kingdom of Italy until 1946)
Type of state: Multiparty system with history of democratically elected communist government
Prime Minister of Italy: Silvio Berlusconi (Forward Italy, communist-infiltrated liberal-conservative party; People of Freedom, planned merger of Forward Italy, National Alliance (post-neofascist), Social Action (neofascist), New Italian Socialist Party, Reformist Socialists, and assorted liberal, libertarian, and Christian democratic parties; close friend of Vladimir Putin): May 8, 2008-present, June 11, 2001-May 17, 2006, April 27, 1994-January 17, 1995
President of Italy: Giorgio Napolitano (Italian Communist Party (rightist faction), Democratic Party of the Left, Democrats of the Left): May 15, 2006-present
Communist government:
1) The Union (consisting of Democrats of the Left (formerly Italian Communist Party, PCI), Daisy-Democracy Is Freedom (including former PCI members), Communist Refoundation Party (including former PCI members), Federation of the Greens, Party of Italian Communists, Italian Democratic Socialists, Italian Radicals, Italy of Values, Popular-UDEUR, The Socialists, and Pensioners’ Party), 2006-2008
2) Olive Tree-Together for Italy (consisting of Democrats of the Left, Daisy-Democracy Is Freedom, and European Republican Movement) 1998-2000
3) Olive Tree-Together for Italy with support from Communist Refoundation Party, 1996-1998
4) Postwar provisional government included Italian Communist Party, 1944-1947
Fascist government:
1) Italian Social (Salo) Republic under government of Republican Fascist Party as sole legal party, 1943-1945
2) Kingdom of Italy under government of National Fascist Party as sole legal party, 1928-1943
3) Kingdom of Italy under government of National Fascist Party, 1924-1928
Socialist International presence: Democratic Party (founded 2007)
Communist presence: Communist Refoundation Party, Party of Italian Communists, International Communist Party, Italian Marxist-Leninist Party, Marxist-Leninist Italian Communist Party, Revolutionary Communist Party, Revolutionary Communist League, New Red Brigades
Important notes:
1) Originally known as the Communist Party of Italy, the PCI evolved from a secession of Leninists from the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) during the latter party’s 1921 congress. Amedeo Bordiga and Antonio Gramsci led the defection. The Fascist regime banned the PCI between 1926 and 1944. Gramsci was jailed and the party leadership transferred to Palmiro Togliatti. The PCI held membership in all postwar provisional governments between 1944 and 1947. During the Cold War, the US Central Intelligence Agency directed money to the ruling Christian Democrats in order to hold at bay the electorally powerful PCI.
2) After the Greek coup d’etat in 1967, Luigi Longo and other PCI leaders allegedly feared a similar coup in Italy, sponsored by military officers and other “neofascist” elements. Giorgio Amendola formally requested Soviet assistance to prepare Italian communists for such an event. Between 1967 through 1973, Italian communists traveled to the Soviet Union and East Germany to receive training in clandestine warfare and intelligence-collecting techniques by KGB and Stasi officers. In 1972 Longo sent a personal request to Leonid Brezhnev requesting $5.7 million in funding, in addition to the $3.5 million that the Soviets provided the PCI in 1971. The Soviets also directed money to front companies that sustained PCI members with lucrative contracts.
3) Later the PCI publicly repudiated its slavish obedience to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union after it was revealed that Czechoslovak State Security (StB) supported the Italian Red Brigades. By the 1980s the PCI wound up in the Eurocommunist camp.
4) Massimo D’Alema, Prime Minister of Italy between 1998 and 2000, held the post of secretary of the Italian Federation of Young Communists in the 1970s and later joined the PCI, which transformed itself into the “post-communist” Democrats of the Left, which eventually became the leading party in the Olive Tree and Union coalitions.
5) In October 2007 the following parties merged to found the Democratic Party: Democrats of the Left (“ex”-communist), Democracy Is Freedom-Daisy (centrist), Southern Democratic Party (centrist), Sardinia Project (centrist), European Republican Movement (social liberal), Democratic Republicans (social liberal), Middle-of-the-Road Italy (Christian democratic), and Reformist Alliance (social democratis). The leader of the new party Walter Veltroni was formerly a member of the Italian Communist Party and its later incarnations, the Democratic Party of the Left and Democrats of the Left. Veltroni was mayor of Rome between 2001 and February 15, 2008. The Democratic Party holds membership in the Socialist International.

Kingdom of Belgium (1830)
Type of state: Constitutional monarchy with multiparty system
Prime Minister of Belgium: Herman A. Van Rompuy (Christian Democratic and Flemish Party): December 30, 2008-present
King of Belgium (Head of State): Albert II: August 9, 1993-present
Communist government:
1) Postwar coalition of Socialist Party, liberals, and Communist Party of Belgium (PCB) under leadership of Prime Ministers Achille Van Acker and Camille Huysmans, 1945-1947
2) Wartime coalition including Communist Party of Belgium under leadership of Prime Minister Hubert Pierlot, 1944-1945
Socialist International presence: Socialist Party, Socialist Party-Different
Communist presence: Communist Party (Flanders) (Flemish branch of PCB before 1989), Communist Party (Wallonia) (Walloon branch of PCB before 1989), Workers’ Party of Belgium (WPB), Left Socialist Party (Trotskyist), Movement for a Socialist Alternative (Trotskyist)
Important notes:
1) Between 1905 and 1922 Huysmans was secretary of the Second International. In that capacity he communicated with Chinese social democratic revolutionary Sun Yat-sen and corresponded with Vladimir Lenin between 1905 and 1914. At the Socialist Conference in Stockholm in 1917 he pleaded against continuing the war.
2) In 1979 the student-originated WPB opened its first congress, which adopted a Marxist-Leninist program. Ludo Martens was elected the first president. He is still considered the party’s most influential ideologist. A prominent observer at the first WPB congress was Laurent Kabila, a Marxist who seized power in 1997 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was formerly a Belgian colony. The WPB hosts the International Communist Seminar, which is one of the most noteworthy conferences of communist parties from around the world. The PCB has lost most of its influence and, as a result, the WPB is now the biggest communist party in Belgium. The party’s weekly paper Solidair/Solidaire exercises some influence among Belgium’s trade unions.

Kingdom of Denmark
Type of state: Multiparty with history of democratically elected communist government
Prime Minister of Denmark: Anders Fogh Rasmussen (Liberal Party of Denmark): November 27, 2001-present
Queen of Denmark (Head of State): Margrethe II: January 14, 1972-present
Communist government:
1) Social Democrats in coalition with Unity List (also known as Red-Green Alliance; consisting of Communist Party of Denmark (DKP), Socialist People’s Party (founder former DKP member), Left Socialists, and Socialist Workers’ Party (Trotskyist), 1994-2001
2) Social Democrats in coalition with Unity List (consisting of Communist Party of Denmark, Socialist People’s Party (founder former DKP member), Left Socialists, Socialist Workers’ Party, and Communist Workers’ Party (Maoist)), 1993-1994
Socialist International presence: Social Democrats
Communist presence: DKP, Socialist People’s Party, Left Socialists, Socialist Workers’ Party, Communist Party in Denmark (split from DKP, 1990), Communist Party of Denmark/Marxist-Leninist
Important notes:
1) The DKP was banned during the Second World War. Red Green Alliance cooperates with the Socialist Youth Front, which was established in 2001 and has 900 members.
2) In 2005 the Communist Party in Denmark protested the attempt by the Interior Ministry of the Czech Republic to ban the Communist Youth Union in that country, claiming that Czech authorities were seeking to penalize the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia, which had obtained the third largest number of votes in recent elections.

Kingdom of the Netherlands, including Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba (1648)
Type of state:
Constitutional monarchy with multiparty system
Prime Minister of the Netherlands: Jan Peter Balkenende (Christian Democratic Appeal): July 22, 2002-present
Queen of the Netherlands (Head of State): Beatrix: April 30, 1980-present
Communist government: none
Socialist International presence: Labour Party
Communist presence: Green Left (founded in 1989 as merger of Radical Political Party, Pacifist Socialist Party (PSP), Communist Party of the Netherlands (CPN) and Evangelical People’s Party), Socialist Party (Maoist group founded in 1971 as Communist Party of the Netherlands (Marxist-Leninist)), Group of Marxist-Leninists/Red Dawn, New Communist Party of the Netherlands (founded in 1992 by members of defunct CPN), Offensive (Trotskyist entryist party that formerly operated within Labour Party and currently Socialist Party), Socialist Alternative Politics (founded in 1972 as League of Intenational Communists; split from PSP)
Important note:
1) Green Left has elected members to the North Holland Gedeputeerde Staten, as well as the Colleges of Aldermen and Mayors in Leiden, Nijmegen and Utrecht. Green Left candidates were appointed as one out of 12 Queen’s Commissioners in North Holland, and seven out of 414 mayors. The Dutch Minister of the Interior appoints mayors and Queen’s Commissioners.

Kingdom of Norway (1905)
Type of state: Multiparty with democratically elected communist government
Prime Minister of Norway: Jens Stoltenberg (Norwegian Labour Party): October 17, 2005-present
King of Norway (Head of State): Harald V: January 17, 1991-present
Communist government:
1) Red-Green Coalition (consisting of Norwegian Labour Party, Socialist Left Party (merger of Socialist People’s Party, Communist Party of Norway, Democratic Socialists-AIK, and Independent Socialists), and Center Party, 2005-present
Fascist government:
1) National Unification government under leadership of Minister President Vidkun Quisling, 1942-1945
Socialist International presence: Norwegian Labour Party
Communist presence: NKP, Socialist Left Party, Workers’ Communist Party (AKP; nonelectoral), Red Electoral Alliance (electoral front for AKP)
Important notes:
1) After Germany occupied Norway, the NKP initially allied themselves with the collaborationist government of Vidkuin Quisling and opposed the trade unions. Consquently, the Nazis tolerated the communists, including their publishing activities, until August 1940 when the party was banned by German authorities.
2) The NKP did not engage in resistance operations until 1941, at which point the Communist International, probably in response to the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, directed the Norwegian communists to oppose the German occupation forces. The communists gained significant popular support for their role in the Norwegian Resistance. In the main, however, they were slavishly pro-Soviet, although the NKP did condemn the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. The NKP still operates as an independent party, notwithstanding its participation in the creation of the Socialist Left Party.
3) The Democratic Socialists-AIK was originally founded as the Information Committee of the Labour Movement, an internal faction within the Norwegian Labour Party that opposed Norwegian membership in the European Union, then known as the European Community.

Kingdom of Spain (1812)
Type of state: Multiparty with history of democratically elected communist government and ongoing communist insurgency (ETA)
Prime Minister of Spain: José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (pro-communist parents, Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party): April 17, 2004-present
King of Spain (Head of State): Juan Carlos I: November 22, 1975-present
Communist government:
1) Popular Front (consisting of Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party, Workers’ General Union, Communist Party of Spain, Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification, Republican Left, and Republican Union Party, with support from the Esquerra Party (Catalan nationalist) and National Confederation of Labor (anarchist)), 1936-1939
Fascist government:
1) National Movement (Falange), sole legal party, 1970-1975
2) Traditional Spanish Falange and Juntas of National-Syndicalist Offensive (Falange), sole legal party, 1939-1970
Socialist International presence: Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party
Communist presence: Communist Party of Spain (PCE), United Left (IU, PCE-led coalition), Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE), Communist Party of the Basque Homelands (communist nationalist), Batasuna (coalition of leftist Basque nationalists, banned 2003), Zutik (merger of Communist Movement of Euskadi and Basque branch of Revolutionary Communist League (Spain)), Aralar (leftist Basque nationalist), Andecha Astur (leftist Asturian nationalist), Izquierda Asturiana (leftist Asturian nationlist), Izquierda Castellana (leftist Castilian nationalist; briefly included Communist Party of the Castilian People, associated with PCPE), Communist Unification of Spain
Important notes:
1) The Communist Party of Spain is the third largest political party of Spain, leads the coalition United Left (IU), and exerts influence in the largest union of Spain, Workers’ Commissions. The PCE currently maintains connections with the ruling Communist Party of China, Communist Party of Cuba, and Workers’ Party of Korea.
2) Founded in 1986 as an electoral coalition, IU opposes Spain’s participation in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. IU consists of leftists, greens, left-wing socialists and republicans, but is dominated by the PCE.
3) In 1982 popular support for the PCE dropped from 10 to three per cent, while the IU increased to nine per cent in 1993 (1,800,000 votes) and eleven per cent in 1996 (2,600,000 votes). Since 1999 the IU’s popular support has dropped, declining to five per cent in 2000. In the latter election the PCE entered a pact with the PSOE.
4) In May 1937 Spanish President Manuel Azaña named Juan Negrín López President of the Government, or prime minister. The PCE deeply infiltrated Negrin’s government, leading opponents, on both the Spanish left and right, to accuse the prime minister of being a Stalinist puppet.
5) The PSOE was originally committed to establishing a socialist Spain but has now embraced social democracy. During the Spanish Civil War the PSOE divided into three wings: a revolutionary Marxist wing under the leadership of Francisco Largo Caballero; a centrist but violence-prone wing under the leadership of Indalecio Prieto; and a reformist wing under the leadership of Julian Besteiro. The dictator Francisco Franco banned the PSOE in 1939, along with all other parties other than the Falange. During Franco’s rule Socialist leaders were imprisoned, assassinated and exiled.
6) The current pro-Nazi, anti-Jewish Socialist Prime Minister of Spain, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, was, along with his family, traditionally attracted to the PCE. In 1977, the year of Spain’s first democratic elections after the fall of the Franco regime, Zapatero openly supported the communist and socialist parties by posting posters for both organizations (source: Óscar Campillo Madrigal, Zapatero: Presidente a la Primera, First Edition; La Esfera de los Libros, Spain, 2004). Pictured above: Zapatero wears a Palestinian kaffiyah at a recent meeting of the Socialist Youth Movement. Zapatero’s ascent to power is due in part to the Madrid train bombings, perpetrated by the Palestinians’ Islamist colleagues in Al Qaeda, which scared Spanish voters away from the conservative People’s Party that had supported the USA-led War on Terror.
7) Batasuna was founded as Herri Batasuna in 1978 and known as Euskal Herritarrok between 1998 and 2001. In the past the party elected representatives to the parliaments of the Basque and Navarese Autonomous Communities, as well as the European Parliament. Since Batasuna is widely considered to be the political wing of the communist insurgent army, Basque Homeland and Freedom (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, ETA), the party was banned in 2003 and its representatives barred from the Spanish Parliament. Both the United States and the European Union list Batasuna as a terrorist organization. Herri Batasuna’s founding convention was held in Lekeitio, home of Santiago Brouard who was then the leader of the Revolutionary Socialist People’s Party (Herriko Alderdi Sozialista Iraultzailea, HASI).

>MISSILE DAY ALERT: Tentative warning: Regional wars exploding and possibly merging

>DAY 27 OF ARAB-ISRAELI WAR
IDF Corporal Gilad Shalit abducted by Hamas on June 25

There are news flashes . . .
— Jeff Nyquist, The Origins of the Fourth World War (1999)

New regional wars:
Israel versus Hezbollah, Lebanon, Syria and Iran
Official neo-communist Somali government and neo-communist Ethiopia versus insurgent Joint Islamic Courts in southern Somalia

Imminent regional wars:
Turkey versus Kurdish Marxist insurgents in Iraq
North Korea versus USA, South Korea and Japan

Developing regional wars:
Neo-communist Venezuela and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia versus Colombian government
People’s Republic of China versus Republic of China (Taiwan)
Semi-communist India versus Pakistan (in wake of ISI/Al Qaeda- orchestrated Mumbai train bombings)
USSR2: Russia versus Georgia (perestroika deception)

Developing world war:
Communist Bloc, under leadership of Moscow-Beijing Axis, versus West, under leadership of USA

>Africa File: Ethiopia invades Somalia to support officially recognized neo-communist government against Islamic militants, now in charge of Mogadishu

>The Middle East, the Horn of Africa, and the Kurdish rebellion in Turkey are three powderkegs that have exploded simultaneously but probably not coincidentally.

That the post-Mengistu neo-communist regime in Ethiopia would support the exiled post-Barre neo-communist regime of Somalia against the Al Qaeda-linked Islamic insurgents who have seized southern Somalia is somewhat surprising since in this “post”-Cold War era communists and Islamists have had little compunction about developing working relationships with each other to defeat the West.

The current government of Ethiopia consists of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which ousted Mengistu Haile Mariamhe in 1991. Since then the deposed communist dictator of Ethiopia and some 50 other Derg members have resided in Zimbabwe as “guests” of that country’s communist dictator, Robert Mugabe.

The president of Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government, formed in late 2004, is Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed (pictured above), who is also “president” of Puntland and deputy chair of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF). The SSDF consists of the Somali Salvation Front, Somali Workers’ Party, Democratic Front for the Liberation of Somalia, which is a front of the Communist Party of Somalia, and some members of the Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party, which was the sole legal party in Somalia between 1979 and 1991. Mohamed Siad Barre’s socialist military dictatorship, however, began in 1969.

The Puntland State of Somalia encompasses northeastern Somalia and was declared in 1998. Since 1991 Puntland has been under the control of the Ethiopian- and Libyan-supported SSDF, which supports the region’s autonomy within a federal Somalia.

Ethiopia vows to ‘crush’ Somali Islamist attack
July 21, 2006, 06:15

Horn of Africa power Ethiopia said yesterday it was tracking military movements by Somalia’s newly powerful Islamists and would “crush” any attack on the interim government of Abdullahi Yusuf, the transitional Somalian president.

“We will use all means at our disposal to crush the Islamist group if they attempt to attack Baidoa, the seat of the transitional federal government,” Berhan Hailu, the Ethiopian information minister, said in Addis Ababa.

Ethiopia backs Yusuf’s secular-based government, which is located in the provincial Somali town of Baidoa, and condemns the Islamist movement, which took the capital Mogadishu last month, as being run by “terrorists”. A move by Islamist militia towards Baidoa on Wednesday heightened fears of conflict between the two sides.

Ethiopia monitoring jihadist Islamist group

“Ethiopia is closely monitoring the jihadist Islamist group which has now returned to Mogadishu after a warning from Ethiopia not to attack Baidoa, the seat of the transitional government,” Hailu added. Witnesses confirmed the return yesterday.

Ethiopia is a key player in the current Somali crisis, with experts and sources on the ground saying it has several thousand troops already in Somali territory to deter Islamist advances.

Another 20,000 or so are lined up just inside the Ethiopian border, experts say. Ethiopia has invaded neighbouring Somalia in the past to fight Muslim radicals. – Reuters

Link: South African Broadcasting Corporation News

>Breaking News: Hezbollah kidnaps and releases two British journalists in Beirut on same day

>Will Eurocrat and Spanish Socialist Francisco Javier Solana Madariaga, who is currently touring Israel, still insist upon denying that Hezbollah is a terrorist org? Solana is the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Secretary General of the Council of the European Union, and Secretary General of the partially dormant Western European Union, not be confused with the EU.

Lebanon: Two journalists kidnapped by Hizbullah released

Two British journalists earlier kidnapped by Hizbullah in Beirut have been released by Lebanese police, a local police officer said. (AFP)

(07.20.06, 20:25)

Link: YNetNews.com

>Breaking News: Lebanese Defense Minister warns Israel: Lebanese Army will join Hezbollah if IDF ground troops cross border

>The IDF has thus far destroyed several Lebanese military assets suspected of providing a support role for the Iranian/Syrian-backed Hezbollah insurgent army. The decision of the Lebanese government to openly assist the Islamo-Marxist forces would carry more political weight than military. Since the MSM is already reporting that the IDF is battling Hezbollah on the ground in southern Lebanon, expect the new Middle East war to widen at this point . . .

Lebanese Army may join forces with Hizbullah
Jul. 20, 2006 17:23
By JPost.com Staff

The Lebanese Minister of Defense warned Israel Thursday that if IDF ground forces are sent into southern Lebanon, Lebanese troops will fight along with the Hizbullah against Israel.

Link: Jerusalem Post

>USSR2 File: Soviet Communists protest Israel’s defensive military action in Lebanon, demand trial for Israeli "war criminals"

>The Soviet state has been and remains hopelessly addicted to the destruction of Israel, hence its permanent alignment with the Islamofascist regimes of the Middle East. Zionism and all other forms of nationalism are the antithesis of communism. Observe that Vladimir Ulas, Secretary of the Moscow Branch of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and a close ally of CPRF General Secretary Gennady Zyuganov, admits that the USSR2 has a “lot of leverage in the region” and should employ that influence to halt Israeli “aggression” in Lebanon.

Russians protest Israeli aggression
MOSCOW, July 20

(KUNA) — Russians protested outside the Israeli Embassy in Moscow, Thursday, condemning the Israeli aggression against the Palestinians and the Lebanese people.

Twenty-eight parties joined the protest, most notably the Communist Party. The protestors held signs saying, “Free Palestinian MP’s and Ministers,” “Zionism and Nazism two sides to a coin,” among others.

Communist Party Secretary, Vladimir Ulas, spoke at the rally and called for lifting the American protection of the Israeli aggression so the U.N. can adopt a ceasefire resolution.

He called on the Russian government to take decisive measure to protect peace in the region.

Ulas expressed Russian solidarity with the Palestinian and Lebanese people during this struggle.

He said, an international tribunal must try the Israeli war criminals. Ulas added, Russia has a lot of leverage in the region that must be used to stop the war. (end)

Link: Kuwait News Agency

>Breaking News: Russian Deputy FM arrives in Damascus; Israeli cabinet approves retaliation without time limit; Hezbollah threatens to hit Tel Aviv

>The neo-Soviet interest in the new Middle East war and the USSR2’s political and military investments in its client state Syria are made very evident in the first report below.

Russian Deputy FM arrives in Damascus
DAMASCUS, July 19

(KUNA) Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Alexander Saltanov, arrived in Damascus for talks with the Syrian leadership about the Israeli aggression against Lebanon, a diplomat source told KUNA.

Saltanov will be briefing on the results of talks between US President George Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the G8 meetings.A source at the Syrian Foreign Ministry told KUNA Saltanov will meet later today with Syrian Foreign Minister, Walid Al-Muallem, to deliver a message from his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, regarding the Israeli assault and the international efforts for settlement.

Link: Kuwait News Agency

Security Cabinet Okays Unlimited Retaliation
11:28 Jul 19, ’06 / 23 Tammuz 5766

(IsraelNN.com) The Security Cabinet a short time ago gave a green light for the military to continue retaliating against the Hizbullah terrorist infrastructure in Lebanon without a time limit.

The United States is planning to send Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to the region after meeting with United Nations officials Thursday night, but there have been no indications that she will press for an immediate withdrawal of IDF forces. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert has made it clear that the offensive will not stop before Hizbullah safely returns the two IDF soldiers who were kidnapped when it initiated its terrorist war in northern Israel last week.

Link: IsraelNN.com

Ma’an: Nasrallah Will Give Tel Aviv Residents One Hour to Flee
01:00 Jul 19, ’06 / 23 Tammuz 5766
by Nissan Ratzlav-Katz

Arab press sources close to the Hizbullah say that residents of Tel Aviv will be given one hour to flee before the terrorist group launches a barrage of missiles at the city.

The unnamed sources are quoted by the Palestinian Authority-based news agency Ma’an as saying:

“The Lebanese resistance is preparing a retaliation parallel to Israel’s military actions. Hassan Nasrallah will address the people of Tel Aviv and warn them to evacuate the city within one hour. As soon as the delay ends, hundreds of heavy missiles will start landing in the city, which has been divided into squares in order to let damage reach every inch of the city. An estimated 500 missiles are expected to land in Tel Aviv in a short period of time.”

The Arab sources further said that the Hizbullah has been very careful in cultivating its public image, in order to increase the surprise effect of the planned barrage on Tel Aviv.

The war, from the perspective of Nasrallah, has not yet begun, the sources said, adding that other “surprises” planned by the Hizbullah include more kidnappings of Israeli soldiers from along the Lebanese border.

Also claiming to have “surprises” in store for Israel is the Gaza-based Islamic Jihad. On Tuesday night, the terrorist organization claimed to have fired a Katyusha rocket at Sderot. The Katyusha is a more deadly rocket than the Kassam, and is being deployed against Israel in the north of the country by the Hizbullah.

Source: IsraelNN.com

>Communist Bloc Military Updates: Defense Minister Ivanov: Russia ready to conduct nuke tests at any time to protect itself from foreign "blackmail"

>Updated August 4, 2006: Please note that we initially stated that Ivan Ivanov, rather than Sergei Ivanov, is the Russian Federation Defense Minister. Thanks to blog visitor for noticing this error.

The neo-Soviet leadership, operating under the dictates of the continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union, does not merely view its arsenal of nuclear weapons as a deterrent against “colonialist” aggression, a term that “post-communist” communist Comrade Czar Vladimir (“There’s No Such Thing as a Former KGB Man”) Putin employed in recent weeks, but as a warfighting tool. This view has comprised Soviet military doctrine since at least the 1960s.

Putin’s comments in advance of the G-8 meeting in St. Petersburg expose a mind that still thinks like a communist and which chaff at any negative portrayal of the collapse of democracy in the USSR2: “If you look at newspapers of 100 years ago, you see how, at the time, colonialist states justified their policies in Africa or in Asia. They talked of their civilising role, of the white man’s mission. If you change the word ‘civilising’ to ‘democratisation’, you find the same logic, you can read the same things in the press today.”

Sergei Ivanov, Russian Federation Defense Minister, is pictured above.

Defense minister says Russia remains ready to conduct nuclear tests (AP)

19 July 2006

MOSCOW Russia is not conducting nuclear tests but remains prepared to do so at any time, the defense minister said on Wednesday during a trip to the country’s main nuclear test site, Russian news agencies reported.

Sergei Ivanov said that the site on the Arctic archipelago of Novaya Zemlya is in a state of constant readiness to hold nuclear tests, but that Russia is now only conducting experiments that do not involve nuclear explosions, Interfax reported.

“We proceed from existing reality and keep the test range in constant preparedness, while adhering to all our commitments,” the agency quoted him as saying when asked whether Russia might resume tests if countries that have not joined the international treaty that bans test explosions and any other nuclear explosions do so.

“Certain large nuclear powers have not ratified the treaty,” Ivanov said, according to RIA-Novosti.

More than 100 countries have endorsed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, but to take effect it must be signed and ratified by 44 states that participated in a 1996 disarmament conference and possessed nuclear power or research reactors at the time. Only 34 have done so; the holdouts include China, India, Pakistan, Israel, North Korea and the United States, which has signed but not ratified the treaty.

Ivanov said that while Russia has ratified the treaty, “this does not mean we have stopped work in the nuclear sphere,” RIA-Novosti quoted Ivanov as saying.

Ivanov, President Vladimir Putin and other officials have repeatedly stressed that Russia intends to maintain strong nuclear capability. Ivanov last week announced plans to deploy new intercontinental ballistic missiles, saying that the nation needs a strong nuclear deterrent to protect itself from foreign “blackmail” – a comment referring at least in part to potential pressure from the United States.
Link: Khaleej Times

>Breaking News: Unconfirmed report: North Korea launches wartime alert; Turkey rebuffs USA, deploys troops to Iraqi border to crush Kurdish insurgency

>When it rains, it pours . . . North Korean intransigence has been coordinated with Iranian-Syrian provocations in the Middle East, as we have demonstrated in previous posts.

North Korea launches wartime alert: report
SEOUL, July 19 (AFP) Jul 18, 2006

North Korea has launched a wartime alert, putting its armed forces and nationals in a state of a war mobilization, an unconfirmed news report said here Wednesday.

Kim Jong-Il, head of the communist country, issued an order to that effect hours before the United Nations Security Council unanimously condemned North Korea’s missile tests last week, said the Joongang daily, quoting an unnamed government source.

Government officials were unable to be reached for confirmation early Wednesday.

North Korean soldiers on leave were told to return to their barracks, camouflage nettings were being draped on military vehicles and weapons, and people were prohibited from entering the countryside, the source said.

The alert was not issued publicly but spread quietly through military and civilian emergency networks, the daily said.

North Korea announced a war mobilization in 1993 at the height of a stand-off with the United States over its nuclear weapons programme.

South Korean President Roh Moo-Hyun was due to hold a cabinet meeting later Wednesday to discuss security in the aftermath of the UN resolution. The cabinet meeting was arranged before the report of the wartime alert.

The resolution, the first UN action against North Korea since 1993, requires nations to prevent the shipment of equipment and technology for the North’s missile or weapons of mass destruction programmes.

But the isolated communist state rejected what it called the “brigandish” resolution and vowed to bolster its defences, saying the situation had deteriorated due to the hostile policy of the United States.

Link: SpaceWar.com

Why should the USA deny Turkey’s right to crush the insurgent Kurdish army on its border when Washington has tacitly permitted Israel to eradicate the insurgent army on its border with Lebanon? Thus, no doubt, is the thinking in Ankara . . . Will two hotspots in the Middle East now merge into one regional conflagration?

Turkey draws up troops to its borders with Iran and Iraq
17:09 07/18/2006

Turkey began to draw up its Armed Forces’ units to Iraqi and Iranian borders, through which penetration of Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) members into Turkish territory is possible. Personnel and armored troops are transported from eastern and central military bases into border Hakkari and Van provinces. As Dogan News Agency informs, skirmishes between Kurdish rebels and Turkish servicemen continue in these mountain areas.

Armed Forces’ concentration near borders with Iran and Iraq began after special governmental session took place recently, devoted to anti-PKK measures, which abruptly activated last time. 15 servicemen died in skirmishes with Kurds only by the end of last week in Turkish south-east. As REGNUM informed earlier, the Turkish authorities warned they would invade into neighboring northern Iraq in order to pursue and wipe out Kurdish rebels. Justice Minister Cemil Cicek stated after the session that Turkey has its rights, based on international legislation. They will be used till the very end and to the full extent. Meanwhile, Washington repeatedly warned Ankara of undesirability of military operations against the PKK in northern Iraq; it believes that such measures may worsen the situation in the country, neighboring to Turkey.

Link: Regnum

>Breaking News: USA to support limited Israeli military action for one more week; IDF: Nearly one half of Hezbollah’s arsenal smashed

>The IDF is insisting that another 10 to 14 days are necessary to eradicate Hezbollah’s Lebanese army, while the Bush Administration is offering another week of hands-off diplomacy. Will Iran and Syria step into the limelight before then, or watch their proxy army from the relative comfort of the political sidelines? Who will prevail?

United States to Israel: you have one more week to blast Hizbullah
Bush ‘gave green light’ for limited attack, say Israeli and UK sources
Ewen MacAskill, Simon Tisdall and Patrick Wintour
Wednesday July 19, 2006

Excerpt:

The US is giving Israel a window of a week to inflict maximum damage on Hizbullah before weighing in behind international calls for a ceasefire in Lebanon, according to British, European and Israeli sources.

The Bush administration, backed by Britain, has blocked efforts for an immediate halt to the fighting initiated at the UN security council, the G8 summit in St Petersburg and the European foreign ministers’ meeting in Brussels.

“It’s clear the Americans have given the Israelis the green light. They [the Israeli attacks] will be allowed to go on longer, perhaps for another week,” a senior European official said yesterday. Diplomatic sources said there was a clear time limit, partly dictated by fears that a prolonged conflict could spin out of control.

US strategy in allowing Israel this freedom for a limited period has several objectives, one of which is delivering a slap to Iran and Syria, who Washington claims are directing Hizbullah and Hamas militants from behind the scenes.

Link: Guardian Unlimited

Ground troops launch pinpoint strikes; 41 civilians killed Wednesday
IDF, Hezbollah trade fire inside Lebanese territory;

IDF: We need 10-14 days to end operation
By
Amos Harel and Avi Issacharoff, Haaretz Correspondents and Agencies
Last update – 13:52 19/07/2006

Excerpt:

Israel Defense Forces troops exchanged heavy fire with Hezbollah guerillas Wednesday inside Lebanese territory across the Israel-Lebanon border. The gunbattle broke out close to Moshav Avivim, which is located along the border, north of Safed. At least one Hezbollah fighter was killed in the fighting.

Earlier in the day, a number of IDF ground troops crossed into southern Lebanon to carry out “pinpoint” attacks on Hezbollah outposts.

“These are restricted, pinpoint attacks,” an IDF spokesman said. “This is nothing out of the ordinary. This has been happening close to the border.

“Troops have crossed into southern Lebanon several times in recent days to destroy Hezbollah posts, returning soon afterwards. The army has not ruled out the possibility of a major land offensive at some stage.

Military sources estimate that 10-14 more days are necessary in order to meet the military aims of the operation in Lebanon.

Link: Haaretz

Arming of Hezbollah Reveals U.S. and Israeli Blind Spots
July 19, 2006
By
MARK MAZZETTI and THOM SHANKER

Excerpts:

WASHINGTON, July 18 — The power and sophistication of the missile and rocket arsenal that Hezbollah has used in recent days has caught the United States and Israel off guard, and officials in both countries are just now learning the extent to which the militant group has succeeded in getting weapons from Iran and Syria.

American and Israeli officials said the successful attack last Friday on an Israeli naval vessel was the strongest evidence to date of direct support by Iran to Hezbollah. The attack was carried out with a sophisticated antiship cruise missile, the C-802, an Iranian-made variant of the Chinese Silkworm, an American intelligence official said.

At the same time, American and Israeli officials cautioned that they had found no evidence that Iranian operatives working in Lebanon launched the antiship missile themselves.

Link: New York Times

IAF foils rocket transports from Syria

While army continues to strike Hizbullah, limit its weapons resources, outside groups trying to rearm group. IAF manages to bomb trucks transporting missiles from Syria. IDF Maj.-Gen. Eisenkot: These rockets belong to Syrian army

Hanan Greenberg

Although Hizbullah has suffered a harsh blow from Israeli air force strikes which took out a good percentage of their available weapons, Syria was continuing to smuggle arms into Lebanon to rearm the group, IDF Operations Branch Head Major General Gadi Eisenkot said during a press briefing Tuesday.

Thus far, the IAF managed to intercept a number of trucks transporting rockets from Syria to Hizbullah, including trucks laden with the 220mm-diameter rockets with warheads like the one that hit the Haifa train depot Monday, claiming eight lives. Maj.-Gen. Eisenkot said he would be very surprised if official elements in Syria were unaware of these transports.

“These are rockets that belong to the Syrian army. You can’t find them in the Damascus market, and the Syrian government is responsible for this smuggling,” Eisenkot said, but stressed, “We are not operating against Syria or the Lebanese army.”

During the briefing, Maj.-Gen. Eisenkot said the IDF has hit over 1,000 targets, 180 of them Katyusha and rocket storage sites and 350 launch sites. Over 250 missile strikes were carried out with the aim of blocking traffic arteries, and 200 buildings used by Hizbullah were hit. According to Eisenkot, Israel’s offensive would continue without time limitations.

“With that, we always operate under the principle of a short fighting period. In the short term, this is a complicated reality for civilians too, but in the long term this operation holds great importance for all of us,” he noted. He added that senior Hizbullah leaders were hiding out in underground bunkers. “We struck a number of mid-level operatives in the organization, and not in the numbers we wished, but our energies have been aimed at taking out weapons stores and rocket launchers,” he said.

‘IDF learning enemy’

At the briefing, IAF Commander Brig. Gen. Amir Eshel presented footage of an army aircraft scoring a direct hit on a truck laden with rockets, and noted that the truck was disguised as a civilian vehicle in order not to be identified.

“We are faced with very complex operations here, which demand excellent intelligence information. To thwart this, we are blocking the Lebanon-Syria border, and warplanes are constantly flying over the area,” he said. He noted that as time passes, the air force was becoming familiar with the enemy and its operations were therefore becoming more sophisticated and efficient.

The IDF was continuing to destroy Hizbullah bases within one kilometer of the border that were built over the past six years since the army withdrew from Lebanon. Residents of southern Lebanese villages, where rockets were being fired from, had been asked to leave the area, officials noted at the briefing.

(07.18.06, 22:00)

Link: YNetNews.com

>USSR2 File: Russia to deploy Spetsnaz overseas as needed to fight "terrorism"; may deploy peacekeepers and navy to Lebanon

>Since at least the 2004 Beslan school massacre, which was an unabashed Kremlin provocation, the neo-Soviet elite have been asserting their right to project Russian force overseas for the purpose of annihilating terrorists, even if they live in Washington, DC.

Pictured here: A group of Russian Interior Ministry special forces give a war cry after a display of anti-terrorist techniques at the Novaya Derevnya base outside Moscow November 15, 2002. Russian lawmakers on Friday unanimously endorsed a Kremlin request that President Vladimir Putin be allowed to send special forces to hunt down terrorists anywhere in the world. REUTERS/Victor Korotayev

Putin allowed to use commandos abroad
Fri 7 Jul 2006
By Oliver Bullough

MOSCOW (Reuters) – Russian lawmakers on Friday unanimously endorsed a Kremlin request that President Vladimir Putin be allowed to send special forces to hunt down terrorists anywhere in the world.

Putin demanded the right in response to the murder last month of five Russian diplomats by Iraqi insurgents. He has ordered that the militants be hunted down and “eliminated”, and security services have offered $10 million for information leading to their capture.

Senators in the Federation Council upper house of parliament rapidly approved the bill on Friday morning. Putin now has to sign it into law.

They blamed international terrorists for the killing and said the permission would remain in force until “the elimination of the threat of terrorist acts being carried out abroad against the Russian Federation or Russian citizens,” Itar-Tass news agency reported.

Defence Minister Sergei Ivanov has said he has special forces standing by to catch the “scum” that killed the diplomats, and officials say the step is entirely in line with international practice.

“This is not the use of the death penalty — it is a reaction to aggression using the means the country thinks it should use to protect its own interests and the interests of its citizens,” Putin said on Thursday evening.

He was waiting only for the Federation Council’s permission before drawing up an order for troops to be dispatched, he said.

Ivanov’s involvement suggests Russia will send special forces from the GRU, the armed forces’ intelligence wing and one of two organisations seen as capable of conducting an operation.

“As far as handing out the orders and duties goes, they were given long ago and the whole system is working. This does not only relate to the scum that killed our five diplomats in Iraq,” Ivanov was quoted by Interfax as saying on Thursday.”

“It also relates to any terrorists, independent of whether they committed their crime on Russian territory or abroad.”

Two Russians convicted of the murder by car bomb of a Chechen rebel envoy in Qatar in 2004 were accused by the court of being GRU agents. The prosecutors accused Ivanov, a close Putin ally, of having ordered the murder.

Moscow denied involvement in the killing at the time, but admitted the two men were agents and later secured their return to Russia.

Link: Scotsman.com

Under the pretense of peacekeeping and humanitarianism in the Middle East, the USSR2 can provide intelligence for its client state Syria, as well as infiltrate more of its operatives into Lebanon. The G-8 meeting in St. Petersburg only served to bolster Russia’s image as a “recovered” (or recovering?) superpower.

Russia May Send Navy Ships to Lebanon — Source
Created: 17.07.2006 12:21 MSK (GMT +3), Updated: 12:21 MSK
MosNews

Russia may send navy ships to the Lebanon coast, the ITAR-TASS news agency reported on Monday quoting a source in the Defense Ministry. The move is being considered as Russia prepares to evacuate its citizens from the conflict zone. On Sunday Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said that Russia is preparing to evacuate its citizens from Lebanon.

Lavrov warned that the fighting between Israel and Lebanese guerrillas could ignite a wider conflict, and said the international community had to use all means possible to end the violence immediately.

“If Lebanon explodes, we all know … how it can resonate across other countries in the region,” Lavrov told reporters at the G8 meeting in St. Petersburg.

The United States and France have also begun preparations and Britain dispatched two ships, including an aircraft carrier, to the eastern Mediterranean in apparent preparation for evacuations.

Israel launched air strikes in Lebanon last week after militants captured Israeli soldiers in a cross-border raid. At least 130 people have been killed in the fighting, mostly in Lebanon.

Link: MosNews

Russia Will Consider Sending Peacekeepers to Middle East — Putin
Created: 17.07.2006 17:32 MSK (GMT +3), Updated: 17:32 MSK
MosNews

Russian President Vladimir Putin has said he would consider contributing troops to an international peacekeeping force in the Middle East, the Associated Press news agency reported Monday.

Putin said that would depend on the United Nations approving such a deployment.Putin spoke to reporters in St. Petersburg, where he hosted a summit for leaders of the world’s richest nations.

Putin says he doesn’t believe the situation in the Middle East has gotten out of control, but he’s not certain that the fighting would stop even if militants returned the three abducted Israeli soldiers.

Israel is fighting Hezbollah militants operating in Lebanon and Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip.

Link: MosNews

>Breaking News: Hezbollah rejects all conditions for a ceasefire; Middle East war to intensify

>Hizbullah rejects ceasefire terms

Member of group’s central committee says ‘Israeli demand to see Lebanese army deploy along border matter for Lebanese to settle themselves’; when asked whether Nasrallah, was still in Lebanon despite Israeli efforts to target him, he says, ‘our leadership and Nasrallah are at the heart of the battle’ AFP

Hizbullah on Monday rejected a ceasefire on terms dictated by Israel.

“We accept no conditions for a ceasefire, whatever the pressure,” Abdullah Kasir, a member of Hizbullah’s central committee, told AFP.

Sources in Prime Minister Ehud Olmert’s office said during the weekend that the possibility of a ceasefire will not be considered before three conditions are met: The release of the kidnapped IDF soldier’s by Hizbullah, the cessation of rocket attacks on Israel from Lebanon and the disarming of Hizbullah in accordance with UN Resolution 1559.

Kasir said Israel’s demand to see the Lebanese army deploy along the border with Israel, replacing Hizbullah who currently control the area, was a matter for the Lebanese to settle themselves.

‘More surprises coming’

He added that the two Israeli soldiers, abducted in a cross-border raid by Hizbullah last Wednesday, were in “a secure place” but did not specify whether they were still in Lebanon.

Asked whether Hizbullah’s leader, Hassan Nasrallah, was still in Lebanon despite Israeli efforts to target him, Kasir said that “Hizbullah’s leadership and Nasrallah are at the heart of the battle…

“We will never leave, even if Lebanon is reduced to scorched earth.”

Hizbullah, he said, was “ready to fight and to inflict painful blows on the enemy. The Islamic Resistance (Hizbullah’s armed wing) has only begun to reveal its abilities and its forces.”

Israel, he added, should brace for more “surprises”, such as last Friday’s anti-ship missile which stuck an Israeli Navy vessel off Lebanon and the rocket attacks on Haifa, Israel’s third-largest city.

(07.17.06, 22:44)

Link: YNetNews.com

>Breaking News: IDF soldiers held at Iranian embassy in Beirut; Israeli government to impose media blackout, extend martial law

>Unconfirmed report from the Lebanese Foundation for Peace, a pro-Israeli website dedicated to the memory of the late Lebanese President Elect Bashir Gemayel (1947-1982):

NEWS FLASH

MISSING ISRAELI SOLDIERS HELD AT THE IRANIAN EMBASSY IN BEIRUT

Delicate Intelligence information coming out of Hezbollah indicated that the 2 missing captives of the Israeli Army Ehud Goldwasser and Eldad Regev have been smuggled outside Southern Lebanon to the capital.

They are secretly being held at the Embassy of Iran in Beirut, under direct Iranian security guards supervision.

Link: Free Lebanon

Gov’t extends ’emergency situation’ by five days
Jul. 17, 2006 21:35
By
JPOST.COM STAFF

The government decided on Monday night to extend by five days the “special emergency situation” declared by the Home Front Command.

The decision was based on a phone survey of ministers and still requires the approval of the Knesset’s Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.

Link: Jerusalem Post

Israeli Media Blackout

According to a poster at the TimeBomb 2000 Forum, CNN TV is reporting that the Government of Israel intends to impose a media blackout. This is probable, but has not been confirmed in any other Western news source. Haaretz and the Jerusalem Post are still operating their websites.

Although Israeli officialdom has denied issuing a 72-hour ultimatum to Syria, other than that Hezbollah demobilize and the Lebanese Army secure the southern frontier of that county, if both reports are accurate, then they may be related to eath other as well as to the report above that Israel intends to extend martial law (“special emergency situation”), decreed this past weekend, by another five days.

>Breaking News: Israeli troops enter Lebanon to attack Hezbollah bases; Al-Arabiya TV: Syria mobilizing reserves

>Fox News: Israeli Ground Troops Enter Lebanon to Attack Hezbollah Bases.

Report: IAF jet downed over Lebanon; IDF denies
Jul. 17, 2006 14:19 Updated Jul. 17, 2006 14:20
By YAAKOV KATZ

According to an Al-Jazeera report, an Air Force jet was downed over Lebanon Monday afternoon.

The IDF denied the reports after an initial investigation.

Link: Jerusalem Post

Report: Syria mobilizing reserve divisions
Jul. 15, 2006 8:12 Updated Jul. 16, 2006 16:27
By YAAKOV KATZ, JPOST STAFF AND AP

The IDF on Sunday mobilized a reserve infantry division in preparation for a possible ground incursion into south Lebanon. The move was intended as the beginning of a new effort to push Katyusha launching cells away from the Israel-Lebanon border.

The division was setting up command posts along the northern border and tanks and armored personnel carriers were being transported northward.

Simultaneously, Al-Arabiya television reported that the Syrian military was mobilizing its own reserve divisions.

IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Dan Halutz insisted on Sunday afternoon that the IDF was not going to invade south Lebanon as yet. Meanwhile, while Katyusha rockets continued to rain down on northern Israel, the IDF pounded Lebanon on Sunday for the fifth straight day.

On Sunday afternoon, the army called on the residents of south Lebanon to leave. Shortly thereafter, the IAF succeeded in hitting arms warehouses in southern Lebanon, as well as 20 mobile Katyusha launching crews in the area. Since Sunday morning, dozens of launchers have been targeted.

The IDF noted that it was largely focusing on destroying the rocket-launching crews, in order to prevent further bombardments of Israel’s northern residents.

Meanwhile, Lebanese President Emile Lahoud, a pro-Syrian close ally of Hizbullah, said that Israel’s bloody assault could push desperate Lebanese citizens to sacrifice their lives to defend their country – and even commit acts of terrorism.

He added, however, that the Lebanese “will not surrender,” and pleaded for the UN Security Council to “stop violence and arrange a cease-fire” so discussions could take place.Lahoud also accused the Security Council of delaying intervention to stop Israel’s military operation, thereby giving them extra time to make Lebanon surrender to its conditions.

Lebanon’s Cabinet issued a statement Sunday saying the country faces “real annihilation” by Israel.”We are facing a real annihilation carried out by Israel,” Information Minister Ghazi Aridi said after an emergency cabinet meeting.So far, Israeli airstrikes in Lebanon have killed 130 people.

Earlier in the day, the IAF bombed the building in Beirut from which the Hizbullah-run television station, Al-Manar, is broadcast.

The station went off the air for a short while after the airstrike but then resumed broadcasting about six minutes later. The station is Hizbullah’s main communications link, and most of the information the world has received from the group about recent fighting has been issued by Al-Manar.

It was the fourth time in recent days that the IDF has targeted the building.

Before the Al-Manar strike, an IDF attack on Hizbullah’s main headquarters in southern Beirut destroyed the compound and sprouted new rumors that Hizbullah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah was wounded in the strike.

Hizbullah promptly denied any such rumor.

Two major explosions echoed from the Haret Hreik neighborhood and reverberated across Beirut after the strike. IAF planes returned about 20 minutes later and struck the southern suburbs again. Witnesses said it was the same neighborhood that houses Hizbullah headquarters, and which has been hit several times over the past three days.

Al-Manar said that a bridge linking the al-Hazmiyah district to the road that leads to the airport, south of the capital, was also targeted in what were the heaviest raids since Israel launched its offensive on Wednesday.

On Saturday evening, Israel destroyed all the radar stations along the Lebanese coast, the IDF said.

In addition, the IAF attacked Beirut on Saturday evening for the first time in the four-day-old offensive, striking a lighthouse and the Beirut seaport.

A short while earlier, the IAF fired missiles into the seaport of Lebanon’s northernmost city of Tripoli in the deepest attack into Lebanese territory since fighting began four days ago.

Witnesses said helicopter gunships and gunboats fired four missiles into the port area, hitting grain silos.

The IAF also staged four bombing runs on residential areas inside the eastern city of Baalbek, where senior Hizbullah officials have residences or offices, witnesses said. Heavy black smoke billowed from the area and ambulances were seen rushing to the scene.

Earlier on Saturday IDF fighter jets struck the western side of bridges connecting between Lebanon and Syria. That target was the closest to Syria that was hit since the campaign in Lebanon began. The IDF said that the strike was meant to prevent the transport of weapons from Syria into Lebanon.

Link: Jerusalem Post

>Middle East File: Israel’s anti-Zionist communist front Hadash protests military campaign in Lebanon, supports Islamo-Marxist cause

>When Hezbollah rockets hit Tel Aviv, will Israeli communists still be protesting? Hadash protestor pictured at left.

Left-wing rally: Negotiate with Hamas, Hizbullah

Some 1,000 people take part in march held in protest of Israeli operations in Lebanon, Gaza. Demonstrators call on government to cease military actions, negotiate for release of hostages Moran Rada

Some 1,000 protestors joined Sunday evening in a rally in Tel Aviv to protest the IDF strikes in Southern Lebanon. Police have arrested three of the protesters claiming they were holding a demonstration without a permit.

The protesters, who marched from Hen Boulevards toward King George Street, chanted slogans such as “Olmert agreed with Bush: War and occupation.” “Stop the war monstrosity,” and “Say no to the brutal bombardments on Gaza.” They also accused Defense Minister Amir Peretz of murdering children in Gaza, and recited: “Peretz, don’t worry, we’ll be seeing you at The Hague.”

“They keep telling us that there is a consensus in support of the war, and that’s not true. They keep telling the citizens that this is the only way, and I think that there is another way,” said Abeer Kopty of Mossawa, The Advocacy Center for Arab Citizens in Israel.

The organizations Ta’ayush, Yesh Gvul, The Women’s Coalition for Peace and other left-wing groups have joined forces “to voice a different opinion against the war and in favor of negotiations,” she explained.
‘Israel is overreacting’

Eitan Lerner, who took part in the rally, said: “Israel is entering another cycle of fighting and continues the foolishness of exaggerated aggression. I came here to protest because there’s a link between starving and oppressing the Palestinians and the bombings in Lebanon.”

“It’s true that what Hizbullah did was unacceptable, but Israel is overreacting. Since when is the entire population to blame for all this?” he asked.

Rela Mazali from the New Profile organization explained: “This is a stupid, unnecessary and evil war. Our leaders could have prevented it. eventually the hostages will be released through negotiations, but hundreds will be killed along the way in Lebanon, and I don’t know how many will die here. I think that we must make our voice heard.”

Manal Amuri from Jerusalem called on the Israeli government to hold talks with Hamas and Hizbullah. “The Israeli aggression leads to an overall war no one wants. I think that Israel should negotiate with Hizbullah and Hamas and release Palestinian prisoners in exchange for the hostages. This way this story will come to an end.”

“What Israel is doing now resulted in the death of civilians, innocent children, and it serves no purpose except for the government’s vindictiveness. I think it’s good we’re showing that there are Arab and Jewish citizens in Israel who oppose the war.”

Protesting against ‘second Lebanon war’

MK Dov Hanin of Hadash told Ynet: “We are protesting against the second Lebanon war. The war is a disaster for Israelis, Palestinians and Lebanese. We call for the secession of this war, for the secession of harm to Israeli and Lebanese civilians, we demand an immediate ceasefire and the commencement of negotiations which is the only alternative to a catastrophic regional deterioration.”

To the question that no minister has expressed opposition to the war he said: “Also during t he 1982 Lebanon war Hadash was the only one that opposed the war from day one and also in the second Lebanon war. I am sure that opposition to the war will swiftly intensify.”

“I regret that Amir Peretz has stepped into the shoes of Mofaz; I regret that no member of the Labor and Meretz parties voiced opposition to the war.”

Noa Levi of Tel Aviv said: “The choice of whether to escalate the situation or not is in our hands and the question of saving lives or not is also in our hands…there is no military solution. Only negotiations.”

Lavi Zeitner supported her position: “I am not for violence, not for Hizbullah. But also not for bombarding a whole country.”

(07.16.06, 23:17)

Link: YNetNews.com

>Breaking News: Hezbollah rockets strike Haifa, killing 8; Israel essentially fighting Iran and Syria by proxy in new Middle East war

>Hezbollah Rockets Hit Haifa, Killing 8
By JOSEF FEDERMAN Associated Press Writer
Jul 16, 7:10 AM EDT


Excerpt:

HAIFA, Israel (AP) — Lebanese guerillas fired a relentless barrage of rockets into the northern Israeli city of Haifa on Sunday, killing eight people at a train station and wounding seven others in a dramatic escalation of a five-day-old conflict that has shattered Mideast peace.

Soon after the Haifa attack, Israeli warplanes hit the south Beirut stronghold of Hezbollah with at least six airstrikes, shaking the Lebanese capital and sending a cloud of thick smoke rising over the neighborhood.

Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert vowed that there would be “far-reaching consequences” for the rocket attack – the worst since Israel pulled out of southern Lebanon in 2000 after an 18-year occupation. Smoke rose over Haifa and air raid sirens wailed as the dead and wounded were evacuated. Other rockets hit the city’s major oil refinery, gas storage tanks and a major street during the busy morning rush hour.

Israeli authorities warned all residents in the central city of Tel Aviv and north to be on heightened alert, reflecting the longer range of the missile attacks.

Israeli officials blamed Syria and Iran for providing the weaponry that hit Haifa – raising the specter of a wider regional confrontation.

Link: Associated Press

Iran warns Israel of ‘unimaginable losses’ if Syria hit
Jul 16 4:44 AM US/Eastern

Excerpt:

Iran warned its arch-enemy Israel of “unimaginable losses” if it attacks Syria and vowed that it was standing by the Syrian people.

“We hope the Zionist regime does not make the mistake of attacking Syria, because extending the front would definitely make the Zionist regime face unimaginable losses,” foreign ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi told reporters.

“Iran is standing by the Syrian people,” he said of the Islamic republic’s sole regional ally.

“We have offered and will offer Syria and Lebanon spiritual and humanitarian support,” Asefi insisted, reiterating Iran’s denial that it is providing military and financial assistance to the Hezbollah movement.

The Israeli army has said Hezbollah militants had used an Iranian-built radar-guided anti-ship missile in an attack on Friday on an Israeli warship off Lebanon’s coast.

Link: Breitbart

Iran Threatens Central Israel With Longer-Range Rockets
08:38 Jul 16, ’06 / 20 Tammuz 5766

(IsraelNN.com) A senior Iranian military official quoted by the London-based al-Shark al-Awsat Arabic newspaper is quoted as saying Iran has supplied Hizbullah with thousands of longer-range rockets, rockets capable of striking deeper into Central Israel.

The report states that Iran is threatening that if Israel continues the ongoing military assault in Lebanon, the rockets, some with a 150 kilometer (90 mile) range, will be fired into Israel.

The senior Iranian official also stated that dozens of Iranian experts are working in Lebanon with Hizbullah to enable them to successfully fire the rockets against Israel.

Link: Arutz Sheva

Blogger’s Commentary: We love Israel and urge the citizens of that country to call upon their God Yeshua HaMeshiach (Jesus the Annointed One) for deliverance from their enemies, both spiritual and worldly.

Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and the toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

— Zechariah 14:1-4, King James Bible

We’re getting closer to that day . . .

>Middle East File: Martial law declared in northern Israel as Hezbollah/Iranian rocket attacks continue

>Martial law declared in the North
Yaakov Katz and Amir Mizroch,

THE JERUSALEM POST
Jul. 15, 2006

Israel’s war with Hizbullah intensified over the weekend as Katyusha rockets rained down on northern Israel, prompting the IDF to deploy Patriot missile batteries outside Haifa and Defense Minister Amir Peretz to declare martial law throughout the North.

Meanwhile, a Katyusha rocket warning system is due to be activated in southern Haifa on Sunday, Home Front Commander Yitzhak Gershon said on Saturday night.

The system will sound the alarm a minute before the rockets hit the ground in order for residents to seek shelter.

Residents who had previously been asked not to leave their houses are requested to stay in the vicinity of shelters despite the introduction of the warning system.

On Saturday, two barrages of Katyushas landed for the first time in Tiberias, the deepest the rockets have landed in Israel since the fighting erupted last Wednesday.

Fearing additional rocket attacks on Haifa, home to 270,000 Israelis, as well as strategic installations such as oil refineries and Israel’s largest port, the IDF decided to deploy three Patriot missile batteries outside the city, for the first time since the US invaded Iraq in 2003.

On Friday night, an Iranian radar-guided missile fired by Hizbullah struck a Navy missile ship off the Lebanese coast. One soldier was pronounced dead and, by Saturday night three soldiers were still missing and presumed dead.

Also Friday, a woman and her grandson were killed when a Katyusha rocket hit their home in the community of Meron, near Safed. The child was identified as Omer Pesahov, seven, from Nahariya; his grandmother was Yehudit Itzkovich, 58, fromMeron.

Dozens of others were treated for shrapnel wounds and shock by Magen David Adom, and the wounds of at least two people were listed as moderate to serious.

The IDF Home Front Command urged all residents of the North, estimated at almost a million people, to stay at home on Sunday and not go to work, camp, or spend time outdoors.

On Friday, the Lebanese Army fired anti-aircraft missiles for the first time at an IAF fighter jet, the IDF said. The IDF warned that it would strike back at the Lebanese Army. “We will hit anyone who attacks us,” a high-ranking IAF officer told The Jerusalem Post late Saturday night. “No one is immune.”

Martial law, defense officials explained, grants the IDF the authority to issue instructions to civilians and essentially close down offices, schools, camps and factories in cities considered under threat of attack. The IDF also has the authority to impose curfews on cities in the North.

Under such a situation, the instructions given by the Home Front Command, previously considered recommendations, become obligatory. It also allows for businesses that were closed following the extreme security situation to receive compensation for money lost.

The order signed by Peretz will be in effect for as long as 48 hours. To extend it beyond that period would require governmental approval. Both the cabinet and the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee were scheduled to convene on Sunday to discuss the matter.

In response to the continued bombardment of northern Israel, IAF fighter jets blasted Beirut’s southern suburbs and eastern Lebanon on Saturday, hitting buildings used by Hizbullah and Hamas.

Attack helicopters also hit central Beirut for the first time since fighting began last Wednesday following an attack on an IDF convoy in the North that killed eight soldiers while Hizbullah operatives abducted two others.

Fighter jets launched four bombing raids on residential areas in the eastern city of Baalbek, where senior Hizbullah officials have residences or offices, witnesses said. Heavy black smoke billowed from the area and ambulances were seen rushing to the scene.

The houses of two senior Hizbullah officials in Baalbek, Sheikh Muhammad Yazbek and Hussein Musawi, were destroyed in the airstrike, security officials said. The wanted men were not in the buildings at the time.
According to a high-ranking IDF source, all of the Hizbullah leaders have gone into hiding.

According to IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen. Dan Halutz, Hizbullah has missiles with a range of 70 kilometers, “and perhaps a little more.” Another military official said Saturday the group was also believed to have longer-range missiles that could hit Tel Aviv. With that range, the rockets could also potentially reach Hadera and Netanya.

Halutz could not say with certainty the number of missiles in that range that Hizbullah has. Estimates of the total number of missiles in Hizbullah’s possession in southern Lebanon range between 10,000 and 13,000.
The IDF took into account the very likely possibility that Hizbullah would unleash its rocket arsenal on northern Israel as the IDF began responding to the kidnapping, and thus began striking Hizbullah’s rocket infrastructure as a first step as hostilities escalated, Halutz said.

“They have enough rockets at this stage to continue firing at Israel,” Halutz said. “Hizbullah has taken on for itself the role of the defender of Lebanon, but in reality, it has become the destroyer of Lebanon,” Halutz added.

Since the beginning of Operation Changing Direction against Lebanon, Hizbullah has fired over 700 Katyushas and mortars at Israel, OC Operations Directorate Maj.-Gen. Gadi Eizenkot said Saturday night. The rockets fell in Safed, Kiryat Shmona, Karmiel, Nahariya and other cities throughout the North.

The IAF had destroyed about 60 percent of Hizbullah’s long-range missile capabilities as of Saturday night, Brig.-Gen. Rami Shmueli said, adding that 100 rocket launching platforms had been hit, as well as 11 mobile rocket launchers platforms.

He added that Hizbullah had “several” missiles that could reach the central area of Israel, including Tel Aviv. “They haven’t used these yet due to our deterrent action and their own calculations,” Shmueli said, adding that the IAF had carried out thousands of sorties over Lebanon in the past three days. He confirmed that IAF jets have encountered anti-aircraft fire.

Eizenkot said the IDF was operating against Hizbullah’s entire terror infrastructure in southern Lebanon and the Bekaa Valley. Hizbullah had been thrown off balance by the Israeli response, he said.

“The damage done to Hizbullah’s military infrastructure so far has not been that great, but the damage to Hizbullah’s conceptual picture of Israel’s actions and responses has taken a huge hit,” Eizenkot said, adding that Hizbullah had been surprised by Israel’s response to last Wednesday’s cross-border attack and kidnapping.

Eizenkot added that Israel’s response so far also served to send a message to the Lebanese government that millions of dollars of infrastructure had been destroyed, but that there was still “hundreds of millions of dollars of infrastructure that can still be destroyed.”

Eizenkot added that Hizbullah operatives were fleeing southern Lebanon and Beirut’s Dahiya neighborhood to hideouts in the Bekaa Valley and greater Beirut.

Hizbullah was trying to draw Syria into the battle, he said, and pointed to Hizbullah’s firing on areas close to the Golan Heights. By doing this, Hizbullah was hoping to draw an Israeli response on Syrian territory, he added. However, Eizenkot said that Syria was not militarily involved in the current conflict.

The deployment of Patriot anti-missile defense systems in Haifa, he said, were meant to counter any type of missile threat. He added that the IDF had no intention of carrying out a long-term ground operation in Lebanon. Instead, ground forces would be deployed on a “surgical” level.

“Hizbullah may surprise us in the coming days, but we have surprises for them, too,” he noted. “Israel has an entire reserve army. So far Hizbullah has reached Haifa, and it may reach even farther south than that. Hizbullah still has capabilities they haven’t used yet. We have to prepare for a long campaign.”

Eizenkot stressed that the IDF was not targeting the Lebanese Army, but that it would should the latter decide to enter the fray.

Referring to Friday’s strikes on Lebanese Army radar installations along the Lebanese coast, Shmueli said the radar was attacked because it was used to guide the Iranian-made missile that hit the Israeli Saar 5 boat on Friday off the Lebanese coast.

AP contributed to the report.

Link: Jerusalem Post

Map originally published by Debka.com

>Breaking News: Israeli intelligence: Iranian troops helped Hezbollah fire missile at Israeli gunboat

>Israeli Intel: Iranian Troops Helped Hezbollah Attack Warship
Saturday , July 15, 2006

JERUSALEM — A missile fired by Hezbollah, not an unmanned drone laden with explosives, damaged an Israeli warship off Lebanon, the army said Saturday. Elite Iranian troops helped fire the missile, a senior Israeli intelligence official said.

One sailor was killed and three were missing.

The intelligence official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the information, said about 100 Iranian soldiers are in Lebanon and helped fire the Iranian-made, radar-guided C-102 at the ship late Friday.

The official added that the troops involved in firing the missile are from the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, an elite corps of more than 200,000 fighters that is independent of the regular armed forces and controlled directly by supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Initial information indicated the guerrillas had used a drone for the first time to attack Israeli forces. But the army’s investigation showed that Hezbollah had fired an Iranian-made missile at the vessel from the shores of Lebanon, said Brig. Gen. Ido Nehushtan.

“We can confirm that it was hit by an Iranian-made missile launched by Hezbollah. We see this as very profound fingerprint of Iranian involvement in Hezbollah,” Nehushtan said in an interview with The Associated Press.

Another Hezbollah missile also hit and sank a nearby merchant ship at around the same time, Nehushtan said. He said that ship apparently was Egyptian, but had no other information.

Nehushtan said the body of one of the four Israeli soldiers missing in the attack was found aboard the damaged warship. Other Israeli military officials said two bodies had been found.

The Israeli vessel, a Saar 5-class missile ship named the “Spear,” was heading to its home port in Israel on Saturday, the army said.

A military official said the ship is one of the most technologically advanced in the Israeli fleet, boasting an array of Harpoon and Gabriel missiles, along with a system for electronically jamming attacking missiles and other threats.

The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the information, said the missile detection and deflection system was not operating, apparently because the sailors did not anticipate such an attack.

The Israeli intelligence official said Hezbollah also has Iranian-made drones, and warned that they are more accurate than missiles.

Israel launched an offensive after Hezbollah guerrillas crossed the Israel-Lebanon border on Wednesday and captured two Israeli soldiers. Israel has bombarded Lebanon’s airport and main roads in the most intensive offensive against the country in 24 years, while Hezbollah has launched hundreds of rockets into Israel.

The intense fighting has sent shock waves through a region already traumatized by Israel’s battle against Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip.

Link: FoxNews.com

>Breaking News: Israel delivers 72-hour ultimatum to Syria; fascist-communist regime in Damascus pledges support for Hezbollah

>And so the stage is set for a new regional war in the Middle East, more WMD attacks in the West, and very possibly a superpower confrontation between the USA and its allies and the USSR2 and its allies that will take most of the sleepwalking West by complete surprise. Observe how Comrade Czar Putin and his Leninist handlers manipulate the G-8 farce in St. Petersburg by spinning this prelude to world war to the advantage of world communism.

Report: Israel gives Syria ultimatum
(07.15.06, 09:33)

London-based Arabic language newspaper Al-Hayat says Israel gave Syria 72 hours to stop Hizbullah’s activity, bring about release of kidnapped IDF troops. ‘Israel will not end military activity until new situation created that will prevent Syria, Iran from using terror organizations to threaten its security,’ newspaper quotes Pentagon official as saying

Roee Nahmias

The London-based Arabic language newspaper Al-Hayat reported Saturday that “Washington has information according to which Israel gave Damascus 72 hours to stop Hizbullah’s activity along the Lebanon-Israel border and bring about the release the two kidnapped IDF soldiers or it would launch an offensive with disastrous consequences.”

The report said “a senior Pentagon source warned that should the Arab world and international community fail in the efforts to convince Syria to pressure Hizbullah into releasing the soldiers and halt the current escalation Israel may attack targets in the country.”

Al-Hayat quoted the source as saying that “the US cannot rule out the possibility of an Israeli strike in Syria,” this despite the fact that the Bush administration has asked Israel to “refrain from any military activity that may result in civilian casualties.”

‘Hizbullah made the same mistake’

The report also mentioned that President George W. Bush has repeatedly put much of the blame for the recent escalation on Syria.

“It is no coincidence that the Hizbullah operation comes at a time when the international community is working to impose sanctions on Iran due to its nuclear program and settle the score with Syria by establishing an international court to try those behind the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri,” the Pentagon source said.

According to the source, Hizbullah made the same mistake as Hamas when it did not predict the ramifications of its actions and ignored the regional and international changes since the fall of Saddam Hussein.

The source said that Israel has indicated that it “will not end its military activity until a new situation is created that will prevent Syria and Iran from using terror organizations, such as Hamas and Hizbullah, to threaten its security.”

Link: YNetNews.com

Syria says supports Hizbollah against Israel
Sat Jul 15, 2006 12:00 AM BST

DAMASCUS (Reuters) Syria will support its allies Hizbollah and Lebanon against Israel’s attacks on the country, the ruling Baath Party said on Friday.

“The Syrian people are ready to extend full support to the Lebanese people and their heroic resistance to remain steadfast and confront the barbaric Israeli aggression and its crimes,” a communique issued by the party’s national command said.

Link: Reuters

>Breaking News: US State Department considering use of Marines to rescue citizens trapped in Lebanon

>U.S. developing plans to evacuate citizens from Lebanon
Americans can either call or register at a State Department Web site

Friday, July 14, 2006; Posted: 3:45 p.m. EDT (19:45 GMT)

WASHINGTON (CNN) — The fighting that erupted in Lebanon has prompted the Pentagon to develop scenarios for evacuating American citizens, estimated to number around 25,000, military sources told CNN.

The rapid widening of the Mideast conflict this week has created great concern in the U.S. government, which doesn’t want Americans in Lebanon caught in the middle of a shooting war.

Such moves would start small, if they happen at all, the sources said. There has been no immediate request for help and no order to move any military personnel.

The State Department has set up a Middle East Task Force to coordinate policy and share information. Defense Department officials are part of the team to talk about any possible plans for American evacuation — a customary move, said State Department spokesman Sean McCormack.

While “contingency planning” is being done, no evacuations were under way, McCormack told reporters. Americans were being asked to stay in contact with the American Embassy.

Americans in Lebanon can call the following numbers for information: 1-202-501-4444 from overseas, or 1-888-407-4747 in the United States. U.S. citizens can register with the embassy online at
https://travelregistration.state.gov/ibrs/.

The developing of scenarios has been complicated by the fact that Israel bombed the Beirut International Airport during its operations in Lebanon. The airport would have been the logical place for Americans to depart Lebanon.

Sources said that in one scenario, the Pentagon would find another air field and work with the Lebanese government on an agreement where U.S. aircraft could come in and evacuate a relatively small number of U.S. Embassy workers.

A second option would be moving a Marine amphibious unit led by the USS Iwo Jima into the area, with the carrier and unit remaining offshore.

The group is currently in the Red Sea on exercises with Jordan, but could be moved into the Mediterranean Sea off the Lebanese coast.

Such a scenario — which would take some time to pull off — would be used only if the a large evacuation operation was needed, and it would come only at the ambassador’s request, the sources said.

CNN’s Barbara Starr and Elise Labott contributed to this report.

Link: CNN

>Breaking News: Unconfirmed report: Syrian gunfire directed into Israel; IDF: Hezbollah seriously damages Israeli gunboat with Iranian missile

>Report: Syrians shoot at Israel

AL-ZAURA REGION, Golan Heights – While Israeli military sources in the Golan Heights are reporting Syrian military gunfire directed inside the Jewish state, Lebanese political sources are telling WND they expect a provocation of some kind from Damascus.
Link: WorldNetDaily

Ship had been stationed 16 kilometers off coast of Lebanon
Hezbollah missile hits Navy ship off Beirut coast
By Haaretz Staff and News Agencies

Last update – 14:17 15/07/2006

The body of one of the four missing Israel Defense Forces soldiers on a warship that was attacked by Hezbollah off the coast of Lebanon was found Saturday aboard the damaged vessel, military officials said. He was identified as Staff Sergeant Tal Amgar, 21, from Ashdod.

The three MIA soldiers have been named as Sergeant Yoni Hershkovitz, 21, from Haifa; Corporal Shai Atias, 19, from Rishon Letzion and First Staff Sergeant Dov Shteinshos, 37, from Carmiel.The ship was severely damaged as the Israel Navy blockaded Lebanon as part of its military offensive against the guerrillas.

The warship was returning to Haifa on Saturday when the remains of the soldier were found in the wrecked part of the ship, the military officials said on condition of anonymity since they were not authorized to speak to the press.

Four Israel Navy sailors were reported missing after an Iran-manufactured C-802 missile hit the ship. Initially, the army was not certain whether a missile or explosives-laden drone hit the vessel on Friday night.

The blast caused a fire on board the ship, which had been stationed 16 kilometers off of the coast of Lebanon. After the fire was extinguished, it became clear that four soldiers were missing. Their families were notified soon thereafter.

IDF teams, with the help of planes, helicopters and additional vessels, were searching for the missing troops at the site of the blast. The ship was towed back to Israel. The incident occurred at around 8:30 P.M., causing a fire close to the helicopter landing pad onboard. The ship’s steering mechanism also sustained some damage. Several hours after the vessel was hit, an IDF spokeswoman said the damage was worse than originally thought. There were some 80 soldiers on board the ship when it was hit.

An army spokeswoman said later that Hezbollah continued to target Israeli vessels with a barrage of rockets after the hit, but missed and struck a civilian ship.

Hezbollah leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah said earlier Friday that the militant organization had sunk an Israel Navy ship off the Lebanese coast.

“Now in the middle of the sea, facing Beirut, the Israeli warship that has attacked the infrastructure, people’s homes and civilians – look at it burning,” Nasrallah said in remarks broadcast live shortly after an Israel Air Force strike on Hezbollah’s Beirut headquarters.

Hezbollah has never before used a remote-controlled unmanned aircraft to attack Israel. But in a signal of its growing capabilities, the guerrilla group has twice managed to fly spy drones over northern Israel in recent years. The drones caused great concern in Israel because they evaded the country’s air defenses.

Link: Haaretz

>USSR2 File: Russia "recovers" superpower status as G-8 meeting opens in St. Petersburg and the world stands on the brink of war

>“Russia has fully recovered the status of a superpower, having global responsibility for the situation on the planet and the future of the civilisation.”
— Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, Izvestiya, July 13, 2006

Fascist-communist Syria and pro-Soviet Islamic Iran threaten Israel with destruction while the latter endeavors to eradicate the Islamo-Marxist insurgency on its northern border in the non-state of Lebanon.

In a joint media relase Walid Jumblatt, leader of the Progressive Socialist Party, and other Lebanese politicians intimate that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad orchestrated the abduction of the IDF soldiers on Israel’s northern border.

India fingers operatives from Pakistan’s Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) behind this week’s Mumbai train bombings. Pakistan is a well-established client state of the People’s Republic of China which, in turn, is locked into a strategic alliance with the crypto-communist regime in Moscow.

A report surfaces in the Middle Eastern media that Iran’s Revolutionary Guards attended North Korea’s ICBM launch last week.

GRU asset and Chechen warlord Shamil Basayev is conveniently bumped off by Russian security forces.

Gorbachev dumps on the USA, demands more perestroika, meaning iron-fisted socialism inside a velvet glove, and denounces “Western-style” democracy.

The neo-Soviet leadership, operating under the dictates of the continuing Communist Party of the Soviet Union, prepare to host the leading countries of the West at the 2006 G-8 meeting and no doubt present itself as the only competent hegemon in the world.

Soviet Deputy Prime Minster/Defense Minister Ivanov below describes the USSR’s new state ideology: pragmatic twenty-first-century communism. Moscow to West: Checkmate!

Russia recovers superpower status: Sergei Ivanov
Press Trust of IndiaMoscow, July 13, 2006

Russia has fully recovered the status of a superpower, having global responsibility for the situation on the planet and the future of the civilisation, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov said in an interview published by the Izvestiya daily on Thursday.

“A difficult period of the formation of a new system of values determining the ideological basis of the Russian society in the new millennium, underway in Russia since the early 1990s, has now ended,” said Ivanov, who is also Russia’s Defence Minister.

“We have left behind forever a confrontation model in the East-West system,” he stressed. “Russia’s actions on the world arena have become more pragmatic,” the defence minister added.

“We have left behind the practice of relations, in which Russia was sustaining sizable economic losses in exchange for political loyalty of the leaders of certain foreign states,” he stressed.

According to Ivanov, “a sovereign democracy, strong economy and military power are the new ternary of Russia’s national values.”

“Having stated its own ideological scheme, Russia has thus entered a tough and uncompromising competitive struggle,” he warned. He believes “the world order, in which only one centre of force is trying to dominate on the planet, and impose the rules of the game based on military and economic superiority on all others, is inadmissible”.

The deputy prime minister also said that Russia should not avoid inevitable confrontation, but must consistently defend its position arguing in its favour “before those, who criticise us and who are our open adversaries”.

Link: Hindustan Times

>Breaking News: Regional war imminent: Iranian Revolutionary Guards may have launched the missiles that struck Haifa, Israel

>Fox TV Breaking News reporting that units of Iranian Revolutionary Guard stationed in southern Lebanon fired the two missiles that struck Haifa on July 13.

Although Hezbollah threatened to strike Haifa should Israel pound Beirut, which the IAF has done twice now in 24 hours, the terrorist group has denied responsibility for the attack that actually materialized. Enter the Iranians . . .

J. Peter Pham & Michael I. Krauss, writing in the TCS Daily, affirm: “Iran has made large scale deliveries of Fajr-3 and Fajr-5 rockets to its Lebanese clients, shipping them via passenger and cargo flights to Damascus International Airport where, with the approval of Bashar al-Assad’s Ba’athist regime, they are collected by Iranian Revolutionary Guards and delivered to Hezbollah installations in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley.”

Picture above: July 14: A passenger plane sits on the tarmac of Rafik Hariri International Airport in Beirut, following Israeli Air Force bombing (Fox News).

>USSR2 File: Perestroika deceiver Gorbachev blasts US policymakers, Western-style democracy; Kremlin shuts down ABC News Moscow operations

>Do not be fooled by Mike (“I’ll Always Be a Communist”) Gorbachev’s criticism of Comrade Czar Putin. The neo-Soviet president has in recent years received a hearty endorsement from the collective leadership of the USSR2, including Gorby et al.

Gorbachev: U.S. Has Disease Worse Than AIDS
Wednesday, July 12, 2006 4:05 p.m. EDT

Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev says Americans have a disease “worse than AIDS” – the insistence on imposing a U.S.-style democracy in Russia.

A decade and a half after a coup removed him from power and the U.S.S.R. collapsed, Gorbachev spoke with an ABC News correspondent about American’s criticism of Russian democracy as President Bush prepared to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G-8 conference in St. Petersburg.

“We have made some mistakes. So what?” Gorbachev said. “Please don’t put even more obstacles in our way. Do you think you were smarter than we are?”Americans have a severe disease – worse than AIDS. It’s called the winner’s complex. You want an American-style democracy here [Russia]. That will not work.”

The 75-year-old former leader did pay a compliment to President Bush: “He’s very determined. You can’t say he does not have character.”

But he said Vice President Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld “are just hawks protecting the interests of the military – shallow people.”

He also had harsh words for Putin: “I told him I did not understand why he had canceled state elections.”Vladimir Putin is walking on a razor’s edge,” Gorbachev said. “Putin has used and he will continue to use authoritarian measures. But Russia will form a democracy. I know Vladimir Putin. He is a moral person.”

As NewsMax reported earlier, the Russian government has officially closed down ABC News operations in Moscow.

Link expired at NewsMax.com

>Middle East File: Prelude to war: Iranian terrorist proxy Hezbollah seizes IDF soldiers; Israel bombs targets in Lebanon, imposes naval blockade

>Updated: July 13, 2006

“Syria proved itself to be a terrorist government, in its nature. It is a government that supports and encourages murderous activities of terrorist organizations, both inside its borders and outside of them. Naturally, preparations will be made for appropriate actions against Syria.”
Ehud Olmert, Prime Minister of Israel

The genesis of a new Arab-Israeli war is now unfolding with a little nudging from fascist-communist Syria and the pro-Soviet Islamic theocracy of Iran.

DEBKAfile reports: Iran’s national security adviser Ali Larijani flies to Damascus aboard special military plane Wednesday night as war tension builds up around Hizballah kidnap of 2 Israeli soldiers
July 13, 2006, 11:46 AM (GMT+02:00)

Larijani is also Iran’s senior nuclear negotiator. He will remain in Damascus for the duration of the crisis in line with the recently Iranian-Syrian mutual defense pact. His presence affirms that an Israeli attack on Syria will be deemed an assault on Iran. It also links the Israeli hostage crisis to Iran’s nuclear standoff with the West. The White House released a statement holding Syria and Iran responsible for Hizballah abduction and demanding their immediate and unconditional release. The Syrian army has been put on a state of preparedness. DEBKAfile’s military sources add that the Iranian air force, missile units and navy are also on high alert.

DEBKAfile’s counter-terror sources report Hizballah acted on orders from Tehran to open a second front against Israel, partly to ease IDF military pressure on the Hamas in the Gaza Strip. This was in response to an appeal Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal made to the Iranian ambassador to Damascus Mohammad Hassan Akhtari Sunday, July 9.

Link: Debka

The Islamo-Marxist provocations against Israel have been wildly successful. North Korea’s simultaneous nuclear provocations against the USA are probably not unrelated. Representatives of Iran’s Revolutionary Guards attended the launch of Pyongyang’s missiles last week.

Not surprisingly, Dov Khenin, member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Israel and Hadash, a front for the CPI, opposes Israel’s attempts to defend itself against the Soviet/Iranian/Syrian terrorist proxies, Hezbollah and Hamas.

Meanwhile the West’s shopping mall regime staggers onward to its rendezvous with the next great war.

Israel Blasts Beirut Airport for Second Time
Thursday , July 13, 2006

BEIRUT, Lebanon — Israel blasted the runways and fuel tanks of Beirut’s only international airport for a second time Thursday, Lebanese security officials said, while Israel’s third-largest city Haifa was hit by two Hezbollah long-range missiles in what officials are now calling a full-fledged war.

A helicopter gunship raked the fuel depots with machine gunfire, while three others fired air-to-surface missiles, the officials added, and TV news video showed flames shooting up from the airport.

Israeli planes also dropped leaflets on Hezbollah’s stronghold in Beirut’s southern suburb near the airport, where its main leaders are based, calling on residents to avoid areas where Hezbollah operates.

“For your own safety and out of our wish to avoid harming the civilians who are not involved, you should refrain from being present in areas where Hezbollah exists and operates,” said the leaflets signed the State of Israel.

The strike on Haifa is the deepest into Israel so far in what an Israeli official called a “major, major escalation” in the ongoing battle between Lebanon and Israel.

Hezbollah guerillas had threatened such a strike on this city, deep within Israel’s border, if Israel targeted Beirut or its southern suburbs, but the group denied responsibility for the Thursday attack. No injuries were immediately reported.

The mid-evening attacks are the latest in an escalating tension that Daniel Ayalon, Israel’s ambassador to the United States, is referring to as a “war.”

“Israel’s objective is to win this war,” he said Thursday at the National Press Club in Washington.

President Bush defended Israel’s attacks in Lebanon but worried they could weaken or topple the fragile government in Beirut.

“Israel has a right to defend herself,” Bush said at a news conference in Germany with Chancellor Angela Merkel. “Every nation must defend herself against terrorist attacks and the killing of innocent life.”

Earlier Thursday rockets fired in the northern Israeli town of Nahariya hit a group of journalists, injuring at least one person. An Associated Press photographer was standing with the group when the rocket hit, but was not injured.

Israeli warplanes attacked a Lebanese Rayak army air base near the Syrian border in eastern Bekaa Valley, the first strike on the Lebanese army in Israel’s fight with Hezbollah guerrillas that started after Hezbollah took two Israeli solders captive in a bid to free Lebanese prisoners.

Caught in the middle of the fight, the Lebanese government asked the U.N. Security Council to demand a cease-fire by the two sides. Two days of Israeli bombings killed 47 Lebanese and wounded 103, Health Minister Mohammed Jawad Khalife said. Besides the Israeli civilian, eight Israeli soldiers have also been killed — the highest death toll for the army in four years.
Hezbollah guerrillas, who are backed by Iran, seized the soldiers Wednesday in a cross-border raid. Israel has since attacked Lebanon by air and sea and has sent in troops to look for the captured soldiers.

Israel’s foreign ministry said Thursday that Lebanese guerillas holding the two soldiers captive are trying to transfer them to Iran. Foreign Ministry spokesman Mark Regev did not disclose the source of his information.

Iran denied the suggestions, saying Jerusalem was “talking absurdities,” Reuters reported.

“I strongly deny such reports,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi said. “Because of its desperation and increasing isolation in the world and because of the tension and crisis created inside Israel, it is now talking absurdities.”

They were two of dozens of retaliatory attacks by Hezbollah guerrillas on northern Israel in the heaviest cross-border fighting in years, including a rocket attack on the border town of Safed, wounding six people and killing one, witnesses and medics said. It was the first attack on the town since the 1990s. Rockets also hit the town of Carmiel, also in northern Israel. Earlier, a rocket killed a second Israeli woman in the border town of Nahariya.

Israeli officials have been warning for several years that Hezbollah had rockets that could strike Haifa, 18 miles south of the Lebanon-Israel border; however, Thursday’s announcement was the first time Hezbollah — which says it has more than 10,000 Katyusha rockets — confirmed having rockets of such long range.

“The Islamic resistance warns against targeting civilians and the infrastructure,” according to a statement read on Hezbollah TV.

Hezbollah said it would “quickly rocket the city of Haifa and nearby areas if the southern suburbs and the city of Beirut are subjected to any direct Israeli aggression.”

Earlier Thursday, senior Israeli military officials said Israel warned the Lebanese government that it plans to strike offices and homes of Hezbollah leaders in the southern suburbs of Beirut in their bombing campaign in Lebanon that began Wednesday, after Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers.

Israel has hit hundreds of targets in Lebanon, a top Israeli general said.

Maj. Gen. Udi Adam, the chief of Israel’s northern command, said Israel was targeting infrastructure in Lebanon that held rockets and other arsenals belong to Hezbollah.

“I imagine over time that we will be able to rid ourselves of this threat entirely,” he said. He also said the army was not ruling out sending ground troops into Lebanon.

Israel’s army chief, Brig. Gen. Dan Halutz, said Thursday no targets in Lebanon are immune, including the capital, Beirut, if the Lebanese government fails to rein in Hezbollah guerrillas. Israeli security officials also warned Lebanon that Israel would strike the Beirut-Damascus highway, the main land link between Lebanon and the outside world.

Israeli forces intensified their attacks in Lebanon, imposing a naval blockade on the country and pounding its only international airport and the Hezbollah TV station during Israel’s heaviest air campaign against Lebanon in 24 years.

Tensions sharpened after Hezbollah snatched the two Israeli soldiers, with Israel seeking to end once and for all Hezbollah’s presence on the border and the guerrillas insisting to trade the captured soldiers for Arab prisoners.

In the middle is Lebanon, which Israel holds responsible. The Lebanese government insisted it had no knowledge of the move and did not condone it.

Hezbollah fighters operate with almost total autonomy in southern Lebanon, and the government has no control over their actions. But the government has long resisted international pressure to disarm the group — and two Hezbollah ministers are members of the Lebanese Cabinet. Any attempt to disarm the group by force could lead to sectarian conflict.

The Israeli warnings of more to come caused panic in Beirut, with traffic in the streets thin as people stuck to their homes and stayed away from their jobs. Others packed supermarkets to stock up on goods and long lines formed at gas stations, with many quickly running out of fuel.

Western countries, Russia and the United Nations called for restraint and demanded the soldiers’ release. Arab and Lebanese TV stations ran urgent alerts and beamed pictures across the Arab world. One station showed a man holding the head and torso of a baby killed in Israeli attacks.

Eight Israeli soldiers have been killed in the violence so far, including three who died in Hezbollah’s initial raid Wednesday to snatch the two soldiers.

Israeli Defense Minister Amir Peretz said his forces would not allow Hezbollah guerrillas to occupy positions along the southern Lebanese border.

“If the government of Lebanon fails to deploy its forces, as is expected of a sovereign government, we shall not allow Hezbollah forces to remain any further on the borders of the state of Israel,” Peretz said.

Air force Maj. Gen. Amir Eshel said the campaign was likely Israel’s largest ever in Lebanon “if you measure it in number of targets hit in one night, the complexity of the strikes.”

The last major air, ground and sea offensive against Lebanon was in 1996 when about 150 Lebanese civilians were killed.

Travelers to and from Beirut were stranded all over the region and beyond after Israel hit the Beirut airport after dawn on Thursday. Among them was Foreign Minister Fawzi Salloukh, who was returning from a visit to Armenia and — like many — was forced to make his way home through Syria.

Later Thursday, an Israeli missile hit the building housing the main studios of Hezbollah’s Al-Manar TV in the south Beirut suburb of Haret Hreik, the channel’s press officer Ibrahim Farhat told The Associated Press.

The station continued to broadcast, reporting that an Israeli rocket had hit a “minor transmission unit.” One person was hurt in the strike, station manager Abdullah Kassir told Voice of Lebanon radio.

Other strikes hit bridges and roads in the south and deep into eastern Lebanon, striking a civic center attached to a Shiite Muslim mosque near the town of Baalbek, as well as a transmission antenna for Al-Manar, witnesses reported. The group’s broadcasts stopped in the area.

Among the Lebanese dead in the strikes were a family of 10 and another family of seven, killed in their homes in the village of Dweir near Nabatiyeh, Lebanese officials said. A Lebanese soldier and a Hezbollah fighter have also been killed.

Meanwhile, helicopter gunships and jet fighters scoured southern Lebanon for guerrillas launching rockets into northern Israel.

Hezbollah fired volleys of rockets at Israeli towns, saying it was using a rocket called “Thunder 1” for the first time. The missile appeared to be more advanced than the inaccurate Katyusha, which has been the standard Hezbollah rocket for years.

Hezbollah has declared it has more than 10,000 rockets and has in the past struck northern Israeli communities in retaliation for attacks against Lebanese civilians.

FOX News’ Mike Tobin, David Lee Miller, James Rosen and Cassie Carothers and the Associated Press contributed to this report.

Link: FoxNews.com

>Grey Terror File: Russian security forces rub out GRU asset Shamil Basayev

>And so the Kremlin conveniently eliminates its GRU asset in the prosecution of Grey/Pink/Red Terror in the USSR2. Or perhaps Shamil will obtain a new identity . . . and pop up somewhere in London, New York City or Los Angeles just prior to the detonation of the next WMD . . . However, reports of Shamil’s death have been greatly exaggerated in the past . . . I would generally distrust the content of any reported conversation between Russian President Vladimir (“There’s No Such Thing as a Former KGB Man”) Putin and the current director of the Federal Security Service, Nikolai Patrushev, related below.

For a backgrounder on Basayev see J.R. Nyquist’s article, “The Chechen War and bin Laden’s Nukes,” published at Financial Sense Online.

Chechen Warlord Basayev Killed in Southern Russia
Created: 10.07.2006 16:54 MSK (GMT +3), Updated: 17:01 MSK
MosNews

Russia’s most wanted man, Chechen rebel leader Shamil Basayev, has been killed, the country’s state security chief has told President Vladimir Putin, Itar-Tass news agency said on Monday.

Basayev, who claimed responsibility for the 2004 Beslan school attack in which more than 330 died, half of them children, and a string of other attacks, was killed together with other Chechen fighters, Nikolai Patrushev told Putin.

The announcement came only a couple of weeks after Shamil Basayev, wanted by Russia for a string of shocking terrorist attacks, was named by Doku Umarov, president of the self-styled Ichkeria (Chechnya) as his vice president in a move seen as a signal towards radicalization of the Chechen rebel movement. Doku Umarov Umarov took over as Chechnya’s new separatist leader earlier this month after police killed Abdul-Khalim Sadulayev during a raid in an eastern Chechen town. In his first public statement in June Umarov vowed to widen attacks to the rest of Russia, saying rebel forces would focus on military and police targets but would avoid attacks against most civilians.

That statement appeared to signal an effort to avoid terrorist attacks such as the September 2004 Beslan school hostage taking, in which 331 people died, more than half of them children. Basayev claimed responsibility for that attack, which shocked Russia and divided the rebel movement, since civilians, including women and children, were among those primarily taken hostage.

When Russian troops pulled out of Chechnya in 1996 and Chechnya prepared to elect a president to lead it to de facto independence, Basayev ran for the job. He lost to the late rebel commander Aslan Maskhadov and became his deputy. He and Maskhadov — a relative moderate who was Sadulayev’s predecessor as Chechen rebel president — later became rivals.

Russian forces and their local Chechen allies have been battling separatist militants for most of the past 12 years. The rebel movement has become increasingly drawn to radical Islam, but insists it is only fighting for independence. Most large-scale fighting has ended in Chechnya, but rebels continue to stage regular hit-and-run raids and detonate land mines and explosives, and the insurgency has spread to other parts of the mainly Muslim North Caucasus region.

Link: MosNews

>Latin America File: Mexico’s crypto-communist presidential candidate contests Calderón’s marginal victory in July 2 election; revolutionaries urge war

>Is Obrador’s refusal to back down a signal for preliminary revolutionary agitation, as threatened by the hard-core communist tendency in the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and ideological companions among Mexican Chavezistas? The Federal Electoral Institute confirmed National Action Party candidate Calderón as the winner of the July 2 presidential electon by a narrow margin of 243,934 votes. The PRD and its allies in the Alliance for the Good of All acquired most of their support in southern Mexico, where at least two communist insurgencies have been active.

As suspected, the brown-shirted communists at La Voz de Aztlan, a strident Mexican irridentist outfit that demands the complete elimination of border controls in the USA, warns that Obrador’s failure to secure the presidency with a clear majority is nothing less than a brazen, elitist attempt to crush the Mexican people.

Although Zapatista head honcho, Subcomandante Marcos, has publicly distanced himself from Obrador’s apparent reformism, Ernesto Cienfuegos of La Voz de Aztlan describes the cellphone-toting revolutionary as an Obrador supporter. Cienfuegos also warns that the illegal alien invasion of the USA will accelerate if civil war erupts south of the Rio Grande.

If Andrés Manuel López Obrador lits the “spark” tomorrow or soon after, the events that will be unleashed will have great repercussions for us here in Aztlan and for the USA. There will be a huge unstoppable flood of Mexican immigrants coming across the border. Twenty thousand national guardsmen and border patrol agents would not be sufficient to stop the hundreds of thousands of new immigrants that will be joining their brethren on this side of the border. If this occurs, we here in Aztlan, will have the moral responsibility to assist and to help these political refugees in every way possible.

Bring on the “New Revolution!” demands Cienfuegos.

Va AMLO al Trife

por: RedacciónFuente: Noticieros Televisa

No acepta AMLO resultados y anuncia que impugnará elección presidencial ante el Tribunal Electoral; convoca a asamblea el sábado en el Zócalo capitalino

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, México, jul. 6, 2006.

– El candidato de la coalición Por el Bien de Todos, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, anunció que impugnará la elección presidencial y acudirá al Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación, al no aceptar los resultados del conteo de actas del Instituto federal Electoral (IFE).

En conferencia de prensa en su casa de campaña, López Obrador convocó a sus simpatizantes a reunirse en el Zócalo capitalino el próximo sábado a una asamblea informativa, para informar todo lo sucedido durante el proceso electoral.

El tabasqueño recordó que el día de ayer había exhortado a los funcionarios del IFE a actuar con responsabilidad y los acusó de ‘quemar’ el término legal para realizar el conteo de actas. Culpó al instituto electoral de de echar a andar un operativo para acelerar y resolver el cómputo, que por el bien del país, dijo, requería de certidumbre.

“No sé en que parte del mundo en una elección tan competida se resuelve la parte del computo y se pasa al tribunal; esa es una cuestión inédita, resolver sobre los resultados, un proceso que debería de llevar más tiempo”, opinó el perredista.

“Se negaron a abrir los paquetes, hubo consigna, no hubo voluntad para hacer efectiva la transparencia, por lo mismo, nosotros vamos a acudir al Tribunal Electoral con la misma demanda, con que se cuenten los votos, porque no podemos aceptar esos resultados, no podemos reconocer esos resultados, hay muchas irregularidades y estoy hablando del día de ayer, pero en general son muchas…tenemos cuatro días, vamos al Tribunal Electoral”, advirtió López Obrador.

Link: Esmas.com

>USSR2 File: Russian radio stations drop VOA and RFE programs; Kremlin closes border with Georgia

>Prewar preps? Israel on the move in Gaza. North Korean launches missiles toward Hawaii. Iranian sabre rattling. Ongoing Russian military exercises in Siberia and Black Sea. Earlier this year the Kremlin knocked BBC and Deutsche Wells off the air on specious pretexts. The neo-Soviet electronic curtain falls . . .

The USSR2 also closed its border with Georgia at the Verkhny Lars border checkpoint on July 8.

Russian radio stations drop U.S. radio
Jul. 7, 2006 at 9:45AM

Radio stations in Russia are being forced to stop broadcasting news reports paid for by the U.S. government.

More than 60 stations have been ordered by Russian regulators to stop using news produced by Voice of America and Radio Free Europe, commonly known as Radio Liberty, The Washington Post reports.

The move comes despite efforts by U.S. diplomats and officials at the two services to arrive at a compromise that would keep U.S.-produced news available to the millions of Russians who tune in regularly.

Senior executives at Voice of America and Radio Liberty told the Post they believe the Kremlin is behind the crackdown.

Link: Washington Times