>To him [God] that stretched out the earth above the waters.
— Psalm 136:6
In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. — Genesis 7:11 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained. — Genesis 8:2
Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his [Jesus’ second] coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation [uniformitarianism]. For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished. — 2 Peter 3:3-6
The evolutionary worldview provides a “scientific” basis for the international communist conspiracy and many other errors pervasive in our society today. Someone once said that an atheist is halfway to becoming a communist. God graciously delivered your resident blogger from the lie of atheism/New Age evolutionism 17 years ago. In the final analysis, I don’t believe it’s possible to truly understand the conflict between freedom and communism, or analyze scientific data, without holding to a Biblical worldview.
Many, as did I at one time, have dismissed the Holy Bible as a discredited ancient religious text but, ironically, never before in history has there been more scientific, archaeological, and other proof to demonstrate its historical accuracy and uniquely divine origin. I especially applaud the courageous research of creation scientists, many of whom are ex-evolutionists who have come to personal faith in Jesus Christ as they consider the staggering complexity of life and the divinely ordered, fine tuning of the laws of nature. Ironically, in many instances, the findings of secular scientists actually demonstrate the validity of the Biblical worldview. In the case below, they support the reference in Genesis to the “fountains of the deep,” one of the two major sources of water that produced the Noahic Deluge and the fossil record about 4,500 years ago. The discoveries below are consistent with mechanical engineer Walt Brown’s hydroplate theory explanation of the Flood.
3-D seismic model of vast water reservoir revealed Earth mantle ‘ocean’
By Tony Fitzpatrick
Feb. 7, 2007 — A seismologist at Washington University in St. Louis has made the first 3-D model of seismic wave damping — diminishing — deep in the Earth’s mantle and has revealed the existence of an underground water reservoir at least the volume of the Arctic Ocean.
It is the first evidence for water existing in the Earth’s deep mantle.
Michael E. Wysession, Ph.D., Washington University professor of earth and planetary sciences in Arts & Sciences, working with former graduate student Jesse Lawrence (now at the University of California, San Diego), analyzed 80,000 shear waves from more than 600,000 seismograms and found a large area in Earth’s lower mantle beneath eastern Asia where water is damping out, or attenuating, seismic waves from earthquakes.
The traditional method seismologists use to image the Earth below us is to measure the speed of seismic waves. This will provide a sort of CAT scan of the Earth’s core and mantle. Using wave speeds alone is a problem, however, because they cannot distinguish between temperature and composition variations.
The research is described in a forthcoming monograph, Earth’s Deep Water Cycle, which is in press to be published by the American Geophysical Union.
Analyzing damped-out waves
An increasingly popular method, which Wysession used, is to analyze the way waves damp out from their source. If you take a hammer and pound it hard on a desk, waves will go from the source to the end of the table with the mass of the table lessening, or attenuating, the power of waves. A picture near the striking point might topple, but a stapler two feet away might not even budge. Attenuation data tell seismologists how stiff a region is, which is a function of how hot it is and how much water it contains. Looking at the seismic wave speeds and attenuation at the same time can tell whether an anomaly is due to temperature or water.
In analyzing the data, Wysession first saw large patterns associated with known areas where the ocean floor is sinking down into the earth. Beneath Asia, the fallen Pacific sea floor piles up at the base of the mantle. Right above that he observed an “incredibly highly attenuating region, that is both very damping and slightly slow,” he said. “Water slows the speed of waves a little. Lots of damping and a little slowing match the predictions for water very well.”
Previous predictions calculated that a cold ocean slab sinking into the earth at 1,200 to 1,4000 kilometers beneath the surface would release water in the rock that would escape the rock and rise up to a region above it, but this was never previously observed.
“That is exactly what we show here, the exact depth and high attenuation amounts right above it,” Wysession said. “I call it the Beijing anomaly. Water inside the rock goes down with the sinking slab and it’s quite cold, but it heats up the deeper it goes, and the rock eventually becomes unstable and loses its water. The water then rises up into the overlying region, which becomes saturated with water.
“If you combine the volume of this anomaly with the fact that the rock can hold up to about 0.1 percent of water, that works out to be about an Arctic Ocean’s worth of water.”
In recent years, seismologists have become excited at the possibility of a feature like the Beijing anomaly. The availability of vast amounts of digital seismograms made possible the discovery by Wysession and Lawrence, who wrote many thousands of lines of computer codes to do the analyses.
Seventy percent of the earth is covered by water, which is very important for the earth’s geology, serving as a lubricant that allows efficient convection and plate tectonics and the continental collisions that form mountains.
“Water is like a lubricant, constantly oiling the machine of mantle convection which then drives plate tectonics and causes the continents to move about Earth’s surface,” Wysession said. “Look at our sister planet, Venus. It is very hot and dry inside Venus, and Venus has no plate tectonics. All the water probably boiled off, and without water, there are no plates. The system is locked up, like a rusty Tin Man with no oil.”
Source: Washington University in St. Louis
Incidentally, nuclear physicist Robert Gentry’s pioneering research into polonium radiohalos is also consistent with the Biblical chronology of a youth earth featuring a crust instantly created in a cool condition. Gentry, like Brown above, began his career as an evolutionist but later embraced creationism. Related research conducted by the Institute for Creation Research/Creation Research Society found that accelerated radioactive decay occurred during a major heating event that coincided with the Flood. The RATE Group’s research casts serious doubts on the validity of radiometric dating, which was already fraught with built-in assumptions stemming from an arbitrary and unscientific selection of vast geochronological ages more than 100 years earlier. Until the early 1800s most scientists held to a young earth view. The Apostle Peter, above, prophesied that at the end of the present age there would be a widespread rejection of the Biblical worldview. He wasn’t wrong.