>Red World: Republic of Uzbekistan: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia

>Pictured here: “Post”-communist Uzbekistan’s only president, “ex”-communist Islam Karimov.

After many months of research we have resumed our “Red World” list of communist states. Thus far, we have posted information on 14 of the 15 republics of the Not-So-Former Soviet Union, otherwise known as the Commonwealth of Independent States. Tomorrow we will post information on the Russian Federation, the world’s headquarters for the continuing Leninist revolution. For previous country lists see the following months in our archives: Africa, March; Asia, May; and Western Europe, July.

Republic of Uzbekistan
Constituent republic of USSR: May 13, 1925-December 26, 1991
Previous names: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, October 27, 1924-September 1, 1991
Type of state: “Post”-communist “multiparty” presidential-dominant state under covert control of restored/continuing CPSU
Neo-communist renewal: “Collapse of communism,” 1991
Communist government:
1) People’s Democratic Party (formerly Communist Party of Uzbekistan): 1992-present
2) Communist Party of Uzbekistan (Uzbek section of CPSU), sole legal party: 1924-1992
Communist Bloc memberships: Commonwealth of Independent States, Collective Security Treaty Organization, Central Asian Cooperation Organization (to merge with Eurasian Economic Community), Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Organization of the Islamic Conference
Socialist International presence: none
Ethnic Russian composition: 5.5%
Presidents of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) Islam Karimov (“ex”-CPSU, People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, Self-Sacrifice National Democratic Party, Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party; President, Uzbek SSR): September 1, 1991-present
Prime ministers of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) Shavkat Mirziyayev (Self-Sacrifice National Democratic Party): December 12, 2003-present
2) Otkir Sultonov (political affiliation unknown): December 21, 1995-December 11, 2003
3) Abdulxashim Mutalov (political affiliation unknown): January 13, 1992-December 21, 1995
Parliament of “post”-communist Uzbekistan: Bicameral national legislature, Supreme or National Assembly, consisting of the 120-member Legislative Assembly and 100-member Senate
Soviet-era parliament: Supreme Soviet (Council), provisional parliament until 1995
Communist parties of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) Communist Party of Uzbekistan (KPU): In spite of renaming itself as the Uzbekistan People’s Democratic Party, the KPU has maintained a separate existence since President Islam Karimov (“ex”-CPSU) officially “banned” the party in August 1991. The KPU operates under the leadership of Kahramon Mahmudov and associates with the UCP-CPSU.
2) Tashkent Communist Union (TKS): The radical left TKS was founded in 2001.
Crypto-communist parties of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (PDPU): Founded on November 15, 1991, the Communist Party of Uzbekistan renamed itself as the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, operates under the leadership of Asliddin Rustamov, and in 2004 boasted 580,000 members.
Pro-government parties of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) Adolat (“Justice”) Social Democratic Party (ASDP): The ASDP was founded on February 18, 1995, operates under the leadership of Turgunpulat Daminov, and boasts 50,000 members.
2) Liberal Democratic Party (LDP): The LDP was founded on November 15, 2003, operates under the leadership of Mahammadjon Ahmedjanov, and boasts 135,000 members.
3) Self-Sacrifice National Democratic Party (FDP): The FDP was founded on December 28, 1998, operates under the leadership of Akhtam Tursunov, and boasts 61,000 members.
4) Milli Tiklanish (“National Renaissance”): National Renaissance was founded on June 9, 1995, operates under the leadership of Hurshid Dostmuhammad, and boasts 50,000 members.
Banned parties of “post”-communist Uzbekistan:
1) Birlik (“Unity”) Popular Movement
2) Erk Democratic Party
3) Hezb-ut Tahrir: This reputed terrorist organization is committed to establishing a caliphate in the Islamic countries.
4) Islamic Movement of Turkestan (IMT): This terrorist organization, commonly known as Jamaot and formerly known as Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), is allied to the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan under the umbrella of the Islamic Movement of Central Asia (IMCA). The IMCA, in turn, is a guerrilla organization consisting of Tajik, Uzbek, Chechen, and Uyghur militants—the last based in the Chinese province of Xinjiang—who are committed to establishing a pan-Central Asian Islamist theocracy. Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada’s list of terrorist organizations links the IMT/IMU to al-Qaeda. According to the Uzbek security service, Tohir Toldashev, the organization’s leader, operates out of western Pakistan.
Russian military presence: After the 911 terrorist attack, the United States leased the Karshi-Khanabad Air Base in southern Uzbekistan, which borders Afghanistan, to serve as a base to overthrow Kabul’s Taliban regime, which was harboring Osama bin Laden. On July 29, 2005 Uzbekistan invoked a provision requiring the US Air Force to leave within 180 days. On November 21 the withdrawal of US troops from Uzbekistan was completed. — At the same time, following a 2005 military pact between Russia and Uzbekistan, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov denied that the Russian Air Force would assume control of Karshi-Khanabad. However, according to Nezavisimaya Gazeta and The Moscow News (August 8, 2005)—citing sources in the Russian Defense Ministry and Daniil Kislov, editor-in-chief of the Uzbek news agency Fergana—several hundred “plain-clothes Russian commandos” (Spetsnaz) were waiting at a nearby geological exploration base to assume control of Karshi-Khanabad. Neither the Russian nor Uzbek governments have issued any official statements related to the new management of the air base. — Karshi-Khanabad used to be the second-largest air base in the Soviet Union. During the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the air base hosted strategic Tu-22MZ planes and Tu-95 heavy bombers.

2 responses to “>Red World: Republic of Uzbekistan: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia

  1. mah29001 December 14, 2006 at 4:40 pm

    >No surprise with Communist parties of Central Asian Soviet blocs reverting to “non-Communist” titles while still retaining their Marxist ideology of totalitarianism.

  2. mah29001 December 14, 2006 at 5:18 pm

    >I also heard these “former” Soviet blocs of Central Asia are “fighting” the Islamist radicals in the region even though those Islamist radicals are quite well linked to the Muslim Brotherhood which aided Nasser to power.

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