>Red World: Republic of Turkmenistan: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia; Long-Time Dictator Niyazov Dies December 21, 2006

>Pictured here: A golden statue of Turkmenistan’s megalomaniac “ex”-communist dictator Saparmurat Niyazov, who died on December 21, 2006.

Republic of Turkmenistan
Constituent republic of USSR: May 30, 1925-October 27, 1991
Previous names:
1) Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic: October 27, 1924-October 27, 1991
2) Turkmen Oblast within Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic: August 7, 1921-October 27, 1924
Type of state: “Post”-communist single-party dictatorship under covert control of restored/continuing CPSU
Neo-communist renewal: “Collapse of communism,” 1991
Communist government:
1) Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (formerly Turkmen Communist Party), sole legal party: 1991-present
2) Turkmen Communist Party (Turkmen branch of CPSU), sole legal party: 1921-1991
Communist Bloc memberships: Turkmenistan maintains a “status of permanent neutrality,” which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1995. Since that time it has not joined any international organization, with the exception of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)–which embraces Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan–and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC). Founded in 1985, ECO is headquartered in Tehran. All of the ECO states are also members of the OIC, which was founded in 1969. The Russian Federation attained observer status in the OIC in 2005.
Socialist International presence: none
Ethnic Russian composition: 4.0%
Presidents of “post”-communist Turkmenistan:
1) Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow (Democratic Party of Turkmenistan): December 21, 2006-February 14, 2007 (acting), February 14, 2007-present
2) Saparmurat Niyazov (“ex”-CPSU, Democratic Party of Turkmenistan; President, Turkmen SSR): October 27, 1991-December 21, 2006 (died, presumably of natural causes)
Prime ministers of “post”-communist Turkmenistan: This office does not exist since the president is both head of state and head of government.
Parliament of “post”-communist Turkmenistan: Bicameral national legislature consisting of 50-member Assembly and 65-member People’s Council
Soviet-era parliament: Supreme Soviet (Council); provisional parliament until 1993
Communist parties of “post”-communist Turkmenistan:
1) Communist Party of Turkmenistan: In spite of renaming itself as the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, the KPT has maintained a separate existence since President Saparmurat Niyazov (“ex’-CPSU) officially “banned” the party in November 1991. The KPT, which was originally founded in 1924, associates with the UCP-CPSU.
Crypto-communist parties of “post”-communist Turkmenistan:
1) Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT): Founded in 1991, the Communist Party of Turkmenistan renamed itself as the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan and, despite constitutional guarantees permitting the formation of other parties, has been the only legal party since that time. As such, it holds all of the seats in both chambers of the national legislature. President Saparmurat Niyazov is the party chair and in 1992 the DPT boasted 52,000 members.
Exiled parties of “post”-communist Turkmenistan:
1) Republican Party of Turkmenistan: This party is co-chaired by Nurmukhammet Hanamov and Sapar Yklymov.
2) Union of Democratic Forces: Following conferences in Prague and Vienna in 2003, this alliance was organized by leaders of the United Democratic Opposition of Turkmenistan, Republican Party of Turkmenistan, and a third party, Vatan.
Russian military presence: The last troops of the Border Guard Service, a branch of the Russian Federation Federal Security Service, departed Turkmenistan in 1999.

One response to “>Red World: Republic of Turkmenistan: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia; Long-Time Dictator Niyazov Dies December 21, 2006

  1. mah29001 December 14, 2006 at 4:41 pm

    >No surprise there either about the “non-Communist” title of the “old” Communist party.

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