>Red World: Kyrgyz Republic: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia; Communist Party Never Banned

>Pictured here: The “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic’s deposed president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev (“ex”-CPSU)

Kyrgyz Republic
Constituent republic of USSR: October 14, 1924-August 31, 1991
Previous names:
1) Republic of Kyrgyzstan: December 15, 1990-1993
2) Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic: December 5, 1936-December 15, 1990
3) Kyrgyz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic: February 1, 1926-December 5, 1936
4) Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast: October 14, 1924-February 1, 1926
Type of state: “Post”-communist “multiparty” presidential-dominant state under covert control of restored/continuing CPSU
Neo-communist renewal: “Collapse of communism,” 1991
Neo-communist re-renewal: Tulip Revolution, 2005
Neo-communist re-re-renewal: “Tulip Revolution 2,” 2006

Communist government:

1) People’s Movement of Kyrgyzstan (electoral alliance containing Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan and Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan): 2005-present
2) Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan (formerly Kyrgyz Communist Party): 1995-2005
3) Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan (front for Kyrgyz Communist Party): 1990-1995
4) Kyrgyz Communist Party (Kyrgyz section of CPSU), sole legal party: 1924-1990

Communist Bloc memberships:
Commonwealth of Independent States, Collective Security Treaty Organization, Eurasian Economic Community (EEC), Central Asian Cooperation Organization (to merge with EEC), Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Organization of the Islamic Conference
Socialist International presence: none
Ethnic Russian composition: 9.0%

Presidents of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic:
1) Roza Otunbayeva (“ex”-CPSU, Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan): April 7, 2010-present (head of provisional government)
2) Kurmanbek Bakiyev (“ex”-CPSU, People’s Movement of Kyrgyzstan, Ak Zhol Party): March 25-August 15, 2005 (acting), August 15, 2005-April 7, 2010 (deposed)
3) Ishenbai Kadyrbekov (party affiliation undetermined): March 24-25, 2005 (acting)
4) Askar Akayev (“ex”-CPSU, Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan): October 27, 1990-March 24, 2005 (deposed)

Prime ministers of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic:
1) Daniyar Usenov: October 20, 2009-April 7, 2010 (resigned)
2) Igor Chudinov (ethnic Russian, does not speak Kyrgyz; nominated by Ak Zhol Party, former Kyrgyz Energy and Industry Minister): December 24, 2007-October 20, 2009
3) Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev: November 28-December 24, 2007 (acting)
4) Almazbek Atambayev (Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan): March 29-November 28, 2007
5) Azim Isabekov (Komsomol, Ar Namys Party): January 29-March 29, 2007
6) Feliks Kulov (“ex”-CPSU, ex-Soviet apparatchik; Ar Namys Party, People’s Congress of Kyrgyzstan (alliance), For Fair Elections (alliance)): August 11, 2005-January 29, 2007
7) Kurmanbek Bakiyev (“ex”-CPSU, People’s Movement of Kyrgyzstan): March 24-August 11, 2005 (acting)
8) Nikolai Tanayev (ex-Soviet apparatchik): May 22-30, 2002 (acting), May 30, 2002-March 24, 2005
9) Kurmanbek Bakiyev (“ex”-CPSU, People’s Movement of Kyrgyzstan): December 21, 2000-May 22, 2002
10) Amangeldy Muraliev (“ex”-CPSU): April 13-21, 1999 (acting), April 21, 1999-December 11, 2000, December 11-21, 2000 (acting)
11) Boris Silaev (“ex”-CPSU): April 4-13, 1999 (acting)
12) Jumabek Ibraimov: December 25, 1998-April 4, 1999
13) Boris Silaev (“ex”-CPSU): December 23-25, 1998 (acting)
14) Kubanychbek Jumaliev (“nonpartisan”): March 24-25, 1998 (acting), March 25-December 23, 1998
15) Apas Jumagulov (“ex”-CPSU; Chair, Council of Ministers, Kyrgyz SSR): December 14, 1993-March 24, 1998
16) Almanbet Matubraimov (“nonpartisan”): December 13-14, 1993 (acting)
17) Tursunbek Chyngyshev (“nonpartisan”): February 10-26, 1992 (acting), February 26, 1992-December 13, 1993
18) Andrei Iordan (“nonpartisan”): November 29, 1991-February 10, 1992
19) Nasirdin Isanov (“nonpartisan”): August 30-November 29, 1991 (died in car crash)

Legislative Assembly Chairs of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic:
1) Omurbek Tekebayev (Ata-Meken Socialist Party): 2005-present
Parliament of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic : Bicameral Supreme Council, consisting of 60-member Legislative Assembly and “nonpartisan” 45-member Assembly of People’s Representatives
Soviet-era parliament: Supreme Soviet (Council); provisional parliament until 1995

Communist parties of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic:
1) Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan (KPK): The KPK was founded and separated from the PKK on August 21, 1999 and registered on September 13. The KPK is co-chaired by Klara Ajybekova and Anarbek Usupbaev, boasts 8,000 members (Ajybekova, January 3, 2004), and associates with the CPSU (Shenin, 2001).
2) Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan (PKK): The PKK was founded in August 1992 as the successor of the Kyrgyz Communist Party, which avoided the “ban” imposed on the communist parties in many of the other Soviet republics in August 1991. The PKK registered on September 17, 1992 and reregistered on September 26, 2001. The PKK was first chaired by Absamat Masaliyev (“ex”-CPSU; Chair, Supreme Soviet, Kyrgyz SSR) from 1992 to 2004, and has been chaired by Nikolai Bailo since that time. The PKK boasts 25,000 members (Reuters, February 17, 2000) and associates with the UCP-CPSU.
3) People’s Movement of Kyrgyzstan: This left-communist electoral alliance was founded on September 22, 2004 by the Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan, Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan, Republican Party of Kyrgyzstan, Asaba, Kairran, Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan, Erkindik, Erkin Kyrgyzstan, and New Kyrgyzstan. The alliance was originally chaired by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev (“ex”-CPSU) and was created to contest the 2005 parliamentary election.

Crypto-communist parties of “post”-communist Kyrgyz Republic:
1) Agrarian Party of Kyrgyzstan: Founded in 1993, this party operates under the leadership of Medetbek Shamshibekov and in 1999 boasted 8,000 members.
2) Ak Zhol (“Bright Path”) Party: Founded on October 15, 2007 by “ex”-CPSU President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, Ak Zhol won 71 of 90 seats in the December 16, 2007 election for the Kyrgyz parliament.
3) Ar Namys (“Dignity”) Party: Founded in 1999, this party operates under the leadership of Prime Minister Feliks Kulov and currently boasts 11,000 to 12,000 members. Kulov was imprisoned between 2001 and 2005.
4) Ata Meken (“Fatherland”) Socialist Party: This party is chaired by Omurbek Tekebayev. On September 6, 2006 police discovered heroin in Tekebayev’s luggage during a trip to Poland. This incident is generally regarded as an attempt by the government of Kyrgyzstan to frame Tekebayev. Ata-Meken boasts 2,000 members.
5) Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan (DMK): In 1990 the “ex”-communist intelligentsia of Kyrgyzstan formed the DMK, which became the main force in the newly independent country’s first parliament. The DMK’s leader Topchubek Turgunaliev was subsequently imprisoned on charges of fraud. In 1999 founder Jypar Jeksheev stated that party membership was 15,000.
6) Republican People’s Party: This neo-communist party was founded in 1992 by Janybek Sharshenaliev and is currently chaired by Jenishbek Tentiev. Although boasting 3,500 members, it is currently inactive.
7) Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan: This neo-communist party was founded in 1993, is chaired by Almaz Atambaev, and absorbed the El Party in October 2004. It currently boasts 4,250 members.

Russian military presence:
As of October 2003, the Russian Armed Forces maintained 500 troops and 20 combat and transport planes and helicopters at the Kant Air Base, near the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek, under the authority of the Collective Security Treaty Organization.

One response to “>Red World: Kyrgyz Republic: Soviet Communist Facelift in Central Asia; Communist Party Never Banned

  1. mah29001 December 14, 2006 at 4:45 pm

    >I remember a Russian immigrant from this “former” Soviet bloc take photos of the “former” bloc. Those Lenin statues still stand tall.

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